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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22792 matches for " Quality Standards "
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Eduardo,Alema?y Pérez; Masjuán del Pino,Mayra; Gutiérrez Pérez,María de los Angeles;
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2009,
Abstract: here are described the quality standards taken to the evaluation of medical career by international organizations such as the spanish-american accreditation and certification of superior studies web, the educational area of the common south american market, the union of latin american universities and the worlds federation of medical education and it is included in the system of accreditation of universitary careers as a referent . by comparison, the defined dimensions of these systems, it is concluded that there is a correspondence among them, masked by nomenclature and operability.
Regulatory and institutional developments in the Ontario wine and grape industry
Carew R, Florkowski WJ
International Journal of Wine Research , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWR.S33523
Abstract: ulatory and institutional developments in the Ontario wine and grape industry Original Research (1040) Total Article Views Authors: Carew R, Florkowski WJ Published Date September 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 33 - 44 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWR.S33523 Received: 03 May 2012 Accepted: 21 June 2012 Published: 26 September 2012 Richard Carew,1 Wojciech J Florkowski2 1Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Summerland, BC, Canada; 2Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Georgia, Griffin, GA, USA Abstract: The Ontario wine industry has undergone major transformative changes over the last two decades. These have corresponded to the implementation period of the Ontario Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA) Act in 1999 and the launch of the Winery Strategic Plan, "Poised for Greatness," in 2002. While the Ontario wine regions have gained significant recognition in the production of premium quality wines, the industry is still dominated by a few large wine companies that produce the bulk of blended or "International Canadian Blends" (ICB), and multiple small/mid-sized firms that produce principally VQA wines. This paper analyzes how winery regulations, industry changes, institutions, and innovation have impacted the domestic production, consumption, and international trade, of premium quality wines. The results of the study highlight the regional economic impact of the wine industry in the Niagara region, the success of small/mid-sized boutique wineries producing premium quality wines for the domestic market, and the physical challenges required to improve domestic VQA wine retail distribution and bolster the international trade of wine exports. Domestic success has been attributed to the combination of natural endowments, entrepreneurial talent, established quality standards, and the adoption of improved viticulture practices.
Management & Marketing , 2007,
Abstract: Due to any institution in the national teaching system, indifferent of type, level and activity organization form, is to insure the quality teaching, learning and researching, from the necessity of making the bases of an institutional cultures of the education's quality, for contributing to the personal and professional development of the students, at the society's welfare. The quality insurance policies and strategies of the national teaching system of Romania have as marking the permanent correlation with the orientations and actions promoted at European and global level, in consense with the recommendations of the Superior Education Quality Insurance European Association, recommendations which have been taken by the Bergen Ministerial Conference (19-20 May 2005).
International standards for tuberculosis care: Relevance and implications for laboratory professionals
Pai M,Daley P,Hopewell P
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2007,
Abstract: On World Tuberculosis (TB) Day 2006, the International Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ISTC) was officially released and widely endorsed by several agencies and organizations. The ISTC release was the culmination of a year long global effort to develop and set internationally acceptable, evidence-based standards for tuberculosis care. The ISTC describes a widely endorsed level of care that all practitioners, public and private, should seek to achieve in managing individuals who have or are suspected of having, TB and is intended to facilitate the effective engagement of all healthcare providers in delivering high quality care for patients of all ages, including those with smear-positive, smear-negative and extra-pulmonary TB, TB caused by drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis and TB/HIV coinfection. In this article, we present the ISTC, with a special focus on the diagnostic standards and describe their implications and relevance for laboratory professionals in India and worldwide. Laboratory professionals play a critical role in ensuring that all the standards are actually met by providing high quality laboratory services for smear microscopy, culture and drug susceptibility testing and other services such as testing for HIV infection. In fact, if the ISTC is widely followed, it can be expected that there will be a greater need and demand for quality assured laboratory services and this will have obvious implications for all laboratories in terms of work load, requirement for resources and trained personnel and organization of quality assurance systems.
Eclipta alba: A Phytopharmacognostic Study
Kadam Prasad V.,Yadav Kavita N.,Navasare Vidya S.,Bhilwade Sumeet K.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Phytopharmacological Research , 2012,
Abstract: Pharmacognostic studies of crude drug plays a very important role in identification of the purity and quality of crude drugs. Medicinal plants which are found on earth have renowned medicinal significance and their usage is increasing day by day in our daily life. Different researches are going on to explore the pharmacological and medicinal properties of herbal drugs. The herb of Eclipta alba is commonly called as Bhringaraja or Maka, belonging to the family Asteraceae/Compositae. The present work embodies the investigations carried out to establish methods for quality control of herb as per WHO guidelines. Complete botanical evaluation which comprises macroscopic, microscopic, phytochemical evaluation and physicochemical parameters like loss on drying extractive value, ash value. The study will provide referential information for the correct identification of the crude drug.
Environmental Impacts of Quaid-e-Azam Industrial Estate on Neighboring Residential Area in Lahore, Pakistan  [PDF]
Saadia Hina, Maida Zahid, Iftikhar H. Baloch, Tariq Sultan Pasha
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.33023
Abstract: Industries have contributed for human development by improving human life styles, increasing human life expectancy rate, providing more and more jobs. Still industrialization has many negative impacts on the environment and especially on human health. This investigation was carried out to probe the impacts of Quaid-e-Azam Industrial Estate on Township area, Lahore. During this investigation wastewater monitoring and ambient air monitoring had been done. Samples from main industrial drain were collected for wastewater analysis and seventeen parameters including pH, temperature, color, odor, turbidity, conductivity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chlorides, oil/grease, total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), ammonia-nitrogen (NH3 - N2), iron, sulfate, nickel and chromium were investigated. Among them pH, total suspended solids, biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, ammonia-nitrogen were found exceeding the NEQS limits. The ambient air samples were also collected and five parameters of ambient air including particulate matter (PM10), nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide and noise were monitored. Among them only particulate matter was exceeding the WHO guidelines. Although there were few parameters like pH, TSS, BOD, COD and NH3 - N2 of water and PM10 of air, which do not lie within the national environmental quality standards (NEQS) limits but proper monitoring is needed to be done so that parameters may not cross their permissible limits in future. This problem must be taken into consideration by both the management of Quaid-e-Azam Industrial Estate and Governmental agencies because it is the responsibility of state also to make the environment clean.
Effect of Bacterial Content and Somatic Cell Count on Sheep Milk Quality in Kosovo  [PDF]
Hysen Bytyqi, Hajrip Mehmeti, Idriz Vehapi, Fillojeta Rrustemaj, Ibrahim Mehmeti
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.44053

The main objective of this study was to analyze the effect of bacterial content (CFU) and somatic cell count (SCC) in milk quality in sheep (Ovis aries) farms according to the existing standards for fresh milk quality in Kosovo. A total of 2256 milk test day records from 379 Bardhoka (BAR), Sharri sheep (SHA), Kosovo sheep (KOS) and Balusha (BAL) ewes in eight herds across the country were collected and analyzed through a period April-October 2010. The general linear model and Duncan’s test were used to analyze the effect of different variables on presence of CFU and SCC in fresh milk. The effect of all variables was considered as a fixed. The overall results show that farm (P < 0.0410), breed (P < 0.0076), month of the year (P < 0.0041) and the lactation number (P < 0.0422), respectively, had a significant effect on presence of SCC. For CFU farm (P < 0.0001), and month of the year (P < 0.0064) had shown the significant effects, while the lactation number (P < 0.0422) and breed (P < 0.0076), represented no effect. According to the existing legislation in regard to the quality of fresh milk, there was substantial variation between farms ranging from 1211.17 to 6425.76 CFU/mL and 846.07 to 2043.15 SCC/mL milk, respectively. Although the rate of fresh milk contamination with SCC tends to be relatively low compare with CFU, by all means both variables should not be underestimated bearing in mind that a high rate of them on fresh milk are negatively correlated with farmer’s profit, consumer food safety and overall animal health.

Impact of Bacterial and Somatic Cells Content on Quality Fresh Milk in Small-Scale Dairy Farms in Kosovo  [PDF]
Hysen Bytyqi, Idriz Vehapi, Sejdi Rexhepi, Mentor Thaqi, Dritan Sallahi, Ibrahim Mehmeti
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.410132

The basic goal of this research was to determine the impact of the presence of bacterial (CFU) and somatic cells count content (SCC) in quality of fresh milk in some small cattle farms in Kosovo. The survey was based on existing standards for milk quality in Kosovo placed under administrative guidance MA-no. 20/2006. The study was based on fresh milk analysis of 150 farms performed during the period September-December 2012, which was obtained in 9 different localities (collection points) of the Kosovo. Our study reveals that CFU and SCC in fresh milk were significantly affected by a number of factors, as: sampling period (repetition), locality, breed, and time of sampling (evening or/and morning). According to the results for CFU and SCC, there were big differences between the farms (milk collection points) included in the study (P < 0.0403) and (P < 0.0293). The results show that small size breed like Busha and its crosses tend to be less exposed to SCC/mL in milk (72.840) and (293.592), compared to Black Holstein (613.462), Simmental (521.519) and Brown Swiss (418.44). Milk produced in evening tended to be of better quality (259.854 CFU/mL) compared to the one from morning milking (576.689 CFU/mL). Fresh milk quality analyzed in the third repetition was better for about 33.3% compared with the repletion first. For CFU and SCC, the analyses show that about 74.7% and 64.7% of milk produced belongs to extra quality, while lower quality of milk of category three is 12.0% and 23.3%, respectively. Considering that about 85% of milk produced in Kosovo comes from small-scale dairy farms, the current study sets out that small-scale milk production system cannot be neglected by interest parties in dairy sector and needs permanent following up and improvement.

Modeling of Criteria Air Pollutant Emissions from Selected Nigeria Petroleum Refineries  [PDF]
Temitayo Oladimeji, Jacob Sonibare, Moradeyo Odunfa, Augustine Ayeni
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.36004
Abstract: The dispersion models were used to estimate or predict the concentration of air pollutants or toxins emitted from sources such as industrial plants, vehicular traffic or accidental chemical releases. In this study, the Industrial Source Complex Short Term (ISCST3) emission dispersion model was used to measure the ground level concentration of criteria air pollutants within 50 km radius of location. This model considered emissions from major point sources of pollutants in four existing and twenty-three proposed Nigeria petroleum refineries. The obtained ground level concentration for 24-hr averaging periods of the criteria air pollutants at sensitive receptor around each of the refineries was compared with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) of Nigeria, World Bank and World Health Organization (WHO) to determine their level of compliance. The highest ground level concentration predicted to be 450 - 1875 μg/m3 for 24-h averaging period was obtained at Tonwei Oil Refinery, Ekeremor Local Government, Bayelsa State, while the lowest ground level concentration predicted to be 0.0099 - 0.1 μg/m3 for 24-h averaging period was obtained at Amakpe International Refinery, Eket Local Government, Akwa Ibom State. Percentage set limits of criteria air pollutants ranging from 0.02% to 94.5% are within the set standard limits and no health risk is associated with areas around the plant’s locations while percentage set limits of criteria pollutants ranging from 1.1 to 55.6 folds of the standards exceed the maximum permitted limits, hence affecting areas around the plants. The air quality standards guiding petroleum refinery emissions must be strictly considered, in order to ensure that the ground level concentrations do not exceed the required standard limits and prevent the adverse effects of air pollution in the Nigeria airshed.
Aplicación de estándares a la monitorización del soporte nutricional parenteral en el paciente adulto
Gulín Dávila,J.; López García,V. M.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: the group on nutrition of the spanish society of hospital pharmacy (sefh) recently published the practice standards for the pharmacist regarding specialized nutritional support. one of these standards includes the parameters that should be monitored for a correct follow-up of the adult patient on parenteral nutrition (pn.) objectives: to assess the level of monitoring of pn patients according to the practices recommended by sefh. materials and method: a prospective observational study was designed. data were gathered from all adult patients with pn admitted to the xeral-calde hospital complex (lugo) for a 3-month period. the standards were applied and their implementation was assessed by means of a numerical scale with values ranging 1 to 5. results: of the 171 episodes of pn, the monitoring level is higher among critically ill patients (3.5) than among stable patients (2.7-2.8). conclusions: the use of standards is a useful tool to objectively assess the items to be improved in order to provide a quality, safe, and efficient nutritional support. although the monitoring level is higher in critically ill patients than in stable ones, according to the standards, in both cases it may be improved.
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