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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7559 matches for " Qayoom Khan "
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Isolated Blunt Traumatic Diaphragmatic Rupture in a Case of Situs Inversus  [PDF]
Raiees Ahmad, Malik Suhail, Alfer Nafae, Qayoom Khan, Pervaze Salam, Shahnawaz Bashir, Yawar Nisar
Surgical Science (SS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2015.63021
Abstract:

Situs inversus, a very rare congenital anomaly of reversal site of thoracic and abdominal organs, can be very problematic to surgeon while dealing with a case of trauma in emergency. Surgical procedures are considered difficult, complex and more challenging in patients with this condition due to the anatomical difference and position of organs. We came across an interesting and very rare case of isolated blunt traumatic diaphragmatic injury in a case of situs inversus. Traumatic injuries of the diaphragm are uncommon and isolated blunt traumatic injuries of diaphragm are very rare. Our case is very unique of its kind of situs inversus with isolated right sided diaphragmatic rupture in a 60-year-old male patient presenting 4 hours after blunt trauma to chest and abdomen.

A Prospective Study of Cholilithiasis in Children  [PDF]
Raiees Ahmad, Alfer Nafae, Shahnawaz Bashir, Pervaze Salam, Qayoom Khan, Malik Suhail, Umer Mushtaq, Javid Ahmad
Surgical Science (SS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2015.63024
Abstract:

Background: Gallstones are generally uncommon in infants and children. Formation of gallstone is a very poorly understood phenomenon. In general, the risk factors for cholithiasis in infants include patients who are ill, are receiving hyperalimentation, are premature, have congenital anomalies and have necrotizing enterocolitis. Children aged 1 - 5 years most frequently have hemolysis as the underlying condition [1]. Materials and Methods: From Jan 2012 to Feb 2014, a study entitled “A Prospective Study of Cholelithiasis in Children” was conducted in Postgraduate Department of General Surgery Govt. Medical College Srinagar. The patients selected for the study were in the age group of 1 to 14 years of either sex. There were a total of 141 cases, out of which only 38 had ultrasound documented gallstones. All the patients included in the study were evaluated for prevalence, clinical presentation, and pathological features of gallstones, and were analysed for metabolic causes of gallstones. Results: The prevalence of chliothiasis in symptomatic patients was found to be 26.95% higher than the prevalence of gallstones in children in other parts of world, also the mean age of presentation was 9.3 years ranging from 6 - 14 years. Male to female ratio was 3:2 and male predominance was found in all age groups contrary to female predominance in adults. Most common presenting symptom was right upper quadrant pain followed by vomiting and nausea similar to presentation of symptomatic gallstones in adults. 4 patients had a positive family history of cholithiasis in the first degree relatives; 25 (65.7%) patients had no underlying risk factor for gallstones contrary to presumption that gallstones in children are mostly secondary to some hematological disorder or other predisposing factors. Chronic cholecystities was found in 81% of patients with gallstones and composition of gallstones retrieved was different from those of adult gallstones with calcium carbonate gallstones relatively common in children but composition of black and brown stones was almost similar to adult stones. Conclusion: Gallstone disease was increasingly gaining recognition in peadiatic practice due to significant documented increase in non-heamolytic cases

Trace element levels in alopecia areata
Bhat Yasmeen,Manzoor Sheikh,Khan A,Qayoom Seema
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a recurrent, nonscarring type of hair loss considered to be an autoimmune process. Though its etiopathology is not fully understood, there are claims that imbalance of trace elements may trigger the onset of AA. Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of zinc, copper, and magnesium in the serum of AA patients. Methods: Fifty AA patients (34 men and 16 women), and fifty age and sex matched healthy control subjects were studied. Samples were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrometric methods. Results: Serum zinc levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in AA patients whose disease was extensive, prolonged, and resistant to treatment, whereas serum copper and magnesium levels showed insignificant rise compared to controls. Conclusion: We conclude that copper and magnesium levels are not altered in AA, but the decreased zinc levels found in our study may merit further investigation of the relationship.
Psoriasis and helicobacter pylori
Qayoom S,Ahmad Q
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2003,
Abstract:
Shoreline Response to Three Submerged Offshore Breakwaters along Kerteh Bay Coast of Terengganu
Lawal Abdul Qayoom Tunji
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This study will attempt to create a predictive empirical model exclusively for SBWs (submerged breakwaters) in terms of mode (erosion or accretion) and magnitude (size of salient) of formation. In the past, prediction of shoreline response to SBWs was done based on predictive empirical model for generalized offshore breakwaters (Submerged & Emerged). But majority of documented response of prototype submerged structures result in erosion rather than accretion in there lee. It is believed that these structures don’t perform as expected because a generalized predictive empirical model is used to predict the shoreline response to these structures. A numerical model MIKE 21 CAM and aerial/satellite imagery will be adopted to deduce relationships between structural and environmental parameters, which will result in formation of a predictive empirical model. An ideal prototype of SBWs is available in Kerteh, Terengganu, Malaysia. This will serve as a study area and the results from the Numerical model and aerial/satellite images will be validated with results from the study area. The predictive empirical model will as well be tested on the study area. It is expected that a contribution will be made towards the understanding of the key parameters that governs the mode (i.e., erosion and accretion) and the magnitude (i.e., size of salient) of shoreline response to SBWs. It is also expected that a predictive empirical model will be established to accurately predict shoreline response in terms of mode and magnitude of SBWs.
Extraction, Identification and Antioxidative Properties of the Flavonoid-Rich Fractions from Leaves and Flowers of Cassia angustifolia  [PDF]
Abdul Qayoom Laghari, Shahabuddin Memon, Aisha Nelofar, Abdul Hafeez Laghari
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.28100
Abstract: Flavonoids identification, total flavonoids content and antioxidant activity of the extracts from the leaves as well as flowers of Cassia angustifolia were determined. Five different extraction techniques were used for the extraction of flavonoids from leaves and flowers. Total flavonoid contents (TFC) in the extracts were determined by UV-visible spectrophotometry. Individual flavonoids were identified and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection and electrospray ioniza- tion tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS). It has been examined that aqueous ethanol (70%) fractions of C. angustifolia flowers and leaves are highly rich in flavonoids and microwave extraction is the best method for the extraction of individual flavanoid constituents (1 - 9) as well as total flavonoid contents. It was also found that compound 8 was absent in the leaves and compounds 2 and 5 could not be identified. The extracts of C. angustifolia flowers and leaves show strong antioxidant activity.
Sedative/Analgesic Efficacy of Medetomidine in Goats
Amir Bukhsh Kalhoro* and Abdul Qayoom Memon
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Sedative and analgesic efficacy of three intravenous doses of medetomidine, i.e., 4, 5 and 6 μg/kg BW was studied in six goats. A randomized cross over experimental design was used. Onset of sedation, onset of optimal sedation, duration of optimal sedation and degree of sedation were measured and found to be dose dependent. Dose 4 μg/kg produced light sedation whereas 5 and 6 μg/kg produced moderate and deep sedation, respectively. Total duration of sedation was 60.58±2.21, 83.50±3.75 and 104.33±4.30 min after administration of 4, 5 and 6μg/kg medetomidine, respectively. The duration of sedation was significantly (P≤0.01) longer with 6 μg/kg as compared to 4 and 5μg/kg. Onset and duration of analgesia were dose dependent. The mean values for onset of analgesia were 25.00±3.00, 24.16±1.74 and 12.00±1.50 min and duration of analgesia was 8.00±2.00, 17.16±1.81 and 31.50±2.61 min after administration of 4, 5 and 6 μg/kg medetomidine, respectively. Skin analgesia and muscle relaxation were produced in all animals with higher doses (5 and 6 μg/kg) and only in 2 animals with 4 μg/kg of medetomidine. It was concluded that medetomidine is a highly potent drug which can be effectively used in the dose rates of 4 to 5μg /kg I/V for sedation in goats.
Verrucous epidermal naevus associated with woolly hair naeves
Manzoor Shaikh,Mir Naseer,Qayoom Seema
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2003,
Abstract: An unusual case of verrucous epidermal naevus associated with wooily hair noevus of the scalp is being reported.
Steroid - induced rosacea: A clinical study of 200 patients
Bhat Yasmeen,Manzoor Sheikh,Qayoom Seema
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Topical corticosteroids were first introduced for use in 1951. Since then uncontrolled use (abuse) has caused many different reactions resembling rosacea - steroid dermatitis or iatrosacea. Multiple pathways including rebound vasodilatation and proinflammatory cytokine release have been proposed as the mechanism for such reactions. Aim: The aim was to study the adverse effects of topical steroid abuse and the response to various treatment modalities. Materials and Methods: Two hundred patients with a history of topical steroid use on face for more than 1 month were studied clinically and various treatments tried. Results: The duration of topical corticosteroid use varied from 1 month to 20 years with an average of 19.76 months. Majority of patients were using potent (class II) topical steroids for trivial facial dermatoses. The common adverse effects were erythema, telangiectasia, xerosis, hyperpigmentation, photosensitivity, and rebound phenomenon. No significant change in laboratory investigations was seen. Conclusion: A combination of oral antibiotics and topical tacrolimus is the treatment of choice for steroid-induced rosacea.
Circulatory responses to propofol-ketamine combination compared to propofol alone for sedation during spinal anesthesia
Showkat Nengroo,Abdul Qayoom Lone,Imtiaz Naqash
Internet Journal of Medical Update - EJOURNAL , 2011,
Abstract: The present study was undertaken to establish the efficacy of low dose propofol-ketamine infusion in maintain ing hemodynamic stability when used for sedation as compared to propofol alone during spinal anesthesia. Sixty adult patients of either sex, belonging to ASA physical status I and II undergoing urological procedures were studied in a randomized manner. After administering spinal anesthesia with 0.5% bupivacaine, patients were assigned to two groups of 30 patients each. Group I (propofol-ketamine combination) received intial loading dose of propofol and ketamine followed by a continuous infusion of low dose propofol and keta mine whereas group II (propofol alone) received a bolus dose of propofol followed by a continuous infusion of propofol only. Hemodynamic parameters like heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and sedation scores rated on a five point scale were recorded at baseline and at the predetermined intervals of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 minutes after spinal anesthesia. It was found that heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure was significantly higher in group I patients at various intervals as compared to group II patients, however sedation scores revealed no significant difference at different time intervals between the two groups. In conclusion propofol-ketamine combination was found to confer hemodynamic stability during spinal anesthesia as compared to propofol alone.
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