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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3866 matches for " Ownership Rights "
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Administrative Reforms of Rural Land in Transition Economies: An Example in China and Vietnam  [PDF]
Nguyen Tan Phat
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31009
Abstract:

The administrative issue of rural land has been filled with little concern by the State and scientists but have had a great impact on rural community’s life in organization of agricultural production, space for living and the guarantee of rights of land assets of farmers. Moreover, it also has a direct effect on the State’s managerial efficiency in rural areas. Vietnam and China have some common points in politics, particularly in policies of farm land and the process of reforms in rural land as well. This article is about China’s experience and Vietnam’s reality in the economic transition period. Such matters of administrative reforms in rural land in Vietnam and China can be referential lessons for nations with the same circumstances.

 

Incentives in Public and Privatized Firms under Incomplete Contracting Situations  [PDF]
Takeshi Miyazaki
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.23059
Abstract: It is argued that incentives for employees in the public service agencies will necessarily be weak because of the multiple dimensions of products, multiple principals, incomplete contract, and socializing. Some empirical studies refer to incomplete contracting situations as part of the cause of the diminishing of the public sector. This work investigates the effects of privatization and ownership shares on incentive schemes for employees who work for public or privatized firms under incomplete contracting situations. Two main results are obtained. First, the incentive intensity of public firms decreases as the government has more ownership shares, and the social benefit declines. Second, privatized firms offer their employees higher-powered incentive contracts than do public firms.
Family Involvement and Firm Governance: In the View of Socioemotional Wealth Protection  [PDF]
Zhenyu Yuan, Xueliang Han, Yilin Zheng
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2015.34046
Abstract: Family business is one of the things in the past, also is the existing way, the model of the future. Based on the 1420 private companies listed in China for 7 years (2006-2012), data statistical analysis found that with the increasing of the year, two rights separation degree of private enterprises were falling. As the change of the institutional environment, involved in the enterprise internal members of the family are increasing, and the source is also diversified. Listed on the mainland China for 717 family enterprises 7 years (2006-2012), the data of empirical test showed that the family members involved in the enterprise are advantageous to the family firm social emotional wealth preservation; the relationship of core family and family enterprise social emotional wealth behavior had a direct relationship. The improvement of the external institutional environment also be advantageous to the family enterprise social emotional wealth preservation, and the external environment will also be able to change influence of the family members involved in the enterprise to family enterprise social emotional wealth preservation behavior. The outbreak of the financial crisis eases the contradiction between the members of the family and the common crisis awareness, which shows the relationship between brothers and relatives and friends with the core family relationship (marriage) family members for the preservation of the family enterprise social emotional wealth which make greater contribution than the second direct generation.
Compression of Watermarked Relational Database for Security and Optimization of Storage Consumption
Abha Tamrakar,,Vinti Nanda
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Today’s competitive world demands speed. If we are slow then we will be a loser. Providing security speedily is the aim of this paper. Relational database are very important for satisfying today’s informational needs. More crucial phase is preventing its ownership rights. In earlier existing system security was provided by sending the encrypted relational database to the client system without compressing its size hence doesn’t increases the speed of transfer rate. To overcome this limitation we are using compression technique which will provide security as well increases the speed of data transfer between clients to server system.
The Research on the Psychological Motivation of the Encroach Behavior of the Ultimate Controlling Shareholder  [PDF]
Yongshen Chen
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2016.41009
Abstract: Under the pyramid shareholding structure, the departure of the control right and the cash flow right of the ultimate controlling shareholder has enhanced the desire of the ultimate controlling shareholders of the listed companies to occupy, weighing the pros and cons, when the ultimate controlling shareholders think that the income of the encroach behavior is much more than the cost, he will encroach the listed company. The ultimate controlling shareholders’ embezzlement infringes the interests of small and medium-sized shareholders seriously, at the same time, it brings serious negative effects on the long-term development of the listed companies, it even produces negative effect on the healthy development of capital market in China, so the study on the encroach behavior of the ultimate controlling shareholders is extremely essential. Based on the theory of psychological ownership, this paper conducts an in-depth study on the psychological motivation of the encroach behavior of the ultimate controlling shareholder. The study found that: under the pyramid shareholding structure, the control right of the ultimate controlling shareholder and the cash flow right depart, consequently, the control right of the ultimate controlling shareholders of the listed companies is greater than the cash flow right. The control right will influence the individual’s psychological ownership right by three ways of information, assets and influence, and the ultimate controlling shareholder himself will produce psychological ownership via efficiency, self-recognition, having space and social exchange. The psychological ownership will lead to the expected earnings of ultimate controlling shareholders in the psychological level, but the real return of the ultimate controlling shareholder is determined by the cash flow right aka the corresponding proportion of share bonus, in the case of the separation of two rights, the expected income and actual income of the ultimate controlling shareholder will be misplaced, in order to compensate the income gap, the ultimate controlling shareholder will take encroach behavior to get more profit.
Valuing Exhaustible Resource Ownership: General Equilibrium Assets-Markets versus Partial Equilibrium  [PDF]
Johnson Kakeu
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.85059
Abstract: This paper uses a general equilibrium assets-markets approach with arbitrageurs for valuing mineral resource deposit ownership. The results are contrasted with those delivered by a partial equilibrium approach. We show that in a general equilibrium assets-markets approach, arbitrageurs’ valuation of resource deposit rights commands a discount factor that adjusts not only for the time depreciation but also for changes in the resource stock size over time. A general equilibrium assets-markets approach with arbitrageurs leads to a more conservative management of exhaustible natural resources than a partial equilibrium approach does.
Securing Watermarked-Relational Data by Using Encryption and Decryption
Nagarjuna Settipalli,R Manjula
ARPN Journal of Systems and Software , 2011,
Abstract: Ownership rights on outsourced relational database are very crucial issue in today’s internet environment and in many content distribution applications, because the rapid growth of the internet and related technologies offered an unprecedented ability to access and redistribute digital content. In earlier existing systems the relational data will be watermarked and directly send to the client system, in these systems while sending relational data from server to client attacker easily copy the data and create same copy of relational data. Here there is no security to watermarked relational data. In our proposed system before sending the watermarked relational data to client side we encrypt the relational data and send it to the client side, at client side decryption will be done to get the original watermarked data. Because of using this encryption technique even an attacker copy the data he/she may not read the watermarked relational data.
Ownership of copyright in works created in employment relationships: comparative study of the laws of Colombia, Germany and the United States of America
José Roberto Herrera Diaz
La Propiedad Inmaterial , 2010,
Abstract: Great quantities of copyrighted works around the world are produced in the context of labor law Relationships. The ownership of these works has been regulated in different ways by the national laws of each country, and the only attempt of legal harmonization has been found in the European Community regarding computer programs created in the course of employment. The sovereignty and territoriality principles by with each country can enact its own laws in its territory to rule on the ownership question has been applied by countries. As an example, Germany and United States have regulated the subject in their respective national copyright laws. Nonetheless, there are similarities and differences in the ways that these two countries regulate the ownership of economic rights. In other countries, such as Colombia, lawmaker have established a legal rule regarding the ownership of moral rights in copyrighted works, but does not define a clear rule on the important issue of the economic rights in such works. This ambiguity has caused legal uncertainty, raising the question as to whether these types of rights belong to employees, private contractors, freelancers or employers. Taking into account the current issues that can arise in works created in employment relationships, this paper will make a comparative study of the laws of Colombia, Germany and the United States of America.
Genesis and evolution of ownership rights concepts in the context of development of the modern institutional economic theory Генезис и эволюция концепций прав собственности в контексте развития современной институциональной экономической теории
Popov Aleksandr Ye.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The article generalises approaches to identification of conceptual foundations and methodology of institutional approach to study of economic phenomena and processes. It considers the economic nature of ownership rights as a complex of economic, social and legal relations that originate between society members with respect to existence and use of benefits. It gives a description of specific features of institutional approach to the study of ownership rights problems. It generalises provisions of the ownership rights theory with respect to identification and protection of ownership rights in the context of interaction of the economic and legal systems of society. It considers provisions of the institutional theory of the state and institutional concept of realisation of the state power when establishing and ensuring ownership rights. It identifies regularities (in accordance with provisions of the new economic history) of the dynamics of the process of transformation of society institutes and legal systems under influence of endogenous reasons. Обобщены основные подходы к определению концептуальных основ и методологии институционального подхода к изучению экономических явлений и процессов. Рассмотрена экономическая природа прав собственности как комплекса экономических, социальных, правовых отношений, которые возникают между членами общества по поводу существования и использования благ. Дана характеристика особенностей институционального подхода к исследованию проблем прав собственности. Обобщены положения теории прав собственности относительно определения и защиты прав собственности в контексте взаимодействия экономической и правовой систем общества. Рассмотрены положения институциональной теории государства и институциональной концепции реализации государственной власти при установлении и обеспечении прав собственности. Определены закономерности (согласно положениям теории новой экономической истории) динамики процесса преобразования институтов общества и правовых систем под воздействием эндогенных причин.
Atributos corporativos e concentra??o acionária no Brasil
Silveira, Alexandre Di Miceli da;Barros, Lucas Ayres B. de C.;Famá, Rubens;
Revista de Administra??o de Empresas , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-75902008000200005
Abstract: this article focuses on the possible determinants of the concentration of the right to vote and the rights over cash-?ow of the controlling shareholders of publicly-quoted brazilian companies. the analysis investigates if endogenous variables of ?rms and sectors mean that some companies have a more concentrated corporate structure than others that undergo the same contractual environment. when empirical tests were applied to a panel of 161 companies between 1998 and 2002, the variables that were tested as possible determinants seem not to have an in?uence on the shareholder concentration of the owners of the companies that were analyzed. the results offer evidence in favor of the hypothesis of the in?uence of the exogeneity of the ownership structure on corporate performance, which has been used in recent work.
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