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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1150 matches for " Razia Fatima "
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Prevalence of Human Immune Deficiency among Registered Tuberculosis Patients across Pakistan during 2013-2015
—Prevalence of TB-HIV Co-Infection in Pakistan
 [PDF]

Muhammad Aamir Safdar, Razia Fatima, Nasir Mahmood Khan, Aashifa Yaqoob, Afshan Khurshid, Mahboob Ul Haq, Ahmad Wali
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2018.61009
Abstract: The problem of Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) co-infection becomes vital when it is seen in the context of under developed countries like Pakistan. Pakistan ranks 5th high burden countries for drug-susceptible and 6th among drug-resistant TB patients [1]. Objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of TB-HIV Co-infection at the designated Sentinel Sites across Pakistan. A cross-sectional study is based on retrospective record review of routinely maintained TB program data at all 17 designated sentinel sites of TB Control Program from 2013-15. Among the screened TB patients 145 (0.66%) were found HIV reactive. The prevalence of HIV was higher (1.02%) in extra-pulmonary and male TB patients (1.23 %) as compared to pulmonary (0.55%) and female patients (0.09%). Scale up TB surveillance activities, integrating TB-HIV care services, active case finding among key affected populations will have a positive impact on TB-HIV co-infection and disease control.
Enhancing Childhood TB Notifications by Strengthening Linkages with Large Hospitals in Pakistan
—Childhood TB in Large Hospitals, Pakistan
 [PDF]

Ali Saeed Mirza, Razia Fatima, Aashifa Yaqoob, Ejaz Qadeer, Ahmed Wali, Afshan Khurshid, Mahboob Ul Haq, Ajay M. V. Kumar
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2018.61006
Abstract: To improve childhood Tuberculosis management, the National Tuberculosis Program implemented a package of interventions Hospital DOTS linkages (HDL) in 2015 in 144 tertiary and secondary care hospitals across Pakistan. This included systematic engagement of hospital administration and all specialist doctors, staff training and regular facility-based review meetings. HDL was associated with 35% increase in childhood TB notifications in 2015 (versus 2014) in HDL sites as compared to 16% increase in non-HDL sites. The increase was seen across provinces, age-groups and sexes, but did not correlate with presence of Xpert MTB/RIF®?or “screeners” (health workers deployed to screen children for TB).
Does Cash Incentive Effect TB Case Notification by Public Private Mix-General Practitioners Model in Pakistan?  [PDF]
Robina Ashraf, Farah Naureen, Arif Noor, Jafer Ilyas, Razia Fatima, Aashifa Yaqoob, Ahmad Wali, Mahboob Ul Haq, Abdullah Latif, Sumaira Hussain
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2018.62016
Abstract: Setting: Private healthcare providers including solo practitioners and laboratories enrolled with Public Private Mix General Practitioners model in Pakistan who were enrolled with the program and maintained participation during 2014 to 2016. Objective: To assess the change in case notification by private healthcare providers as well as effect on sputum smear positivity rate at private laboratories after introduction of incentives. Design: A comparative cross-sectional study based on routinely maintained National TB Control Program data collected before and after the introduction of incentives (2014 and 2016). Results: In 2016, TB case notification increased by 71% after cash incentives was introduced. Among the 618 private healthcare providers who enrolled and maintained participation in the Public Private Mix program, only 1% of the GPs contributed to 19% increase in case notification, whereas 27% GPs had reported a reduced number of cases compared to the pre-intervention period. After incentives, slide positivity rate for diagnostic declined by 1.9% and follow-up increased by 0.6%. Number of slides for diagnostic and follow-up testing increased by 82% and 72% respectively. Conclusion: Engaging the private healthcare sector, by providing cash incentives to private health care Provider’s is an effective strategy for providing a substantial increase in National TB case notification.
Assessment of Retreatment Tuberculosis Cases amongst All Tuberculosis Cases Notification in District Swat 2015-2017: A Retrospective Cohort Review  [PDF]
Zahir Shah, Maqsood Ali Khan, Hina Najmi, Razia Fatima, Aashifa Yaqoob, Abdul Ghafoor, Ahmed Wali, Amjad Khan, Shah Hasan Khan, Ghulam Mustafa Halepota
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2019.71002
Abstract: Retreatment Tuberculosis (TB) has long been a neglected area in global TB control. To determine the notification of re-treatment Tuberculosis TB cases among all enrolled TB patients, we conducted a retrospective cohort review of routine program data from 2015-2017. A total of 8663 tuberculosis cases (all new and old forms) were registered at the study site. Of these, 1916 (22%) were pulmonary bacteriological confirmed; 3498 (40.37%) were pulmonary clinical diagnosed and 3396 (39.20%) were clinically or bacteriological confirmed extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Retreatment cases trend was found to be increased from 1% in 2015 to 1.6% in 2017. Majority of re-treatment cases were in the age group 18 - 43 years and only 7 patients were under the age of 15 years. This concludes that notification of re-treatment cases is very low among all enrolled TB patients and this could be possibly due to the fact that most of the re-treatment cases were registered as new cases or misdiagnosed. There is need and space to increase retreatment cases. Most of the re-treatment cases were usually converted to MDR-TB (Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis) as noted in PMDT (Programmatic management of Drugs resistant tuberculosis) site. Therefore, proper history and diagnosis should be encouraged at the time of case notification.
Fungi associated with wheat seed discolouration and abnormalities in in-vitro study  [PDF]
Neha Pathak, Razia. K. Zaidi
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.49069
Abstract:

The main aim of present study is to ascertain the fungal species and their effect on germination associated with wheat seeds. Seeds of three varieties WH896, PBW-373 and HD264 of wheat (Triticum aestivum) were collected from Quarsi Agriculture Farm Aligarh. These three seed samples of wheat showing different forms of discouloration and abnormalities were screened for associated fungi. Microscopic examination of wheat seeds reveals that seeds of all the varieties of wheat possess injuries to varying extent. Detailed examination of the seeds has shown that the seeds can be classified on the basis of extent of injury in the three categories viz., seeds having minor cracks, cracks without exposed embryo and cracks with exposed embryo. Seed soaking and washing techniques were also employed. Fusarium moniliforme and Alternaria alternata were isolated from all the categories of seed tested. Floating mycelial bits and conidia of Alternaria, Fusarium, Drechslera, Curvularia lunata, Mucor were found in all the three varieties of wheat. The seeds were subjected to visual observation and examination under stereoscopic microscope. These findings are to study and detect the phytopathogenic mycoflora which causes damage and loss to our seeds and crops.

TERMINATION OF UNWANTED PREGNANCY
Razia Bahadur Khero
The Professional Medical Journal , 2000,
Abstract: A prospective study was done at LMC Jamshoro over period of one year to evaluate the incidence of complicationsrelated to termination of unwanted pregnancies. Total of 450 patients were admitted with abortion, of these12(2.66%) gave history of induced abortion. 9(75%) women were multiparae and 3(25%) were nulliparus.Three women (25%) died, one (8.33%) needed permanent colostomy and 2(16.66%) developed wound dehiscence.
POSTPARTUM HEMORRHAGE (PPH)
RAZIA BAHADUR KHERO
The Professional Medical Journal , 2003,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: 80 cases of PPH were analyzed retrospectively to assess the risk factor association, modeof treatment and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PERIODS: 02 years, from June 1999to May 2002. SETTING: Peoples Medical College Hospital, Nawabshah. PATIENTS & METHODS: 180cases of PPH were analyzed, keeping in view their age, parity, booking status, mode, type and place ofdelivery. The efficacy of obstetric care was assessed by maternal morbidity and mortality related to PPH andits treatment. RESULTS: Out of 180 patients with PPH, 117 (65 %) were referred cases while 63 (35 %)were delivered at PMCH Nawabshah. Risk factors identified were increasing maternal age, grand multiparity, lack of antenatal care, operative and instrumental deliveries. Underlying pathology was uterine atony68.33 %, retained product of conceptions 20.55 %, GT. injuries 8.33 % and D.I.C 2.77 %. Out of 180patients, 71.11 % patients gave response to medical treatment, 20.55 % needed evacuation of uterus. Uterinepacking done in 15.55 % of cases and simple repair of GT. injuries done in 6.66 %. Obstetricalhysterectomies account for 10 % of cases. Complications in operated patients were paralytic ileus in 6.66%. chest infection 5.55 %. DVT in 1.11 % and pelvic infection in 5.55 % patients. During study period, 72maternal deaths occurred and PPH contributed 31.94 % of it. CONCLUSION: The study revealed that aneffective ante, intra and postpartum care, blood bank facilities and an alert action by Obstetric team are veryimportant in prevention of mortality and mobility of this challenging problem. Training of resident surgeonsand early involvement of skilled and senior personnel are needed to eliminate the substandard care and toreduce the large number of abdominal hysterectomies which were carried out in present series.
Synthesis and Characterization of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Supported on Ziconia and Its Application in the Gas-Phase Oxidation of Cyclohexanol to Cyclohexanone  [PDF]
Mohammad Sadiq, Gul Zamin, Razia  , Mohammad Ilyas
Modern Research in Catalysis (MRC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2014.31003
Abstract:

Iron oxide nanoparticles supported on zirconia were prepared by precipitation-deposition method and characterized by XRD, SEM, FT-IR, TGA/DTA, surface area and particle size analysis. Catalytic activities of the catalysts were tested in the gas-phase conversion of cyclohexanol in a fixed-bed flow type, Pyrex glass reactor, at 433 - 463 K. Major detected products were cyclohexanone, cyclohexene and benzene, depending on the used catalyst. The rate of reaction was significantly raised by the introduction of molecular oxygen in the feed gas, thereby suggesting the oxidation of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone. Furthermore, the catalytic activity of iron oxide nanoparticles supported on zirconia treated with hydrogen at 553 K for 2 hours, was more selective and better than the unreduced iron oxide nanoparticles supported on zirconia, in the gas-phase oxidation of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone. Experimental results showed that there was no leaching of metal, and that the catalyst was thus truly heterogeneous.

One-Pot Synthesis of Aldol Adduct Catalyzed by Immobilized Picolylamine on Zirconia  [PDF]
Mohammad Sadiq, Razia  , M. Naveed Umar, Gul Zamin
Modern Research in Catalysis (MRC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2014.31001
Abstract:

Direct aldol reactions have been successfully performed using aromatic aldehyde and cyclic ketone in nonpolar solvent by using immobilized picolylamine on zirconia as a catalyst, in a double walled batch reactor. The prepared catalyst was characterized by SEM, XRD and FT-IR. FT-IR peaks reveal the presence of picolylamine on the surface of zirconia. The catalyst shows excellent catalytic activity in aldol reaction of cyclohexanone with benzaldehyde in cyclohexane giving 2-hydroxyphenylmethylcyclohexanone (55.7% yield) in 4 hr at 80?C. Furthermore, the catalyst is recoverable by simple filtration and could be used several times without significant loss in activity.

Efficiency of Iron Supported on Porous Material (Prepared from Peanut Shell) for Liquid Phase Aerobic Oxidation of Alcohols  [PDF]
Mohammad Sadiq, Razia  , Sajid Hussain, Gul Zamin
Modern Research in Catalysis (MRC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2014.32006
Abstract:
Catalytic activity and selectivity of prepared catalysts (Fe2O3/ and Fe2O3/AC(KOH)) were investigated for liquid phase aerobic oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols, in a batch reactor, using solvent free condition and/or eco-friendly solvents. The catalysts were characterized by SEM, EDX, XRD, FTIR, TGA/DTA, and surface area and pore size analysis. Experimental data revealed that Fe2O3/AC(KOH) was an efficient catalyst for the oxidation (dehydrogenation) of alcohol while \"\" was found to show catalytic activity for both dehydration and dehydrogenation of alcohols. The catalysts were recycled by simple filtration, and used several times without any loss of catalytic activity.

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