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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 173902 matches for " POLIANNA CALINE GRANJA DE;HAJI "
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EFEITO DO CONTROLE CULTURAL E QUíMICO SOBRE O áCARO DA NECROSE DO COQUEIRO, EM COCO-AN?O IRRIGADO
ALENCAR, JOSé ADALBERTO DE;ALENCAR, POLIANNA CALINE GRANJA DE;HAJI, FRANCISCA NEMAURA PEDROSA;BARBOSA, FLáVIA RABELO;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452001000300026
Abstract: one of the most harmful pests of coconut tree crop is the mite aceria guerreronis. this pest damage the coconut fruits in the first development stage, causing partial or total losses in fruit production. the objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of chemical products and crop management in the control of a. guerreronis, aiming to use them in a management program for this pest. the research was carried out in petrolina-pe from august to december, 1999. a complete randomized block design, with four treatments and four replications, was used. each replication consisted of two plants of green dwarf coconut tree variety. treatments were: a ? cleaned plants without chemical control; b ? cleaned plants with chemical control; c ? plants not cleaned and with chemical control; d ? plants not cleaned and without chemical control. all fruits damaged by mite were taken out from plants in the treatments with cleaned plants for three times. fenpyroxymate, tetradifon and adhesive, at the levels 200ml, 300ml and 15ml for 100 l water, respectively, were mixed and applied for three times. results showed that the individual uses of chemical products and crop management had efficiency of 26-87% and 64-89%, respectively, on mite control. however, the association of these two control managements showed a synergic effect on mite control with efficiency of 87-96%.
EFEITO DO CONTROLE CULTURAL E QUíMICO SOBRE O áCARO DA NECROSE DO COQUEIRO, EM COCO-AN O IRRIGADO
ALENCAR JOSé ADALBERTO DE,ALENCAR POLIANNA CALINE GRANJA DE,HAJI FRANCISCA NEMAURA PEDROSA,BARBOSA FLáVIA RABELO
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2001,
Abstract: Dentre as pragas que atacam a cultura do coco (Cocos nucifera), destaca-se o ácaro da necrose, Aceria guerreronis. Esta praga danifica os frutos nos primeiros estágios de desenvolvimento, podendo acarretar perdas parciais ou totais na produ o de frutos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de medida química e cultural no controle de A. guerreronis, visando à utiliza o dessas duas medidas em um programa de manejo dessa praga. O trabalho foi realizado em Petrolina-PE, no período de agosto a dezembro de 1999. Foi utilizado o delineamento em blocos ao acaso, com quatro tratamentos e quatro repeti es, sendo cada repeti o composta por duas plantas da variedade coco-an o verde. O trabalho foi composto pelos seguintes tratamentos: A -- plantas com limpeza e sem tratamento químico; B -- plantas com limpeza e com tratamento químico; C -- plantas sem limpeza e com tratamento químico; D -- plantas sem limpeza e sem tratamento químico (testemunha). Na limpeza das plantas, retiraram-se todos os frutos danificados pelo ácaro da necrose, repetindo esta etapa por três vezes. Utilizaram-se os produtos fenpyroxymate, tetradifon e surfactante, em mistura, na dose de 200ml, 300ml e 15ml, respectivamente, para 100 l de água. Foram realizadas três pulveriza es com intervalos de vinte dias. Os resultados mostraram que a utiliza o das medidas cultural e química, de forma individual, apresentou uma eficiência de 26% a 87% e 64% a 89%, respectivamente, no controle do ácaro. No entanto, a associa o dessas duas medidas de controle apresentou um efeito sinérgico com eficiência de 87% a 96%.
O cuidar do aluno com deficiência física na educa??o infantil sob a ótica das professoras
Melo, Francisco Ricardo Lins Vieira de;Ferreira, Caline Cristine de Araújo;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382009000100009
Abstract: this study is part of a research project called "caring for children with physical disabilities in early childhood education: profile and teacher knowledge." the aim of this paper was to look at how children with physical disabilities are cared for within the context of early childhood education, focusing on how teachers view the importance of health professionals. this study adopted a qualitative approach using a case study methodology. the participants were eight teachers of children with physical disabilities, enrolled at a public early childhood education center in the city of natal-rn. data was collected using semi-structured interviews along with observations. the data were analyzed qualitatively based on two categories: caretaking of children with physical disabilities and the contribution of health professional within that context. the results showed that there is a need to include specific content in teacher education courses to enable them to learn how to deal with the particular aspects involving the care of children with physical disabilities, mainly those who have neurological sequella. the main aspects teachers should learn about include handling, transfer, assistance in locomotion, proper body positioning, etc. moreover, the teachers' reports showed how important health professionals participating in the professional team were, especially physiotherapists, because of the information and specific supervision such professionals can provide about the physical disability conditions each child presents. this kind of collaboration was deemed to be significant in promoting effective inclusion for these children in regular schools.
Biossólido como substrato na produ??o de mudas de pinh?o-manso
Camargo, Reginaldo de;Maldonado, Alirio C. D.;Silva, Polianna A.;Costa, Thais R. da;
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-43662010001200008
Abstract: the use of sewage sludge in agriculture as an organic fertilizer nowadays is the most promising alternative for final disposal of this residue due to its sustainability. the objective of this work was to evaluate production of physic nut (jatropha curcas l.) seedlings using a substrate containing cattle manure and different concentrations of biosolid, as sources of organic matter and nutrients and the treatment of the seeds with fungicide. the treated seeds received the fungicide moncerem? pm. all the polytubes contained 40% of cattle manure and the biosolid doses were 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40%, complemented with vermiculite. the variables evaluated were: emergence on the 14th day, plant height, stem diameter, dry weight of the aerial parts and root and the accumulation of the heavy metals cd, cr, pb and ni. the seed treatment had a negative effect on the emergence on the 14th day and consequently harmed the subsequent plant growth. generally, the substrate containing 10% of biosolid presented the best results of seedling growth. regarding the heavy metals, only ni was increasingly accumulated in the plant, as the biosolid doses increased in the substrate.
Treatment of pain associated to knee osteoarthritis in the elderly: a randomized double-blind clinical trial with lysine clonixinate
Santos, Fania Cristina;Souza, Polianna Mara Rodrigues de;Toniolo Neto, Jo?o;Atallah, álvaro Nagib;
Revista Dor , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-00132011000100003
Abstract: background and objectives: osteoarthritis (oa) is the most common arthropathy and one of the major causes of chronic pain in the elderly population, which may lead to major functional incapacity of these individuals. aiming at treating pain of elderly patients with knee oa, we have used lysine clonixinate (lc) and have evaluated its effectiveness method: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with 109 elderly patients with knee oa-related pain. participants were distributed in two groups: group lc and group p (placebo), who received tablets to be used three times a day for 30 days. evaluations were performed initially, 15 days after and at study completion, as to pain intensity at rest, at initial movement, ambulation and joint compression; and the need for additional analgesia, morning stiffness; pain-related functional incapacity, adherence, tolerability and global treatment evaluation. results: lc has significantly decreased pain at initial movement and ambulation already in the first 15 days, with 30% decrease in protokinetic pain and 31.6% in ambulation, but best results were seen after 30 days, when reductions were 42.3% and 45.5%, respectively. additional analgesia was significantly lower with lc: 2.6% and 9.5% for groups lc and p, respectively. there were no differences between groups in morning stiffness and functional incapacity. there has been major adherence and tolerability. global evaluation was favorable to lc, being excellent or good for 50% of patients. conclusion: lysine clonixinate was effective to treat knee oa-related pain in elderly people.
Alcoholic ingestion and alcohol abuse in university students at Jequié-BA
Polianna Alves Andrade Rios,Analy Marquardt de Matos,Marcos Henrique Fernandes,Aline Rodrigues Barbosa
Revista Saúde.Com , 2008,
Abstract: Introduction: Epidemiologic researches about psychoactive substance use have shown an up-and-coming situation to abusive consumption of alcohol in adolescent and young-adult groups. This consumption over come the knowledge about damage caused by abusive of these substances, especially for the population part who is in the “top of life experiences”; the university students. Aim: To estimate the prevalence of the alcoholic ingestion and alcohol abuse in university students at Jequié-BA, and to verify the association between the alcoholic ingestion and alcohol abuse with the gender, race, smoking and graduation area. Methods: Prevalence study with probabilistic randomized sample (n = 129) of a population of 3,644 university students, registered in three universities. It was used a Questionnaire contends socio-demographic data, asking for the alcoholic ingestion and test CAGE to abuse. Results: It has been found prevalence of 63.6% to alcohol ingestion, 21.7% of high risk in abuse, and 8.5% of alcohol abuse. Although they have not been gotten association statistics between these variable and gender, race, graduation area and smoking; the data had demonstrated highest rates of alcohol abuse, and high risk in developing in students of masculine gender, medium brown race, who attend a graduation course in the health area. Those who have used of the tobacco had presented percentile greater of high risk in becoming alcohol consumer abusive. Conclusions: Intent for data found, as much alcohol ingestion as abuse, since they reflect the necessity of prevention politics to the alcoholic abusive ingestion in this population
Asymptotic Stability of Gaver’s Parallel System Attended by a Cold Standby Unit and a Repairman with Multiple Vacations  [PDF]
Abdukerim Haji
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C041
Abstract:

We investigate Gaver’s parallel system attended by a cold standby unit and a repairman with multiple vacations. By analysing the spectral distribution of the system operator and taking into account the irreducibility of the semigroup generated by the system operator we prove that the dynamic solution converges strongly to the steady state solution. Thus we obtain asymptotic stability of the dynamic solution of the system.

Síndrome de amplifica??o dolorosa no idoso: relato de caso e revis?o da literatura
Santos, Fania Cristina;Souza, Polianna Mara Rodrigues de;Castro, Luiz Antonio Homem de Mello;Thé, Karol Bezerra;
Revista Dor , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-00132012000200015
Abstract: background and objectives: there are very few publications on pain amplification syndrome in the elderly (pas), in spite of its importance for them, because it may have multiple consequences during aging. this study aimed at reporting a case of pas in the elderly represented by fibromyalgia (fm), describing its diagnostic approach and therapeutic management, and at presenting a literature review on the subject. case report: female patient, 73 years old, with moderate diffuse muscle pain, fleeting morning stiffness, anhedonia, sadness, anxiety, major fatigue and sleep disorders for four years. she was initially diagnosed as rheumatic polymyalgia and was under regular prednisone in spite of the progressive worsening of her functional capacity and quality of life (ql). one year ago her diagnosis was reviewed by our service and we confirmed it was pas, spectrum of fm. prednisone was then withdrawn and non-pharmacological therapy was indicated with pain self-management program; multi-176 modal pharmacological therapy was also instituted with non-opioid (lysine clonixinate) and opioid (tramadol) analgesics and a pain modulator (duloxetine). six months later there has been major pain, sleep, depression, anxiety, functional capacity and ql improvement. conclusion: accurate diagnosis and adequate therapeutic intervention are paramount for pas cases, especially in the elderly population with fm, which has unique characteristics in such population. there are major probabilities of symptomatic, functional and ql improvement in the elderly with pas if we pay attention to differential diagnoses and introduce adequate therapies.
Diagnose foliar em mudas de pinh o-manso (Jatropha Curcas L.) produzidas com biossólido Foliar analysis of jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) seedlings grown with biosolid
Alirio C. D. Maldonado Reginaldo de Camargo,Polianna A. S. Dias,Monique F. Souza,Marcelo S. Fran?a
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental , 2013,
Abstract: O uso do biossólido na agricultura tem-se mostrado a melhor alternativa ambiental e econ mica para o destino do lodo de esgoto. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial nutricional do biossólido para produ o de mudas de pinh o-manso em tubetes. O experimento foi realizado em casa de vegeta o tendo, como substrato, esterco bovino, vermiculita e biossólido. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados com três repeti es em esquema fatorial 5 x 2, correspondendo às concentra es de biossólido no substrato (0, 10, 20, 30 e 40%) e ao tratamento ou n o das sementes de pinh o-manso com fungicida. Aos 60 dias foi realizada análise foliar. Relativo às concentra es de biossólido verificou-se efeito significativo para os macronutrientes N, P, Ca, Mg e S e micronutrientes B, Cu, Mn e Zn. O tratamento de sementes teve efeito significativo para o Zn. As folhas apresentaram concentra o de macronutrientes com a seguinte ordem: N > K > Mg > Ca > P > S. O acúmulo de micronutrientes apresentou a seguinte ordem: Fé > Mn >Zn > B > Cu. Há grande contribui o do biossólido nos teores de nitrogênio, enxofre e micronutrientes foliares, em plantas de pinh o-manso. The use of biosolids in agriculture has proven to be the best alternative for the environmental and economic destination of sewage sludge. The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritional potential of biosolids to produce jatropha seedlings in polytube. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse using as substrate manure, biosolids and vermiculite. The experimental design was in randomized block with three replications in a 5 x 2 factorial, corresponding to the substrate concentrations in sewage sludge (0, 10, 20, 30 and 40%), and the treatment or not of the seeds of jatropha with fungicide. At 60 days, leaf analysis was performed. Regarding the biosolids concentrations, significant effect was verified for the macronutrients N, P, Ca, Mg and S, and for the micronutrients B, Cu, Mn and Zn. The seed treatment had a significant effect for Zn. Leaves showed concentration of macronutrients in the following order: N > K > Mg > Ca > P > S. The accumulation of micronutrients presented the following order: Fe > Mn > Zn > B > Cu. There is a great contribution of biosolids for the contents of nitrogen, sulfur and micronutrients in leaves of jatropha plants.
Enhancing Tourism Industry through Community Participation: A Strategy for Poverty Reduction in Zanzibar, Tanzania  [PDF]
Wakuru Magigi, Haji Ramadhani
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.410127
Abstract:

This study centred on understanding how local communities participate in tourism industry in Bwejuu Village in Zanzibar and the benefit they are getting towards poverty reduction. Specifically, the study identifies tourism industry activities and how local communities participate in improving their livelihoods, find out factors influencing local community participation in tourism sector and lastly, and identify contribution of tourism sector in enhancing local communities’ livelihoods. Interviews, observations, documentary reviews and photograph taking are methods employed to the case. The study result shows that tourist hotels, beach, seaweed, historical building archives, diving and snorkeling, sailing boats, coral reefs and lagoons as well as mangrove swamps are some tourist activities in the settlement. Both men and women involves in the tourist activities. The tourist activities noted contributing to local communities’ livelihoods in terms of employment creation, leisure, income generation, increased government revenues, schooling, health, house construction and household consumption. However, language barriers, inadequate experience of operators, poor education and training, culture, commitment of actors and poverty level are some constraints highlighted. Following these challenges, the study recommends that the government in collaboration with other development partners interested in tourism industry development may opt to ensure capacity building to local communities and tourist operators in Zanzibar, to review the policy and legislations in place as well as to encourage stakeholder involvement in Tourism sectors as prospects for its development. In conclusion, it can be asserted that if tourism developers believe that local communities will be satisfied if they are used as labourers instead of being ownership of tourism activities. Thus, there is an urgent need to enhance participation and involvement of local communities in tourism sector. These communities must be actively

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