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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 873 matches for " Olivia Namusisi "
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Field Epidemiology Training Programmes in Africa - Where are the Graduates?
David Mukanga, Olivia Namusisi, Sheba N Gitta, George Pariyo, Mufuta Tshimanga, Angela Weaver, Murray Trostle
Human Resources for Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1478-4491-8-18
Abstract: Alumni data from African FETPs were reviewed in order to establish graduate retention. Retention was defined as a graduate staying and working in their home country for at least 3 years after graduation. African FETPs are located in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. However, this paper only includes the Uganda and Zimbabwe FETPs, as all the others are recent programmes.This review shows that enrolment increased over the years, and that there is high graduate retention, with 85.1% (223/261) of graduates working within country of training; most working with Ministries of Health (46.2%; 105/261) and non-governmental organizations (17.5%; 40/261). Retention of graduates with a medical undergraduate degree was higher (Zimbabwe 80% [36/83]; Uganda 90.6% [125/178]) than for those with other undergraduate qualifications (Zimbabwe 71.1% [27/83]; Uganda 87.5% [35/178]).African FETPs have unique features which may explain their high retention of graduates. These include: programme ownership by ministries of health and local universities; well defined career paths; competence-based training coupled with a focus on field practice during training; awarding degrees upon completion; extensive training and research opportunities made available to graduates; and the social capital acquired during training.A key ingredient to achieving improved health outcomes is stronger health systems, including an adequate health workforce [1,2]. There is evidence of a direct and positive causal link between numbers of health workers and health outcomes [3,4]. The World Development Report 2004 [5] states that without improvements to the health workforce, the health-related Millennium Development Goals cannot be achieved. In many countries, the effects of insufficient development of the health workforce are aggravated by migration and a mounting burden of disease [5]. The current shortage of health workers, part
Paradigm shift: contribution of field epidemiology training in advancing the “One Health” approach to strengthen disease surveillance and outbreak investigations in Africa
Sheba Nakacubo Gitta, Peter Wasswa, Olivia Namusisi, Aloysius Bingi, Monica Musenero, David Mukanga
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The occurrence of major zoonotic disease outbreaks in Sub-Saharan Africa has had a significant impact on the already constrained public health systems. This has, as a result, justified the need to identify creative strategies to address threats from emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases at the human-animal-environmental interface, and implement robust multi-disease public health surveillance systems that will enhance early detection and response. Additionally, enhanced reporting and timely investigation of all suspected notifiable infectious disease threats within the health system is vital. Field epidemiology and laboratory training programs (FELTPs) have made significant contributions to public health systems for more than 10 years by producing highly skilled field epidemiologists. These epidemiologists have not only improved disease surveillance and response to outbreaks, but also improved management of health systems. Furthermore, the FETPs/FELTPs have laid an excellent foundation that brings clinicians, veterinarians, and environmental health professionals drawn from different governmental sectors, to work with a common purpose of disease control and prevention. The emergence of the One Health approach in the last decade has coincided with the present, paradigm, shift that calls for multi-sectoral and cross-sectoral collaboration towards disease surveillance, detection, reporting and timely response. The positive impact from the integration of FETP/FELTP and the One Health approach by selected programs in Africa has demonstrated the importance of multi-sectoral collaboration in addressing threats from infectious and non- infectious causes to man, animals and the environment. Pan African Medical Journal 2011; 10(Supp1):13
The Ethiopian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program: strengthening public health systems and building human resource capacity
Daddi Jima, Getnet Mitike, Zegeye Hailemariam, Alemayehu Bekele, Adamu Addissie, Richard Luce, Peter Wasswa, Olivia Namusisi, Sheba Nakacubo Gitta, Monica Musenero, David Mukanga
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The Ethiopian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (EFELTP) is a comprehensive two-year competency-based training and service program designed to build sustainable public health expertise and capacity. Established in 2009, the program is a partnership between the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, the Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Addis Ababa University School of Public Health, the Ethiopian Public Health Association and the US Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. Residents of the program spend about 25% of their time undergoing didactic training and the 75% in the field working at program field bases established with the MOH and Regional Health Bureaus investigating disease outbreaks, improving disease surveillance, responding to public health emergencies, using health data to make recommendations and undertaking other field Epidemiology related activities on setting health policy. Residents from the first 2 cohorts of the program have conducted more than 42 outbreaks investigations, 27analyses of surveillance data, evaluations of 11 surveillance systems, had28oral and poster presentation abstracts accepted at 10 scientific conferences and submitted 8 manuscripts of which 2are already published. The EFELTP has provided valuable opportunities to improve epidemiology and laboratory capacity building in Ethiopia. While the program is relatively young, positive and significant impacts are assisting the country better detect and respond to epidemics and address diseases of major public health significance. Pan African Medical Journal 2011; 10 (Supp 1):5
The West Africa Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, a strategy to improve disease surveillance and epidemic control in West Africa
Evariste Mutabaruka, Mamadou Sawadogo, Zekiba Tarnagda, Lauren Ouédraogo, Lassana Sangare, Badolo Ousmane, Yassa Ndjakani, Olivia Namusisi, David Mukanga, Michele Evering-Watley, Sennen Hounton, Peter Nsubuga
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The West Africa Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (WA-FELTP) which was established in September 2007, is an inter-country, competency-based, in-service and post -graduate training program in applied epidemiology and public health that builds the capacity to strengthen the surveillance and response system as well as epidemic control in the French-speaking countries where they are implemented. The overall purpose is to provide epidemiological and public health laboratory services to the public health systems at national, provincial, district and local levels. The program includes four countries: Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Togo with an overarching goal to progressively cover all French speaking countries in West Africa through a phased-in approach. WA-FELTP’s 2- year Master’s program was launched in 2010 with 12 residents, three from each country, and consists of medical and veterinary doctors, pharmacists, and laboratory scientists. The training comprises 25% didactic sessions and 75% practical in-the-field mentored training. During the practical training, residents provide service to their respective ministries of health and ministries of animal resources by contributing to outbreak investigations and activities that help to improve national surveillance systems at national, regional, district and local levels. The pressing challenges that the program must address consist of the lack of funds to support the second cohort of trainees, though trainee selection was completed, inadequate funds to support staff compensation, and shortage of funds to support trainees’ participation in critical activities in field epidemiology practice, and a need to develop a 5-year plan for sustainability. Pan African Medical Journal 2011;10(Supp1):10
Chungará (Arica) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562010000100031
Abstract: sixteenth century sources associate the notion of labour in the andes with that of enjoyment, while most colonial spaniards and modern anthropologists see it as obligatory, ignoring its ritual dimensions. generally speaking, western theorists of labour, whether marxist or not, link labour and production with alienation. drawing on her fieldwork experience, the author notes that there is no aymara word for labour in general. more important is the purpose and beneficiary of labour. andeans not only value labour aimed at strengthening their own social networks, but more specifically labour that benefits the community to which they belong. the andean ethic of labour therefore leads it to be considered as a blessing, in opposition to judaeo-christian ways of considering it as a curse.
Pensadoras de peso: o pensamento de Judith Butler e Adriana Cavarero
Guaraldo, Olivia;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2007000300010
Abstract: the work presents the standpoint of two important contemporary feminist philosophers, adriana cavarero and judith butler, on subjectivity and relationality, showing how both moved away from the specific feminism motif in order to deepen and broaden their reflection on politics and ethics. calling tradition into question, cavarero agrees neither with the metaphysical binary, nor with the post-modern impersonality, combining a feminist and the arendtian perspectives of the subjectivity based on relationality. contrary to cavarero's thought, though, under butler's deconstructionist standpoint language shapes body and identity. subjectivity is "trapped" into social norms and values. both butler and cavarero rethink subjectivity based on relationality, that is, displacing politics from the immune individual and reallocating it on the vulnerable individual in relation with the other and with the social rules and values imposed on them.
Evaluación de un Sistema Discontinuo de Biodigestión Anaerobia para el tratamiento de desechos avicolas
Revista de la Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad Central de Venezuela , 2005,
Abstract: in the present study, carried out in guanare (venezuela), in the period between november 1998 and march 1999, the application of an anaerobic digestion process in a discontinuous flow (batch) system was evaluated for the treatment of hen manure and rice hulls, with the purpose of stabilization, biogas production and pathogen control. the main biogas production (0,249 m3/m3d) was obtained with a combination of the evaluated materials, in a retention time of 60 days. in the bacteriological study, we found bacteria of the escherichia, proteus, enterobacter and klebsiella groups. salmonella was not found. the parasitological study reported ascaridia, trichostrongylus, heterakis and eimeria. among the conclusions reached, we emphasize that the anaerobic mesophilic process exercises scarce control over bacteria of the enterobacteriaceae group, and no control was observed over the parasite eggs found. therefore, further studies into these aspects is considered important, so as to find alternatives of control and recommendations for a safe handling of manure.
Profile: Olivia Anderson
Olivia Anderson
Partnership : the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research , 2011,
Les démographes et le temps Demographers and Time
Olivia Samuel
Temporalités , 2009,
Abstract: Cet article présente la fa on dont les démographes ont pris en compte la question du temps dans leurs travaux depuis l’après seconde guerre. Le temps, dimension centrale de la démographie, est à la fois un élément constitutif des instruments de mesure des phénomènes démographiques et un objet d’étude en soi. Les modalités de la prise en compte du temps ont considérablement évolué depuis les années 1950. L’approche synchronique, la plus fréquente alors, va être complétée par l’approche longitudinale, puis biographique et enfin multi-niveaux. A chacune de ces étapes, la question du temps (individuel ou collectif), de sa mesure et de sa signification, fait l’objet d’une réflexion qui rappellera la complexité de son appréhension. Après avoir mis en lumière ces étapes, l’article examine différents travaux démographiques qui ont pris le temps et les temporalités sociales comme objet d’étude, notamment au travers du repérage de l’age, de l’appartenance générationnelle ou encore des marqueurs de transitions. This article shows how demographers have dealt with the question of time since WWII. Time, a central dimension of demography, has been both a tool for measuring demographic phenomena and an object of study in itself, and the ways it has been taken into account have considerably developed since the 1950s. The most usual point of view at the time, which was synchronic, was later to be completed by a longitudinal, then biographical and finally multi-faceted approach. At each of these stages, the question of time (individual or collective), as well as of how to measure it and how to evaluate its significance, came under more scrutiny, reminding use how complex an object it is to grasp. After a review of these various stages, the paper examines those demographic studies that have focused on time and social temporalities, particularly through the factors of age, generation or transition markers.
Crescere errando: minori immigrati non accompagnati" (Clara Silva - Giovanna Campani)
Olivia Salimbeni
m@gm@ , 2005,
Abstract: La presenza in Italia di minori immigrati non accompagnati è un fenomeno recente e tuttavia in forte crescita. Questo testo raccoglie i risultati di quella che potremmo definire la seconda di tre tappe di una ricerca europea incentrata sullo studio del fenomeno dei minori immigrati non accompagnati, avviata nel 2000 e da poco terminata. L’indagine è stata svolta nel quadro di finanziamento del 'Programma Daphne' della Commissione Europea e ha riguardato nelle prime due fasi tre realtà europee, Italia, Germania e Finlandia e nella terza altre realtà quali il Portogallo, la Spagna, la Francia e la Grecia.
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