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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12945 matches for " Paula Villela;Yassuda "
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Mild cognitive impairment: cognitive screening or neuropsychological assessment?
Diniz, Breno Satler;Nunes, Paula Villela;Yassuda, Monica S;Pereira, Fernanda S;Flaks, Mariana K;Viola, Luciane F;Radanovic, Marcia;Abreu, Izabella Dutra de;Borelli, Danilo T;Gattaz, Wagner F;Forlenza, Orestes Vicente;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462008000400003
Abstract: objective: to describe the neuropsychological profile of mild cognitive impairment subtypes (amnestic, non-amnestic and multiple-domain) of a clinical sample. we further address the diagnostic properties of the mini-mental state examination and the cambridge cognitive examination for the identification of the different mild cognitive impairment subtypes in clinical practice. method: cross-sectional clinical and neuropsychological evaluation of 249 elderly patients attending a memory clinic at a university hospital in sao paulo, brazil. results: the performance of patients with mild cognitive impairment was heterogeneous across the different subtests of the neuropsychological battery, with a trend towards an overall worse performance for amnestic (particularly multiple domain) mild cognitive impairment as compared to non-amnestic subtypes. screening tests for dementia (mini-mental state examination and cambridge cognitive examination) adequately discriminated cases of mild alzheimer's disease from controls, but they were not accurate to discriminate patients with mild cognitive impairment (all subtypes) from control subjects. conclusions: the discrimination of mild cognitive impairment subtypes was possible only with the aid of a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. it is necessary to develop new strategies for mild cognitive impairment screening in clinical practice.
Rela??es entre padr?o do sono, saúde percebida e variáveis socioecon?micas em uma amostra de idosos residentes na comunidade: Estudo PENSA
Oliveira,Beatriz Helena Domingos; Yassuda,M?nica Sanches; Cupertino,Ana Paula Fabrino Bretas; Neri,Anita Liberalesso;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000300028
Abstract: changes in sleep pattern constitute a common complaint among elders. age-related changes can be observed in different levels of the architecture and quality of sleep. the objective of the present study was to observe the relation between age-related sleep changes, insomnia symptoms, apnea symptoms, parasomnia symptoms with socio-economic variables and perceived health status. sleep pattern was evaluated using the mini-sleep questionnaire. results indicated that women and individuals with lower education reported higher frequency of insomnia symptoms, the elder-elder group. on the other hand, individuals with higher perceived health status presented lower frequency of apnea symptoms, and higher perceived health status was associated to better sleep pattern overall. it can be concluded that sleep pattern is associated to socio-economic variables such as age, gender, education and perceived health.
Variabilidade no envelhecimento ativo segundo gênero, idade e saúde
Ribeiro, Pricila Cristina Correa;Neri, Anita Liberalesso;Cupertino, Ana Paula Fabrino Bretas;Yassuda, M?nica Sanches;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722009000300011
Abstract: the present study investigated the relation among socio-demographic and health variables and participation in physical and occupational activities. the sample was formed by 155 aged individuals (60 and older) interviewed by the pensa study in juiz de fora, mg. 72% of the sample was female with average age of 70.3 years (sd=8.2). questionnaires based on self-report were used for data collection. results indicated that men participated more frequently in physical activities than women, and women were more active in occupational activities, such as housework and work as volunteers. higher frequency of participation in occupational activities was associated with higher education, higher income, and higher functional status. however, age was not a significant determinant of active lifestyle. this present study demonstrated a variability of active aging due to gender, socio-demographic and health variables, highlighting the implications of the lifestyle of elderly brazilians in the process of healthy aging.
A new karyotype for the spiny rat Clyomys laticeps (Thomas, 1909) (Rodentia, Echimyidae) from Central Brazil
Alexandra Bezerra,Juliana Pagnozzi,Ana Paula Carmignotto,Yatiyo Yonenaga-Yassuda
Comparative Cytogenetics , 2012, DOI: 10.3897/compcytogen.v6i2.1980
Abstract: Clyomys Thomas, 1916 is a semifossorial rodent genus of spiny rats represented by only one species, C. laticeps, which inhabits the tropical savannas and grasslands of central Brazil and eastern Paraguay. Here we describe a new karyotype of C. laticeps found in populations of Emas National Park, Goiás state, Brazil. The four analyzed specimens had a diploid number (2n) of 32 and a fundamental autosome number (FN) of 54. Cytogenetic data include conventional staining, CBG and GTG-banding. The karyotype presents 12 meta/submetacentric pairs (1 to 12) and 3 pairs of acrocentrics (13 to 15) with gradual decrease in size. The X chromosome is a medium submetacentric and the Y is a medium acrocentric. The semifossorial habits together with habitat specificity could have contributed to the karyological variations found on this genus.
Entre a vontade e a necessidade: negocia??o sexual em tempos de AIDS
Barbosa, Regina Maria;Villela, Wilza Vieira;Uziel, Anna Paula;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73311995000100005
Abstract: the growth of the use af contraceptive, of the number of women as head of families, and of their levei of education, together with their impoverishment are combined to the poor estate in which the health in brazil is. we noticed that, enlarging this picture, a quick advancing of hiv/aids epidemics among the feminine population, infected, mainly, by way of sexual transmission. up to now, the inexistence of a method, determined by women, to prevent the sexual transmission of the virus make urgent the discussion of the inequal relations between the genders, that keep women in an inferior position in the social and individual levels, and interfere in the process of decision taking related to their health and physical integrity protection. with this article we intend to discuss the complexity of the relation between gender and power that permeates the sexual encounters between men and women, delimitating and shaping, among other things, the possibilities of safer sexual practices negotiation.
Perda de peso e consumo de bebidas durante sess?es de treinamento de ballet clássico
Silva, Cláudia Villela da;Fayh, Ana Paula Trussardi;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32892011000200015
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to analyze the weight loss(wl) and consumption fluids during training sessions in classical ballet. the sample was composed of 21 ballet dancers, who were evaluated in three sessions of ballet: session without a supply of liquid, a session with water supply and other with provision of sports drink. at the session in which the dancers received water, the median consumption was 376,19 ml and the median was wl-190g. in the session with sports drink, the median consumption was 226,19 ml and the median was wl-150g. observed difference in fluid intake, but not in wl, during the sessions with fluid intake (p = 0,01 and p = 0,79, respectively). the dancers, voluntarily, drank more water than the sports drink during training of classical ballet.
Nine karyomorphs for spiny rats of the genus Proechimys (Echimyidae, Rodentia) from North and Central Brazil
Machado, Taís;Silva, Maria José de J.;Leal-Mesquita, Emygdia Rosa;Carmignotto, Ana Paula;Yonenaga-Yassuda, Yatiyo;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572005000500007
Abstract: spiny rats of the genus proechimys are morphologically diverse, widely distributed and have diploid numbers ranging from 2n = 14-16 to 2n = 62. in this paper we present cytogenetical data and brief comments on morphological and biogeographical issues related to spiny rats. in our sample of 42 spiny rats collected from 12 brazilian amazonian tropical rainforest and the cerrado (brazilian savanna) sites we detected nine karyological entities: four different karyomorphs with 2n = 30, three with 2n = 28, one with 2n = 15 and one with 2n = 44. based on qualitative morphological characters these karyomorphs can be allocated to five species within the goeldii, guyannensis and longicaudatus species groups.
Desempenho de idosos na bateria cognitiva CERAD: rela??es com variáveis sociodemográficas e saúde percebida
Ribeiro, Pricila Cristina Correa;Oliveira, Beatriz Helena Domingos;Cupertino, Ana Paula Fabrino Bretas;Neri, Anita Liberalesso;Yassuda, M?nica Sanches;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722010000100013
Abstract: cerad cognitive battery and its relation with socio-demographic variables and perceived health. the sample was composed by 158 community-dwelling elderly people who participated in the pensa study (study of healthy aging process). ages varied from 60 to 99 years old ( m=70.2; sd=8.2); with an average of seven years of education ( sd =4). higher cognitive performance was associated with higher education, lower age, and having a partner. in the naming test, men outperformed women whereas higher memory performance was associated with better perceived health among women. it was concluded that education, age, gender, marital status and perceived health may be associated to variability in cognitive performance among elderly people.
Vascular Disease in Diabetic Women: Why Do They Miss the Female Protection?
Ana Paula Villela Dantas,Zuleica Bruno Fortes,Maria Helena Catelli de Carvalho
Experimental Diabetes Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/570598
Abstract: Gender plays a pivotal role in the onset as well as in the progression of the cardiovascular disease with a higher morbidity and mortality being detected in men with respect to women. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) may reduce gender-related differences in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease by fading the vascular protective effects afforded by estrogen in females. This article will discuss the role of sex and sex hormones on the incidence and mechanisms involved in vascular dysfunction associated to T2DM, which might explain why women with T2DM lack the vascular protection.
Combining functional scales and cognitive tests in screening for mild cognitive impairment at a university-based memory clinic in Brazil
Abreu, Izabella Dutra de;Nunes, Paula Villela;Diniz, Breno Satler;Forlenza, Orestes Vicente;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462008000400008
Abstract: objective: to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the mini-mental state examination combined to the informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly for the identification of mild cognitive impairment. method: 191 elderly subjects were assessed with the mini-mental state examination, and their informants were assessed with the informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly. subjects were divided into three groups according to their cognitive state (controls: n = 67, mild cognitive impairment: n = 65 and dementia: n = 59), which was ascertained by clinical and neuropsychological evaluation. the diagnostic accuracy of each test in the discrimination of diagnostic groups (mild cognitive impairment vs. controls, mild cognitive impairment vs. dementia and dementia vs. controls) was examined with the aid of roc curves. we additionally verified if the combination of both tests would increase diagnostic accuracy for mild cognitive impairment and control identification. results: the combination of the mini-mental state examination and the informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly scores did not increase the mini-mental state examination diagnostic accuracy in the identification of patients with mild cognitive impairment. conclusions: the present data do not warrant the combination of the mini-mental state examination and the informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly as a sufficient diagnostic tool in the diagnostic screening for mild cognitive impairment.
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