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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2418 matches for " Ranjana Prakash "
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Teleportation of Superposition of Coherent States Using 4-Partite States and Effect of Decoherence on Fidelity  [PDF]
H. Prakash, N. Chandra, Shivani A. Kumar, Ranjana Prakash
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2012.24019

A scheme of teleporting a superposition of coherent states |α> and |-α> using a 4-partite state, a beam splitter and two phase shifters was proposed by N. Ba An (Phys. Rev. A, 68, 022321, 2003). The author concluded that the probability for successful teleportation is only 1/4 in the limit |α| and 1/2 in the limit |α|. In this paper it is shown that the author’s scheme can be altered slightly so as to obtain an almost perfect teleportation for an appreciable value of |α|2. We find the minimum assured fidelity i.e., the minimum fidelity for an arbitrarily chosen information state, which we write MAF in this paper, for different cases. We also discuss the effect of decoherence on teleportation fidelity. We find that if no photons are counted in both final outputs, MAF, is still nonzero except when there is no decoherence and the initial state (the state to be teleported) is even coherent state. For non-zero photon counts, MAF decreases with increase in |α|2 for low noise. For high noise, however, it increases, attains a maximum value and then decreases with |α|2. The average fidelity depends appreciably on the initial state for low values of |α|2 only.

A Proposal for Experimental Detection of Amplitude nth-Power Squeezing
Ranjana Prakash,Ajay K. Yadav
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.optcom.2012.01.007
Abstract: Recently, in several theoretical investigations, amplitude nth-power squeezing has been studied with $n = 2,~3,~4,~5$. In the present paper, we give a proposal for experimental detection of amplitude $n$th-power squeezing using ordinary homodyning with coherent light for arbitrary power $n$ and discuss in detail its theory. The proposed scheme requires only repeated measurements of the factorial moments of number of photons in the light obtained after homodyning, with various shifts of phase of coherent light, and involves no approximations, whatsoever. This has advantage over the method proposed by Shchukin and Vogel [Phys. Rev. A 72 (2005) 043808] in that our method requires only one beam splitter and only one photodetector, and also lesser number of repetitions of experiment with phase-shifted coherent light.
Measurement of Anomalous Moments of Creation and Annihilation Operators
Ranjana Prakash,Ajay K. Yadav
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We propose a scheme for measurements of anomalous moments of creation and annihilation operators requiring only one beam splitter, only one photodetector and not many measurements with phase-shift $\varphi$ in homodyning. This has advantageous over scheme of Shchukin and Vogel [Phys. Rev. A 72, 043808 (2005)] which requires many photodetectors, many beam splitters and a large number of measurements with phase-shift $\varphi$ as a Fourier transform is calculated integrating over $\varphi$.
Generation of Selenium Containing Nano-Structures By Soil Bacterium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Vinod Yadav,Neetu Sharma,Ranjana Prakash,K.K. Raina
Biotechnology , 2008,
Abstract: The aim of the study was to explore the biogenesis of nano-structures through reduction of selenium by soil bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The strain under study indicated tolerance of selenium upto 50 mg L-1, using reductive mechanisms for detoxication, thus biotransforming selenium oxyanions to elemental red selenium. Partial characterization using AFM of the biotransformed selenium was carried out which indicated formation of spherical amorphous allotropic elemental selenium.
Risks and Precautions of Genetically Modified Organisms
Dhan Prakash,Sonika Verma,Ranjana Bhatia,B. N. Tiwary
ISRN Ecology , 2011, DOI: 10.5402/2011/369573
Abstract: Commercial potential of biotechnology is immense since the scope of its activity covers the entire spectrum of human life. The most potent biotechnological approach is the transfer of specifically constructed gene assemblies through various techniques. However, this deliberate modification and the resulting entities thereof have become the bone of contention all over the world. Benefits aside, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have always been considered a threat to environment and human health. In view of this, it has been considered necessary by biosafety regulations of individual countries to test the feasibility of GMOs in contained and controlled environments for any potential risks they may pose. This paper describes the various aspects of risk, its assessment, and management which are imperative in decision making regarding the safe use of GMOs. Efficient efforts are necessary for implementation of regulations. Importance of the risk assessment, management, and precautionary approach in environmental agreements and activism is also discussed. 1. Introduction Modern biotechnology has allowed the movement of genetic material across unrelated species, something impossible with the traditional breeding methods. This intentional transfer of genetic material has in turn brought biotechnology out from the laboratory to the field. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are organisms whose genetic material has been artificially modified to change their characteristics in some way or another [1]. In essence, “genetic modification” or “genetic engineering” techniques enable scientists to find individual genes that control particular characteristics, separate them from the original source, and transfer them directly into the cells of an animal, plant, bacterium, or virus. This technology has many potential applications [2]. These new opportunities bring along greater public scrutiny and government regulation. Risk assessment is a common regulatory tool used in the decision-making process for a proposed commercial release of a GMO into the environment [3, 4]. Environmental applications of microorganisms are wide and varied, ranging from bioremediation, biopesticides, nitrogen fixation, plant growth promoter, to biocontrol of plant diseases, and other such agricultural practices. The sensible application of recombinant DNA techniques has shown the potential for genetically improved microorganisms to be used as soil or seed inoculants [5–8]. However, when introduced into the environment, they could have unintended environmental consequences and may play more
Relative Equilibria of a Satellite Moving in an Elliptic Orbit Subjected to Gravitational and Aerodynamic Torques  [PDF]
Kumari Ranjana
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2014.41019
Abstract: Here we consider the attitude motion of a satellite, subjected to gravitational and aerodynamic torques in an elliptic orbit. The determination of orientation of equilibrium points has been discussed. It is found that they coincide with those for the circular case as studied by Sarychev and others in the works [1]-[3] and besides we have aimed at the sufficient condition for stability in the sense of Lyapunov.
On the Artificial Equilibrium Points in a Generalized Restricted Problem of Three Bodies  [PDF]
Kumari Ranjana, Vijay Kumar
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.34059

The present article studies the stability conditions of central control artificial equilibrium generalized restricted problem of three bodies. It is generalized in the sense that here we have taken the larger primary body to be in shape of an oblate spheroid. The equilibrium points are sought by the application of the propellant for which it would just balance the gravitational forces. The launching flight of such a satellite is seen to be applicable for having arbitrary space stations for these different missions. Specialty of the result of the investigation lies in the fact that an arbitrary space station can be formed to attain any specified mission.

On the Artificial Equilibrium Points in the Circular Restricted Problem of 2 + 2 Bodies  [PDF]
Kumari Ranjana, Vijay Kumar
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2017.74020
Abstract: The present work studies the stability condition of central control artificial equilibrium points of the planar circular restricted problem of 2 + 2 bodies (PCRP2 + 2B) and also its variant when the shape of larger mass is taken to be an oblate spheroid. We find that the paper will be of great application in choosing an artificial equilibrium point (AEP) in the neighbourhood of numerous planets e.g. Jupiter or the bodies which provide a model of the problem studied. The minimum thrust will save a quantum of energy to be applied to have an arbitrary point as a chosen starter. For solar sailing and magnetic force this minimum thrust will be of great use.
Investigation of DNA damage response and apoptotic gene methylation pattern in sporadic breast tumors using high throughput quantitative DNA methylation analysis technology
Ranjana Pal, Niloo Srivastava, Rupali Chopra, Sailesh Gochhait, Pawan Gupta, Neeraj Prakash, Gaurav Agarwal, Rameshwar NK Bamezai
Molecular Cancer , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1476-4598-9-303
Abstract: The study identified five genes with statistically significant difference between normal and tumor tissues. Hypermethylation of DR5 (P = 0.001), DCR1 (P = 0.00001), DCR2 (P = 0.0000000005) and BRCA2 (P = 0.007) and hypomethylation of DR4 (P = 0.011) in sporadic breast tumor tissues suggested a weak/aberrant activation of the DDR/apoptotic pathway in breast tumorigenesis. Negative correlation was observed between methylation status and transcript expression levels for TRAIL, DR4, CASP8, ATM, CHEK2, BRCA1 and BRCA2 CpG sites. Categorization of the gene methylation with respect to the clinicopathological parameters showed an increase in aberrant methylation pattern in advanced tumors. These uncharacteristic methylation patterns corresponded with decreased death receptor apoptosis (P = 0.047) and DNA damage repair potential (P = 0.004) in advanced tumors. The observation of BRCA2 -26 G/A 5'UTR polymorphism concomitant with the presence of methylation in the promoter region was novel and emerged as a strong candidate for susceptibility to sporadic breast tumors.Our study indicates that methylation of DDR-apoptotic gene promoters in sporadic breast cancer is not a random phenomenon. Progressive epigenetic alterations in advancing tumors result in aberrant DDR-apoptotic pathway thereby promoting tumor development. We propose, since pathological epigenetic changes of the DDR-apoptotic genes are reversible modifications, these could further be targeted for therapeutic interventions.Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality among women aged between 20 - 59 years; second leading cause of cancer mortality among all women [1]. The sporadic form represents almost 90% of the total number of breast cancer cases, genetic etiology of which is least understood and the molecular mechanism underlying the onset and progression not clear. It is, however, believed to be a manifestation of abnormal genetic as well as epigenetic changes [2-4] along with the influence of dietary,
Application Photocatalysis for Treatment of Industrial Waste Water—A Short Review  [PDF]
Ranjana Das
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100713

Occurrence of persistent organic compounds in industrial effluents and their efficient removal technique has emerged as a crucial problem to waste water treatment plants. This review aims to focus on the plight associated with the effluents from textile industry, agricultural and pharmaceutical effluents. The occurrence of dyes, pesticides and endocrine disrupting chemicals in aquatic ecosystems may cause chronic diseases, affect the human endocrine system and have appeared as crucial factor to consider for drinking and non-potable end uses of water. Extensive researches have been attempted to screen effective and safe method of contaminants removal by modifying conventional treatments as well as advanced processes by renowned authors. This paper aims to review different possible routes of effluent treatment emphasizing on complete mineralization of the targeted contaminants. With this purpose, a comprehensive review has been presented to deliver essential information about dealing with photocatalytic mineralization of pollutants.

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