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Evaluation of Tuberculosis Treatment Outcome of TB/HIV Co-Infection: A Four-Year Retrospective Cohort Study in HIV-Prevalent Setting of North Central Nigeria  [PDF]
Abiodun Hassan, Richard Olukolade, Queen Ogbuji, Audu Onyemocho, Lucia Okwuonye, Shember-agela Igbabul, Josephine Okechukwu, Oluremilekun Kusimo, Adewale Osho, Kehinde Osinowo, Oladapo Ladipo
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2016.43015
Abstract: Background: Despite the availability of highly effective treatment for decades, Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem in Nigeria due to the increasing association between HIV and TB observed over the past three decades when HIV was discovered. However, the proportion of TB and or TB/HIV co-infected patients who have successful TB treatment outcome is not well known. This study determined the treatment outcome of TB/HIV co-infected patients with HIV negative patients in two states in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of secondary data from eight Directly Observed Treatment Short (DOTS) course and Anti- Retroviral Therapy (ART) service providers in Benue and Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Nigeria, was carried out. The period under review covers January, 2010 to December, 2013. Results: Out of the total 5266 TB cases reviewed, the HIV prevalence rate was 52%. They were predominantly (53.3%) male with mean age of 34.4 years (SD = 15.1 years). More than two-third (72.5%) of HIV-negative patients had successful treatment compared to 1718 (62.7%) HIV-positive patients. Of the 2334 HIV co-infected patients, 19.5% defaulted, 11.5% had died, 5.6% were transferred out and 0.7% failed treatment compared to HIV-negative patients amongst whom 18.3% defaulted, 3.6% died, 3.9% were transferred out and 1.6% failed treatment (p < 0.05). TB/HIV co-infected patients with baseline CD4 of ≥300 cell/mm3 are more likely to have successful treatment outcome {OR-1.541 (95% CI = 1.030 - 2.305) p = 0.035}. Patients ≥45 years old and those not on Co-trimoxazole Preventive Therapy (CPT) are more likely to have unsuccessful treatment outcome {OR-1.022 (95% CI = 0.643 - 1.488) p = 0.918 and OR-1.306 (95% CI = 0.956 - 1.555) respectively. Conclusion: The favourable treatment outcome of HIV-negative patients is more than that of HIV-positive patients and the most probable predictable factor responsible is the CD4 count of patient; indicating that TB/HIV co-infection has remained a major public health problem in Benue state and FCT. Hence there is the need for sustained strengthening and expansion of the national TB/HIV programmes.
Implementation of the Active TB Case Finding in Nigeria; Processes, Lessons Learnt and Recommendations  [PDF]
Oluremilekun Comfort Kusimo, Richard Olukolade, Queen Ogbuji, John Osho, Adeyinka Onikan, Abiodun Hassan, Oladapo Alabi Ladipo, Oladipo Owoyomi, Joseph Bakare, Simeon Onyemaechi, Adebola Lawanson
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2018.61002
Abstract: Introduction: Tuberculosis remains a major public health issue in Nigeria with the country ranking seventh among the 30 high TB burden countries. Nigeria is among the three countries that account for half of the 4.3 million “missing” TB cases globally. One untreated TB case is able to infect about 10 - 20 people annually. Hence, it is pertinent that TB is controlled effectively through the use of active case finding strategies to find the missing TB cases. Objective: This article highlights the best practices and key lessons learnt during the implementation of the active house to house TB case finding strategy in Nigeria. Lessons Learnt and Recommendations: Strategic community engagement, massive awareness creation using mass media and local means of communication, mapping of locations where registered TB cases live, to inform home visits for contact tracing and strengthening of laboratory systems, are viable mechanisms to improve TB case finding. Conclusion: Active TB case finding interventions should be implemented in the context of a strengthened diagnostics system, strategic community engagement and media involvement.
The Challenges of Globalization and the Use of Children’s Literature in Achieving Cultural Literacy in Nigeria
Njemanze Queen Ugochi
Studies in Literature and Language , 2010,
Abstract: In the past, Africans attached great value to the transmission of their values and norms to their younger generation. This was done through oral traditions, such as story telling, songs, lullabies, riddles, plays and more. This emphasises continuity and cultural preservation .Cultural transmission aims at producing a generation who will sustain the communities’ values like honesty, perseverance, diligence, good community and brotherly relationship. Children’s Literature refers to quality books for children ranging from birth to adolescence; while globalization is the process of increased inter dependence and integration of cultures and values among nations, This paper thus, discusses the use of children’s literature as an instrument of achieving national integration in the era of globalization. It also examines the relevance of children’s literature to the society and asserts that children’s literature could be used to promote and sustain the national heritage. It will serve as a voice to forestall loss of our values. It proffers suggestions and concludes, .by stating how to achieve these aims. Keywords: Children’s literature; Globalization and Cultural Literacy
The First Meeting of the King Ugyen Wangchuck with Raja Ugyen Dorji in Kurje Lhakhang
Her Majesty the Queen Mother of Bhutan
Journal of Bhutan Studies , 2003,
The Founding of Dungsam Yongla Riwo Pelbar Dargye Chholing
Her Majesty The Queen Mother of Bhutan
Journal of Bhutan Studies , 2003,
A Review of the Factors Off-Putting the Application of Relationship Marketing in Nigeria
CN Ogbuji, EE Izogo, K Alagah
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: The current dominance of relationship marketing (RM) literature does notimply that its application in modern business operations is withoutlimitations. In fact, its successful application by firms in some advancedeconomies does not mean that its application is guaranteed in developingcountries. Observing this, this study sought to ascertain the factors thathamper the application of RM in Nigeria. Drawing from past empiricalsubstantiations, it was argued that lack of trust, commitment and promisefulfillment, low level of technical development, lack of internal marketing and loose competitive states of Nigerian business environment are the leading factors restraining the application of RM in Nigeria. To facilitate theimplantation of this new marketing tradition in Nigeria, the authorsreinforces that there is need for Nigerian firms to invest more in technology to assist them track the revolutions in the contemporary business environment, build trust and commitment-based relationship.
An X-Ray of the Level of Electronic Purse Usage in Nigeria
CN Ogbuji, EE Izogo, AO Onuoha
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: This study sets out to examine the level of e-purse usage in Nigeria. Despite the invasion of e-purse as electronic banking channels that has the potential of disempowering the cash systems of exchange and granting firms competitive edge, it is interesting to note that the rate of cash usage still dominates in the Nigeria society. Thus, when compared with more advanced countries, less technically developed nations like Nigeria tend to be backward in terms of e-purse adoption and usage. The study results show that such factors as insecurity, erosion of privacy, customer inertia, operational difficulties and the like are the factors militating against e-purse usage in Nigeria. It is believed that if these inconsistencies are taken care of, the rate of e-purse acceptance will outweigh its present status in the near future.
Studies on Meloidogyne javanica infestation on roma tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) under different soil amendments
SI Ogwulumba, KI Ugwuoke, RO Ogbuji
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2010,
Abstract: The effect of different soil amendments on infestation of Meloidogyne javanica on roma tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) was investigated at the Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu, Nigeria using pot experiment. Completely randomized design was used for experiment and data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA). All significant differences observed were separated using Fisher's least significant difference (F-LSD). The parameters measured were plant height (cm) at 50% flowering, number of leaves at 50% flowering, number of fruits per plant at harvest, weight (g) of fresh fruit at harvest, number of galled roots per plant and number of galls per root per plant. The study revealed that there exist significant (P < 0.05) differences among the amendments in the height of plant at 50% flowering, leaf number, number of fruit per plant and number of galls per root per plant. There was no significant (P > 0.05) effect on weight of fresh fruit at harvest and number of galled roots per plant. Results further showed that soil amended with organic materials (poultry droppings, grass ash and Rice husk ash) at the range of 10 to 20 t/ha were good for optimum growth, performance and control of root-knot nematode of tomato. Therefore, farmers are advised to use 20 t/ha for optimum growth and control of root knot nematode on roma tomato.
Perceptions of justice and extra-role behaviours of survivors after organisational restructuring at a consolidated bank in Nigeria
Queen Omoruyi,Crispen Chipunza,Michael O. Samuel
South African Journal of Human Resource Management , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v9i1.344
Abstract: Orientation: Perception of justice amongst survivors of organisational downsizing is crucial for extra-role engagements. Researchers have recorded extra-role behaviours because they are important for organisational efficiency and success. Research purpose: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between employees’ perceptions of justice and their organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) after organisations downsize. Motivation for the study: Many organisations that are downsizing do not seriously consider the unintended consequences of downsizing on the behaviour of survivors. This study intends to draw the attention of organisations that are downsizing to this oversight. Research design, approach and method: The researchers used a quantitative research design and survey method for the study. They distributed a self-administered questionnaire to 130 employees from a population of 180 survivors at the head office of a commercial bank that recently downsized in Lagos, Nigeria. Main findings: The research results showed that there was no fairness in the downsizing exercise. This resulted in low morale amongst survivors and unwillingness to engage in extra- role behaviours. Practical/managerial implications: It is important for organisations that are downsizing to use a participative approach in order to achieve organisational efficiency and improve productivity after restructuring. Contribution/value-added: The results of the study will give the managers of organisations, which are planning to downsize, a useful insight into how to plan the exercise, how to implement the plans, and how to manage the employees they will retrench and those they will retain after concluding the downsizing exercise. How to cite this article: Omoruyi, Q., Chipunza, C., & Samuel, M.O. (2011). Perceptions of justice and extra-role behaviours of survivors after organisational restructuring at a consolidated bank in Nigeria. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 9(1), Art. #344, 14 pages. doi:10.4102/sajhrm.v9i1.344
Business Networking and Performance of Women-Led Enterprises: An Empirical Investigation in Nairobi County, Kenya
jane queen omwenga,Elegwa Mukulu,Christopher Kanali
International Journal of Sciences : Basic and Applied Research , 2013,
Abstract: Women entrepreneurs have been considered to use business networking as a determinant to enterprise performance. A key question that arises is –Does networking determine the performance of women-owned SMEs in Nairobi County? A survey was carried out among the women across the County. The sample comprised of 158 small and medium women entrepreneurs. Data was subjected to computer aided statistical analysis that included descriptive statistic, ANOVA and regression techniques. The results revealed that networking is a determinant of performance of the women-owned enterprises. The P-value of 0.000 (Less than 0.05) implies that the model of networking on performance of the enterprises is significant at the 95% confidence level. It is recommended that there is need for women entrepreneurs to form business networks with other entrepreneurs so as to improve their enterprise performance. Further conclusive research should also be conducted to include other variables.
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