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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 43853 matches for " Ping Yuan "
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Dose-dependent effects of pentabrominated diphenyl ethers on sexual hormone and histology of male reproductive system in rats  [PDF]
Lingyan Yuan, Meiqing Fan, Ping Zhan
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2012.56039
Abstract: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) used as flame retardants are widely used in a variety of consumer products, like textiles, foam and building materials. They are persistent in the environment, and increasing levels of PBDEs have been found both biota and human tissue samples. In the present study we examined the dose-dependent effects of pentabrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE-99) on the serum hormone and histology of reproductive system in male rats. 40 health 4-week-old SD rats were divided into 4 groups randomly. The treated rats were orally administered with BDE-99 at the dose of 60,120 or 180 mg/kg, while controls received equal volume of corn oil. We examined the changes of serum hormone levels, histopathology, and PCNA after 30 days exposure to BDE-99. With increasing doses of BDE-99, testis organ coefficient increased, serum hormone levels lower, PCNA positive expression reduced, and the degeneration of seminiferous epithelium were revealed in treated group. These indicators with significant dose-effect relationship showed that BDE-99 can reduce the serum sex hormone levels and cause severe degeneration of seminiferous epithelium.
Novel Acetylcholinesterase Target Site for Malaria Mosquito Control
Yuan-Ping Pang
PLOS ONE , 2006, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000058
Abstract: Current anticholinesterase pesticides were developed during World War II and are toxic to mammals because they target a catalytic serine residue of acetylcholinesterases (AChEs) in insects and in mammals. A sequence analysis of AChEs from 73 species and a three-dimensional model of a malaria-carrying mosquito (Anopheles gambiae) AChE (AgAChE) reported here show that C286 and R339 of AgAChE are conserved at the opening of the active site of AChEs in 17 invertebrate and four insect species, respectively. Both residues are absent in the active site of AChEs of human, monkey, dog, cat, cattle, rabbit, rat, and mouse. The 17 invertebrates include house mosquito, Japanese encephalitis mosquito, African malaria mosquito, German cockroach, Florida lancelet, rice leaf beetle, African bollworm, beet armyworm, codling moth, diamondback moth, domestic silkworm, honey bee, oat or wheat aphid, the greenbug, melon or cotton aphid, green peach aphid, and English grain aphid. The four insects are house mosquito, Japanese encephalitis mosquito, African malaria mosquito, and German cockroach. The discovery of the two invertebrate-specific residues enables the development of effective and safer pesticides that target the residues present only in mosquito AChEs rather than the ubiquitous serine residue, thus potentially offering an effective control of mosquito-borne malaria. Anti-AgAChE pesticides can be designed to interact with R339 and subsequently covalently bond to C286. Such pesticides would be toxic to mosquitoes but not to mammals.
Antidepressant effects of piperine and its neuroprotective mechanism in rats
Yuan HU,Ping LIU
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To study the antidepressant effects of piperine in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) rats and to explore the underlying mechanisms in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Methods: Fifty rats were housed alone and exposed to an unpredicted sequence of mild stressors to induce CUMS, and then were divided into untreated group, desipramine group and low-, medium- and high-dose piperine groups. Another 10 normal rats were used as normal control. The behavior of the rats was detected by body weight and sucrose preference test, and the serum levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) in different groups were observed by radioimmunoassay. Results: The results indicated that after 21-day administration, piperine at concentrations of 10 and 20 mg/kg could significantly improve the behavioral disorder by increasing sucrose consumption. Piperione at concentrations of 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg could remarkably reduce serum ACTH and CRH levels in the CUMS rats, but had little effect on the content of CORT.Conclusion: Piperine can relieve depression in CUMS rats by modulating the function of HPA axis.
Zero Mass Limit and Its Experimental Test
Ruoshi Yuan,Ping Ao
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: J. M. Sancho [Phys. Rev. E 84, 062102 (2011)] analyzed two stochastic interpretations on a recent experiment [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 170602 (2010)] of Brownian colloidal particles. The author asserted that the stochastic interpretation "obtained by simply setting the acceleration equal to zero" should not be taken and that the zero-mass limit interpretation of the experimental data would not be physically correct. In this Comment we show that Sancho's analysis is incomplete in that it pre-excludes zero mass limit and hence his assertions are incorrect. Our reasoning will be both mathematical and physical.
On character sums over flat numbers
Ping Xi,Yuan Yi
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: Let $q\geqslant2$ be an integer, $\chi$ be any non-principal character mod $q$, and $H=H(q)\leqslant q.$ In this paper the authors prove some estimates for character sums of the form \[\mathcal{W}(\chi,H;q)=\sum_{n\in\mathscr{F}(H)}\chi(n),\] where \[\mathscr{F}(H)=\left\{n\in\mathbb{Z}|(n,q)=1,1\leqslant n,\bar{n}\leqslant q, |n-\bar{n}|\leqslant H\},\] $\bar{n}$ is defined by $n\bar{n}\equiv1\pmod q.$
A note on the moments of Kloosterman sums
Ping Xi,Yuan Yi
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this note, we deduce an asymptotic formula for even power moments of Kloosterman sums based on the important work of N. M. Katz on Kloosterman sheaves. In a similar manner, we can also obtain an upper bound for odd power moments. Moreover, we shall give an asymptotic formula for odd power moments of absolute Kloosterman sums. Consequently, we find that there are infinitely many $a\bmod p$ such that $S(a,1;p)\gtrless0$ as $p\rightarrow+\infty.$
Beyond It? versus Stratonovich
Ruoshi Yuan,Ping Ao
Quantitative Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2012/07/P07010
Abstract: Recently, a novel framework to handle stochastic processes has emerged from a series of studies in biology, showing situations beyond 'It\^o versus Stratonovich'. Its internal consistency can be demonstrated via the zero mass limit of a generalized Klein-Kramers equation. Moreover, the connection to other integrations becomes evident: the obtained Fokker-Planck equation defines a new type of stochastic calculus that in general differs from the {\alpha}-type interpretation. A unique advantage of this new approach is a natural correspondence between stochastic and deterministic dynamics, which is useful or may even be essential in practice. The core of the framework is a transformation from the usual Langevin equation to a form that contains a potential function with two additional dynamical matrices, which reveals an underlying symplectic structure. The framework has a direct physical meaning and a straightforward experimental realization. A recent experiment has offered a first empirical validation of this new stochastic integration.
Observation of Superluminal in Doppler Broadened Two-Level Atomic Systems in Magnetic Field  [PDF]
Shuangqiang Liu, Yundong Zhang*, Hao Wu, Ping Yuan
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2010.14038
Abstract: A novel method to control the group velocity of light propagation in a two-level atomic system without additional optical field is proposed. Numerical result and experimental data shows that by changing the magnetic field intensity and vapor temperature, the group velocity of probe light can be controlled in an appropriate region.
Measurement of Effective Reading Distance of UHF RFID Passive Tags  [PDF]
Yuan-Ping Luh, Yin-Chang Liu
Modern Mechanical Engineering (MME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mme.2013.33016

Currently, for manufacturing UHF RFID passive tags, the online inspection mechanism is very simple. This mechanism tries to read tag IDs in the near field, and hence validates tag’s usability. For UHF RFID applications, tag usability is a very rough indicator and cannot characterize the performance of a tag accurately. In practice, effective reading distance is the key performance index of a tag. This study proposes chip’s turn-on power approach to characterize the effective reading distance of UHF RFID passive tags. The experimental results presented in this paper demonstrated the feasibility of this approach. Moreover, in comparison with the large-scale setup, this mini-scale setup produces a smaller error in the estimation of the effective reading distance. Using a mini anechoic chamber, the mini-scale setup can be adopted in practice for online tag performance inspection to grade tag’s compliance with effective reading distance.

The Price Forecasting of Military Aircraft Based on SVR  [PDF]
Jifeng Tong, Jiaxing Du, Ping Chen, Jianguang Yuan, Zhan Huan
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2015.35030

The difficulty of the prediction of military aircraft purchase price lies in the small sample data, and the sample data have the complicated non-linear characteristics. By analyzing the influence of parameters of aircraft purchase price, SVR is proposed to predict the aircraft purchasing price model, and uses the model to predict the aircraft purchase price. The calculation results show that the prediction of the purchase price to establish military aircraft model has higher prediction accuracy.

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