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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2306 matches for " Quazi Syed Zahiruddin "
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Measuring obesity: results are poles apart obtained by BMI and bio-electrical impedance analysis  [PDF]
Rashee Mittal, Madhur M. Goyal, Raju C. Dasude, Syed Zahiruddin Quazi, Anjan Basak
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2011.411084
Abstract: Objective: To analyse the use of BMI and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in assessment of adiposity among young and elderly population. Materials and methods: Age, height, weight and percent body fat (PBF) of 101 young and 276 elder subjects were recorded. PBF was measured directly by BIA instrument (PBFb) and also calculated from BMI (PBFf). The classification of subjects into underweight, normal, overweight and obese was based on the age- and sex-specific BMI cutoff values and PBFb following standard guidelines. Results: The calculated mean BMI values of young and old age groups were statistically same. PBF was significantly high in elder subjects. There was no statistical difference in mean PBFb and PBFf in young subjects but the difference was significant in elder subjects. The PBFf values were highly correlated (r: 0.92 to 0.96) with PBFb values in young age groups unlike elder groups of both males and females. PBFb based categorization of subjects’ presented totally different scenario compared to results obtained by BMI analysis to assess adiposity. Conclusion: The cases such as increasing fatness with aging even when BMI remains constant, the causes of country or ethnic differences in BMI analysis, poor correlation in PBFb and PBFf values in elder age group emphasize on the limitations of BMI based analysis. PBFb within limitations seems to be an improved phenotypic characteristic over BMI.
Microbiological flora of mobile phones of resident doctors  [PDF]
Sandeep B. Kokate, Sanjaykumar R. More, Vivek Gujar, Smita Mundhe, Quazi Syed Zahiruddin
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2012.511086
Abstract: Background: Many studies revealed that devices like stethoscope, mobile phones can act as an important source of microbes capable of causing nosocomial infections. Hence there is need of defining their role in spreading infection, so that we can take some preventive measures against it. Aims: To screen the mobile phones of resident doctors and perform microbeological study of the organisms isolated. Setting: Resident doctors working at Tertiary Care Hospital. Methods: Swabs of 50 mobile phones of resident doctors were taken by sterile cotton swab and inoculated on Blood agar, MacConkey agar, Sabaraud’s dextrose agar. Isolated organisms were processed according to standard protocol. Results: Swabs of mobile phones of 50 resident doctors were analyzed for presence of micro-organisms. Out of the 50 samples, 30 (60%) were contaminated with micro-organisms. 32 micro-organisms were isolated from 50 mobile phones as shown in table 3. Among 32 isolates, Coagulase negative Staphylococci 23 (71.87%) was the dominant organism followed by Diphtheroids 7 (21.87%), Aspergillus niger 2 (6.25%). Also proportion of contamination of mobile phones of male resident doctors was more than female resident doctors. Conclusion: Mobile phones may act as a potential source of micro-organisms and spread nosocomial infections. Hence proper infection control practices like proper hand washing, decontamination of mobiles should be routinely practiced.
Delay in DOTS for new pulmonary tuberculosis patient from rural area of Wardha District, India
Shilpa Bawankule,Quazi Syed Zahiruddin,Abhay Gaidhane,Nazli Khatib
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Vast majority of active tuberculosis patients seeks treatment, do so promptly, still many patients spend a great deal of time and money “shopping for health” and too often they do not receive either accurate diagnosis or effective treatment, despite spending considerable resources. Objective: To find out the time taken to, for diagnosis of tuberculosis and to put patient on DOTS from the onset of symptoms and pattern of health seeking behavior of new pulmonary tuberculosis patients. A cross-sectional rapid assessment using qualitative (FGD) and quantitative (Interview) methods conducted at DOTS center of tertiary care hospital from rural Wardha. Participants: 53 pulmonary tuberculosis patients already on DOTS, in intensive phase. Main outcome measure: Delay in initiation of DOTS & health seeking behavior Results: Median total delay for starting DOTS was 111 days, (range: 10 to 321 days). Patient delay was more than provider delay. Patients delay was more in patients above 60 years, illiterate, per-capita income below 650 Rupees and HIV TB co-infection. Pattern of health seeking behavior was complex. Family physician was the preferred health care provider. Patient visited on an average four providers and spent around 1450 rupees (only direct cost) before DOTS begin. Time taken from the onset of symptoms and start of DOT is a cause of concern for the tuberculosis control program. Early case detection is important rather than mere achieving target of 70% new case detection. Program manager needs to implement locally relevant & focused strategies for early case detection to improve the treatment success, especially in rural area of India.
Sexual health needs of people living with HIV in a rural area of central India
Zahiruddin Quazi,Gaidhane A,Waghmare Lalit,Khatib Nazli
Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases , 2010,
Predictors for antenatal services and pregnancy outcome in a rural area: A prospective study in Wardha district, India
Khatib Nazli,Zahiruddin Quazi,Gaidhane A,Waghmare Lalit
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Background :Antenatal care is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality among newborn babies and pregnant women. Aims: To study the pattern of utilization of antenatal services and to find out the potential predictors, their distributions and their association with antenatal care utilization and pregnancy outcomes. Settings and Design :A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in Deoli, a rural teaching area of a medical college of Wardha district, Maharashtra state. Materials and Methods : Medical social workers contacted all the registered 305 pregnant women in 1 month. A total of 274 women were included in the study. The response rate was 89.83%. Statistical Analysis Used : Percentages, rate ratio. Results : Mean age at marriage was 19.8±3.6 years, and the average age at first pregnancy was 21.6± 4.5 years. Of the 274 pregnant women, 156 (56.9%) were pregnant for the first time (gravida 1), and the remaining 118 (43.1%) pregnant women, gravida 2 and above, had an average of 2.1 living sons and 1.9 living daughters. Only 92 (33.6%) women had undergone the minimum recommended antenatal checkup during their current pregnancy, and 188 (68.6%) women had institutional deliveries. A large proportion of women in Deoli do not receive proper health care during pregnancy and childbirth. Conclusion : In Deoli, antenatal services, in spite of being essential to the care of pregnant women, are being poorly delivered.
A Qualitative Comparison of Different Logical Topologies for Wireless Sensor Networks
Quazi Mamun
Sensors , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/s121114887
Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are formed by a large collection of power-conscious wireless-capable sensors without the support of pre-existing infrastructure, possibly by unplanned deployment. With a sheer number of sensor nodes, their unattended deployment and hostile environment very often preclude reliance on physical configuration or physical topology. It is, therefore, often necessary to depend on the logical topology. Logical topologies govern how a sensor node communicates with other nodes in the network. In this way, logical topologies play a vital role for resource-constraint sensor networks. It is thus more intuitive to approach the constraint minimizing problems from (logical) topological point of view. Hence, this paper aims to study the logical topologies of WSNs. In doing so, a set of performance metrics is identified first. We identify various logical topologies from different application protocols of WSNs, and then compare the topologies using the set of performance metrics.
Designing Logical Topology for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Multi-Chain Oriented Approach
Quazi Mamun
International Journal of Ad Hoc, Sensor & Ubiquitous Computing , 2013,
Abstract: An optimal logical topology of a wireless sensor network (WSN) facilitates the deployed sensor nodes tocommunicate with each other with little overheads,lowers energy consumption, lengthens lifetime of thenetwork, provides scalability, increases reliability, and reduces latency. Designing an optimal logicaltopology for a WSN thus needs to consider numerousfactors. Chain oriented topologies have been foundto offer a number of improvements in energy consumptions, lifetime, and load balancing than othertopologies of WSNs. However, they usually suffer from latency, scalability, reliability and interferenceproblems. In this paper, we present a chain oriented logical topology, which offers solutions to thoseproblems. The proposed topology is designed such that it retains the advantages of the chain orientedtopologies, and at the same time, overcomes the problems of the chain oriented topology such as latency,scalability, and data reliability. The proposed topology provides a communication abstraction, which canbe easily used to devise a range of application protocols. Moreover, the logical topology offers nodemanagement, resource management, and other services. The performance of the proposed topology iscompared with other topologies in respect to totalenergy consumption and lifetime of the network.
Profile of Clients Attending an Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre at a Private Rural Tertiary Care Hospital in India
SZ Quazi
Australasian Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Even though the HIV epidemic is concentrated in urban India, there is a rising incidence of infection in rural areas. Existing studies document the profiles of people attending testing centres in urban areas or at Government clinics but very few studies profile those attending private and rural clinics.
Design Issues in Constructing Chain Oriented Logical Topology for Wireless Sensor Networks and a Solution
Quazi Mamun
Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/jsan2020354
Abstract: An optimised logical topology facilitates the sensors of a network to communicate with each other with little overheads, lower energy consumption, and reduced latency. It also lengthens the lifetime of the network, provides scalability, and increases reliability in communications. However, designing an optimal logical topology for wireless sensor networks requires considering numerous factors. In this paper, we elaborately discuss these design issues and challenges. We also present a chain oriented logical topology, which offers solutions to those design issues. The proposed logical topology provides not only a communication abstraction, but also node management and resource management. The performance of the proposed topology is compared with other topologies with respect to energy consumptions, latency, and lifetime of the network.
Obstetrical and Perinatal Outcomes of Teenage Pregnant Women Attending a Secondary Hospital in Hyderabad  [PDF]
Sana Zahiruddin, Pushpa Chetandas, Sheikh Irfan Ahmed, Raheela Baloch
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.75052
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the frequency of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in teenage pregnancies at secondary hospital Hyderabad. Methods: Retrospective record review was conducted between January 2012 to January 2016. Total No. of deliveries was 15,395 out of which No. of teenage was 452. Results: Rate of teenage pregnancy in our hospital during study period was 2.93%. Majority of women were uneducated. Teenage mother more likely to develop pregnancy induced hypertension 19.5%, frequency of mild, moderate, and severe anemia were reported to be 69.9%, 28.8% and 1.3% respectively. Conclusion: Fetal and neonatal outcome was not adversely affected. Teenage pregnancy outcome can be achieved favorable with good antenatal care.
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