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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 440 matches for " Odair;Baracat "
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Genetic polymorphism of GSTM1 in women with breast cancer and interact with reproductive history and several clinical pathologies
Biological Research , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-97602005000200017
Abstract: due to the conflicting results regarding the association between breast cancer and the gstm1 null mutation, our aim was to research this association in a brazilian population and correlations with smoking, reproductive history and several clinical pathologies. a case-control study was performed on 105 women with breast cancer and 278 controls. extraction of dna was accomplished according to the protocol of the gfx? kit and polymorphism analysis by the pcr technique. the control and experimental groups were compared and statistical analysis assessed by x2 or fisher's exact test. the deletion in the gstm1 gene in the breast cancer group had a prevalence of 32 (30.4%) individuals with the presence of null mutation. in the control group, the null mutation was present in 104 (37.4%) women. upon comparison of the two groups, no statistically significant difference of the gstm1 gene was observed, with an odds ratio (or) of 0.74, 95%, confidence interval (ci) 0.45 - 1.20, p = 0.277. the results conclusively show that single gene gstm1 polymorphisms do not confer a substantial risk of breast cancer to its carriers. furthermore, in this study no correlation was found between gsts and smoking, reproductive history and several clinical pathologies with respect to cancer risk.
Polimorfismo do gene do receptor de progesterona (PROGINS) em mulheres com cancer de mama: estudo caso-controle
Linhares, José Juvenal;Silva, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da;Souza, Naiara Correa Nogueira de;Noronha, Emmanuelle Coelho;Ferraro, Odair;Baracat, Fausto Farah;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032005000800007
Abstract: purpose: to analyze the correlation between progins polymorphism and breast cancer. methods: a case-control study was carried out from april to october 2004. the genotypes of 50 women with breast cancer and 49 healthy women were analyzed. the 306-base pair alu insertion polymorphism in the g intron of progesterone receptor gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction and analyzed on 2% agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide. the control and experimental groups were compared regarding genotypes using the statistical epi-info 6.0 program and for frequencies the exact fisher test or c2 test were used. p value smaller p than 5% was considered to be significant. results: in relation to progins we found in the studied population a prevalence of 62 (62.6%) wild homozygous, 35 (35.3%) heterozygous individuals and two (2.1%) cases with the presence of the mutation. regarding progins polymorphism, significance was not evidenced when cases and controls were compared, as related to homozygosis (62 vs 65.3%), heterozygosis (36 vs 34,6%) or the mutation (2.0 vs 2.1%), with p=0.920 (or=1.01), 0.891 (or=1.06), and 0.988 (or=1.10), respectively. conclusions: the results show that single-gene progins polymorphism does not confer a substantial risk of breast cancer to its carriers.
Educa??o e psicologia social: uma perspectiva crítica
S?o Paulo em Perspectiva , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-88392000000200009
Abstract: o presente artigo analisa a rela??o da psicologia com a educa??o a partir da perspectiva da psicologia social. procura evidenciar que a exigência de uma ciência psicológica, na configura??o do campo educativo, é desenvolvida, desde o início do século xx, como psicologia social, tais como: john dewey e george mead, em contraposi??o à psicologia intelectualista.
Problemas da educa??o: o caso da psicopedagogia
Sass, Odair;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302003000400013
Abstract: discussed in this article is the relevance of recurring psycho-pedagogical problems originated inside and outside formal education, as well as the dubious intention to regularize psycho-pedagogy as yet another profession within the educational sphere. emphasized here is the question of regularizing the university professions in brazil and the varied roots of psycho-pedagogy from the period immediately following the second world war onward.
O aluno sob medida: os testes psicológicos e educacionais como tecnologia
Sass, Odair;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302011000400005
Abstract: this paper discusses the relationship between psychology and statistics in the field of education. it shows that such relation is not limited to the explanation of the inexorable scientific progress. rather, it cannot be dissociated from the objective achievement of technological rationality, which is characteristic of the industrial and administered society. this perspective is first explored through psychotechnics, using an important moment of the development of the intelligence concept exemplified by the bi-factorial theory of spearman. then, the text resorts to the application of psychological and educational tests in brazilian primary schools, as promoted by two educators, isaias alves and louren?o filho.
Dialética e contradi??es da constru??o da identidade social
Furtado, Odair;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822010000200006
Abstract: in this article we aim to discuss the challenges imposed in the work of latin- american psychologists, from the production of knowledge to the practical point of view, which would attend a region of the planet that suffers from endemic problems and at the same time, is of great importance for international financial capital, for big commercial conglomerates. after all, traditional cultural forms survive, cultural constructions that are in constant direct or indirect contact with the cultural ways dominated by the global market. this domination produces important effects on subjective social expressions, the subjective dimensions of reality, reconfiguring the traditional forms of manifestation of culture and demanding strategies of resistance in facing the contradictions between traditional culture and globalized culture. as a way to better understand the functioning of the subjective dimensions, we will discuss the relationship between territory, location of expression of the subject, and the construction of records that require reinterpretation of globalized culture.
Creating affinity: formal friendship and matrimonial alliances among the Jê people and the Apinaje case
Giraldin, Odair;
Vibrant: Virtual Brazilian Anthropology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-43412011000200018
Abstract: this article analyzes the link between formal friendship and a matrimonial system among the apinaje people. starting with an analysis of formal friendship among the jê, it presents existing similarities and differences among various peoples in the same linguistic family. then, after describing the apinaje's formal friendship formed by nimuendajú and damatta, a formal friendship transmission model among the apinaje is proposed. finally, the paper shows that formal friendship recreates a virtual system of moieties, and based on ethnographic data argues that formal friendship is used for creating affinity in social relationships, overlapping, in some cases, consanguinity.
Problemas da educa o: o caso da psicopedagogia
Sass Odair
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2003,
Abstract: Neste artigo é discutida a relevancia dos problemas psicopedagógicos recorrentes das determina es internas e externas à educa o escolar, a par do equívoco da pretens o de regulamentar a psicopedagogia como mais uma profiss o da esfera educacional. Destaca a quest o da regulamenta o das profiss es de nível superior no Brasil e as raízes variadas da psicopedagogia desde o período imediato após a Segunda Guerra Mundial.
50 anos de Psicologia no Brasil: a constru o social de uma profiss o 50 anos de Psicología en Brasil: la construcción social de una profesión 50 years of Psychology in Brazil: the social construction of a profession
Odair Furtado
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932012000500006
Abstract: As profiss es imperiais, assim Edmundo Campos Coelho, um sociólogo das profiss es, designa as profiss es (engenheiro, médico e advogado) que se constituíram e foram as primeiras a ganhar regulamenta o a partir de 1822, primórdios da fase imperial brasileira e momento que marca o início da institucionaliza o e do regramento da vida dos brasileiros depois da ruptura com a metrópole colonial. Interessa-nos essa análise na medida em que nos ajuda a compreender como a Psicologia constituiu a sua própria institucionaliza o e como ela encontra espa o social para avan ar como profiss o considerada necessária e importante para os diversos campos em que atua. Nenhuma profiss o sobrevive se n o é considerada socialmente relevante e demandada pela popula o. Desse ponto de vista, qual a importancia social da Psicologia e qual seu futuro imediato no Brasil, considerando que estamos ultrapassando a barreira dos 200 mil psicólogos com registro no sistema Conselhos de Psicologia (aptos a atuarem profissionalmente)? Isso significa que atingimos o padr o de cobertura considerado adequado pela Organiza o Mundial de Saúde para a nossa popula o. Temos psicólogos suficientes para garantir o atendimento psicológico em todos os segmentos da saúde, do trabalho, da educa o, da Justi a, dos meios de comunica o e de tantas outras áreas em que hoje esse profissional está inserido. Essa condi o é suficiente para o que pretende a profiss o, considerando as a es das entidades de classe? A popula o foco dos servi os prestados reconhece o valor dessa profiss o? S o quest es que indicam a condi o organizativa em que nos encontramos hoje, cinquenta anos depois da regulamenta o da profiss o. Esse patamar de nossa organiza o e de nossa atividade profissional é indicativo de maturidade do campo profissional e, ao mesmo tempo, indicativo de que há muito a se construir. Diz a música popular que, “se muito vale o que foi feito, mais vale o que virá”. O que nos reserva esse futuro e qual a potência dessa profiss o é o que discutiremos a seguir. Las profesiones imperiales, así Edmundo Campos Coelho, un sociólogo de las profesiones, designa las profesiones (ingeniero, médico y abogado) que se constituyeron y fueron las primeras a ser reglamentadas a partir de 1822, a principios de la fase imperial brasile a y momento que marca el inicio de la institucionalización y del reglamento de la vida de los brasile os después de la ruptura con la metrópolis colonial. Nos interesa ese análisis en la medida en que nos ayuda a comprender cómo la Psicología constituye su propia institucionalización
Compara o da capacidade ovipositora entre 3 espécies de moluscos planorbidae, hospedeiros intermediários do Schistosoma mansoni no Brasil, Biomphalaria glabrata (SAY, 1818), Biomphalaria tenagophila (D'ORBIGNY, 1835) E Biomphalaria straminea (LUTZ, 1918)
Odair Genaro
Semina : Ciências Sociais e Humanas , 1979, DOI: 10.5433/
Abstract: The author studied the reproductive potential of Biomphalaria glabrata, Biomphalaria tenagophila and Biomphalaria straminea and the results obtained were compared amongst them During a period of 30 days, between March and April, the number of egg-masses and the number of eggs in each of egg-masses, was recorded daily, in 20 samples of each species studied in the laboratory. The obtained strains of B. glabrata and B. tenagophila are originally from Londrina, Parana and the strain of B. straminea is originated from Limoeiro do Norte, Ceara. The results obtained which were different for each species, were significant in the relation total number of eggs produced during the mentioned period, considering that B. glabrata produced a total number of 16.314 eggs, B. straminea 6.611 and B. teangophila 2.049. Therefore, infering the medium number of eggs per mass and the medium number of eggs per snail B. glabrata showed to be potencially more abierfor reproduction than the other species studied. With reference to B. straminea this species showed in our experiments to be more fecund than B. tenagophila, becoming perhaps, the second more important intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni in Brazil, fact which is reinforced, by its large distribution in the Northeast of Brazil.Biomphalaria tenagophila Biomphalaria straminea cujos resultados obtidos foram comparados entre si Assim, durante um período de 30 dias, compreendido entre os meses de mar o e abril, registrou-se diariamente o número de cápsulas ovígeras e o número de ovos de cada uma delas para 20 exemplares de cada espécie em quest o, em condi es de laboratório. As cepas obtidas de B. glabrata e B. tenagophila s o originárias de Londrina, Paraná e a cepa de B. straminea oriunda de Limoeiro do Norte, Ceará. Os resultados obtidos, diferentes para cada espécie foram significativos em rela o ao número total de ovos produzidos no período mencionado, considerando-se que B. glabrata produziu um total de 16.314 ovos, B. straminea 6.611 eK. tenagophila 2. lnferindo-se daí o número médio de ovos por cápsula e o número médio de ovos por caramujo, a B. glabrata mostrou-se potencialmente mais capaz para a reprodu o do que as outras espécies em quest o. No que se refere a B. straminea esta espécie revelou-se em nosso experimento ser mais fecunda que B. tenagophila, tornando-se talvez o segundo mais importante hospedeiro intermediário do Schistosoma mansoni no Brasil, a cujo favor fala sua ampla distribui o no Nordeste Brasileiro.
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