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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 253 matches for " Prejudice "
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A Legacy of Derogation: Prejudice toward Aboriginal Persons in Canada  [PDF]
Todd G. Morrison, Melanie A. Morrison, Tomas Borsa
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.59112
Abstract:

Interpersonal prejudice toward Aboriginal men and women has, to date, received little attention from Canadian social psychologists. The present study sought to address this omission by examining the correlates of Old-Fashioned Prejudice (O-PATAS) and Modern Prejudice (M-PATAS) toward Aboriginal persons. Data from two samples (Sample 1: n = 280, 71.6% females; Sample 2: n = 163, 70.9% females) were used. As predicted, in Sample 1, respondents evidenced greater levels of modern prejudice than old-fashioned prejudice, and both forms correlated positively with social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism and negativity toward other stigmatized groups (specifically, gay men and overweight persons). For Sample 2, modern prejudice toward Aboriginal people correlated negatively with empathy as well as self-reported contact with Aboriginal people. However, no association was observed between scores on the M-PATAS and a multifaceted measure of religiosity.

Confirmatory Factor and Invariance Analyses of the Motivation to Control Prejudiced Reactions Scale  [PDF]
Todd G. Morrison, Melanie A. Morrison, Lorraine McDonagh, Daniel Regan, Sarah-Jane McHugh
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2014.46043
Abstract:

The present research further examines the psychometric properties of the Motivation to Control Prejudiced Reactions Scale (MCPRS). Particular attention is paid to the replicability of its factor structure and its factorial equivalence across samples of university students from Western Canada (n = 235), Eastern Canada (n = 556) and the mid-Western United States of America (n = 404). Confirmatory factor analysis and invariance analysis were carried out using the Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS) 7.0. Results showed that while the two-factor structure of the MCPRS was replicated across samples, the original model required refinement to produce acceptable model fit (i.e., each sample had a slightly different model). Partial measurement invariance also was demonstrated for a subset of items on the MCPRS. The implications of the results, in terms of future use of the MCPRS are discussed, and limitations of the current study are outlined.

Bullying, Prejudice and Barbarism  [PDF]
Denise Raissa Lobato Chaves, Mauricio Rodrigues de Souza
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.79123
Abstract: Among the many kinds of violence at school, bullying is one of the most important subjects. This phenomenon consists of intentional physical and psychological violence directed to a specific person, who is considered fragile and inferior by the bully. Thus, bullying provides short and long term negative consequences to all involved, and is presents as potentially related to denial and rejection of others. Therefore, this research analyzes the conceptual limitations of bullying by utilizing Critical Theory as its main theoretical framework—more specifically the ideas of Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer about education, emancipation, and prejudice. Lastly, it denounces the naturalization of bullying at school, and the alienation to the concept, revealing it to be a new form of barbarism that remains today.
Reporte de los Niveles de Prejuicio Sutil y Manifiesto Hacia los Inmigrantes Bolivianos y Análisis de su Relación con Variables Psicosociales
Cárdenas,Manuel; Gómez,Fabiola; Méndez,Leyla; Yá?ez,Susan;
Psicoperspectivas , 2011, DOI: 10.5027/psicoperspectivas-Vol10-Issue1-fulltext-134
Abstract: prejudice is a destructive and pervasive social problem. the main objective of this paper is to report the prejudice levels of the second region population (chile) towards bolivian immigrants (antofagasta is a reception area with high number of latin american immigrants). the random and probability sample consisted of 896 participants between 18 and 65 years. we used a chilean version of the blatant and subtle prejudice scale (pettigrew y meertens, 1995) and its typology to compare these groups in a set of variables. the results indicate high levels of prejudice (m subtle = 3.38; m blatant = 2.86) of both subtle and blatant, and positive correlation between the two forms of prejudice (r = .53). the statistical difference between the two types of prejudice is significant. the younger age groups showed significantly lower levels of blatant prejudice and women showed significantly higher levels than men.
Prejudicial and Stereotypical Attitudes about the Issue of Obesity: An Action Project  [PDF]
Maria Elvira De Caroli, Elisabetta Sagone, Orazio Licciardello, Zira Hichy
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.813138
Abstract: Scientific literature about stereotypical and prejudicial attitudes toward obese people indicates rejection toward the obese individuals and preferences toward thin and average ones, as well as a stereotypical profile that attributes to obese people traits such as weakness, laziness, and sickness, while to thin and average people characteristics as beauty, strength, health, and successfulness (Tiggemann & Anesbury, 2000; Carels & Musher-Eizenman, 2010). One of the most useful strategies for reducing the effects of negative prejudices and stereotypes toward the obesity and obese people is constituted by contact, achievable both in face to face and imagined setting. Purpose: analysis of the exposure effects to stimuli (training course about prejudice on obesity) functional to reduce negative attitudes toward obese people. Participants: 55 psychology university students at University of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Implicit and explicit measures: 1) Anti-fat Attitudes and Dislike of Fat People Scale; 2) Semantic Differential Technique for Fat and Thin People Representation and Physical Self; 3) Fat Stereotypes Questionnaire; 4) GNAT (Nosek & Banaji, 2001). All measures were used before and after the training course (for three months) about the “obesity issue”. Results (before-after the training course): a) low levels of anti-fat prejudice and of dislike of fat people; b) absence of change of fat stereotypes; c) significant increase in fat and thin people positive representation, as well as in self-representation; d) significant effects of the training course only in relation to an increase of accuracy in the GNAT application. Future suggestions regarding to the effects of the direct and imagined contact with obese people functional to reduce negative attitudes toward these target were discussed.
Preconceito de cor e racismo no Brasil
Guimar?es, Antonio Sérgio Alfredo;
Revista de Antropologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-77012004000100001
Abstract: using the historical contextualization of two key concepts in brazilian studies of race (color prejudice and racism), the author analyses the formation of the scientific field of race relations studies in brazil in the 1940s and its posterior replacement for structural and institutional analysis of racism after 1970. he argues that the race relations paradigm represented a step forward from both nineteenth century racialism and early twentieth century culturalism in the precise sense that it permitted an acute analysis of the social interaction between blacks and whites in different social spheres. the increasing political tensions of the field, as well as some of its theoretical pitfalls, conducted however to its substitution for the structural analysis of racism in the late 1970s. the author suggests that this structural analysis blurs different dimensions of social life and loses its virtues unless it is complemented by precise analytical studies of black and white interaction in the diverse spheres of life.
Análise de atitudes de professoras do ensino fundamental no que se refere à educa??o inclusiva
Crochík, José Leon;Pedrossian, Dulce Regina dos Santos;Anache, Alexandra Ayach;Meneses, Branca Maria de;Lima, Maria de Fátima Evangelista Mendon?a;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022011000300008
Abstract: this article is based on the critical theory, and describes the result of a study on the attitudes towards inclusive education, which was conducted with twelve teachers of the 5th grade of fundamental education. among them, six had the experience of having handicapped pupils in their classroom, and six did not. the qualitative analysis of the data resulting from the assessment carried out in six schools of the campo grande (ms) municipal school system demonstrated, broadly speaking, that teachers were in favor of inclusive education. however, prejudiced attitudes, veiled or explicit, were also clearly visible within the school. the formation to deal with those that are "different" still faces barriers due to prejudice and discrimination present in a society based on a logic of "marginal inclusion". in their manifestations, teachers pointed to difficulties of working with pupils with severe mental handicap; they signaled that the responsibility of working under the dominance of an education centered on performance, with focus on the insertion of students in the labor market, generated a "feeling of impotence". faced with the existing contradictions, inclusive education does not fail to bring forward the presence of injustices that still reveal themselves in the educative process. despite that, several elements were observed that are favorable to this form of education, which is not dissociated from wider social movements.
La reivindicación del prejuicio como precomprensión en la teoría hermenéutica de Gadamer
Roldán,Alberto F.;
Enfoques , 2012,
Abstract: summary with martin heidegger, the concept hermeneutic circle is familiar in the philosophy and theology fields. it appears in being and time, being the difference between "hermeneutic circle" and "vicious circle". the concept is analyzed by philosophers like paul ricoeur and hans-georg gadamer. in the theological scope rudolf bultmann applies it and, by way of practical exercise, it is applied by juan luis segundo. there, "prejudice" plays an important part as pre-structure of comprehension. the present piece of work analyzes the vindication of prejudice in the hermeneutic of hans-georg gadamer, his criticism to the enlightenment and its description of the comprehension as the inter-insight between tradition and the exponent of that movement. for this, the base text is gadamer′s true and method i, volume ii, chapter i: "the historicity of the comprehension as a hermeneutical principle". from gadamer′s exposition four principles that define his hermeneutical theory are extracted.
Impacto diferencial de la religión en el prejuicio entre muestras cristianas y musulmanas
Nú?ez Alarcón,Máximo; Moral Toranzo,Félix; Moreno Jiménez,Ma del Pilar;
Escritos de Psicología (Internet) , 2010,
Abstract: the aim of the present paper was to build on previous research that examined the association between religion and prejudice in christians and muslims from inside and outside the university context. the study included 211 christian and 121 muslim university students and 155 christian and 220 muslim non-students. an instrument for evaluating religious orientation was used as well as various measures of subjective religion, religious prejudice, right-wing authoritarianism, fundamentalism, frequency of prayer, dogmatism, literalism, beliefs, emotions, favourability and modern racism. the results were as follows: 1) in general, muslims and/or non-university students were more likely to be more religious, fundamentalist, and authoritarian and to interpret religious texts more literally; 2) the variables that best predicted prejudice in the christian sample were right-wing authoritarianism and fundamentalism. the predictors of prejudice in the muslim sample were dogmatism and extrinsic and intrinsic religious orientations; 3) the christian sample scored higher in the quest dimension which manifested as a dimension different from other religious orientations and variables.
Negros de almas brancas? A ideologia do branqueamento no interior da comunidade negra em S?o Paulo, 1915-1930
Domingues, Petr?nio José;
Estudos Afro-Asiáticos , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-546X2002000300006
Abstract: this article investigates the phenomenon of whitening, in its population and ideological aspects. it analyzes how the so-called "whitening ideology" entered in the negro areas of s?o paulo in the period after the abolition. the main focus is to show that this ideology, in spite of its racist characteristic, was legitimated and assimilated by parts of this black population in everyday life. the assimilation of this ideology has become a mechanism of psycho-social insertion of black people in a world ruled by white ones.
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