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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1094 matches for " Paulina Sergot "
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A Constraint-Driven System for Contract Assembly
Aspassia Daskalopulu,Marek Sergot
Computer Science , 2001,
Abstract: We present an approach for modelling the structure and coarse content of legal documents with a view to providing automated support for the drafting of contracts and contract database retrieval. The approach is designed to be applicable where contract drafting is based on model-form contracts or on existing examples of a similar type. The main features of the approach are: (1) the representation addresses the structure and the interrelationships between the constituent parts of contracts, but not the text of the document itself; (2) the representation of documents is separated from the mechanisms that manipulate it; and (3) the drafting process is subject to a collection of explicitly stated constraints that govern the structure of the documents. We describe the representation of document instances and of 'generic documents', which are data structures used to drive the creation of new document instances, and we show extracts from a sample session to illustrate the features of a prototype system implemented in MacProlog.
The Representation of Legal Contracts
Aspassia Daskalopulu,Marek Sergot
Computer Science , 2001,
Abstract: The paper outlines ongoing research on logic-based tools for the analysis and representation of legal contracts of the kind frequently encountered in large-scale engineering projects and complex, long-term trading agreements. We consider both contract formation and contract performance, in each case identifying the representational issues and the prospects for providing automated support tools.
Complement Inhibition Promotes Endogenous Neurogenesis and Sustained Anti-Inflammatory Neuroprotection following Reperfused Stroke
Andrew F. Ducruet, Brad E. Zacharia, Sergey A. Sosunov, Paul R. Gigante, Mason L. Yeh, Justin W. Gorski, Marc L. Otten, Richard Y. Hwang, Peter A. DeRosa, Zachary L. Hickman, Paulina Sergot, E. Sander Connolly
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038664
Abstract: Background and Purpose The restoration of blood-flow following cerebral ischemia incites a series of deleterious cascades that exacerbate neuronal injury. Pharmacologic inhibition of the C3a-receptor ameliorates cerebral injury by attenuating post-ischemic inflammation. Recent reports also implicate C3a in the modulation of tissue repair, suggesting that complement may influence both injury and recovery at later post-ischemic time-points. Methods To evaluate the effect of C3a-receptor antagonism on post-ischemic neurogenesis and neurological outcome in the subacute period of stroke, transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced in adult male C57BL/6 mice treated with multiple regimens of a C3a receptor antagonist (C3aRA). Results Low-dose C3aRA administration during the acute phase of stroke promotes neuroblast proliferation in the subventricular zone at 7 days. Additionally, the C3a receptor is expressed on T-lymphocytes within the ischemic territory at 7 days, and this cellular infiltrate is abrogated by C3aRA administration. Finally, C3aRA treatment confers robust histologic and functional neuroprotection at this delayed time-point. Conclusions Targeted complement inhibition through low-dose antagonism of the C3a receptor promotes post-ischemic neuroblast proliferation in the SVZ. Furthermore, C3aRA administration suppresses T-lymphocyte infiltration and improves delayed functional and histologic outcome following reperfused stroke. Post-ischemic complement activation may be pharmacologically manipulated to yield an effective therapy for stroke.
A Logic Programming Approach to Activity Recognition
A. Artikis,M. Sergot,G. Paliouras
Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract: We have been developing a system for recognising human activity given a symbolic representation of video content. The input of our system is a set of time-stamped short-term activities detected on video frames. The output of our system is a set of recognised long-term activities, which are pre-defined temporal combinations of short-term activities. The constraints on the short-term activities that, if satisfied, lead to the recognition of a long-term activity, are expressed using a dialect of the Event Calculus. We illustrate the expressiveness of the dialect by showing the representation of several typical complex activities. Furthermore, we present a detailed evaluation of the system through experimentation on a benchmark dataset of surveillance videos.
Reactive Reasoning with the Event Calculus
Alexander Artikis,Marek Sergot,Georgios Paliouras
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Systems for symbolic event recognition accept as input a stream of time-stamped events from sensors and other computational devices, and seek to identify high-level composite events, collections of events that satisfy some pattern. RTEC is an Event Calculus dialect with novel implementation and 'windowing' techniques that allow for efficient event recognition, scalable to large data streams. RTEC can deal with applications where event data arrive with a (variable) delay from, and are revised by, the underlying sources. RTEC can update already recognised events and recognise new events when data arrive with a delay or following data revision. Our evaluation shows that RTEC can support real-time event recognition and is capable of meeting the performance requirements identified in a recent survey of event processing use cases.
Chilean University Students’ Call for Participation and Engagement in What Matters to Them: Is It Possible to Achieve a Shared Decision Making Process in Education Policy?  [PDF]
Paulina Bravo, Baltica Cabieses
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326155
Abstract: Chile is facing one of its major intellectual revolutions in the last century: organised high school, college and university students have led the most salient educational reform since the one that took place during the dictatorship period. This phenomenon is a pacific revolution based on the power of sound, evidence-based, clear and robust ideas. The purpose of this short essay is to reflect some ideas on the conceptualisation of a shared decision making (SDM) process and how they could be transferred to the current students’ educational revolution in Chile. It provides a reflection on how SDM might concretely contribute to this educational reform and on what future steps could be taken to truly achieves a “participatory” democracy in Chile. According to the authors, this debate illustrates the extent to which the level of participation must rely not on particular individuals but on the establishment of a partnership between parties.
Health and widowhood: Meanings and experience of elderly women in Chile  [PDF]
Paulina Osorio-Parraguez
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58173

Aging and widowhood signal a real and symbolic landmark of change toward new vital experiences of elderly people. In the aging experience of women, there are three social age markers that participate directly in the construction of their identity as women during old age: menopause, work and widowhood. The present paper reports the results of a research on widowhood in old age and the experience of aging in elderly women in Chile. Through a qualitative methodological strategy, in depth biographic interviews were held with elderly people who were widowed after reaching 60 years of age, centering the analysis on its meanings on the body, health and death in old age, highlighting sociocultural aspects of the aging and widowing processes. Approaching widowhood in old age shows us not only a person who has lost a husband, but also what it means to be an elderly woman in a life experience continuum that also brings about key changes to understand the aging process of people, because marital relations can get to be determining factors for the construction of the identity of women and their experience of the aging process.

Sala de degustación
ARQ (Santiago) , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-69962003005400009
Abstract: the activities in these industrial buildings have included a smaller-scale space with a highly public and intensive use -the wine tasting room, where the enologist works and receives visitors. here the issue of corporate identity shifts from a fa?ade seen from the highway to tactile matters, and in passing raises the issue of hospitality. in this case, elements of traditional skills are recovered, in a clean, neutral space
Estudios pedagógicos (Valdivia) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07052010000100007
Abstract: this study investigates the conceptions of development, knowledge and education, that the government of c projects spins, in the document ?towards a national strategy of innovation for the development? created by the national advice for the competitiveness, between years 2006 and 2008, being contemplated in this analysis the executive summaries of volumes i and ii. one looks for from critical and complex a perspective to approach dynamic which they emerge and they sublie in the these conceptions, being explored contributions that the critical analysis of the speech can contribute in the understanding of the prevailing ideologies in the model of effective social development in our country. we will maintain that the conceptions of development, education and knowledge, have been incorporated in the speech, therefore they have a latent ideological dominion, that risks the homogenización and unidimensionality of the strategies of social development of the country.
Aproximación preliminar al concepto de pulsión de muerte en Freud
Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-92272002000400008
Abstract: the death instinct's has been and remains as one of the most controversial postulates of psychoanalysis. this paper attempts to review the basics of death instinct hoping to account for the meaning as well as the implications of it according to freud. in the framework of the last theory of intincts the death instinct or tanatos, as oppossed to the life instinct or eros, represents a basic drive that impels all living organisms to go back to the inorganic state from where they emerged. freud asserts tanatos as a fundamental principle of fight and destruction which manifests itself fastening connections at every and all levels. freud sees the life instinct as a force which enhances cohesion and integration that in turn provides living beings with a drive to counter attack destructiveness. the observation of the clinical phenomena of compulsive repetitions as well as negative therapeutical reaction led freud to a reformulation of his conception of instinct dynamics. freud′s evolution of instinct dynamics is reviewed to foster a better understanding of the meaning of the concept of death instinct and the need that justifies its introduction in a broader reform. the concept of death instinct pointed out to a turning point in psychoanalysis as it revolutionized the understanding of aggresive phenomena in mental functioning.
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