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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 261 matches for " Peggy Koniz-Booher "
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Translating global recommendations on HIV and infant feeding to the local context: the development of culturally sensitive counselling tools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Sebalda C Leshabari, Peggy Koniz-Booher, Anne N ?str?m, Marina M de Paoli, Karen M Moland
Implementation Science , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-1-22
Abstract: Formative research using a combination of qualitative methods preceded the development of the intervention and mapped existing practices, perceptions and attitudes towards HIV and infant feeding (HIV/IF) among mothers, counsellors and community members. Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol guided the development of the overall intervention strategy. Theories of behaviour change, a review of the international HIV/IF guidelines and formative research findings contributed to the definition of performance and learning objectives. Key communication messages and colourful graphic illustrations related to infant feeding in the context of HIV were then developed and/or adapted from existing generic materials. Draft materials were field tested with intended audiences and subjected to stakeholder technical review.An integrated set of infant feeding counselling tools, referred to as 'job aids', was developed and included brochures on feeding methods that were found to be socially and culturally acceptable, a Question and Answer Guide for counsellors, a counselling card on the risk of transmission of HIV, and an infant feeding toolbox for demonstration. Each brochure describes the steps to ensure safer infant feeding using simple language and images based on local ideas and resources. The brochures are meant to serve as both a reference material during infant feeding counselling in the ongoing prevention of mother to child transmission (pMTCT) of HIV programme and as take home material for the mother.The study underscores the importance of formative research and a systematic theory based approach to developing an intervention aimed at improving counselling and changing customary feeding practices. The identification of perceived barriers and facilitators for change contributed to developing the key counselling messages and graphics, reflecting the socio-economic reality, cultural beliefs and norms of mothers and their significant others.The documentation of breastfeeding as a sou
Governance for Resilience: CALFED as a Complex Adaptive Network for Resource Management
David E. Booher,Judith E. Innes
Ecology and Society , 2010,
Abstract: A study of California’s water planning and management process, known as CALFED, offers insights into governance strategies that can deal with adaptive management of environmental resources in ways that conventional bureaucratic procedures cannot. CALFED created an informal policy-making system, engaging multiple agencies and stakeholders. The research is built on data from 5 years of field work that included interviews with participants, review of documents, and observation of meetings. We argue that CALFED can be seen as a self-organizing complex adaptive network (CAN) in which interactions were generally guided by collaborative heuristics. The case demonstrates several innovative governance practices, including new practices and norms for interactions among the agents, a distributed structure of information and decision making, a nonlinear planning method, self-organizing system behavior, and adaptation. An example of a resulting policy innovation, a method to provide real-time environmental use of water while protecting a reliable supply of water for agricultural and urban interests, is described. We outline how ideas about complex adaptive network governance differ from ideas about traditional governance. These differences result in ongoing tension and turbulence as they do for other self-organizing governance processes that operate in a context of traditional governance.
Ra?a e gênero no Brasil
Lowell, Peggy;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451995000100003
Abstract: using sample data from the 1960 and 1980 demografic censuses (the most recent available), this study estimates the magnitude of racial differences by gender in place of residence, education, occupational distribution, and wages. contrary to predictions that race and gender divisions in the workplace would yield to the homogenizing forces of industrialization, it is demonstrated that the modern urban labor market in brazil continues to be segregated by race and gender.
How Many Nurses are Enough? A pilot Study Measuring Nursing Care Hours per Patient Day and Patient Outcomes
Tallier,Peggy;
Aquichán , 2007,
Abstract: the in this article, the author presents research and findings of correlations between patient outcomes and staffing mix, in particular, the proportion of registered nurses and its impact on quality of care. in examining the relationships among nursing quality indicators of care, the investigator focused on the mix of registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and unlicensed staff; the maintenance of skin integrity; and the link between nosocomial urinary tract infections and patient satisfaction for patient outcomes. the results indicate that adequate nurse staffing and appropriate skill mix is an important factor to consider when making critical staffing decisions. the study also demonstrated statistically significant relationships among the proportions of registered nurses and nosocomial urinary tract infections and patient satisfaction.
A Transnational Gaze
Levitt, Peggy;
Migraciones internacionales , 2011,
Abstract: in the decade since this journal was founded, major demographic shifts caused shifts in migration studies. against this backdrop, the questions migration scholars ask and the analytical and methodological tools we use to answer them have changed dramatically. in this essay, i take an idiosyncratic look at these developments and propose directions for the future. i focus on the analytical rewards of using a transnational perspective to study migration, on the importance of considering space and scale in our work, and on bringing culture more centrally back into our conversations. i highlight opportunities at interdisciplinary intersections that, can move our field forward in new productive directions if we take advantage of them.
Trinta e sete dias em Nova York com Adalzira Bittencourt
Sharpe, Peggy;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2008000300024
Abstract: adalzira bittencourt's visit to the us during 1939 resulted in a travel narrative that recounts the details of her visits to numerous schools, hospitals and orphanages in the city of new york and to the 1939 world's fair held in the same city. her general impressions of the eugenic reforms underway in the us during this time period reveal her support for the project of cultural renewal sponsored by the vargas regime that targeted the disadvantaged in brazilian society. in addition, bittencourt's commentary exposes the racial prejudice prevalent in american society at the time and outlines the hues and tones of her own brand of racism vis a vis the very sector of the brazilian population she advocated for throughout her career as a lawyer, educator, social activist and writer.
A Transnational Gaze
Peggy Levitt
Migraciones internacionales , 2011,
Abstract: En los 10 a os que tiene de haberse fundado esta revista, importantes cambios demográficos han dado lugar a transformaciones en los estudios sobre migración. Desde esta perspectiva, las preguntas que se hacen los estudiosos de la migración y las herramientas de análisis y metodología que utilizan para responderlas se han modificado drásticamente. En este ensayo se echa un vistazo idiosincrásico a estos cambios y se propone un rumbo a seguir en el futuro. El estudio se concentra en las ventajas analíticas de utilizar una perspectiva transnacional para el estudio de la migración, en la importancia de tomar en cuenta el espacio y la magnitud de nuestro trabajo, y en situar de nuevo la cultura en el centro de nuestros debates. Así mismo se destacan las oportunidades que las intersecciones interdisciplinarias nos brindan para que nuestro campo avance en una nueva y más productiva dirección.
Reclasser les victimes de la Première Guerre mondiale : Le cas de la loi du 30 janvier 1923 sur les emplois réservés en France (1923-1939)
Peggy Bette
Amnis , 2006, DOI: 10.4000/amnis.880
Abstract: En 1923, les parlementaires fran ais adoptent une loi réservant des emplois aux victimes de guerre dans les administrations et les établissements publics. Il s'agit de favoriser le reclassement social de milliers d'invalides, veuves et orphelins de guerre. Près de 150 000 d'entre eux bénéficient d'un emploi réservé entre 1923 et 1939. Il leur a fallu auparavant se soumettre à un système de sélection exigeant. Les parlementaires l'ont voulu ainsi parce que leur principale préoccupation est de concilier les intérêts des victimes de guerre et les exigences du service public. La question de savoir si ce système d'embauche préférentielle est compatible avec les principes républicains d'égalité ne semble pas les intéresser. Ils souhaitent avant tout que la Nation s'acquitte de ses devoirs envers les victimes de guerre. En 1923, los miembros del parlamento francés adoptan una ley según la cual se deben reservar empleos en las administraciones y los organismos públicos para las víctimas de guerra. El objetivo es promover la integración social de miles de inválidos, viudas y huérfanos de guerra. Cerca de 150.000 individuos se benefician con la obtención de un empleo reservado entre los a os 1923 y 1939. De antemano, deben someterse a un sistema de selección muy exigente. Así lo quieren los parlamentarios porque su preocupación principal es la de conciliar los intereses de las víctimas de guerra y las exigencias del servicio público. Saber si este sistema de empleo preferencial es compatible con los principios republicanos de igualdad, no parece interesarles en este momento. Ante todo, ellos quieren que la Nación cumpla con sus deberes para con las víctimas de guerra. In 1923, the French parliament members adopted a law reserving jobs in administrations and public establishments for war victims. The objective was to promote the social integration of thousands of war wounded, widows and orphans. Close to 150,000 of them benefited from reserved jobs between 1923 and 1939. Beforethat, they had to submit to a stringent selection system. The parliament members wanted it this way, because their main concern was to reconcile the war victims’ interests with the public service demands. At that time, no one raised the question of whether this system was compatible with the republican principles of equality. Their first wish was that the Nation fulfilled its duty towards the war victims.
How Many Nurses are Enough? A Pilot Study Measuring Nursing Care Hours per Patient Day and Patient Outcomes
Peggy Tallier
Aquichán , 2007,
Abstract:
Roots Always Precede Routes: On the Road, through a Glass Darkly
Peggy PACINI
E-rea : Revue électronique d’études sur le Monde Anglophone , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/erea.1629
Abstract: Cet article explore les strates souterraines de On the Road, d’une part, en adoptant trois angles d’approche (le rapport dialogique errance-enracinement, l’ethnogenèse et la géographie culturelle), et d’autre part, en intégrant le roman dans un projet plus vaste, le projet Route qui permet une lecture de la genèse du roman publié en 1957 et de sa version originale, le Rouleau, publiée cinquante ans plus tard. Cet article analyse les rapports entre espace, identité, errance et nation, et tente de proposer une lecture de la présence invisible de l’ethnicité franco-américaine de l’auteur comme fils conducteur des proto-versions de On the Road et des thèmes abordés (l’errance, la cartographie de l’espace et la quête du père et de la patrie perdus). This article explores the subterranean layers of On the Road, firstly, approaching them from three perspectives (the dyad routes-roots, ethnogenesis and cultural geography), and secondly, considering the novel within a larger project, the “Road” project, which allows further insight into the genesis of the 1957 edition and of the original scroll published fifty years later. This article focuses on the relationship between space, identity, travel and nation, and attempts to offer a reading of the author’s French-Canadian and Franco-American invisible ethnicity as a guiding line to the On the Road proto-versions and to the themes developed (travel, mapping the land and the quest for the father[land]).
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