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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 175 matches for " RH Udani "
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Education and training in the implementation of kangaroo mother care
A-M Bergh, N Charpak, A Ezeonodo, RH Udani, E van Rooyen
South African Journal of Child Health , 2012,
Abstract: In the past three decades, kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been established as a safe and effective method of infant care, with the potential for improving the survival of low-birth-weight newborns, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Despite many implementation, education and training efforts, some countries are finding it difficult to increase their coverage of KMC, and individual institutions still struggle to get KMC institutionalised in a sustainable way. In the past decade a better understanding has emerged on the health system pathways followed in the implementation of KMC. The initiative reported in this paper started out with a review of education and training practices in the implementation of KMC across the world. This was discussed at an international workshop and further inputs were derived from individuals’ experience, unpublished literature provided by colleagues, and published material. This report gives an overview of some of the key implementation and training issues identified by the group and recommendations emanating from the collaborative process. A triangular change process that includes change agents and the choice of implementation and educational models is proposed. The different functions for change agents as drivers, trainers and implementers are discussed. The grassroots, policy and academic dimensions are presented as different pathways for initiating KMC. Educational models are developed locally and are determined by the context. Education and training in KMC should be underpinned by the same basic understanding of the concept and should be accompanied by the creation of awareness, committed ‘champions’, multidisciplinary teamwork and continuous support from senior management. It should be based on the evidence produced by research, conducted according to current best practice in education, and locally appropriate and applicable.
An assessment of genetical methods in the control of scrapie
RH Kimberlin
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1978, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-10-4-586c
Abstract:
Who can Really be Called a Lexicographer?
RH Gouws
Lexikos , 2012,
Abstract: Lexicographers define words but still lack a clear and unambiguous understanding of the word lexicographer. This paper gives a brief discussion of the problems experienced in trying to determine exactly what a lexicographer is. The distinction between theoretical and practical lexicographers is quite clear but within both these categories there are grey areas where it is not so clear whether a specific participant in lexicographic activities qualifies to be called a lexicographer. The lack of formal professional lexicographic qualifications impedes an unambiguous understanding of the word. The emergence of lexicography as an independent discipline compels lexicographers to take a closer look at criteria relevant to identifying someone as being a lexicographer.
Review: "The Dassie and the Hunter. A South African Meeting" By Jeff Opland (2005)
RH Kaschula
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2006,
Abstract: Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press. 389 pp. ISBN 1-86914-036-2 Tydskrif vir Letterkunde 43(1) 2006: 186-188
Length-Weight Relationship and Growth Parameters of Grey Mullets (Pisces: Mugilidae) in Two Estuaries in Ghana
RH Dankwa
West African Journal of Applied Ecology , 2011,
Abstract: Grey mullet populations in the rivers Pra and Volta estuaries in Ghana were studied to provide information on their length-weight relationship and growth parameters. Fish samples were collected monthly for 18 months from local fishermen using cast net, drag net and gill nets. Six species of grey mullets were identified: sickle fin mullet, Liza falcipinnis (Valenciennes, 1836), large-scaled mullet, Liza grandisquamis (Valenciennes, 1836), grooved mullet, Liza dumerilii (Steindachner, 1870), white mullet, Mugil curema Vallenciennes, 1836, banana mullet, Mugil bananensis (Pellegrin, 1928) and striped mullet, Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758. Length-weight relationship for the various species in the Volta and Pra estuaries, respectively, were: L. falcipinnis, BW = 0.0158 SL3.06 and BW = 0.0255 SL2.85; L dumerillii, BW = 0098 SL3.24 and BW = 0.0223SL2.92; M. bananensis, BW = 0.0191SL3.03 and BW = 0.0175 SL3.10; M. cephalus, BW = 0.0574 SL3.14 and BW = 0.0134 SL3.17; M. curema, BW = 0.0311 SL2.85 and BW = 0.0247 SL2.5. That for L. grandisquamis, which was found only in the Pra estuary, was BW = 0.0204 SL3.01, indicating isometric growth since the regression coefficient b was not significantly different from 3.0 (P > 0.05). The regression coefficient b for the other species was either significantly higher or lower than 3.0 (P < 0.01), suggesting allometric growth. Except L. dumerilli, L¥ and K for the same species from the two estuaries differed. The highest L¥ of 56.6 cm (SL) and growth performance index ( ) of 4.99 were estimated for M. cephalus. The L¥ estimated in the study indicates that the sizes of grey mullets in the two estuaries were smaller compared to the same species from other countries in the tropics.
The use of an improved access structure in dictionaries
RH Gouws
Lexikos , 2001,
Abstract: Dictionary consultation procedures often fail because the structure of a dictionary impedes the user from sufficient access to the data. Modern-day metalexicography has identified the access structure as one of the most important structural components of a dictionary. The access structure represents the search route a user follows to reach the required data in order to retrieve the necessary information. This paper focuses on a few aspects of the access structure. It is argued that a frame structure and an improved use of outer texts can enhance access to the lexicographic data. Different macrostructural ordering procedures are discussed and it is suggested that the lexicographers of bilingual dictionaries should avoid multiple niching. The presentation of inner texts in clearly identifiable text blocks can assist the user in rapidly reaching the desired search zone. Although the emphasis is on bilingual dictionaries many of the suggestions also apply to monolingual dictionaries.
Dihydropyridine in der Hypertoniebehandlung
Fagard RH
Journal für Hypertonie , 2000,
Abstract: Dihydropyridin-Kalziumkanalblocker senken den Blutdruck und verringern eine linksventrikul re Hypertrophie bei hypertensiven Patienten. Bislang gibt es Outcomestudien nur an lteren Patienten. Bei Patienten mit systolisch-diastolischer Hypertonie und bei Patienten mit isolierter systolischer Hypertonie hat eine auf Nifedipin oder Nitrendipin basierende antihypertensive Behandlung die Inzidenz von fatalen und nicht fatalen Schlaganf llen sowie kardiovaskul ren Ereignisse gesenkt. Die Gesamt- sowie die kardiovaskul re Mortalit t waren in den aktiven Behandlungsgruppen signifikant verringert oder tendenziell niedriger als in den Kontrollgruppen. Die Behandlung erwies sich auch bei Diabetes als vorteilhaft, besonders bei der absoluten Risikoreduktion. Es zeigte sich keine erh hte nicht-kardiovaskul re Inzidenz an Ereignissen oder Mortalit t, inklusive Karzinome und Blutungen. Es sei jedoch angemerkt, da die Outcomestudien von relativ kurzer Dauer waren. Letztendlich sind weitere Studien n tig, um zu belegen, da sich die an lteren Patienten erhaltenen Resultate auch auf jüngere Patienten mit Hypertonie umlegen lassen.
DFP: European Society of Hypertension Scientific Newsletter: Update on Hypertension Management 2009; 10: No. 37 - Hypertonie bei Sportlern
Fagard RH
Journal für Hypertonie , 2009,
Abstract:
A proprietary alpha-amylase inhibitor from white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): A review of clinical studies on weight loss and glycemic control
Marilyn L Barrett, Jay K Udani
Nutrition Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-10-24
Abstract: Obesity is a major health hazard, with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke), type 2 diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders (especially osteoarthritis) and certain types of cancer (endometrial, breast, and colon) [1]. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2005, approximately 1.6 billion adults worldwide were overweight and at least 400 million were obese. Further, the WHO estimated that at least 20 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight. The projected numbers for 2015 are larger, with 2.3 billion adults expected to be overweight and 700 million expected to be obese [1].The cause of excess body weight is an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. The WHO has identified a global shift in diet towards increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars but low in vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients. At the same time there is a trend towards decreased physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanization [1].Control of diet and exercise are cornerstones of the management of excess weight. A number of nutritional approaches and diets with difference proportions of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates have been prescribed for weight loss. Initial guidance on weight loss was a restriction in saturated fats. However diets low in saturated fats did not necessarily result in weight loss as expected. More recently there has been a shift towards a reduction in carbohydrates, particularly refined carbohydrates, as an approach to reduce weight and the incidence or related disease risk [2].In most diets, carbohydrates are the greatest source of calories. Carbohydrates are polyhydroxy aldehydes, ketones, alcohols and acids that range in size from single monomeric units (monosaccharides) to polymers (polysaccharides). Before being absorbed by the body, carbohydrates must be broken down into m
Hypolipidaemic Activity of Rauwolfia serpentina Benth
Shamim A. Qureshi,Shamsa K. Udani
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Hypolipidaemic activity of Rauwolfia serpentina benth was investigated to provide a base for isolation of active principle and to validate its use for the control of hyperlipidaemia, the major cause of cardiovascular diseases prevailing worldwide. Twelve days trial was done with oral administration of root powder of R. serpentina (30 mg/kg) and distilled water (1 ml/kg) in test and control rabbits respectively. The blood was collected from each group on 1st, 4th, 8th and 12th day to estimate serum Triglycerides (TG), Total Cholesterol (TC), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL-C), High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH). Gradual decrease observed in TG and LDL-C levels from 204.76-111.94 and 33.31-10.85 mg/dL, respectively in test when compared with control rabbits (p<0.0001). Similarly, TC was significantly decreased when compared 1st-12th day of treatment in test group (p<0.0001) and test on 12 day compared with control (p<0.05). However, HDL-C remained constant in test rabbits throughout the study but found higher than control (p<0.05). ALT and LDH levels were found normal. According to the data, root powder of R. serpentina has hypotriglyceridemic and hypocholesterolemic effects with undetectable side effects on liver and cardiac functions.
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