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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10143 matches for " Regina Esteves;Bernardi "
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Alimenta??o complementar de lactentes em uma cidade desenvolvida no contexto de um país em desenvolvimento
Bernardi,Julia Laura Delbue; Jord?o,Regina Esteves; Barros Filho,Ant?nio Azevedo;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892009001100004
Abstract: objective: to establish the timing for introducing supplementary foods in the diet of infants from the city of campinas, state of s?o paulo, brazil. methods: this cross-sectional study included 2 857 children younger than 2 years of age randomly selected from the city department of health live birth database between 2004 and 2005. the mothers answered a questionnaire that included 87 closed questions designed to collect information concerning socioeconomic status, breastfeeding, and timing of introduction of supplementary foods. results: assessment of the mothers revealed that 13.5% were adolescents, 73.1% had completed elementary or high school education, 45.9% had technical level jobs, 6,7% had jobs requiring a university degree, and 2.7% were health professionals. on average, participants belonged to socioeconomic class c (ranging from a, highest, to e, lowest), but all socioeconomic classes were represented. the median duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 90 days (95%ci: 87.6-92.4). water (95%ci: 118.6-121.4) and tea (95ci%: 113.2-126.8) were introduced at a median of 120 days. semi-solid foods (95%ci: 178.6-181,4) and powdered milk (95%ci: 169.0-191.0) were introduced at a median of 180 days. powdered milk and soft drinks had been ingested by 39.1% and 2.1%, respectively, at 4 months, and by 63.2 and 69.1%, respectively, at 1 year of age. shorter breastfeeding duration was observed for women with technical level jobs, those who were unemployed, and those without a partner. conclusions: the median duration of exclusive breastfeeding was far from that recommended due to the offer of supplementary fluids. supplementary foods were introduced precociously, especially sweets.
Introdu??o alimentar e anemia em lactentes do município de Campinas (SP)
Jord?o, Regina Esteves;Bernardi, Júlia Laura D.;Barros Filho, Ant?nio de Azevedo;
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-05822009000400006
Abstract: objective: to verify the prevalence of anemia associated with the introduction of complementary food in children less than two years old in the city of campinas, s?o paulo, brazil. methods: a cross-sectional survey was performed in 354 children between 6 and 12 months of age which were registered in the live births information system from campinas area. health professionals interviewed the mothers, who answered a questionnaire about food introduction and socioeconomic status. capillary blood was collected and the hemoglobin level was determined by hemocue?. anemia was diagnosed if hemoglobin level was below 11g/dl. survival analysis was performed to determine the influence of complementary food introduction on anemia. results: 66.5% of the children had hemoglobin levels lower than 11g/dl. anemia was associated to early introduction of the family diet (p=0.036), bread (p=0.012), yogurt (p=0.006), soft drinks (p=0.005), candies (p=0.005) and snacks (p=0.013). conclusions: inadequate complementary food introduction is associated with anemia. this information should be addressed by health programs in order to prevent anemia in children.
Prevalência de anemia ferropriva no Brasil: uma revis?o sistemática
Jord?o, Regina Esteves;Bernardi, Júlia Laura D.;Barros Filho, Ant?nio de Azevedo;
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-05822009000100014
Abstract: objective: to conduct a systematic review on the prevalence of anemia due to iron-deficiency in brazil from january 1996 to january 2007. data sources: a systematic review was conducted in electronic databases (medline and lilacs) in an eleven-year interval to verify the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in children who were less than five years of age in brazil. reviews, case reports and studies related to anemia during pregnancy and anemia caused by others diseases were excluded. in order to describe the categorical variables according to the selected articles, the chi-square and fisher exact tests were used. the significance level adopted was 5% (p<0.05). data synthesis: the median prevalence level of anemia was 53%, which is considered a high prevalence rate by the world health organization. among the 53 analyzed studies, the age of the children was the variable strongly associated with anemia (p=0.012). conclusions: a high prevalence of anemia, mostly in children less than two years of age, was observed in this review. however, most studies were carried out in day care centers or in basic health care units or were obtained by home interviews, suggesting that future research should focus populational studies.
Fatores associados à dura??o mediana do aleitamento materno em lactentes nascidos em município do estado de S?o Paulo
Bernardi, Julia Laura Delbue;Jord?o, Regina Esteves;Barros Filho, Ant?nio de Azevedo;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732009000600008
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study was to verify the proportion of breastfed infants and correlate it with sociodemographic data in campinas (sp), brazil. methods: between 2004 and 2005, interviewers visited 2,857 homes of children under two years of age and interviewed their mothers with a structured questionnaire containing questions regarding their socioeconomic level, breastfeeding practices and complementary foods. this randomized, cross-sectional, population-based study was based on data of "children born alive" and on the prevalence of breastfeeding. the median breastfeeding duration was determined by kaplan meier's survival analysis and the time was adjusted by cox's multivariate analysis. the significance level was set at 5%. results: median exclusive breastfeeding was 90 days (ci 95%: 87.6 - 92.4); and median general breastfeeding was 120 days (ci 95%: 117.7 - 122.3). at 1 month of age, 66.2% of the children were exclusively breastfed; this percentage decreased to 2.3% at 6 months of age. tea and powdered milk were introduced at a median age of 120 days (ci 95%: 113.2 - 126.8 and ci 95%: 112.7 - 127.3 respectively). the child's skin color and the mother's education level, profession and marital status were associated with breastfeeding duration and practices. conclusion: sociodemographic factors can interfere in median breastfeeding duration. although the median breastfeeding duration in campinas is better than elsewhere in brazil, it is below the internationally recommended median, the city needs to invest more in this area.
Cross-sectional study on the weight and length of infants in the interior of the State of S?o Paulo, Brazil: associations with sociodemographic variables and breastfeeding
Bernardi, Julia Laura Delbue;Jord?o, Regina Esteves;Barros Filho, Ant?nio de Azevedo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802009000400004
Abstract: context and objective: increasing obesity is starting to occur among brazilians. the aim of this study was to investigate the weight and length of children under two years of age in relation to sociodemographic variables and according to whether they were breastfed. design and setting: cross-sectional randomized study conducted in 2004-2005, based on the declaration of live births (sinasc) in campinas, brazil. methods: 2,857 mothers of newborns were interviewed and answered a questionnaire seeking socioeconomic and breastfeeding information. the newborns' weights and lengths were measured at the end of the interviews and the body mass index was calculated. percentiles (< 15 and > 85) and z-scores (< -1 and > +1) were used for classification based on the new growth charts recommended by who (2006). the log-rank test, multiple linear regression and binomial test (z) were used. the statistical significance level used was 5%. results: the predominant social level was class c. the median for exclusive breastfeeding was 90 days; 61.25% of the children were between p15 and p85 for body mass index and 61.12% for length, respectively. children whose mothers studied for nine to eleven years and children whose mothers were unemployed presented lower weight. children whose mothers worked in health-related professions presented lower length when correlated with breastfeeding. conclusion: the breastfeeding, maternal schooling and maternal occupation levels had an influence on nutrition status and indicated that obesity is occurring in early childhood among the infants living in the municipality.
Chocolate Milk with Sucrose and Stevia Preference by Pre- and Post-Menopausal Women  [PDF]
Marta Regina Verruma-Bernardi, Kiwon Lee, Stephanie Qing Liu, Peter Lawrence Bordi Jr.
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.514147

The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the preference of chocolate milk products sweetened with sucrose and stevia by pre- and post-menopausal women and to examine their concerns about bone health. Women panelists were divided into two groups according to age: pre- menopausal (from 18 to 47 years old) and post-menopausal (over 48 years old) and answered the frequency of white and chocolate milk consumption during a week and their concerns about bone health. For preference, five kinds of chocolate milk were used: 1) Non Sucrose Added [NSA] with stevia and NutraFlora?, 2) NSA with stevia, 3) with sucrose and stevia, 4) with sucrose, stevia, and NutraFlora?, and 5) control with sucrose. The results showed that both groups (pre- and post- menopausal women) prefer chocolate milk to white milk. Pre-menopausal women prefer the chocolate milk with NSA stevia and NutraFlora?, while post-menopausal women prefer the chocolate milk NSA with stevia without NutraFlora?. For comparisons between chocolate milk with sucrose and stevia vs. chocolate milk with sucrose and stevia and NutraFlora? and chocolate milk with sucrose vs. chocolate milk with sucrose and stevia, there were no visible differences between pre- and post-menopausal women. Both groups were concerned about bone health, fiber, and calories, and their concerns about which influenced their milk choices. Pre-menopausal women showed a greater positive impact on milk choice when being informed the amount of fibers in the sample than post-menopausal women. Therefore, this study suggests that milk sweetened with stevia needs to be produced as calcium resources without increasing calories.

Formative Evaluation of the Nursing Program at a University in the South of Brazil: Technological Tool to the Approach of the Unified Health System  [PDF]
Marta Lenise do Prado, Ana Karolliny Testoni, Silvana Silveira Kempfer, Fabiane Ferraz, Christiny Regina Lopes, Mariely Carmelina Bernardi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.22001

Background: The educational evaluation focused on the critical training, creative and reflective is wanted on the need for competent nursing professionals, acting effectively to the present challenges in the context in which the Health System performs in Brazil. Aims: Identify how the formative assessment process is expressed in the syllabus of Nursing Federal University of Santa Catarina and in what features it is configured as a tool of educational technology that promotes the approach with the Unified Health System. Method: Qualitative research, exploratory and descriptive in documentary base. Data were collected from May to December 2012 and analyzed descriptively, from the perspective of the proposed evaluation on the National Curriculum Guidelines/ Nursing. Results: There were 23 types of evaluation on 33 teaching plans. The category that emerged was: “Expression of competence evaluation on plans of teaching on nursing course”, which presents the different types of evaluation related to three dimensions: knowledge, skills and attitudes. Conclusion: Perceives a movement of structural changes in some disciplines, making the evaluation exit of the traditional matrix to a constructive matrix, characterized as a technological tool that enhances professional development focused on the Health System.

Efeito da radia??o gama sobre o perfil sensorial de suco de laranja
Verruma-Bernardi, Marta Regina;Spoto, Marta Helena F.;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612003000100007
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the characteristics of the irradiated fresh of 'pera' sweet orange (citrus sinnensis l.) juice and kept refrigerated. samples of orange juice (control) and samples irradiated with 1.5 and 3.0kgy per hour (cobalt 60) were stored for 1, 7, 14 and 21 days at 4oc. quantitative descriptive analysis was conducted by a selected trained panels that evaluated appearance, aroma, flavor and texture of juices. radiation levels affected appearance characteristics as color, shine and gummy. irradiated juice resulted more clear and shinny and less gummy, more cooked, with past and artificial aroma, more acid, bitter, cooked, sap, past and with accentuated artificial orange than the control. irradiation levels affected texture characteristics as body and astringency, homogeneity attribute was not affected. color and gummy of control sample intensified with the increase of storage periods. results lead juice irradiation promoted negatively on sensorial characteristic.
Análise descritiva de perfil livre em queijo mozarela de leite de búfala
Verruma-Bernardi, Marta Regina;Damásio, Maria Helena;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612004000400010
Abstract: mozzarella cheese from buffalo milk elaborated by the traditional and direct acidification methods were evaluated using the free profile descriptive test by 10 pre-selected panelists in a triangular test. initially, the panelists accomplished the rising of attributes through the kelly's repertory grid method. the lists of attributes definitions associated to a non-structured scales of 9 points were elaborated for each panelist. the samples of both processing methods were appraised with 3 repetitions. fourteen sessions were accomplished: 3 for the panelists selection, 2 for rising of attributes, 1 to check the records and 9 for samples evaluation. data were analyzed using the generalized procrustes analysis. results showed a high repeatability of the panelists, as well as between the processing methods. the samples were differentiated mainly by the appearance and texture attributes. the mozzarella cheese elaborated by direct acidification was softer, with higher humidity and presented a greenish color. the mozzarella cheese elaborated by traditional method has higher firmness and elasticity. the free choice profile method was efficient in this study with 2 samples.
Comportamento de restri??o alimentar e obesidade
Bernardi, Fabiana;Cichelero, Cristiane;Vitolo, Márcia Regina;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732005000100008
Abstract: obesity is a widespread disease in the world, responsible for serious organic and psychosocial repercussions, from infancy to adulthood. eating behavior has biological as well as social bases. associated to obesity, it becomes an even more complex process, since it is accompanied by psychological aspects showing symptoms such as depressive moods, anxiety, feelings of guilt, and physiological mechanisms as, for instance, the resistance to fast during restrictive diets. obese individuals prevalently present behaviors such as binge or restrained eating, both leading to failure in the treatment of obesity. restrained eating refers to the tendency to restrict food intake consciously, in order to prevent weight gain or to promote weight loss, which may be associated to episodes of overeating and have psychological consequences as, for example, the loss of self-steam, mood distress and distraction. the results of this review suggest that weight control programs should focus on the bases of eating behaviors, and, effectively, develop interdisciplinary courses of action in order to obtain positive results in the treatment of obesity.
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