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Nutrition, Fruits and Vegetable Intake and Lipid Profile of Obese and Non-Obese Schoolchildren in Bandar Lampung Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study  [PDF]
Samsu Udayana Nurdin, Mubarak Ismail, Yaktiworo Indriani, Reni Zuraida
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105371
Objectives: There is currently no data on the prevalence of obesity and li-pid profile as well as nutrition and food intake of elementary schoolchildren in Bandar Lampung city. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate obesity prevalence and dyslipidemia in children. Design, setting, and participants: Cross-sectional study on grade 4 school children in Bandar Lampung Indonesia (n = 392). Outcome measures: Characteristics of schoolchildren and their family, nutrition, fruits, and vegetable intakes, and physical activities, body mass index (BMI) and lipid profile were collected from 392 children of grade 4 from five elementary schools in Bandar Lampung. One-way ANOVA and correlation analysis were applied with BMI and lipid profiles as dependent variables. Results: The incidence of undernutrition (7.7%) was lower than the incidence of overnutrition (26.3%). Energy, protein and fat daily intake were higher for children with higher BMI, however, carbohydrate consumption was not affecting the BMI. Obese children had more vegetable and fruit intake than wasting children and spent 30 minutes less in physical activity than normal children. Lipid plasma of schoolchildren was considered as acceptable or borderline high except for the TG of obese children in the high category. Conclusions: Prevalence of obesity was high and being obese was more likely to result in higher TG and lower HDL. The lifestyle of obese schoolchildren was characterized by a high intake of energy, protein, and fat and lower physical activities. Encouraging schoolchildren to modify their lifestyles is recommended.
Neoadjuvant treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer: Time for phase III testing?
Michele Reni
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: This paper discusses the rationale for phase III testing of neoadjuvant therapy in patients affected by resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The therapeutic management of patients affected by resectable pancreatic cancer is particularly troublesome due to the aggressiveness of the disease and to the limited efficacy and sometimes unfavourable risk-benefit ratio of the available therapeutic tools. Conflicting data on the role of adjuvant chemoradiation have been reported, while adjuvant single-agent chemotherapy significantly improved overall survival (OS) when compared to surgery alone. However, the OS figures for adjuvant chemotherapy remain disappointing. In effect, pancreatic cancer exhibits a prominent tendency to recur after a brief median time interval from surgery and extra-pancreatic dissemination represents the predominant pattern of disease failure. Neoadjuvant treatment has a strong rationale in this disease but limited information on the efficacy of this approach is available from single arm trials with low levels of evidence. Thus, in spite of two decades of investigation there is currently no evidence to support the routine use of pre-surgical therapy in clinical practice. To foster knowledge on the optimal management of this disease, and to produce evidence-based treatment guidelines, there is no alternative to well designed randomized trials. Systemic chemotherapy is a candidate for testing because it is supported by a more robust rationale than chemoradiation. Combination chemotherapy regimens with elevated activity in advanced disease warrant investigation. Caution would suggest the running of an exploratory phase II randomized trial before embarking on a large phase III study.
Analyse de The Rhythm of French
Delphine Renié
ALSIC : Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication , 1998,
Abstract: Cet article analyse un logiciel. This article reviews a courseware.
Philippine Intellectual Property Rights under the World Trade Organization, 1995-2005: Implementing the Flexibilities under a TRIPs- Plus Commitment
Zuraida Mae D. Cabilo
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2009,
Abstract: More than ten years since the Philippines acceded to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade-World Trade Organization (GATT-WTO), a review of the Philippine commitments to the treaty is yet to be done. This paper inquires on how commitments to the WTO have altered the Philippine intellectual property regime. It examines how the Philippines implemented its commitments to the Agreement onTrade–Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) in particular, and how the country is able to maximize the flexibilities provided under the TRIPs. This paper argues that while TRIPs may have been a project of the industrialized world with the support of key and influential industries to protect their corporate interests, the flexibilities offered by the agreement to developing and least-developed countries can be used to benefit public interest, particularly in the area of public health policy. In so doing, it is imperative upon the government to institute changes in its policy regime to make its existing intellectual property system responsive to public interest. Focus will be made on the implementation of flexibilities through legislation that intends to provide quality and affordable medicines as a matter of public health policy.
REVIEW: Citizen’s Media Monitor: A Report on the Campaign and Elections Coverage in the Philippines 2004 (Melinda Quintos de Jesus and Luis V. Teodoro, eds.)
Zuraida Mae D. Cabilo
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2004,
REVIEW: Nutrition in the Philippines: The Past for Its Template, Red for Its Color (Cecilia Florencio)
Zuraida Mae D. Cabilo
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2004,
Abstract: Review of Nutrition in the Philippines: The Past for Its Template, Red for Its Color by Cecilia Florencio.
Análise socioantropológica da vivência do diabetes: um estudo de caso
Barsaglini, Reni Aparecida;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832008000300009
Abstract: the construction of experience of diabetes was analyzed, emphasizing explanations about its concept, discovery and causes, and about ways of managing this disease. the study started from the perspective of a person with diabetes (type 2, non-insulin dependent), considering this person's course through life, experience of the disease, the course of the disease and the significance and meanings attributed to it. a case study with data collection using the oral reporting technique was presented. in experiencing diabetes, such individuals are supported through social representations, their own experience and other people's, in order to attribute meaning to the situation and to manage the disease. thus, the prescriptions are adjusted according to non-medical daily demands; ideas and meanings within health, disease, diabetes and its treatment; signs; feelings; ways of using the body; and meaningful and prioritized aspects of life. through this, it becomes possible to feel physically and morally well.
Application of Neural Networks in Bridge Health Prediction based on Acceleration and Displacement Data Domain
Reni Suryanita,Azlan Adnan
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2013,
Review of Alston, W. P. A Realist Conception of Truth
Celso Reni Braida
Principia : an International Journal of Epistemology , 1997,
Abstract: Review of Alston, W. P. A Realist Conception of Truth
Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Chemical Entity from Ether Extract of Ammomum subulatum Leaves
Arora Manisha,Kapoor Reni
International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Science , 2013,
Abstract: Recently there has been a shift in universal trend from synthetic to herbal medicine, which we can say‘Return to Nature’. Ammomum subulatum which is commonly known as large cardamom is belongingto family Zingiberaceae. Plant has plenty of medicinal values. This paper represents the isolation of anew chemical entity, cardamonin, present in the leaves of Ammomum subulatum and their medicinalaspects. Cardamonin is a well known compound previously isolated from seeds of Ammomumsubulatum, having antimicrobial activity. This time leaves of Ammomum subulatum was used as a plantmaterial due to large availability in nature than seeds, for isolation of biological active compounds.Extraction of chlorophyll free dried leaves was done with petroleum ether. Concentrate the extract andthen isolate the compounds column chromatography using silica gel as an absorbent. Diethyl etherextract of the drug was poured in the silica column and then eluted successively with different solvents;in the increasing order of polarity Different fractions of compounds were separated and marked. Thefractions having same Rf values were combined together and concentrated. Concentrated fractions werecrystallized with ethyl acetate. Identification of the isolated compound was confirmed by physicochemicaldata, spectral interpretation and elemental analysis.
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