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Studies show that between 40% and 60% of
patients attending emergency departments have medically unexplained physical
symptoms (MUPS) that are determined by psychosocial factors. However, there
exists no clear categorization of these factors and the symptoms that they
produce. This paper delineates six categories of illnesses that help to
overcome this deficit. The categories of illnesses are 1) Typical physical
illnesses; 2) Typical psychiatric illnesses; 3) Psychophysiological symptoms;
4) Symptoms associated with reliving traumas; 5) “Cherished” or hysterical
symptoms; 6) Symptoms that identify with illnesses of others. Clinical examples
of each category are provided.
A Speed of Light falling over time inversely proportional to the expansion of the Universe leads to an experimentally observed exponential changing of the Red Shift over time. It is necessary to re-define the Angular Impulse Momentum in order to get a consistent expansion of space on all levels. Conservation of Energy and this newly defined Angular Impulse Momentum then leads to the requirement that all clocks slow down in time inversely proportional to the Red Shift, independent of whether the Speed of Light is constant or not. From the Lorentz equation it then follows that Expansion occurs over space-time and not over space alone. A steady state expansion in true time is then transformed into an exponential expansion for an observer with a local clock. A finite lifetime of the Universe is transformed to an infinite lifetime for these observers including elementary particles.