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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4738 matches for " Ousmane Ibrahim Touré "
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Anatomical Dissection of the External Branch of the Superior Laryngeal Nerve to the Laboratory of Anatomy of the Faculty of Medicine of Bamako (Mali)  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Kanté, Youssouf Sidibé, Babou Ba, Bréhima Bengaly, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Traoré, Drissa Ouattara, Mariam Daou, Tata Touré, Siaka Diakité, Moumouna Koné, Siaka Diallo, Cheickh Tidiane Diallo, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Birama Togola, Nouhoum Ongo?ba
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2018.64005
Abstract: Aim: This study aimed at describing the anatomical variations of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and at estimating the frequency of nerves at risk during the thyroid surgery. Methodology: We realized a forward-looking study from September, 2016 in May 31st, 2018 in the laboratory of anatomy of the Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology of Bamako in Mali. All the fresh anatomical subjects not carrying trauma and or a scar at the level of the previous region of the neck were held. The anatomical subjects were not included presenting a traumatic lesion and\or a scar of the previous region of the neck. Results: We realized 34 dissections of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve to 17 deathly subjects (11 men and 6 women with a sex-ratio of 1.8). The average age of the subjects was of 42 years (extremes: 18 and 70 years). Our study allowed highlighting in 100% of the cases, the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and the superior thyroid artery so to the right as to the left. On 34 dissected external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve, none had a previous route. However we found 28 nerves (82.4%) having a later route, stuck to the external face of the lower constrictor of the pharynx. These were not mixed with the superior thyroid artery and its branch of division and were situated outside the thyroid capsule. In 17.6% of the cases (6 cases), the nerve had a route mixed in the branch of the superior thyroid artery. These were found inside of the capsule (11.8% adhered to the artery and 5.8% crossed its branch of division). Conclusion: The risk of injury of the external laryngeal nerve during thyroid surgery procedure is never zero. It is more important on the left side.
Anatomy of the Brachial Plexus: A Rare Variation in the Laboratory of Anatomy of Bamako (Mali)  [PDF]
Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Drissa Traoré, Bréhima Bengaly, Mariam Daou, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Ouattara, Siaka Diallo, Siaka Diakité, Moumouna Koné, Tata Touré, Cheickh Tidiane Diallo, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Birama Togola, Nouhoum Ongo?ba
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2019.71002
Abstract: The brachial plexus (BP), established by the lap twigs of the last four cervical nerves and the first thoracic nerve, assures the driving and sensory innervation of the thoracic member. We bring back a case of rare anatomical variation of the brachial plexus. It is a 34-year-old corpse dissected in the laboratory of anatomy of the Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology of Bamako in September 2017. The lap twig of the fourth cervical root (C4) participated in the constitution of the brachial plexus. The superior trunk was normally constituted. The average trunk was formed by the cervical roots C7 and C8 instead of only C7. And consequently the inferior trunk was constituted by the thoracic root T1. The posterior beam was only formed by the posterior branches of the superior and more average trunk. The medial beam was formed by all of the inferior trunk which did not give posterior branch for the formation of the posterior beam. The variations of the brachial plexus could entrain failures in the loco regional anesthesia of the brachial plexus.
A Rare Anomaly of the Left Renal Vein in the Laboratory of Anatomy of Bamako (Mali)  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Kanté, Babou Ba, Bréhima Bengaly, Mariam Daou, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Ouattara, Siaka Diakité, Moumouna Koné, Tata Touré, Cheickh Tidiane Diallo, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Drissa Traoré, Nouhoum Ongo?ba
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2019.71006
Abstract: Aim: The purpose of this work was to describe the left renal retro-aortic vein. Methodology: A case of left renal retro-aortic vein was discovered on a corpse of male, 45-year-old adult during the dissections to the laboratory of anatomy of the Faculty of Medicine of Bamako. The way at first was a xypho-pubic median and two side abdominal sections under costal and inguinal. The side sections under costal went of the median section to sides by following the costal edge. The inguinal side sections went of the median section to the anterior and superior iliac thorns. The abdominal wall was opened and reclined by every quoted. The small intestine and the colonist were resected with their meso. The renal pedicle was dissected on each side. The abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava were dissected by the diaphragm up to the headland. Arteries and iliac veins were also dissected. Results: On male corpse, 45 years old, we discovered a left renal retro-aortic vein in horizontal route, and the trunk of the left renal vein was formed by the confluence of three veins at the level of the left renal hilum. The left renal vein passed almost horizontally below the left renal artery. It passed then behind the abdominal aorta to end in the inferior vena cava at the level of its left side face. The right renal vein had a normal aspect. Conclusion: The left renal retro-aortic vein is one of the variants of the anomalies of the system cellar inferior. The left renal retro-aortic vein could be responsible for renal aplasia.
External Branch of the Superior Laryngeal Nerve: Anatomy and Operating Hurts  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Kanté, Babou Ba, Youssouf Sidibé, Drissa Ouattara, Bréhima Bengaly, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Traoré, Mariam Daou, Tata Touré, Siaka Diallo, Amady Diakalia Coulibaly, Mamadou Alymami Keita, Souleymane Sanogo, Djibril Traoré, Moustapha Issa Magané, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Idrissa Tounkara, Abdoulaye Diarra, Bakary Keita, Timbely Guidérè, Birama Togola, Nouhoum Ongo?ba
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2018.76039
Abstract: Purpose: Our purpose was to describe the anatomy of the external branch of the upper laryngeal nerve and to estimate the frequency of nerves at risk during the total thyroidectomies sub. Methodology: We realized in the CHU Point G in Bamako a forward-looking study over a period going from September 1st, 2016 till December 31st, 2017. All the patients operated by thyroidectomies subtotals for mild goiters were included to whom a systematic location of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve in the space avascular of Reeve was realized. Cancers and other thyroid pathologies were not included. Results: We counted and operated 120 cases of mild goiters. The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve was seen and dissected in 80.8%; it was not seen in 19.2%. According to the classification of Cernea: the type 2 was found in 80.8% of the cases with him under typical 2b in 47.5% and under type 2a in 40 (33.3%). The global frequency of lesion of the external branch of the upper laryngeal nerve was 10.8% at 9 patients among whom 6 who presented a BENLS of Type Ni. Conclusion: The external branch of the upper laryngeal nerve of type 2 presents a risk of wound because the surgeon treats the upper pedicle at the level of the critical centimeter place over the upper pole of the thyroid. The identification of the nerve during the thyroid surgery is the solution of choice.
Dissection of the Common Femoral Artery at the Bamako Anatomy Laboratory  [PDF]
Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Tata Touré, Moumouna Koné, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Cheikh Tidiane Diallo, Komlavi David Kouamenou, Abdel-Latif Issa-Touré, Gaoussou Simpara, Aboubacar Sidiki Fofana, Mahamadou Daou, Nouhoun Ongo?ba, Abdel Karim Koumare
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2019.74011
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this work was to determine the dimensions of CFA before the birth of the deep thigh artery, describe the mode of termination of the CFA, search for CFA collaterals, and describe the anatomical variations of the CFA. Methodology: This was a prospective study conducted at the Anatomy Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine and Odonto-Stomatology of Bamako. CFA arteries of 12 fresh corpses of adults include 9 men and 3 women. A total of 24 CFA arteries were dissected and photographed. Results: The mean length of CFA was 50.9 ± 12.55 mm (range: 31 and 93 mm). Its average diameter was 9.12 ± 1.17 mm (range: 7 and 12 mm). In 70.83%, the CFA artery ended without any particularity. There was 29.17% anatomic variation in the CFA termination mode. The CFA divided into 3 branches (trifurcation) in 25%. The 3 branches were in 20.83%, the FS and a common core to LFCA and AQ; in 4.17%, they were the SFA, the DFA and the MFCA. In 4.17%, it divided into 4 branches which are: the SFA, the DFA, the MFCA and a common core to QA and LFCA. The CFA gave as collateral: circumflex superficial iliac artery in 22 cases (91.67%), superficial epigastric artery in 19 cases (79.17%), upper external pudendal artery in 20 cases (83.33%), and lower external pudendal artery in 14 cases (58.33%). We noted in our series 9 anatomical variations at the collateral level of the CFA or 37.5%. The CFA gave birth to the following branches: the MFCA in 4 cases or 16.67%, the LFCA in 1 case or 4.17%, the QA in 1 case or 4.17%, and a common core to the QA and LFCA in 3 cases or 12.5%. Conclusion: The length of CFA is important. The variations of CFA are frequent and important to know in clinical and surgical practice.
Physico-Chemical Features of the Kpassa Reservoir, Northern Benin, with Emphasis on Its Trophic State: A Preliminary Study  [PDF]
Ousmane Touré Boukari, Daouda Mama, Youssouf Abou, Moctar Limam Bawa
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2016.713161
Abstract: This work presents recent data on the physico-chemical properties and the trophic status of Kpassa reservoir at eighteen locations from August 2014 to February 2015. Seventeen physico-chemical parameters were measured and data obtained were statistically analyzed. The descriptive statistics showed their variations (minima-maxima) as follows: pH (4.65 - 7.30), temperature (25.1°C - 29.9°C), dissolved oxygen (1 - 5.79 mg/L), oxydability (0.32 - 10.88 mg O2/L), electrical conductivity (55 - 77 μS/cm1), TDS (76 - 94 mg/L), turbidity (15.70 - 274.40 NTU), transparency (0.24 - 1.55 m), suspended matter (3 - 92 mg/L), total phosphorus (0.25 - 1.90 mg/L), orthophosphate (0.08 - 0.61 mg/L), nitrate (undetected 5.50 mg/L), nitrite (undetected 0.79 mg/L), ammonia (undetected 0.36 mg/L), chlorophyll a (7.20 - 2334.6 μg/L), silica (4.34 - 15.67 mg/L) and N/P ratio (0.08 - 42.62). These parameters were mainly influenced by agricultural activities and climatic conditions. The restriction or the removal of the use of chemical fertilizers
Appendicular peritonitis in situs inversus totalis: a case report
Mamadou Cissé, Alpha O Touré, Ibrahima Konaté, Madieng Dieng, Ousmane Ka, Fodé B Touré, Abdarahmane Dia, Cheikh T Touré
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-4-134
Abstract: We report the case of a 20-year-old African man who presented to the emergency department with a 4-day history of diffuse abdominal pain, which began in his left iliac region and hypogastrium. After examination, we initiated a surgical exploration for peritonitis. We discovered a situs inversus at the left side of his liver, and his appendix was perforated in its middle third. A complementary post-operative thoracic and abdominal tomodensitometry revealed a situs inversus totalis.Appendicular peritonitis in situs inversus is a rare association that can present a diagnostic problem. Morphologic exploration methods such as ultrasonography, tomodensitometry, magnetic resonance imaging, and laparoscopy may contribute to the early management of the disease and give guidance in choosing the most appropriate treatment for patients.Situs inversus is a congenital anomaly characterized by the transposition of the abdominal viscera. It may or may not be associated with dextrocardia, also known as situs inversus totalis [1,2]. Generally, this rare genetic anomaly is discovered incidentally, often when a radiographic assessment of a patient is undertaken, particularly to investigate an abdominal infection. We report a case of situs inversus discovered in relation to the treatment of generalized acute peritonitis of appendicular origin. This case is particularly interesting because of the scarcity of this association and the diagnostic difficulties that may arise because of unusual symptoms.A 20-year-old African man presented to the emergency department at the Aristide Le Dantec hospital with 4-day history of diffuse abdominal pain in his left iliac region and hypogastrium. This pain was associated with bilious vomiting and fever. On examination, he was found to be in a good general condition. He had a fever at 40°C, a pulse rate of 120/minute, and blood pressure of 120/70 mm Hg. His physical examination revealed a generalized abdominal tenderness predominantly over his left lowe
Modernization of Public Transports in Senegal: Case of Ticket Payment Method in Dakar Dem Dikk (3Ds) Buses  [PDF]
Sall Ousmane, Diallo Ousmane
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.67013
Abstract: Transport is one of the important keys of growth and socio-economic development for any country. Since 2005, Senegalese authorities have embarked on a vast fleet renewal program to modernize urban transport and professionalize the actors. The purpose of this paper is to sensitize people about the modernization of ticket payment method in Dakar Dem Dikk buses. To achieve this objective, a survey was done through the users and results have shown that the majority of participants agree to adopt the electronic ticketing smart card in public transport. This contactless payment technology is also recommended in commerce sector to facilitate and secure transactions.
Internal supravesical hernia as a rare cauase of intestinal obstruction: a case report
Mamadou Cissé, Ibrahima Konaté, Ousmane Ka, Madieng Dieng, Abdarahmane Dia, Cheikh T Touré
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-3-9333
Abstract: A 60-year-old Senegalese man was admitted with a two-day history of small bowel obstruction. A physical examination showed abdominal distension. An abdominal X-ray revealed dilated small bowel loops. A computed tomography scan showed an image at the left iliac fossa that suggested an intussusception. A median laparotomy showed a left lateral internal supravesical hernia. The hernia was reduced and the defect was closed. The patient recovered uneventfully.Supravesical hernia is a possible cause of intestinal obstruction and diagnosis is very often made intraoperatively. Morphological examinations, such as computed tomography scanning, can lead to a preoperative diagnosis. Laparoscopy may be useful for diagnosis and therapy.Supravesical hernias develop at the supravesical fossa between the remnants of the urachus and the left or right umbilical artery. They have many anatomical variants and are often the cause of intestinal obstruction. A preoperative diagnosis is unusual despite the use of investigations such as computed tomography (CT). We report a case of a left lateral supravesical variety revealed by intestinal obstruction. We review the anatomical variants of supravesical hernias and discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures involved in their management.A 60-year-old Senegalese man with no relevant medical history was admitted in June 2007 with a two-day history of small bowel obstruction characterized by abdominal pain and vomiting. On examination, the patient was found in good general condition with a pulse rate of 90/min, a blood pressure of 100/60 mmHg, and a temperature of 37.5°C. Physical and examination showed that the patient had abdominal distension without any peritoneal signs. Rectal examination was normal. An uncomplicated inguinal hernia was also found. The patient's renal function and other blood tests were all normal. An abdominal X-ray revealed dilated small bowel loops. A CT scan showed an image in the patient's left iliac fossa that sug
Chinese Soft Power in Africa: Case of Senegal  [PDF]
Ousmane Sall
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.411011
Abstract:
Beijing political system in Africa has ostensibly made China a major leader throughout this continent. The different elements that link Africa to China have traditionally been embedded in the discourse of cooperation, mutual benefit and political equality. Then, we can notice that China is building a positive image throughout Africa. Let’s take the example of Senegal where, between 2006 and 2011, approximately 26 Chinese official development finance projects are identified. These projects are estimated around 100 millions USD financed by China’s Exim Bank [1] This endeavor not only spotlights how China is creating a favorable international environment but also it’s close to the concept of soft power. However, soft power is about dynamic relationships between an agent and the subject of attraction. China’s foreign policy and strategy is highly influential, because China’s main target is to lead the world in all fields. Two important issues within this are whether the relationship between the two parts of the world is symmetrical or asymmetrical and the exact role of soft power in this constellation. This paper is going to focus on these arguments and proposes that prominent economies on the African continent such as Senegal have an inescapable role to play in ensuring a symmetrical relationship between China and Africa.
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