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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2074 matches for " Personal Interviews "
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A Survey Study of the Usefulness and Concerns about Smart Home Applications from the Human Perspective  [PDF]
Yu Zhai, Yan Liu, Minghao Yang, Feiyuan Long, Johanna Virkki
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.211017
Abstract: It is not yet clear how smart home technologies and applications will actually be accepted as part of our everyday lives. In this research, the thoughts of 248 people about smart homes were collected by interviews and with an Internet survey in Europe and Asia. It was found that people have very versatile thoughts about what the term “smart home” means in practice and when smart houses will become part of our daily lives. The Asian answerers can be considered to be slightly more optimistic about the schedule. The majority of the answerers were found to be interested in versatile smart home applications and willing to live in a smart house. The cost can be considered to be their biggest worry and the Asian answerers were found to be more worried about the reliability, practicability, and cost than the answerers from Europe. Also some privacy concerns were found from both the European and the Asian answerers.
Sample Size and Saturation in PhD Studies Using Qualitative Interviews Tama o de la muestra y saturación en estudios doctorales utilizando entrevistas cualitativas Sample-Gr e und S ttigung in PhD-Studien, in denen qualitative Interviews zum Einsatz kommen
Mark Mason
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: A number of issues can affect sample size in qualitative research; however, the guiding principle should be the concept of saturation. This has been explored in detail by a number of authors but is still hotly debated, and some say little understood. A sample of PhD studies using qualitative approaches, and qualitative interviews as the method of data collection was taken from theses.com and contents analysed for their sample sizes. Five hundred and sixty studies were identified that fitted the inclusion criteria. Results showed that the mean sample size was 31; however, the distribution was non-random, with a statistically significant proportion of studies, presenting sample sizes that were multiples of ten. These results are discussed in relation to saturation. They suggest a pre-meditated approach that is not wholly congruent with the principles of qualitative research. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100387 Numerosos aspectos pueden afectar el tama o de la muestra en la investigación cualitativa; sin embargo, la guía principal debiera ser el concepto de saturación. Esto ha sido explorado detalladamente por numerosos autores, pero aún está siendo debatido acaloradamente, y algunos dicen que es un tema poco entendido. Una muestra de estudios doctorales que utilizan aproximaciones cualitativas, y entrevistas en profundidad como método de recolección de datos, fue tomada del sitio web theses.com, y sus contenidos fueron analizados por los tama os de sus muestras. Fueron identificados quinientos sesenta estudios que entraron en el criterio de inclusión. Los resultados mostraron que la media de la muestra fue de 31; sin embargo, la distribución no fue aleatoria, con una proporción estadísticamente significativa de estudios que presentaron muestras cuyos tama os fueron múltiplos de diez. Estos resultados son analizados en relación a la saturación. Sugieren una aproximación premeditada que no es completamente congruente con los principios de la investigación cualitativa. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100387 Sample-Gr en sind in qualitativen Forschungsarbeiten von verschiedenen Einflüssen abh ngig. Das Leitprinzip sollte jedoch immer die S ttigung, bezogen auf das jeweilige Forschungsthema sein. Diese Frage, mit der sich viele Autor/innen besch ftigt haben, wird weiter hei diskutiert und – so einige – kaum hinreichend verstanden. Für eine eigene Untersuchung habe ich ein Sample von PhD-Studien, in denen qualitative Interviews als Erhebungsmethode genutzt wurde, aus theses.com gezogen und mit Blick auf die genutzten Sample-Gr en inhaltsanalytisch ausgewertet. Insgesamt
Autoethnografie: ein überblick Autoethnography: An Overview Autoetnografia: una revision
Carolyn Ellis,Tony E. Adams,Arthur P. Bochner
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: Autoethnografie ist ein Ansatz zum Forschen und zur Pr sentation von Forschungsergebnissen, der pers nliche Erfahrungen systematisch beschreibt und analysiert, um auf diesem Weg kulturelle Erfahrung zu verstehen. Hierbei werden traditionelle Wege des Forschens und der Darstellung "der Anderen" kritisch infrage gestellt, denn Forschung wird als politisches, auf soziale Gerechtigkeit zielendes und sozial bewusstes Handeln verstanden. Forschende nutzen Mittel der Autobiografie und der Ethnografie, um Autoethnografie zu betreiben und darzustellen. Als Methode bezeichnet Autoethnografie gleicherma en einen Prozess und ein Produkt. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1101108 Autoethnography is an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyze personal experience in order to understand cultural experience. This approach challenges canonical ways of doing research and representing others and treats research as a political, socially-just and socially-conscious act. A researcher uses tenets of autobiography and ethnography to do and write autoethnography. Thus, as a method, autoethnography is both process and product. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1101108 La autoetnografía es un acercamiento a la investigación y a la escritura que busca describir y analizar sistemáticamente la experiencia personal con el fin de comprender la experiencia cultural. Este acercamiento desafía las maneras canónicas de hacer investigación y representar a los demás y trata a la investigación como un acto político, socialmente justificado y socialmente consciente. Un investigador usa principios de la autobiografía y la etnografía para hacer y escribir autoetnografía. Porque, como método, la autoetnografía es tanto proceso como producto. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1101108
Preliminary Results: Exploring Why Some Families Living in Proximity to Wind Turbine Facilities Contemplate Vacating Their Homes—A Community-Based Study  [PDF]
Carmen M. Krogh, Robert Y. McMurtry, Anne Dumbrille, Debra Hughes, Lorrie Gillis
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2020, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106118
In Ontario, Canada, between 2006 and the end of 2016, government records provided by the former Ontario Ministry of Environment and Climate Change documented that neighbors living near industrial wind turbine (IWT) facilities filed 4574 noise complaints/incident reports. In some cases, these records also included occurrences of adverse health effects being experienced by some of those living near the IWT facilities [1]. The risk of harm associated with living near IWT energy facilities is controversial and reported globally [1] [2] [3] [4]. Some families have been billeted by, or negotiated financial agreements with wind energy developers [2], and some took the step to vacate/abandon their homes [2] [3] [4] while others have felt forced to do so [3] [4]. While the action of vacating/abandoning a family home is internationally reported [1] [2] [3] [4] research about these occurrences is limited. Utilizing the Grounded Theory (GT) methodology, an ethics approved community-based study was conducted to investigate these occurrences. Participants in the study included those who had vacated/abandoned their homes in the past, or at the time of the interview were contemplating to do so, or decided to remain. Between October 2017 and January 2018, sixty-seven (n-67) consenting participants were interviewed. This article presents preliminary results which will be augmented by additional submissions to peer reviewed scientific journals for their consideration for publication.
Toilet habits in kindergarten children in a kindergarten in Hanoi  [PDF]
Thi Kim Anh Nguyen, Susan J. Vernon, Ann Bengtson, Anna-Lena Hellstr?m
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511237
Abstract: Objective: Describe children’s toilet habits in a kindergarten setting. Subjects: Forty-one children aged 4-5 years, parents and six teachers participated. Method: Open-ended interviews and observations. Results: In school children avoided going to toilet, this could cause incontinence. Related Factors: Inadequate toilet standards and differing cleaning routines as at home. Children were uncomfortable and shy using the toilet, and some children seemed to prefer playing and school work instead of going to the toilet during breaks. Conclusion: Children of 4-5 years of age are sometimes not able to control their bladder and bowel habits in an environment differing to home.
Regaining Normalcy in Relatives of Patients with a Pacemaker  [PDF]
Dan Malm, Anna Sandgren
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.43018

Patients with chronic diseases, such as those with pacemakers, have shown that they have a worsened well-being, which means an increased interest in investigating how relatives of patients with pacemakers experience their situations and how the disease affects their life situations. The aim of this study was to explore the main concerns for the relatives of patients with a pacemaker and how they resolve these issues. A classic grounded theory was used throughout the study for data collection and analysis. Interviews were conducted with ten participants. Striving for normalcy emerged as the main concern for relatives of patients with a pacemaker and was handled through a process of regaining normalcy where the relatives strive to find a way to live as normal as possible. Regaining normalcy is done through developing trust, dwindling and finally life stabilizing, in which they are either holding back or new normalizing. Distinguishing signs are constantly done during the process to quickly notice possible symptoms of the patient. Increased knowledge and understanding of how the relatives of patients with a pacemaker regain normalcy can be used as a guide in order to support and inform the patient as well as their relatives in conjunction with implantation occasions but also in connection with recurring and lifelong follow-up occasions.

Intoxicated Eyewitnesses: The Effects of Alcohol on Eyewitness Recall across Repeated Interviews  [PDF]
David La Rooy, Annabelle Nicol, Philip Terry
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2013.23017
Abstract: The study evaluated the usefulness of repeat-interviewing of witnesses to crimes who were intoxicated by alcohol at the time of the incident and their first interview, and then re-interviewed when not intoxicated the following day. Sixty young, social drinkers were divided into three groups. One group was given a “placebo” (alcohol-like) beverage, a second was given a “low dose” of alcohol (0.2 g/kg men; 0.17 g/kg women), and a third was given a “high dose” of alcohol (0.6 g/kg men; 0.52 g/kg women) over a 15 minute period. Twenty minutes later they viewed a 4-minute video of a crime, and afterwards they were given two opportunities to recall everything that they could remember from the incident; the first opportunity was immediately after the event, and the second was 24 hours later. Analyses of the quantity and accuracy of the details recalled revealed no overall increase in the total amount of information recalled between the first and second recall opportunities. However, on average, 18% of the details recalled by participants in the second test were new and accurate. The incidence of contradictions between the first and second recall opportunities was less than 1%. Surprisingly, none of the effects were influenced by alcohol, even at the highest dose. The results imply that 1) memory for at least some incidents observed under the influence of alcohol is resilient even up to relatively high blood-alcohol levels; and 2) the repeated interviewing of witnesses who were intoxicated at the time of the crime can reveal additional, reliable information that is not present at the initial interview, just as is the case for non-intoxicated witnesses.
Personal Perspectives: Individual Privacy in the IOT  [PDF]
Johanna Virkki, Liquan Chen
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2013.32003

The Internet of Things (IOT) is the extension of the Internet to the next level, i.e., bringing the Internet to the real physical world of things. In this research, 22 people working with different aspects of IOT development were interviewed in Finland and in China, in order to investigate their thoughts and personal opinions on the IOT and the individual privacy in the IOT. This paper presents the background of the IOT, interviews and collected answers, as well as highlights of collected free comments.

Computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI): using the telephone for obtaining information on reproductive health
Cecatti, Jose Guilherme;Camargo, Rodrigo P. S.;Pacagnella, Rodolfo Carvalho;Giavarotti, Thaís;Souza, Jo?o Paulo;Parpinelli, Mary Angela;Osis, Maria José Duarte;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000900013
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using computer assisted telephone interviewing (cati) as a method for obtaining information on reproductive health in brazil. a total of 998 eligible women for the study were selected to answer a questionnaire through computer- assisted telephone interviewing undertaken by trained interviewers. the outcomes of each telephone contact attempt were described. differences between groups were assessed using the χ2 test. phone contact was made in 60.3% of the attempts and 57.5% of the interviews were completed. the success rate improved with the decrease in time from hospitalization to interview and with the higher numbers of telephones available. a total of 2,170 calls were made, comprising of one to sixteen attempts per woman. the majority of situations where extra calls were necessary were due to the number being busy or to the fact that the woman was not available at the time of the call. cati can prove be a valuable procedure for obtaining information on reproductive health among brazilian women, particularly for relatively recent events and when more than one alternative telephone number is available.
The World Health Survey: a report on the field experience in Brazil
Azevedo, Luiz Otavio de;Queiroz, Rita Suely Bacuri;Rezende, Carlos Eduardo Menezes de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000700004
Abstract: this article reports on the field experience with the world health survey in brazil with the aim of collaborating in the development and enhancement of the methodology and analyzing interview questions based on the interviewers' experience. the authors comment on the field experience and application of the questionnaire, based on reports by regional coordinators and interviewers, in order to shed light on the context in which the interviews took place. the article reports on how the respondents grasped and interpreted the questionnaire. the authors propose improvements in interviewer training and simple interview reporting measures aimed at improved logistics with such nationwide survey instruments.
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