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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198051 matches for " Patricia Alves de Souza "
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UNIPLAC’s Scientific Exhibition: 18 Years of History  [PDF]
Patricia Alves de Souza, Vanessa Freitas Bratti
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.617193
Abstract: This study was developed at Universidade do Planalto Catarinense—UNIPLAC, an university established since 1954, located in the city of Lages State of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. The city of Lages has approximately 160,000 inhabitants. In 1997, the Planalto Catarinense University (UNIPLAC) created the Scientific Exhibition (Mostra Científica), intended to disclose scientific works brought about by their faculty, researchers and students. The goal is to identify UNIPLAC’s scientific output from 1997 to 2012 in the Scientific Exhibition. A survey of existing reports on the exhibition was executed. 3237 scientific works have been published since the creation of the event in 1997 until 2012. Initially, the Scientific Exhibition was intended for the presentation of degree requirement works and was extended to works of research and extension developed within UNIPLAC and other institutions. There was a considerable increase in the number of works presented along the years of Scientific Exhibition, and therefore there was also a greater integration between the university and the community. The exhibition motivates students to submit their ideas, writings and findings. The young scholar shows greater motivation towards his studies. Academic exchange operates in several ways: between teachers and students of an institution and towards colleagues from other institutions. The scientific and technological advancements of a nation depend on the quality of its researchers, on the awareness of its science and the interaction between industry and science.
The Importance of Communication among the Members of the Nursing Team  [PDF]
Lucas Warmling, Patricia Alves de Souza
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.96073
Abstract: In 2013, the Brazilian Ministry of Health instituted the National Patient Safety Program (“PNSP”). One of the priorities of the Program is to propose and validate protocols, guides and manuals aimed at patient safety in different areas, one of which is communication concerning the health services environment. The hospital performs actions in tertiary care and the interpersonal communication of the nursing team demands a lot of attention and care, since it is a fundamental instrument in order to help the recovery of the patient. With a basis in this, the present work aims to identify the perceptions regarding the forms of communication of the members of the nursing team, the elements that interfere in this communication and to discuss the importance of the communication process among the nursing teams. This is a qualitative and descriptive research carried out from a questionnaire applied to nursing professionals of a small hospital in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. There is a lack of communication and we noticed that the interaction among the members of the nursing team and the participation of the health institution must be improved in order to achieve a better teamwork. This improvement can be applied not only during the work process, but also through lectures, meetings and fellowship encounters. The communication occurs through an active participation of two or more individuals in the relevant process and such relationship may facilitate the practice of humanization. Communication subsidizes interpersonal relationships that, in turn, interact with nursing art, which is the process of science and care.
Assessment on the Evaluation of Learning in Medical Education  [PDF]
Marta Aparecida de Lima Machado Calegari, Patricia Alves de Souza
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.86068
Abstract: The evaluation of learning has been the subject intriguing, full of stigmas historically constructed. Sometimes (most) is seen as instrument of punishment, coercion, discipline. The nature is classified as descriptive exploratory approach with mixed quantitative and qualitative. To collect data, questionnaires were given to students and teachers from 1st to 4th year course and consultation with the instruments of Student Performance Evaluation (AD). Treatment of qualitative data was by content analysis. It was observed that there are similarities between the objectified and practice, teachers and students recognize the systematic evaluation used as a component in the construction of knowledge, however, is not fully understood the operationalization process of this design evaluation by the subjects involved in research, because existence of distortions in its implementation by students and teachers compromising the pedagogical dimension of assessment, for example the “standardization” of the considerations made in relation to student performance. These factors credibility in AD by students showed decline throughout the course. However the traditional evaluation culture is still present in moments of assessment because the talks are still noticeable feeling of fear of exposing opinions. It was therefore concluded that no action needs to AD in practice between in accordance with the theory, for example, with skills that motivate teachers to the correct implementation of the proposal. It is also necessary to make the student realize the process as responsible for the results in individual and collective performances of AD.
Medical schools that received the PROMED (program for the encouragement of curricular changes in medical courses)—Preconditions and change process  [PDF]
Patricia Alves de Souza, Marco Aurélio Da Ros, Angélica Maria Bicudo Zeferino
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.45046
Abstract: Since the Curriculum Guidelines (CG) which were created in 2001 and PROMED (Program for the Encouragement of Curricular Changes in Medical Courses), several schools have applied for this incentive. Medical Schools (MS) have faced important changes in their curriculum throughout the years. The purpose is to verify if medical schools that received PROMED already had a historical of curricular changes. Several interviews, which were carried out with PROMED coordinators, were recorded, transcribed and analyzed according to the Bardin’s content analysis technique. Later, these interviews were later categorized into nine themes. This paper analyses the Medical School History category which encompasses three subcategories: existence of a former changing history; need to overcome the model and changing period. It is highlighted that medical schools that received PROMED had a previous changing historical which was sometimes located in anti-hegemonic niches. It is noticeable, however, that such changes were not enough to affect the comprehension of healthillness process and its consequent results. PROMED was, effectively, the reference for medical schools implementing the C.G. which represents, now, a benchmarking for all new and old schools in the country.
The Brazilian public healthcare system and its participation in medical training  [PDF]
Patricia Alves de Souza, Marco Aurélio Da Ros, Angélica Maria Bicudo Zeferino
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.48080
Abstract: Introduction: In Brazil, in a joint initiative of the Ministries of Health and of Education and Culture, the Program for the Promotion of Changes in Medical School Curricula (PROMED) was created, in order to give financial support to medical schools for the development and implementation of curricular changes to the medicine courses. Objective: To ascertain the influence of PROMED on the interaction between the Brazilian public healthcare system (SUS) and the universities. Method: Using the qualitative method by way of content analysis of the Bardin, interviews with 19 coordinators of the medicine courses which received financial support from PROMED were carried out and analyzed. Results: Subcategories which express the current relation between SUS and the universities were found: the need to train SUS professionals and the teaching staff involved, the lines of research directed toward SUS and partnership relations as part of the student learning process, the strengthening of SUS and the internal problems. Conclusions: Observing the needs of the relationship between SUS and the curricular changes it was noted that the public health services are of extreme importance as part of the training process of the medical student. Besides favoring practice, it establishes student activities within the health services, the evaluation of the policies, planning and management of the health services in activities of training and social communication in healthcare, linked to community organizations or diverse social entities. Thus, problems associated with the healthcare service can be identified, as well as the health conditions and life style of the population.
Morphofunctional Lab as a Learning Scenario of Apprenticeship in Universidade Do Planalto Catarinense (UNIPLAC) Medical Course  [PDF]
Rafael Sittoni Vaz, Patricia Alves de Souza, Fernando Arruda Ramos, Adriane Marcia Andrade
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.55042

In Brazil, the National Curricular Guidelines (DCN) have determined that the medical professsional must act in the primary and secondary levels of attention and solve the prevalent health issues with quality. UNIPLAC’s medical course was created in 2004, enrolling 40 students per year, with an innovative methodological proposal of active teaching: the Problem-Based Learning (ABP). Furthermore, UNIPLAC’s medical course offers support scenarios of extreme importance to the students, such as Laboratory of Professional Practice (LPP) and Morphofunctional Laboratory (LMF). LPP promotes the learning of semiology skills, medical procedures, clinical laboratory and communication. The objective is to identify the student’s attendance in LMF. A quantitative and descriptive research was conducted through reading the LMF’s logbook between January 2004 and December 2012. The focus of the research was tutors and teachers who were in the coordination of the medical course. LMF is a privileged space for the development of the pedagogical approach based on problematization and integration of a several learning areas.

Association between obesity and self-reported diseases: Population-based study among adults in southern Brazil  [PDF]
Frederico Manoel Marques, Marco Aurélio Peres, Giana Zarbato Longo, Patricia Alves de Souza
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512268

Introduction: There are few population-based studies conducted in Brazil outside the major urban centers, the prevalence of overweight, obesity and associated factors in the up country cities remains not noticed. Particularly, the characteristics of this phenomenon are unknown in the mountain regions of Santa Catarina (state of the southern region), which concentrate the lowest economic and social development of the state, where culture, dietary habits and climate are quite peculiar. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of nutritional status and its association with self-reported diseases in adults of Lages, Santa Catarina. Methods: A cross sectional study including adults was conducted (n = 2022). Demographic information was collected as well as anthropometric measurements, through a number of interviews and physical examinations. The outcome of the study was the body mass index (BMI). The descriptive statistic was performed, as well as simple associations between BMI and the independent variables by sex. Correlations between BMI, abdominal circumference and self-reported diseases for men and women were tested separately. Results: The prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity among men was 41%, 39% and 19% respectively. Among women, the prevalence rates were 43%, 31% and 26%. It was observed that the obesity increase is correlated with low levels of education. The greater the BMI the more negative was the self-assessment of health. It was

found a positive correlation between BMI and abdominal circumference, with diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure levels. Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Lages, SC. Strategies involving the various sectors of the community should be considered to reverse this process.


The Role of Professors in Changing Medicine Programs  [PDF]
Patricia Alves de Souza, Marco Aurélio Da Ros, Angélica Maria Bicudo
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.815166
Abstract: The new Medical Program curriculum guidelines led to the program restructure in Brazil. In 2001, PROMED (Program for the Encouragement of Curricular Changes in Medical Courses) was created, as a result of a partnership between the Ministry of Health (MS) and the Ministry of Education (MEC) to financially encourage medical schools to implement changes in 3 aspects. 1) Theoretical guidance (Production of knowledge as required by the Single Health System (SUS-free health care system for the population), 2) Post-Graduate Program and Continuing Education, Practices Scenarios Diversification of practice scenarios, 3) University services to serve the needs of SUS and Pedagogical Approach (Pedagogical change-student-centered, basic-clinical cycle integration). The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of professors in curriculum changes promoted by PROMED. Nineteen coordinators of medical programs that received PROMED resources were interviewed. The category: The role of Professors with 3 subcategories: The need for qualification of professors, adapting to change and the process under development. For a curriculum change to be consolidated it is necessary to overcome various barriers, as the starting point are ways, processes and teaching practices deeply rooted in some professors. And continuing education is essential for professors. They go from knowledge holder to learning facilitators, allowing students to learn by doing themselves.
Influência de porta-enxertos no crescimento de clones de seringueira no Estado de S?o Paulo
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2000000900006
Abstract: this paper was established in the experimental fields of esta??o experimental de agronomia de pindorama, sp, brazil, in order to evaluate rootstocks vs. scion interaction in rubber tree, hevea brasiliensis (willd. ex adr de juss.) müell. arg. the clones involved were: ian 873, rrim 600, rrim 701, pb 235, pr 107 and gt 1 grafted in six different rootstocks from illegitimate seeds of the clones ian 873, rrim 600, rrim 701, pb 235, gt 1 and from unselected seeds. the lay out used was that of randomized blocks in split-splot design, with four replications. the outcome has shown that in the evaluation period the gt 1 and ian 873 rootstocks were the ones which produced the mayor girth per plant, being 10.20% larger than that of unselected seeds. at the same time the clones studied pointed out that pb 235, rrim 600 and pr 107 had a better achievement with an increase of 8.12% in the stem girth compared with rrim 701 and gt 1 clones that had the worst development. the interaction rootstocks vs. scion was not significant.
Influência de porta-enxertos no crescimento de clones de seringueira no Estado de S o Paulo
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2000,
Abstract: Este trabalho foi instalado na Esta o Experimental de Agronomia de Pindorama, SP, com a finalidade de avaliar a intera o enxerto vs. porta-enxertos de seringueira, Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex Adr. de Juss.) Müell. Arg. Os clones utilizados foram IAN 873, RRIM 600, RRIM 701, PB 235, PR 107 e GT 1, enxertados em seis diferentes porta-enxertos provenientes de sementes ilegítimas dos clones IAN 873, RRIM 600, RRIM 701, PB 235, GT 1 e de sementes n o selecionadas. O delineamento utilizado foi o de blocos ao acaso, com parcelas subdivididas, tendo os porta-enxertos como tratamentos e os clones (enxertos) como subtratamentos, em quatro repeti es. Os resultadosmostram que no período de avalia o o porta-enxerto GT 1 e IAN 873 foram os que produziram os maiores perímetros por planta, sendo 10,20 % maior que o de sementes n o selecionadas. Paralelamente, os enxertos em vigor mostraram que os clones PB 235, RRIM 600 e PR 107 apresentaram melhor desempenho, com um perímetro do caule 8,12% maior que o dos clonesRRIM 701 e GT 1,notadamente os de menor vigor. A intera o enxerto vs. porta-enxerto n o foi significativa.
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