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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3575 matches for " Psychology "
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Editorial: The Future of Psychology as an Open Access Journal Welcoming Applied Neuroscience  [PDF]
Peter Walla
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.59110

In my role as editor in chief I want to take the chance to say a few words on behalf of the entire SCIRP team. The current times and trends within the world of academia are exciting. During the last few years various publishers followed the Open Access model, which I myself have found a great step forward since day one of its existence. Science is largely paid through money from the public and thus the public should have free access to its outcome. That is the fairest approach to it. Also, for a scientist it is much easier to distribute own work by simply sending a link that allows the recipient to freely download the respective article. In other words, Open Access is the future, which fortunately became the present already.

A first encounter with psychology
J. G. van Vuuren
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 1988, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v14i2.490
Abstract: First courses in psychology are often based almost wholly on a single introductiory text in which the most sailent aspects of comtemporary psychology are convered.
Dr. Pritilaxmi Swain
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The Abhijnanasakuntalam is an unparalled work of the great poet and playwright Kalidasa, the brightest star in the firmament of Indian poetry. No other composition of this poet displays more the richness of poetical genious, the warmth and play of fancy, the profound knowledge of human heart than this masterly production. The word abhijnana in the title signifies 'a token of recognition' (here a ring), which is instrumental in bringing about the final recognition of Sakuntala by the king. It is a nataka in seven acts, based on the love-story of king Dushyanta and the maiden Sakuntala.
How to Get Better Aging, Bet on Positive Psychology  [PDF]
Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Cristiane Silva Esteves, Fernanda Cerutti, Juan José Mouri?o Mosquera, Claus Dieter Stob?us
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.614182
Abstract: The article reviews some contact points between the traditional Psychology, the Positive Psychology and the Health Psychology, with the intention of making reflections in direction of the healthy and better aging, with the support of theoretical ideas and some practical possible implementations for late adults, or persons in the late adulthood stage, chronologically more than 60 - 65, specially in dimensions as better treat, educate and care.
User Psychology: Re-assessing the Boundaries of a Discipline  [PDF]
Pertti Saariluoma, Antti Oulasvirta
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2010.15041
Abstract: Currently, efforts of psychologists to improve interactive technology have fragmented and the systemization of scientific knowledge stalled. There is no home for integrative psychological research on computer use. In this programmatic paper, we reassess three meta-scientific issues defining this discipline. As the first step, we pro- pose to extend the subject of study from the analysis of human mind in the interaction to the broader view of human as an intentional user of interactive technology. Hence, the discipline is most aptly called user psychology. Secondly, problem-solving epistemology is advocated as an alternative to the notion from natural sciences that progress in science involves increased truth likeness of theories. We hold that implications to design is only one outcome of psychological work—user psychologists should help solving the problems of other stakeholders of technology as well. Thirdly, to help integrating fragments of research, analyses should be re-organized around explanatory frameworks that can span multiple technical application areas. An explanatory framework combines a problem domain, relevant knowledge, and the logic of scientific inference. To conclude, we argue that technology has become so pervasive an aspect of modern life that its relationship with human mind deserves the status of a basic research question and its own discipline. Psychology of the computer user should not be the handmaiden of technologists but de- fine itself by its own terms.
The Impact of Positive Psychology on Diabetes Outcomes: A Review  [PDF]
Joyce P. Yi-Frazier, Marisa Hilliard, Katherine Cochrane, Korey K. Hood
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312A165

Background: Due to the intensive treatment requirements needed to maintain diabetes control, optimal diabetes outcomes can be difficult to achieve for individuals with type 1 or type 2 diabetes from child- hood through adulthood. While risk factors related to individual differences in outcomes have been studied in depth, there is a growing body of research that has revealed the effects of positive personal and environmental characteristics on diabetes management and glycemic control. The goal of this review is to summarize the existent literature on the role of positive characteristics in diabetes outcomes. Method: Extensive literature searches were conducted using Medline, PsychInfo, and CINAHL to identify studies assessing positive personal and environmental characteristics and diabetes outcomes. Included articles were published between 1989 and 2012. Results: Across the lifespan, positive personal characteristics such as self-efficacy, self-esteem, and adaptive coping were associated with diabetes management and glycemic control. Positive environmental factors such as parental monitoring and support were also important predictors of good outcomes, particularly for adolescents. Conclusions: Positive personal and environmental factors have been shown to be associated with diabetes outcomes and should be addressed in efforts to improve outcomes at all life stages. Clinical research and practice may be enhanced through efforts to evaluate and promote positive personal and environmental factors with the ultimate goal of reducing barriers to optimal diabetes management and control.

Publication Patterns in 3 Prominent Educational Psychology Journals: The Geography of Editors, Advisors, Authors, and Participants  [PDF]
Steven R. Yussen
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.211009

This article considers the publication practices of 3 leading journals in Educational Psychology, for the 6-year period 2008-2013, to determine their representation of countries throughout the world among the editors, editorial board members, authors, and the participants in the samples (the samples of participants based on a random subset of the articles published). The journals considered are: 1) Journal of Educational Psychology (JEP); 2) Contemporary Educational Psychology (CEP); and 3) The British Journal of Educational Psychology (BJEP). The journals published in the United States (JEP and CEP) have a 50 - 60 percent focus on individuals and participants in the United States. For BJEP, the United Kingdom accounts for about a third of authors and participants. Significantly more non-English speaking European countries are represented in the BJEP than in the two American journals. In all three countries, Asia, Africa, and Central and South America are significantly under-represented in the authors and participants of studies.

Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Bonus money gives happiness and additional spending power when disbursement is timed around big festivals. Fundamental view is that people spend money, when they have, to spend during festival time. This study describes change in spending of employees of yearly bonus money, paid to employees in different Indian companies on spending activities. The bonus, here is a regular component of remuneration and is not related to specific individual for special achievement. It is a more routine reward system followed for legal compliances. An ex gratia payment done to legally excluded employees is included in the study. We look at spending difference in normal state and one after post receipt of bonus money. These findings give insight into spending pattern change with respect to timing of money receipt at festival time. Sample of 60 employees was selected working in companies of different sectors of economy. All employees were at least 18 years of age. Employees belonged to different layers of management and were full time employees. None of the employee worked less than a year in present company. Employees belonged to Vapi, Navsari, Vadodara and Ahmedabad. It was observed that employees do not show significant relationship in spending pattern on receipt of bonus money. Scores are Gender independent and there is no significant change in spending style.
La psicopatología como máscara de la existencia
Universitas Psychologica , 2008,
Abstract: In this article, we present a theoretical reflection about the meaning of psychopathology in the context of human projects of life. This reflection is partially based upon the findings of four qualitative case studies about the understanding of the experience of anxiety. In this way, we clarify the existential foundations implicit in psychopathology, and we also perform an epistemological analysis on the way human beings could existentially approach psychopathology, in order to comprehend symptoms properly, bearing in mind some important concepts, such as intentionality and themeaning of the experience for the person who is living the psychopathological symptoms.
Pregnancy as a psychological event
Bjelica Artur L.,Kapor-Stanulovi? Petronila
Medicinski Pregled , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/mpns0404144b
Abstract: Introduction Apart from physiological and somatic changes, pregnancy is a complex phenomenon which also includes psychological and social changes. Pregnancy, especially the first one, represents a powerful psychological event. This paper deals with pregnancy as a psychological event, considering psychological changes in the course of pregnancy as a stressful event. Psychological changes during pregnancy Pregnancy is always associated with changes in psychological functioning of pregnant women. It is usually associated with ambivalence, frequent mood changes, varying from anxiety, fatigue, exhaustion, sleepiness, depressive reactions to excitement. During pregnancy, changes include body appearance, affectivity and sexuality, whereas the position and role of women attains a new quality. Even thoughts of pregnancy can bring about numerous worries about its course and outcome, and especially of the delivery itself, which may be so intense that they acquire a features of phobia (which may be the reason for avoiding pregnancy). Pregnancy as a stressful event Pregnancy is identified as a potent stressor that can seriously affect the psychic status of pregnant women, perinatal outcome, but also psychic functioning of the new-born individual. Appropriate relationship of partners and support of the society play an important role in overcoming stress during pregnancy. Conclusion Pregnancy is an event that involves numerous somatic and psychological changes. However, pregnancy can also be a potent stressor. Existence of prenatal maternal stress may lead to different perinatal complications that may have long-term consequences on the newborn. In prevention of maternal stress emphasis has to be put on partner’s emotional support, as well as empathy of the social environment. However, in certain cases, professional psychotherapeutic support is necessary, in form of short supportive treatment. Preventive measures should include adequate psychological support during pregnancy, especially the first one, provided for all pregnant women, but also for those women that plan to get pregnant in the near future.
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