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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 392 matches for " Poland "
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The Constitutional Transformation and a Threat of the Environment in Poland  [PDF]
Krzysztof R. Mazurski
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.24044
Abstract: The article concerns a problem of the quantitative seizure of a threat to natural environment. Applied taxonomic method – leading to so called synthetic index of threat and basing on earlier tests, showed the large usefulness for analyses in time and space. Additionally, it was undertaken analysis of connections with economic-political situation in Poland as a result of the constitutional transformation after 1989. It was found that the intensity of anthropic pressure had clearly decreased, but this does not have the statistical relationship with the variable size of inputs for the envi-ronment protection.
Book review: The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe - Fauna Poloniae (New series) vol. 4 By Wojciech Czechowski, Alexander Radchenko, Wies awa Czechowska, Kari Veps l inen
Vera Antonova
ZooKeys , 2012, DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.247.4369
Evaluation of pesticide residues in fruit from Poland and health risk assessment  [PDF]
B. ?ozowicka, P. Kaczyński, E. Rutkowska, M. Jankowska, I. Hrynko
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.45B020

In the present study an effort has been made to evaluate the residues of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides in fruit fromPolandand their health risks assessed. Accredited multiresidue methods based on gas and liquid chromatography, and spectroscopic technique were used to determine the concentrations above 160 pesticides. A total of 392 samples of 15 different fruit were collected during the May 2010 to October 2012. In 48.2% of samples no residues were found, 45.9% of samples contained pesticide residues at or below the EU MRL, and 5.9% of samples contained pesticide residues above MRL. Sour cherries (66%) and apples (63%) were the commodities in which pesticide residues the most frequently occurred. Thirty one different pesticides were detected in total. Dithiocarbamate, captan, cyprodinil and boscalid were the pesticide most frequently found. Multiple pesticides ( > 1 pesticide) were detected in about 30.1% samples. The dietary intake of residues of some pesticides can pose acute hazards. Data obtained were used for estimating the potential health risks associated with the exposures to these pesticides. The highest estimated daily intakes (EDIs) for children were: 22% for dimethoate and 112% for diazinone of the ADI. The most critical commodity was apple, contributing 1.30 to the acute Hazard Index for flusilazole. The results show that despite a high occurrence of pesticide residues in fruit it could not be considered a serious public health problem. Nevertheless, an investigation into continuous monitoring of pesticide residues in fruit is recommended.

Nuclear Power for Poland  [PDF]
Andrzej G. Chmielewski
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2013.34021

The present situation in Poland and Europe, regarding electric power generation by source, is discussed in the paper. The results of the implementation of EU competitive-low-carbon economy policy in some most developed countries in the continent, have given already good experimental data for evaluation of this strategy. Analysis of the reports provided by official sources for Germany, Denmark and Finland is a base for EU energy policy evaluation. The combustion technologies will be a main energy sources for many years from now. Therefore effects of fossil fuels and biomass combustion on the environment are presented briefly. Finally, the developments regarding Polish Nuclear Energy Programme are overviewed.

Secuencia Poland: presentación de casos con recurrencia familiar Poland sequence: case reports of familial recurrence
Anitery Travieso Tellez
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2013,
Abstract: Introducción: la Secuencia Poland es un conjunto raro de defectos congénitos caracterizado por la agenesia total o parcial del músculo pectoral mayor con asociaciones variables de otros defectos a nivel de tórax y extremidades superiores. Se presenta de forma esporádica y mayoritariamente afecta un solo lado. Objetivos: caracterizar desde el punto de vista clínico la Secuencia Poland presente en dos individuos afectados dentro de una misma familia. Material y Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo reporte de casos. Conclusiones: el hallazgo orienta hacia la transmisión familiar de genes de susceptibilidad que participan en el origen de esta entidad bajo la probable acción de factores ambientales que justifican la marcada heterogeneidad clínica del defecto. Introductión: Poland sequence is a rare set of congenital defects characterized by total or partial agenesis of the chest muscle (pectoralis major) with varied associations of other defects at the level of thorax and superior limbs. Its presentation is sporadic and most often affects one side of the body. Objective: to characterize Poland sequence in two individuals of the same family from the clinical point of view. Material and Methods: a descriptive study of case reports. Conclusions: the findings lead to a familial transmission of gene susceptibility participating in the origin of this syndrome under the potential actions of environmental factors that justify the marked clinical heterogeneity of this birth defect.
MYH Gene Status in Polish FAP Patients without APC Gene Mutations
Marzena Skrzypczak, Marta Podralska, Wolfram Heinritz, Ursula G Froster, Daniel Lipiński, Ryszard S?omski, Andrzej P?awski
Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1897-4287-4-1-43
Abstract: Familial adenomatous polyposis is characterized by the appearance of numerous polyps in the large intestine. Untreated polyps lead to the development of colorectal cancer before age 50 years. The correlation between mutations of the APC gene and the occurrence of familial adenomatous polyposis was described in 1991 [1,2] and since then mutations of the APC gene have been investigated in many research centres identifying various types of mutations. In the case of the largest group, comprising 1,164 families from Germany, mutations were identified in 54% of families [3].The latest investigations point to a correlation between homozygotic mutations of the MYH gene alleles and the occurrence of the recessive form of polyposis of the large intestine. The product of the MYH gene is an endonuclease of the DNA repair system by way of base excision and recognises non-pairings of the A/G, A/GO and A/C types [4]. The defect of both gene alleles gives a status of somatic mutations of the APC gene in the form of G:C > T:A pairs which change GAA codons into TAA. The APC gene is particularly sensitive to the appearance of mutations developing as a result of the lack of functions in the MYH locus because 216 GAA codons occur in it [5]. The MYH gene is located on chromosome 1p32-34, consists of 16 exons and encompasses 7,100 base pairs [5]. The two most common mutations, Y165C and G382D, which occur in the European population with a frequency of 1%, are observed in 80% patients with mutations of both alleles of the MYH gene [6-8]. Data concerning the phenotype of mutation carriers in the MYH gene are not very extensive. In the majority, the described mutation carriers in the MYH gene are characterized by a milder course of the disease and a smaller number of polyps than is the case in the classic FAP. The phenotype is similar to attenuated adenomatous polyposis of the colon (AAPC) and the number of polyps does not exceed 1,000. Homozygous mutations of the MYH gene are associated wit
The tourism attractiveness of Polish libraries
Magdalena Miedzińska , S awoj Tana
Tourism , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/V10106-009-0009-6
Abstract: The aim of the article is to draw the reader's attention to the tourism attractiveness of renowned Polish libraries. These have attained a tourism function due to tourism exploration and penetration, but remain in the shadow of other Polish cultural assets. The article outlines the historical geography of Polish libraries, an analysis of tourism assets and an attempt to classify and catalogue libraries in Poland.
The origin of drumlins at Zbójno, Central Poland
Piotr G bicki, Leszek Marks
Geologija , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10056-009-0014-0
Abstract: Drumlins at Zbójno, Dobrzyń Lakeland, are located in a channel-like terminal basin, in the proximal part of the Chrostkowo end moraines. A fragment of the drumlin field was examined in detail. The drumlins are elongated ridges, parallel to one another and to the basin margins. Their orientation is parallel to perpendicular with regard to the presumed regional direction of the ice sheet advance. The drumlins' geological structure is tripartite, including a lower till, a glaciofluvial core and a covering upper till. Georadar examination indicated the presence and extension of glaciotectonic deformations of the lower till. It is squeezed up to 3 m above its primary setting and forms protodrumlins that have not been, however, the bed bumps that stimulated a lee-side deposition. Protodrumlins are usually absent along a drumlin axis, but they occur also in pairs. They could both initiate but also terminate drumlin development when thawing appeared in the subglacial zone and the ice body was disintegrated into dead-ice blocks. Glaciofluvial cores are less deformed than the lower till: their sediments are stratified, but commonly uplifted towards a protodrumlin.
Chelidurella guentheri Galvagni, 1994 (Dermaptera: Forficulidae) - an overlooked earwig species in Poland
Radomir Jasku a, Agnieszka Soszyńska-Maj, Jacek Hikisz
Polish Journal of Entomology / Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10200-011-0029-9
Abstract: Chelidurella guentheri Galvagni, 1994 (Dermaptera) is reported from Poland for the first time. As a result the Polish checklist contains seven dermapteran species.
Secuencia de Poland
Elia Rosa Lemus Lago
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1996,
Abstract: Se presenta un caso de síndrome o secuencia de Poland, en un ni o de 3 a os, caracterizado por ausencia del pectoral mayor derecho, una sindactilia parcial entre el 2do. y el 3er. dedo de la mano derecha, además un anillo constrictor congénito en la mu eca derecha y menos profundo en la izquierda. Se hace el árbol genealógico, se revisan los antecedentes patológicos familiares, prenatales, perinatales, posnatales, así como la morbilidad y el desarrollo del ni o.
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