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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 378822 matches for " Regina C de;Fernandes "
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Produtividade e morfologia de acessos de caupi, em Mossoró, RN
Torres, Salvador B;Oliveira, Fabrícia N de;Oliveira, Regina C de;Fernandes, Jo?o B;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362008000400023
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the productivity and to describe the morphology of ten cowpea [vigna unguiculata (l.) walp.] accessions in the edaphoclimatic conditions of mossoró, brazil. the accessions amapá, brs potiguar, canapu, casca-de-seda, coruja, costela-de-vaca, jo?o-vieira, pingo-de-ouro, rabo-de-peba and sempre-verde were evaluated in a field experiment from august 2006 to june 2007. the majority of accessions was of indeterminate and semi-branched voluble growth habit; only brs potiguar was semibranched. the number of seeds per pod varied from 12 to 16. for the mossoró region, the accession amapá is considered be the best alternative for small farmers. this accession is earlier maturing, presents a high number of pods per plant and high yield. other promising genotypes are brs potiguar and casca-de-seda.
O desafio da preven??o da transmiss?o vertical do HIV no Município de Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Fernandes, Regina Célia de Souza Campos;Araújo, Luciana Cordeiro de;Medina-Acosta, Enrique;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000400017
Abstract: prevention of mother-to-child hiv transmission is an emerging public health challenge. in brazil, preventive prophylaxis with azt during pregnancy, at delivery, and for newborns was introduced in 1996, with a marked reduction in transmission (less than 5.0% nationwide). since 1999 the municipal std/aids program in campos dos goytacazes, rio de janeiro state (population = 416,441) has acted in the prevention of vertical transmission. in 2001/2003, there was a moderately increased implementation (from 28.0% to 36.0%) of hiv screening services during pregnancy, and more pregnant women were knowledgeable about vertical hiv transmission. remaining challenges are to expand hiv screening to pregnant women at large and to effectively introduce rapid diagnostic tests for hiv in the delivery room. such actions are expected to change the current situation, in which only 6.8% of infected children under observation had access to prophylaxis for vertical hiv transmission.
O desafio da preven o da transmiss o vertical do HIV no Município de Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Fernandes Regina Célia de Souza Campos,Araújo Luciana Cordeiro de,Medina-Acosta Enrique
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: A transmiss o vertical do HIV continua sendo um importante desafio para a Saúde Pública. A partir de 1996 se iniciou no Brasil o uso da profilaxia com Zidovudina durante a gesta o, no momento do parto e para o recém-nascido, com redu o da transmiss o para menos de 5,0% em muitos servi os. Desde 1999, o Programa Municipal de DST/AIDS de Campos dos Goytacazes (popula o: 416.441), Rio de Janeiro, atua na preven o da transmiss o perinatal do HIV. Merecem destaque o moderado aumento da capta o de gestantes HIV positivas do município (de 28,0% para 36,0% no período 2001-2003), por meio da maior oferta do teste de HIV no pré-natal e o maior conhecimento que as gestantes demonstram sobre a transmiss o materno-infantil do HIV. Persistem como desafios a extens o da testagem de HIV a toda a popula o de gestantes e, no caso das n o testadas, o uso do teste rápido para diagnóstico no momento do parto. Com isso, se conseguiria modificar o panorama atual em que apenas 6,8% das crian as infectadas e em acompanhamento tiveram acesso à profilaxia da transmiss o materno-infantil do HIV.
Perinephric and renal abscesses in children: a study of three cases
FERNANDES, Regina Célia de Souza Campos;DUARTE, Príscila Diane Assed Caires;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652002000600009
Abstract: perinephric and renal abscesses are rare in childhood, but they must be remembered in the differential diagnosis of fever and abdominal or flank pain. this paper reports three cases whose solution was found after clinical and surgical treatment. the importance of ultrasound and computerized tomography (ct) in prompt diagnosis is highlighted in this work. the use of these methods along the improved antimicrobial therapy may result in decrease in mortality due to this pathology.
Perinephric and renal abscesses in children: a study of three cases
FERNANDES Regina Célia de Souza Campos,DUARTE Príscila Diane Assed Caires
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2002,
Abstract: Perinephric and renal abscesses are rare in childhood, but they must be remembered in the differential diagnosis of fever and abdominal or flank pain. This paper reports three cases whose solution was found after clinical and surgical treatment. The importance of ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT) in prompt diagnosis is highlighted in this work. The use of these methods along the improved antimicrobial therapy may result in decrease in mortality due to this pathology.
The Relation of Externalizing Behavior and Central Auditory Processing Deficits in 4-Year-Old Children  [PDF]
Cristina de Andrade Varanda, Eva Cristina de Carvalho Souza Mendes, Nilva Nunes Campina, Maria da Gra?a Giordano de Marcos Crescenti Aulicino, Rita de Cássia Gottardi van Opstal Nascimento, Cláudia Maria Fernandes Marczak, Karla Regina de Jesus Grilo, Elaine Cristina Diogo, Fernanda Mello, Renata Cristina Borges Corrêa, Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.613156
Abstract: The integrity of the central auditory system is a fundamental condition for language development. Good language development is related to good academic performance and adaptive behavior. Therefore, the evaluation of auditory processing along with behavior as well as the verification of a possible relationship between them can indicate possible ways on how to deal with both problem behavior and difficulties in language. 187 parents of preschoolers (mean age 3.8 years) were interviewed individually and asked to fill in the CBCL (Child Behavior Checklist), for ages 1(1/2) to 5, providing a behavioral profile concerning externalizing and internalizing behavior. Children were assessed regarding central auditory processing skills through the Simplified Assessment of the Auditory Processing—SAAP (Pereira & Schochat, 1997) including Sound Source Localization (SSL); Non-Verbal Sound Sequence Memory (NVSSM); Verbal Sounds Sequence Memory (VSSM). To investigate a possible association between central auditory processing skills and behavioral problems, all the scores in CBCL and the total scores of Simplified Auditory Processing Assessment were correlated with functional parameters using the Spearman rank correlation. The behaviors “acts too young for age”; “constantly seeks help”; “does not eat well”; “does not seem to feel guilty after misbehaving”; “easily frustrated”; “nervous movements or twitching”; “nervous, highstrung, or tense”; “poorly coordinated or clumsy”; “repeatedly rocks head or body”; “stares into space and seems preoccupied”, “sulks a lot” and “wanders away” were correlated with poor auditory processing skills. This indicates that the school staff along with health professionals should provide informational counseling regarding, not only the communicative difficulties associated with a poor performance on central auditory processing skills but also the psychosocial difficulties that these children may be facing.
Influence of a vinasse-distributing lake on water quality of the groundwater
Mário M. Rolim,Marília Regina C. C Lyra,Anamaria de Sousa Duarte,Pedro Róbinson Fernandes de Medeiros
Ambiente e água : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science , 2013, DOI: 10.4136/ambi-agua.1014
Abstract: Vinasse is an organic matter and nutrient-rich residue generated during alcohol distillation. However, if applied to crops in excess, it may disturb the complex balance of soil absoption and contaminate groundwater. The goal of this research was to evaluate the effect of a vinasse-distributing pool on the quality of groundwater in a sugarcane field in Pernambuco State, Brazil. Samples were collected from 10 observation wells along three parallel transects around the vinasse-distributing pool. The quality of groundwater as well as the fluvial water of the Ipojuca River was assessed as a control for ocean intrusion. The following parameters were measured: CE, SDT, pH, COD, BOD, NO3-, NO2-, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, Cl- and HCO3-. Storing vinasse in the distribution lake disturbed CE, COD and BOD values as well TDS, Cl-, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ concentrations in groundwater.
Incidência da deficiência de vitamina B12 em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica pela técnica Fobi-Capella (Y-de-Roux)
Carvalho, Iara Ribeiro;Loscalzo, Izabella Tesoto;Freitas, Mayteé Fernandes Borges de;Jord?o, Regina Esteves;Friano, Tatiane de Cássia;
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (S?o Paulo) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-67202012000100009
Abstract: background: patients undergoing bariatric surgery may develop over time, some complications and anemia is an important one due to gastric resection, leading to iron, folic acid or vitamin b12 deficiency. aim: to determine the incidence of deficiency of vitamin b12 and other anthropometric and biochemical data comparing the preoperative and postoperative (six months) period in patients who underwent bariatric surgery with fobi-capella (roux-en-y) technique. methods: retrospective and descriptive analysis of 91 charts of patients who underwent surgery. it was collected personal information, date of surgery and pre-and postoperative (six months) values, weight loss, comorbidities, serum analysis of total cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, vitamin b12, hemoglobin and hematocrit. for statistical analysis, it was considered significance level of 5% (p<0.05). results: it was found that there was a reduction in weight of 25,0% compared with the preoperative value and the average bmi was from 41,2±4,9 kg/m2 to 30,7±3,9 kg/m2. the most common co-morbidities were dyspnea (93,4%), spine alterations (61,5%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (57,1%) and sleep apnea (42,9%). biochemical tests for cholesterol, triglycerides and blood glucose, presented positive effect, changing from 240,2±36,1 to 162,5±19,1, 215,7±78,1 to 101,0±21,3 and 178,7±55,0 to 96,8±15,3 (mg/dl), respectively. for vitamin b12, hemoglobin and hematocrit, there was no statistical difference in relation to pre and post-operative time; however, was seen a reduction in vitamin b12 in 43 patients (47,2%). conclusion: the deficiency of vitamin b12 after six months of surgery could not be observed; this fact can be attributed to the use of nutritional supplements or to the short follow-up time after surgery.
Analysis of frontal sharp transients in 32 neonatal polysomnography in healthy fullterm newborns
Crippa, Ana Chrystina;Silvado, Carlos Eduardo;Paola, Luciano de;Scola, Rosana H.;Fernandes, Regina Maria;Werneck, Lineu César;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2007000200007
Abstract: objective: to identify and quantify frontal sharp transients found in neonatal polysomnography of healthy full term newborns in each stage of the sleep-wake cycle within the first 48 hours of life. method: the eeg from healthy term 32 newborns, legal age of two days and with adequate monitoring during pregnancy. frontal sharp transients (fst) were quantified, according to synchronous or asynchronous, in each stage of the sleep-wake cycle. the results were compared by kruskal-wallis-test. results: fst were counted individually in each sleep phase, being present during quiet sleep (qs) in all tracings. fst bilateral and synchronous and lateralized fst were more frequent during qs (p<0.05). conclusion: lateralized fst were found mostly during quiet sleep. fst asynchronous in healthy full term newborns were normal and depended of fst density. fst unilateral appearance should not necessarily be considered abnormal as well.
Desafios operacionais persistentes determinam a n?o redu??o da transmiss?o materno-infantil do HIV
Fernandes, Regina Célia de Souza Campos;Ribas, Gustavo Fernandes;Silva, Danielli Pires e;Gomes, Alexandre Machado;Medina-Acosta, Enrique;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572010000600010
Abstract: objective: to determine impediments to the effective reduction of maternal-infant transmission of hiv in the municipality of campos dos goytacazes, rj, brazil. methods: this is a cohort study, with medical follow-up, of pregnant women with confirmed diagnosis of hiv infection, and their infant children, assisted at the municipal specialized service of sexually transmitted diseases/aids from january 2004 to april 2007. information regarding exposure and outcome variables was collected from their medical records. frequencies of variables were determined and bivariate analysis performed for exposure factors and transmission of hiv. relative risks of hiv transmission associated with exposure variables were calculated using 95% confidence intervals. statistical significance of risk associations was evaluated. results: seventy-eight mother-child pairs were studied; the rate of maternal-infant transmission of hiv was 7.7%. variables showing significant association with maternal-infant transmission of hiv were the non-utilization of antiretrovirals for prophylaxis or treatment during pregnancy (rr = 21.00; 95%ci 2.64-166.74, p = 0.001) and diagnosis of maternal disease after pregnancy (rr = 6.80; 95%ci 1.59-29.17, p = 0.025). new pregnancies in women with other children also exposed to hiv occurred in 19.12% (15/78) of cases. conclusions: there was no reduction in the rate of maternal-infant transmission of hiv in the period 2004-2007 in relation to the preceding triennium. the following were recognized as impediments to the effective reduction of maternal-infant transmission of hiv: low prenatal screening coverage of maternal hiv infection, impairing maternal treatment or prophylaxis; and the incorrect use of the rapid screening test at admission for delivery.
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