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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 200844 matches for " P?nar Borman "
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The Principles of Rational Drug Use in the Elderly
Pnar Borman
Türkiye Fiziksel Tip ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Polypharmacy in the elderly population increases the morbidity and mortality. There are many factors that lead to polypharmacy in the elderly. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of the drugs alter in the elderly. The side effects and drug-drug interactions increase in this population. In this text, polypharmacy in the elderly and the principles of rational drug use are mentioned in details. Decreasing polypharmacy and taking into account the principles of rational drug use should be considered in order to manage safe and efficient drug therapy in the elderly. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2009; 55 Suppl 2: 72-4.
The Frequency of Fibromyalgia Syndrome and the Quality of Life in Patients with Peritoneal Dialysis  [PDF]
Muyesser Okumus, Hulya Parpucu, Seher Kocaoglu, Esma Ceceli, Murat Duranay, Pnar Borman
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2012.24017
Abstract: ,b>Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of fibromyalgia (FM) in patients on Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) and to investigate its impact on the quality of life of that population. Methods: A hundred and twenty four patients with end stage renal disease who had undergone PD, and a control group of 54 age and sex-matched healthy volunteers were included to the study. Demographic characteristics including age, sex, disease and dialysis duration were recorded. Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) were also measured. Results: The mean age of the patients (68 female, 56 male) and control subjects (36 female, 18 male) were 43.5 ± 13.4 and 41.2 ± 9.2 years respectively. The prevalence of FM in the PD patients and controls were determined as 9.7% (12 patients) and 11.1% (6 controls) respectively and were found to be similar (p = 0.983). The mean score of sub- groups of NHP except pain and emotion subgroups, were significantly higher in PD patients than in the control group. The mean FIQ levels, the scores of all the subgroups of NHP except the social subgroup were significantly higher in PD patients with FM than in those without FM. Conclusion: In conclusion although the prevalence of FM appears to be similar in PD patients and control subjects, the functional disability is common and quality of life is worse in PD patients with FM than in patients without FM. Detection and treatment of FM may lead to improvement in the quality of life of PD patients with this syndrome.
Peripheral Neuropathy in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: An Electroneurophysiological Study
Lale Akbulut Aktekin,Hilmi G?zlükaya,Hatice Bodur,Pnar Borman
Romatizma , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of peripheral nervous system involvement with electrophysiological studies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients whose neurological examination findings were within the normal range. Material and Methods: Fifty-six RA patients and 32 healthy control subjects were included. Demographic characteristics, duration of disease and drug use of the patients were recorded. Laboratory variables and Ritchie articular index were used to evaluate disease activity. Electrophysiological studies were performed in all patients and control subjects. Median, ulnar and peroneal nerve motor nerve conduction studies (CVs), F wave, and median, ulnar, and sural nerve sensory CVs were recorded. Results: The frequency of neuropathy was higher in the patients with RA than in the control group. Neuropathy was detected in 20 (36%) RA patients: 3 (5%) had sensorimotor polyneuropathy, 7 (13%) had low sural sensory nerve conduction or absence of action potentials, 2 (4%) had carpal tunnel syndrome, 6 (11%) had low amplitude peroneal compound muscle action potentials, 1 (2%) had low amplitude peroneal compound muscle action potential and low ulnar sensory nerve conduction, and 1 (2%) had low sural and ulnar sensory nerve conduction. Neuropathy was determined in 5 of 13 patients using corticosteroids and in 15 of 43 patients who were not using corticosteroids. There was no statistically significant difference between the electrophysiologic findings of subgroups in terms of the corticosteroid therapy and positivity of Schirmer test and rheumatoid factor. There was no correlation between the electrophysiological parameters and disease activity in patients with RA. In the control group, 2 (6%) cases had electrophysiologically determined neuropathy; frequency of neuropathy was higher in the patients with RA when compared with the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.01).Conclusion: Clinical evaluation of neuropathy in RA patients is difficult since neuropathic symptoms are frequently confused with arthritis. To detect neuropathy earlier in patients with RA, electrophysiological studies are recommended as routine diagnostic procedure even in the absence of clinical nerve involvement.
Emotions of Gynecologic Cancer Patients Dealing with Permanent Colostomy: A Qualitative Interview Study  [PDF]
Gül Pnar, Ali Ayhan, Tevfik Pnar
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.46120

Purpose: This study was conducted to describe emotional state of colostomized patients with gynecologic cancer. Patients and Methods: The study employed a qualitative design from May to October of 2010, in a private university hospitals outpatient gnecologic oncology clinic in Ankara, Turkey. Content analysis with an inductive approach had been used to analyze 32 interviews that served as the data base for this study. Interview form that focused on what gynecologic cancer women felt to living with a colostomy. Results: Findings also reveal that gynecologic cancer patients with colostomy experience many uneasy feelings that affect their emotional state. The content analysis resulted in the development of two thematic units. The first we described as “To experience the consequences of stoma as a gynecologic cancer patients”. The second was “suffering experienced-being challenged the consequences of the stoma”, and the third was “promote self management-normalization of the new condition”. For the psychological support, family and friends’ support has been mentioned as the most important part that can release their anxiety. Conclusions: We concluded that a having stoma was difficult for the women. The emotional state of the women when they get colostomy was typically characterized by fear, and worry about their current process. Body image, self-esteem, social activity, sexuality were the aspects that most affected the patients. Nurses have very important role within holistic approach and empathetic interaction, for determining major problem areas.

Social Media as a Tool for Online Advocacy Campaigns: Greenpeace Mediterranean’s Anti Genetically Engineered Food Campaign in Turkey
B. Pnar ?zdemir
Global Media Journal : Canadian Edition , 2012,
Abstract: Advocacy has been one of the main fields of study in public relations and is established amongst the main functions of public relations. The strong need of non-governmental organizations for public support in order to reach their goals locates public relations and advocacy at a central position for these organizations. Social media, which have been introduced by the further development of Internet technology, especially Web 2.0, has had a significant impact upon public relations and advocacy activities of non-governmental organizations in particular. This development also led non-governmental organizations towards online advocacy campaigns that promote active participation of supporters with more cost effective methods that can easily become widespread. The aim of this study is to place the advocacy campaigns of non-governmental organizations into the context of public relations and to discuss how social media can be utilized in online advocacy through the case study of the Yemezler! (We do not buy it!) campaign by Greenpeace Mediterranean that has been significantly successful in a short period in Turkey. The Dragonfly Effect model developed by Aaker and Smith (2010) is employed as a framework in the analysis of the Yemezler! campaign.
Social Media 101 Sosyal Medya 101
Pnar Aslan
Türk Kütüphanecili?i , 2010,
ocuklar Neden Okumal d rlar?
Pnar Yama?
Türk Kütüphanecili?i , 1963,
rencilerin Matematik Dersine li kin De erlendirme Tercihleri
Ayten Pnar BAL
Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: Assessment is carried out in order to determine students’ learning needs (Black & William, 1998a, 1998b; Ostrow, 1999),arrange the effectiveness of the teaching process (Chamoso & Caceres, 2008; Heddens & Speer, 2006) and analyse the knowledgeand skills that are acquired during this process. Alkan (1999) stated that although assessment and evaluation in all the fields ofscience have some standards, they might reveal some differences according to the field being investigated.While the changes in mathematics teaching programs started in the 1980s worldwide, the Assessment Standards for SchoolMathematics of National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) started in the mid 1990s. Parallel to this, alternativeassessment and evaluation approaches reflecting the constructivism began to replace traditional assessment and evaluationapproaches reflecting the behaviourism as a result of the developments in the fields of education and psychology and it wasstarted to combine education and assessment (Webb, 2001). It is seen that traditional assessment and evaluation approaches inteaching of mathematics are not effective in measuring the individual characteristics and high order cognitive processes ofstudents; they evaluate only a small part of students’ mathematical skills and they are disconnected from the teaching process(Bachman, 2002). In this regard, alternative assessment and evaluation approaches based on constructivism which can overcomethe deficiencies of traditional assessment and evaluation approaches have become to the agenda. (Krulick, Rudnick & Milou,2003; Sheffield & Cruikshank, 2000). In line with the constructivist approach, the standards of “teaching”, “assessment” and“program development” were rearranged and the objectives of learning were defined again. (Stiggins, 1999). In this situation, theroles of teachers and students have changed and not only assessing the learning (product) but also assessing the learning processeswithin the classroom environment have become a permanent part of education (Mcmillan, 2004; Shepard, 2000). In addition, theteaching strategies which the teachers use together with alternative assessment and evaluation approaches have changed and as aresult of this, high order thinking skills and the activities they do have become more meaningful (Kulm, 1993).Although there are many studies (Cavanagh, 2006; Uchiyama, 2005) about assessment especially intended for teachers in theliterature, limited studies (Ben-Chaim & Zoller, 1997; Birenbaum & Feldman, 1998) intended for students at higher educationlevel draws the attention. I
Investigating Undergraduate Students’ Assessment Preferences in Mathematics Course and Learning Strategies
Ayten Pnar Bal
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The purpose of the study is to define undergraduate students’ assessment preferences and learning strategies and to investigate the relationship between these variables. The study was designed according to correlational survey model. The population of this study was 291 students studying at primary school education department at Cukurova University in 2010-2011 academic falls. As data collection tools, “Assessment Preferences Scale” and “Motivation and Learning Strategies Scale” were used in the study. For analyzing data, descriptive statistics, Multivariate analysis of variance and Pearson Correlation Analysis were used respectively. At the end of the study it was found out that while the students preferring the assessment tools that bring to light their cognitive processes in mathematics classes, they mostly use “organizational”, “exploratory” and “metacognitive” learning strategies. In addition, it was also figured out in the study that there is a “middle-level” meaningful relationship between students’ assessment preferences sub factor scores and learning strategies sub factor scores. In line with these results, defining students’ assessment preferences and assessment strategies as well as providing them with different choices may enhance students’ learning. 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved
Karakalpakistan’da Efsane al malar - (The Legend Studies in Karakalpakhstan)
Pnar Fedakar
Bal?kesir üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 2008,
Abstract: The Legend Studies in KarakalpakhstanBases of Research: The studies on Karakalpakh legends in KarakalpakhstanPurpose of the Research: To introduce and discuss the studies on Karakalpakh legends in Karakalpakhstan chronologically.Resources of Data: The studies about legends in Karakalpakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkey.Main Discussion: The importance of the studies on the legends in Karakalpakhstan for Karakalpak folklore studies is discussed. Conclusions: The quality and number of the studies on the legends in Karakalpakhstan isn’t enough, and the causes are explained.
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