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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 224137 matches for " Renato José de; "
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ética na escola: (re)acendendo uma polêmica
Oliveira, Renato José de;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302001000300012
Abstract: considering that ethics at school and the education of students' character have been discussed all over the world, this paper focuses its subject based on three axes. the first one presents some philosophical views on morality and ethics in order to investigate whether or not theoretical distinctions have social impacts. the second axis is related to the foundations of morality and ethics as practical disciplines. the main question is: should general principles legitimate moral/ethical judgments or vice versa? finally the role assumed by school in the ethical/moral education of the citizen is explored. both educational conceptions as those owing to comenius and dewey and the homogenizing pedagogical practices are discussed, as well as the ethical proposals included in the parametros curriculares nacionais (national curricular guidelines)
Contribui??es da racionalidade argumentativa para a abordagem da ética na escola
Oliveira, Renato José de;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022011005000005
Abstract: this article discusses the work on ethics in school (primary and secondary education) with basis on a critique of the model of demonstrative rationality, prevalent since the advent of modernity. alternatively, it presents another model, the argumentative rationality one, which is discussed with basis on the approaches taken by cha?m perelman, lucie olbrechts-tyteca and michel meyer. the first two authors have formulated a theory of argumentation whose goal is to support the typical reasoning of human and social sciences, knowledge areas in which typical procedures of demonstrative rationality, such as deduction and calculation do not apply. meyer stresses the problematizing nature of argumentative rationality, placing the rhetoric as a means of negotiating the distance between individuals in regard to certain issues. this theoretical framework is complemented by the philosophy of pluralism appointed by perelman as a counterpoint to the worldviews grounded on unitary conceptions of truth, called monisms. in this theoretical framework, i discuss the universalistic ethical concept of kant and the relativism proposed by the ethics of aesthetics defended by maffesoli. in a second topic, ethics in school education is problematized in view of the question: how can one shape the character of the student without falling into some sort of indoctrination? to the extent that ethics and morality relate to this question, i discuss how the two terms have been understood and i propose to regard them as interchangeable instances. the conclusions i present based on these discussions aim not to solve the problems inherent in the habits and attitudes of students, but to contribute to teachers' reflection about their teaching practices.
ética na escola: (re)acendendo uma polêmica
Oliveira Renato José de
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2001,
Abstract: Considerando que a ética na escola e a forma o do caráter do aluno têm sido discutidas em todo mundo, este artigo trata o tema com base em três eixos. O primeiro apresenta algumas vis es filosóficas de ética e de moral, buscando investigar se as distin es teóricas têm ou n o significado social. O segundo eixo se relaciona aos fundamentos da ética e da moral como disciplinas práticas. A principal quest o colocada é: os princípios gerais devem legitimar os juízos de valor éticos/morais ou vice-versa? Finalmente, é abordado o papel cumprido pela escola na forma o ética/moral do cidad o. Certas concep es educacionais como a de Comênio, a de Dewey e também as práticas pedagógicas homogeneizadoras, assim como as propostas relativas à ética presentes nos Parametros Curriculares Nacionais, s o discutidas.
La Universidad en la sociedad del conocimiento. Los procesos de cooperación regional y la propuesta de ENLACES
José Renato de Carvalho
Universidades , 2010,
Abstract: Este documento reúne lo expresado por el autor en su conferencia realizada en el XI Encuentro Internacional Virtual Educa 2010, el 23 de junio de 2010 en Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. Se diserta en torno a los planteamientos de las conferencias regionales y mundiales de Educación Superior para la transformación de la educación superior y sus vínculos con el desarrollo de la EaD en América Latina y el Caribe, así como, a la promoción de la cooperación académica regional, a través del Espacio de Encuentro Latinoamericano y Caribe o de Educación Superior (ENLACES), como una estrategia para la transformación de la educación superior en América Latina y el Caribe (ALC).
O Ensino de Ciências e a ética na Escola: Interfaces Possíveis
Renato José de Oliveira
Química Nova na Escola , 2010,
Abstract: Este artigo discute algumas quest es relativas ao ensino de química, física e biologia no nível médio, argumentandoque para compreender o baixo interesse dos alunos por essas disciplinas n o basta simplesmenteculpá-los, criticar a escola ou reclamar da incompetência dos professores. é necessário analisar, no contextoda cultura científica ocidental, os processos por meio dos quais antigas certezas se desfazem e novas afloram,refletindo-se ou n o no trabalho pedagógico escolar. Este, por sua vez, n o se dissocia da forma o do caráterdo aluno, de sorte que a discuss o acerca do bem, dos princípios morais e do agir ético se faz presente na escola, envolvendo gestores, docentes, orientadores educacionais, funcionários e estudantes. Assim sendo, entre os conhecimentos veiculados pela química, pela física e pela biologia e as quest es éticas da atualidade, é possível e desejável estabelecer interfaces que venham a enriquecer as práticas pedagógicas, trazendo ganhos para todos os envolvidos.
Os deuses vendem quando d?o: os sentidos do dinheiro nas rela??es de troca no candomblé
Baptista, José Renato de Carvalho;
Mana , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-93132007000100001
Abstract: the article investigates the meaning of exchange relations involving the use of money among followers of candomblé. these relations, which unfold within the space of a ?saint family,? activate symbolic dimensions that derive from a connection with the sacred. here i study the border zone where an economy of the gift or grace continually merges with the world of interests, just as the latter sometimes mobilizes aspects linked to divine grace. examining these relations mediated by money, i try to expose not only the imprecise limits between gift and interest, but the vast field in which the exchanges between social agents are processed. adopting a wider perspective on the questions raised here, the text aims to comprehend the social meaning of money in the relations that constitute religious experience and practice.
N?o é meu, nem é seu, mas tudo faz parte do axé: algumas considera??es preliminares sobre o tema da propriedade de terreiros de candomblé
Baptista, José Renato de Carvalho;
Religi?o & Sociedade , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-85872008000200007
Abstract: this work is an attempt to undertake a initial exploration of the subject property in the terreiros of candomblé, where i try to provide some lines to deepening of the debate, not only in the field of the studies of anthropology of economy, but of their interfaces with the field religion studies. the concept of ownership appears here so intimately linked with aspects of the cosmological prepared and is translated into social relationships mediated by religious categories as clientela, ajuda, família de santo and axé (baptista 2007). the ethnographic material is organized in the form of social scenes, according to the proposition of f. weber (2001). the social scenes that illuminate the discussion on the property address issues involving the possession and ownership of objects on the land where they are installed the candomblés.
No candomblé nada é de gra a...": estudo preliminar sobre a ambigüidade nas trocas no contexto religioso do Candomblé
José Renato de Carvalho Baptista
REVER : Revista de Estudos da Religi?o , 2005,
Abstract: This paper investigates the ambiguities provoked by constraints on exchange relations-primarily monetary-among adepts of Candomblé. It focuses on the meanings that informants attribute to these exchange relations in the light of constraints and tensions. The centrality of exchange is indicated by the statement of a "pai de santo": "In Candomblé nothing is for free". The paper observes and describes situations where the exchange of money or goods, religious and non-religious, confronts agents with ambiguous situations.
Using lithium glass infiltration to enhance the properties of alumina bodies
Acchar, Wilson;Queiroz, José Renato Cavalcanti de;
Materials Research , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14392008000400010
Abstract: the use of an infiltration process to improve the properties of sintered materials has been widely investigated. this work describes the research carried out in the manufacturing of lithium glass-infiltrated alumina. the infiltration material consisted of a mixture of elements such as li2o, zro2, sio2 al2o3, cao and la2o3. alumina specimens were sintered in air at 1400 °c for 2 hours. a number of samples were then submitted to the infiltration process at 1400 °c for 15 minutes. sintered and infiltrated specimens were characterized by x ray diffraction, apparent density, open porosity, flexural strengths and scanning electron microscopy. the results showed that the infiltration process considerably improves the properties of alumina bodies.
Altera??es na cor e no grau de flocula??o de um Latossolo Vermelho-Escuro sob cultivo contínuo de cana-de-a?úcar
Prado, Renato de Mello;Centurion, José Frederico;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2001000100024
Abstract: the study aimed at assessing the degree of modification of certain physical properties and of the colour of the superficial soil layer of a dark-red latosol of medium texture, subjected to the continuous cultivation of sugar cane during 25 years in jaboticabal, sp, brazil. the treatments consisted of two types of soil use, i.e. absence of cultivation (native vegetation) and intense cultivation with sugar cane, at three depth levels of 0-10, 10-20 and 20-30 cm. the continuous cultivation altered the colour of the level 0-10 cm from 2.5yr2.5/4 (absence of cultivation) to 2.5yr3/4, and impaired the macro structure and lessened the degree of flocculation of the soil's clay.
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