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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2534 matches for " Participation "
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Management Participation and Firm Performance  [PDF]
Juliana Mulaa Namada, Evans Aosa, Zachary Awino, Gituro Wainaina
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.43018

This study sought to establish the relationship between management participation and firm performance. The study was premised in the applauded significant role that management participation plays on firm performance. However, a glaring knowledge gap established from literature review indicate a paucity of empirical support to the extent of the relationship with both the financial and none financial performance. Firms in Export Processing Zones (EPZs) in Kenya were studied. Significant relationship was established only with internal business process performance. Theoretically, the study showed that management participation is a much more complex variable moderated by other factors. Therefore, managers ought to focus on moderating factors like culture and diversity to understand the relationship between management participation and performance.

Measuring the Level of Community Participation in a Demand Driven Development Project: Case of Hazina Ya Maendeleo Ya Pwani Approach in Coastal Kenya  [PDF]
Farida A. Hassan, Hilda A. Ong’ayo, Melckzedeck K. Osore
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.612017
Abstract: While active participation of beneficiary communities in development initiatives is often considered critical, its value however, cannot be empirically determined without a good measure of the level of community participation. The objective of this study was to determine the level of community participation in the implementation of projects financed through a community grant facility referred in Kiswahili as Hazina Ya Maendeleo Ya Pwani (HMP). The HMP project adopted a Community Driven Development (CDD) approach in engaging coastal communities in development initiatives. The research was carried out at the Kenya coastal region comprising six counties namely, Mombasa, Taita Taveta, Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu and Tana River. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire and analysed using descriptive (frequencies, standard deviation and mean) with the help of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The study revealed that there was a high (2.81) Community Participation Index (COPI) in the overall implementation of the HMP projects signifying a high level of participation. There was a relatively lower COPI during proposal development stage—an indication of lack of skill in proposal development probably due to the high illiteracy level among coastal communities. The study concludes that the CDD approach is effective in actively engaging communities in the implementation of development initiatives. Based on the findings, the study recommends that the CDD approach can be used to develop contextualized strategies of enhancing community participation in development projects. The study also recommends that to optimize community participation in development initiatives, the twin challenge of high levels of illiteracy and inadequate skill in proposal writing among coastal communities needs to be addressed by the County Governments, Non Governmental Organizations and other agencies involved in development work.
Rapid Assessment of Tourism Impacts through Community Participation—A Pilot Study in Cuba for Projecting New Strategies of Management  [PDF]
Manuel Ramón Gonzále Herrera, Mabel Font Aranda
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2013.13005
Abstract: The report of the Rapid Assessment of tourism impacts through community participation is presented, based on a pilot study in Cuba to project new strategies of management. The purpose of this study is to develop a methodology to identify how tourism affects social organization in communities, in order to consider different policy implications and management options, at the same time, to conduct comparative studies to monitor vulnerabilities and the effectiveness of social and health-promoting policies. This project brings together researchers and community representatives from Cárdenas and Caibarién, two coastal communities in Cuba, to examine how the expansion of tourism in these communities directly and/or indirectly affects them. In relation to the general objective a conceptual framework is elaborated to explain pathways that link the impacts of tourism and the policies that influence them across their lifespan. A consensus is developed on indicators and research/measurement protocols based on a comprehensive review of existing evidence on these issues. A preliminary agreement is also promoted according to the policy implications and policy options of insights that can be gained regarding the impacts of tourism on local communities among policy-makers, researchers and community leaders.
Education of Parents When a Child Born with an Imperforate Anus; Does It Improve the Health of the Child?  [PDF]
Thi Hoa Chu, Thi Hoa Duong
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.51014

Objectives: To describe and investigate the value of an education program for parents of children born with an imperforate anus in order to help them cope with the new situation of having a stoma. A comparison is made with a group of parents following routine hospital. A secondary aim was to illuminate the parents’ feelings and concerns in the first month after the birth of the child. Subjects and methods: The program was tested in 20 Vietnamese mothers of babies born with an imperforate anus; 10 followed an intervention comprising an education program and 10 the ordinary routine hospital. The study design is both qualitative and quantitative. The mothers were interviewed, using open-ended questions, within a week of their child’s birth and then repeatedly for up to one month. Finally, the conditions of children were accessed on their return to the hospital for the second operation after one month of care at home. The qualitative data were subjected to content analysis. Results: All mothers felt sad and worried in the beginning, but this quickly changed to confidence, particularly among mothers in the intervention group who received education. While at home, mothers in both groups had financial concerns, as they were unable to work as much as expected and also had to buy equipment for colostomy care. The mothers in the control group complained about a lack of knowledge and how it affected the care of their child. The mothers in the intervention group, however, felt confident in their caring even at home. When the families returned for the second operation, the children in the intervention group were significantly healthier, had increased more in weight, and had fewer complications and emergency return visits to hospital compared to the control group. In the control group skin problems around the stoma, diarrhea, bleeding or constipation while at home were reported (p < 0.01). Conclusion: The education improved the care at home resulting in healthier children and more confident parents.

Integration of Political Participation and Media of Youth
—A Study of Khairpur City, Sindh, Pakistan

Nadeem Ahmed Diou, Shoukat Ali Mahar, Mukhtiar Hussain Ibupoto, Sagheer Hussain Dahar
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.611020
Abstract: This study is affiliated with the ideology of integration of political participation and media, so in this connection it is seen there is popularity gained by social networks sites in modern age, and users of these sites are increasing day by day, they are engaged in Youtube, Twitter, Whatsapp, Facebook and other SNS. They always believe this is appropriate platform to proceed or local political activities of daily life. This research shows that youth are frequently sharing, posting, and interesting discussion on various political uses frequently. They preview it is a great platform to support and active their political leaders as well as political parties. It is also said in this research SNS is cheapest and Low-Paid platform to proceed information and youth are taking responsibility to gain proper advantage of these networks. In this research quantitative approach has been adopted and results are measured through SPSS-23 version. 39 items are used in questionnaire to accumulate or assemble the meaningful information of integration of media and Political Participation of youth in Khairpur district, Sindh Pakistan. It is shown different parliamentarian, Government officials and youth are using such networks they consider that are sources of their power to be influential in their consistency. Furthermore, it is seen in Khairpur. Facebook, and Youtube has a strong effect in political participation whereas, youth are not much awared how to use other social sites in this noble cause.
Construindo a participa??o social no SUS: um constante repensar em busca de equidade e transforma??o
Coelho, Juliana Sousa;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902012000500012
Abstract: it concerns an essay that presents reflections on the search and the practice of the social participation in the brazilian unified health system (sus), including the understanding of its concept as to how the different actions of the social groups influence the formularization, execution, fiscalization and evaluation of the public policies. therefore the participation of the community in the health system is considered an essential condition for the full exercise of the health, capable of promoting fairness and to transforming the health attention. the building of citizenship and the formation of collective citizens are taken as beddings for the conquest of democratic spaces and social rights. the current normalization of the public participation has been mapped considering its advances, but also stating its fragilities, mainly those that concerning the participation out of health councils and conferences. in the institutional environment, some elements where pointed as necessary to consolidate and effect the communitarian participation, like the relation between the actors and the communication for the socialization of health information and knowledge. questions of the subject are also sought by bringing to attention some of the critical obstacles in relation to the social participation. this essay is intended to collaborate in behalf of the real democratization of the different spaces where the civil society can be heard, transforming these places in more appropriate locations to make decisions concerning the construction of health policies and services. the population can benefit from these spaces collectively surpassing the simple bureaucratic obligatoriness of the participation and contributing for the health and quality of life.
Worker Participation
Luther Backer
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 1991, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v17i2.521
Abstract: Werkdeelname is 'n gonswoord wat tans algemeen gebruik word.
Community Participatory Training Model for the Conservation of Medicinal Plants Biodiversity at Doijedee Mountain Tourist Attraction, Northeastern Thailand  [PDF]
Kong Kemkratoke, Penkhae Thamsenanupap, Napat Noinumsai
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34085
Abstract: Recently, the biodiversity are changing and incessantly decreasing, especially the medicinal plants, and the problem related to the way of life of people. To solve this problem, knowledge of the people is very important and thus it is a must to build knowledge by various methods. Therefore, this research was aimed to develop the community participatory training model to conserve medicinal plants species diversity. The research framework was divided into two stages. The first stage was the development of the training model consisted of nine plans and the second was the application of the model and the data was collected from questionnaires of the knowledge levels, opinions and behaviors of biodiversity, in-depth interview and participatory observation. The period of 12 months was spent on research operation and assumption test by Paired t-test and F-test (Two-way MANCOVA). The results of the study were as follows: 1) The community participatory training model consisted of 6 plans namely a) problems affecting biodiversity study, b) problem analysis, c) data collection of pretraining, d) planning organization using up A-I-C, e) planning implementation and using Deming cycle (P-D-C-A) to analyze and improve in 3 spirals and each spiral was one month away, and f) data collection of post-training. Samples group both in general and with identified gender and age in post training had the knowledge levels, opinions and behaviors of the biodiversity increased significantly (p < .05). 2) After training, no difference was found in terms of knowledge levels, opinions and behaviors of the biodiversity of the samples group with different genders and ages. The gender and age factors did not influence the operational results (p > .05). 3) In terms of the result of follow-up, one month after the training, the samples group benefit from Doijedee Mountain tourist attraction and they still play the active role as community committee. In conclusion, the community participatory training model for the conservation for the medicinal plant species diversity model preserve from this operation and can enhance the knowledge levels, opinions and behaviors of the biodiversity and self-help group to preserve the medicinal plants biodiversity. Thus, it is necessary to promote this model to be applied according to the community’s potential.
Patient participation in relation to life style changes—A literature review  [PDF]
Hanne Konradsen, Hanne Troest Nielsen, Marianne Thrane Larsen, Carrinna Hansen
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.22005
Abstract: The objective of this literature review was to identify and examine research where Patient Participation was used as a part of intervention targeting general life style among patients who comes in contact with a nurse. A literature search were conducted and included papers where judged by the researcher using recommendation from The Danish Centre for Clinical Guidelines. Analysis of the papers was carried out using Per?kyl? and Ruusuvauoris five components of Patient Participation as a theoretical template. It was concluded that the clinical effects of Patient Participation still needs to be clarified.
The Modigliani-Miller Theorem for Equity Participation  [PDF]
John F. McDonald
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.24066
Abstract: The paper shows that the use of an equity participation loan has no effect on the value of the firm, and that taxation of the borrowing firm and lender reduces firm value. The paper includes the assumption that firms borrow at an interest rate that is greater than the rate at which they can lend, so the value of the firm declines with the amount borrowed. Also, it is assumed that the firm may go bankrupt, which introduces the need for financial intermediation, as discussed by McDonald [1]. A state-preference model is employed.
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