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Search Results: 1 - 8 of 8 matches for " Reeka Thangarajah "
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Antifungal Activity and Qualitative Phytochemical Analysis of Some Medicinal Plants in Jaffna (Sri Lanka)  [PDF]
Tharmarajah Manoranjan, Reeka Thangarajah, A. C. Thavaranjit
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2018.84025
Abstract: Many members of the Labiatae family are used in traditional and folk medicine and also used as culinary and ornamental plants. Leaves are the most used plants parts of this family. Ethanolic extract of the leaves, stem, seeds of Leucas zeylanica, Ocimum canum, Ocimum sanctum and leaves of Mentha arvensis, Ocimum basilicum were subjected to phytochemical screening and antifungal assays against Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., Trichoderma sp., Mucor sp., Rhizopus sp. was determined by using the agar streaking assay method after 48 and 72 hours of incubation. All parts of the plants were found to contain flavonoid/s and alkaloid/s except for the absence of alkaloids in seeds of L. zeylanica and stem of O. sanctum respectively. Tannins were present in all parts of plants such as L. zeylanica, O. canum, M. arvensis and absent in O. sanctum and O. basilicum. Phlobatannins were only present in leaves of L. zeylanica and saponins were present only in leaves of O. basilicum. The leaves of L. zeylanica, O. basilicum, M. arvensis, O. sanctum and seeds of O. sanctum and O. canum showed the presence of steroids. Terpenoids were present in all parts of O. sanctum and O. canum than the other plants. The cardiac glycosides were present in all parts of O. sanctum than the other plants tested. Leaves of O. sanctum and M. arvensis exhibited strong positive antifungal activity against Aspergillus sp. Leaves of O. canum, O. basilicum and M. arvensis and stem of O. canum showed strong positive activity against Mucor sp. L. zeylanica only exhibited the antifungal activity against Mucor sp. Penicillium sp. was inhibited by the leaves and seeds extracts of O. sanctum. Degree of activity was low in L. zeylanica compared with other plant extracts. Most of these plant parts did not show any activity against Trichoderma sp. and Rhizopus sp. This study revealed that the antifungal activity of leaves of these plants was high than other plant parts against tested fungi.
Comparative Evaluation of Production Efficiency: A DEA Approach
Pamini Thangarajah,Kalinga Jagoda
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract:
Bilateral temporomandibular joint dislocation in a 29-year-old man: a case report
Tanujan Thangarajah, Neil Mcculloch, Suthan Thangarajah, Judith Stocker
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-4-263
Abstract: The treatment entails reduction of the deformity and this can often be achieved in a ward setting.We present the case of a 29-year-old Caucasian man with a non-traumatic bilateral anterior temporomandibular joint dislocation. Following several unsuccessful attempts, due to both inadequate patient analgesia and sedation, joint reduction had to be performed in theatre with the patient under general anesthesia.This case highlights the importance of providing the patient with adequate analgesia and sedation when attempting the reduction of temporomandibular joint dislocations.A dislocation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) represents three percent of all reported dislocated joints [1]. The majority of cases are non-traumatic and are often precipitated by yawning, eating, dental treatment, endoscopy, or oral intubation. The diagnosis is confirmed by radiography and immediate closed reduction should be performed [2]. Pivotal to achieving joint reduction is adequate patient analgesia and sedation where appropriate. We present the case of a man with non-traumatic bilateral anterior TMJ dislocation and discuss his management.A well-built 29-year-old Caucasian man attended the emergency department in the late evening unable to close his mouth immediately after yawning. Although he had no medical problems, he did admit to having long-standing 'clicking' of his left TMJ. He was not on any regular medication, was a non-smoker and drank alcohol socially. His occupation was as an electrician.On examination his mouth was open and there was significant drooling. No oral or facial lacerations were present. Bilaterally, there was a depression in the his pre-auricular area associated with severe tenderness. Radiographs were taken and illustrated bilateral anterior dislocations of the patient's TMJs. A closed reduction was attempted in the emergency department using 5 mg midazolam and 5 mg diazepam; however, after two attempts reduction could not be achieved. At this point, the maxil
Elektronische On-line Dokumentation von Patientendaten in der Reproduktionsmedizin
Reeka N,Berg FD,Berg U
Journal für Fertilit?t und Reproduktion , 1998,
Abstract: Eine optimale Behandlung von Patienten im Bereich der Reproduktionsmedizin erfordert die schnelle Verfügbarkeit aller relevanten Patientendaten. Die herk mmliche Verwaltung und Bereitstellung dieser Daten ist oftmals mit einem hohen Aufwand an Zeit, Personal und entsprechenden Lagerm glichkeiten verbunden. Diese Probleme lassen sich mittels einer vernetzten EDV-Anlage und einer speziell für ein universit res IVF-Zentrum entwickelten Software l sen. Mit Hilfe einer elektronischen on-line Verwaltung ist ein direkter Zugriff auf die gesamten Daten aus den verschiedenen Bereichen des IVF-Zentrums m glich. Die Effizienz der Behandlungseinheit wird durch die Vermeidung von Wartezeiten und unübersichtlichen Aktenbergen erheblich gesteigert. Die hier vorgestellte Software bietet erstmals eine professionelle Hilfe bei dem Problem der Datenverwaltung in der Reproduktionsmedizin.
Schwangerschaftsrate nach Kryotransfer in Abh ngigkeit von der Zyklusvorbereitung: Eine retrospektive Analyse
Reeka N,Brucker C,Rosenbusch B
Journal für Fertilit?t und Reproduktion , 2001,
Abstract: Das deutsche Embryonenschutzgesetz erlaubt die Kultivierung und den Transfer von maximal drei Embryonen. Die Kryokonservierung von überz hligen impr gnierten Eizellen im Rahmen der in-vitro-Fertilisation ist fester Bestandteil der klinischen Routine. Zur Vorbereitung eines Kryotransfers stehen verschiedene M glichkeiten der hormonellen Stimulation sowie die Option des Spontanzyklus zur Verfügung. Um den Einflu der Zyklusvorbereitung auf die Schwangerschaftsrate abzukl ren, wurden 208 Zyklen mit Kryotransfer an der Universit tsfrauenklinik Ulm retrospektiv analysiert. Dabei wurden die Ergebnisse des Kryotransfers im Spontanzyklus (Gruppe 1) mit denen bei Stimulation mit recFSH (Gruppe 2) sowie bei artifiziellem Zyklus (Gruppe 3) verglichen. Die Gesamtschwangerschaftsrate pro Kryotransfer betrug 16,3%. Dabei lag die Schwangerschaftsrate in Gruppe 1 bei 16,9%, in Gruppe 2 ebenfalls bei 16,9% und in Gruppe 3 bei 12,0%. Die Gesamtrate weiterführender Schwangerschaften betrug 12,0%. Sie lag in Gruppe 1 bei 13,5%, in Gruppe 2 bei 9,2% und in Gruppe 3 bei 0%. Die Anzahl transferierter Embryonen betrug durchschnittlich 2,3. Das mittlere Alter der Patientinnen lag bei 33 Jahren. Sowohl Spontanzyklen, als auch Zyklen mit leichter Stimulationsbehandlung bieten günstige Voraussetzungen für das Eintreten einer Schwangerschaft nach Transfer von kryokonservierten Pronuclei. Bei Kryotransfer im artifiziellen Zyklus zeigte sich eine deutlich niedrigere Schwangerschaftsrate. Dieses Ergebnis wird unter Berücksichtigung des m glichen Bias der Patientenselektion diskutiert. Unter der Voraussetzung ovulatorischer Zyklen ist der Kryotransfer im Spontanzyklus eine kosteneffektive und patientenfreundliche Behandlungsalternative.
Implementation of Auto Monitoring and Short-Message-Service System via GSM Modem
Akilan Thangarajah,Buddhapala Wongkaew,Mongkol Ekpanyapong
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Auto-Monitoring and Short-Messaging-Service System is a real-time monitoring system for any critical operational environments. It detects an undesired event occurring in the environment, generates an alert with detailed message and sends it to the user to prevent hazards. This system employs a Friendly ARM as main controller while, sensors and terminals to interact with the real world. A GSM network is utilized to bridge the communication between monitoring system and user. This paper presents details of prototyping the system.
An unexpected diagnosis of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis.
Tanujan Thangarajah,Timothy J. Neal,Thomas D. Kennedy
Orthopedic Reviews , 2009, DOI: 10.4081/or.2009.e13
Abstract: Hand infections can result in serious tissue damage and gross functional impairment. This is particularly true in the case of septic arthritis, the most destructive of all joint disease. We report the first case of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint to have occurred in a patient devoid of all risk factors traditionally associated with a hospital-associated infection (HA-MRSA). The afflicted patient’s only exposure to the pathogen was during her role as a community carer for an asymptomatic carrier. Delayed treatment allowed the infection to rapidly destroy surrounding soft tissue and necessitate in the need for arthrodesis. It is, therefore imperative that clinicians maintain a low index of suspicion for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as the causative pathogen in similar cases. Consequently, consideration of empirical antibiotic therapy for this patient subgroup is discussed.
An Information Theoretic, Microfluidic-Based Single Cell Analysis Permits Identification of Subpopulations among Putatively Homogeneous Stem Cells
Jason P. Glotzbach, Michael Januszyk, Ivan N. Vial, Victor W. Wong, Alexander Gelbard, Tomer Kalisky, Hariharan Thangarajah, Michael T. Longaker, Stephen R. Quake, Gilbert Chu, Geoffrey C. Gurtner
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021211
Abstract: An incomplete understanding of the nature of heterogeneity within stem cell populations remains a major impediment to the development of clinically effective cell-based therapies. Transcriptional events within a single cell are inherently stochastic and can produce tremendous variability, even among genetically identical cells. It remains unclear how mammalian cellular systems overcome this intrinsic noisiness of gene expression to produce consequential variations in function, and what impact this has on the biologic and clinical relevance of highly ‘purified’ cell subgroups. To address these questions, we have developed a novel method combining microfluidic-based single cell analysis and information theory to characterize and predict transcriptional programs across hundreds of individual cells. Using this technique, we demonstrate that multiple subpopulations exist within a well-studied and putatively homogeneous stem cell population, murine long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSCs). These subgroups are defined by nonrandom patterns that are distinguishable from noise and are consistent with known functional properties of these cells. We anticipate that this analytic framework can also be applied to other cell types to elucidate the relationship between transcriptional and phenotypic variation.
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