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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1791 matches for " Octavio Penna; "
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Políticas para a mídia: dos militares ao governo Lula
Pieranti, Octavio Penna;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452006000300004
Abstract: the press and the state in brasil have developed a relation of interdependence. press companies and broadcasting corporations depend on state money for its proper sustenance, and politicians depend on the press and the exposition in the media to link with their electorate. this work analyses this relation of interdependence in national history, following a chronological order, starting from the establishment of the military governments in 1964, a mark of a deep reform of the broadcasting and the press. the conclusion makes clear the urgency of a revision in the laws that regulate the media, many of which failing a proper application, and questions the independence of the brazilian political representatives to proceed with the necessary reforms and to fight for new public policies to the sector.
O Estado e as Comunica??es no Brasil
Pieranti, Octavio Penna;
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-39512006000300008
Abstract: for the first time in brazilian history, the parliamentarians who had composed the constitutional national assembly had reserved a chapter to the social communication in the federal constitution, promulgated in 1988. according to the document, the press freedom was fully assured, the ownership of the broadcasting stations was theoretically limited and the programs of them, discussed. this article analyzes the relation between state and the press in brazil, based on federal constitution's chapter v of heading viii, relative to the social communication. finally, the efficiency of the federal constitution, relatively to the communications, is questioned, because some principles of the document, promulgated more than 15 years ago, are still ignored.
A metodologia historiográfica na pesquisa em administra??o: uma discuss?o acerca de princípios e de sua aplicabilidade no Brasil contemporaneo
Pieranti, Octavio Penna;
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-39512008000100010
Abstract: the adaptation of historiography as methodology for research in administration, although uncommon, is supported on specific principles related to its proper nature and to this area of knowledge. the application of these principles in research isn't always simple due to specific characteristics of the brazilian reality. the objective of this study is to discuss the natural principles of historiography, as understood in the present, and the possibility of application of these principles in the field of the administration in brazil. the debated pillars are, among others, the emphasis on the interpretation of the structures, the acceptance of multiple perspectives, the singularity of the events and the links between history and the past. the sources for historical researches and their availability in brazil are also debated. two researches made in the last decade in the field of administration are presented as examples of the historical method. problems on the application of this methodology in the brazilian context, such as the fragility of the political structures in the country and the precarious documentation of official texts, are evidenced.
Reconvergindo a convergência: quando legisla o e tecnologia se reencontram Reconverging convergence: when legistation and technolocy meet again
Octavio Penna Pieranti
Estudos de Sociologia , 2008,
Abstract: No momento em que se volta a discutir, no Brasil, uma nova legisla o para as telecomunica es (aí incluídas radiodifus o e televis o por assinatura), este artigo pretende resgatar princípios constantes de marcos anteriores, enfocando a sua adequa o ao cenário contemporaneo face às mudan as por que passou o país nas últimas décadas. Ao longo do texto debate-se a convergência entre servi os, o interesse público, as finalidades da programa o de radiodifus o e o papel do Estado como agente regulador. Acredita-se que esses devem servir de norte à nova legisla o, sendo imprescindíveis para que o marco ora discutido n o se configure apenas como alternativa à resolu o de problemas conjunturais. Palavras-chave: Radiodifus o. Telecomunica es. Legisla o. Regula o. By the time when, in Brazil, a new legislation for telecommunication is being discussed (including broadcasting and Pay-per-view TV), this article intends to bring back to subject some constant principles of past marks, focusing their suitableness to the contemporary scene while facing the changes this country has been trough in the last decades. Inside the text, there is a debate concerning the convergence between services; the public interest; the aims of broadcasting programming and the State’s role as a regulator agent. It is thought that these should serve as a direction to the new legislation, becoming essential for the confi guration of the then discussed mark – it cannot appear just as an alternative to solve situation problems. Keywords: Broadcasting. Telecommunications. Legislation. Regulation.
A quest?o amaz?nica e a política de defesa nacional
Pieranti, Octavio Penna;Silva, Luiz Henrique Rodrigues da;
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-39512007000100012
Abstract: preserving amazonian region is essential to brazilian territorial entirety. it's more relevant if we consider the present context of aggression against the environment and global lack of natural resources. the way brazilian government deals with the environmental question - its environmental policy, the structure established towards its effective implementation and the pattern of environmental preservation - has been criticized in the developed countries by their governmental authorities and the civil society. their concern is the lack of an appropriate structure to protect the amazonian region as a kind of natural resource by itself. this criticism is worrying because its content involves the sovereignty and territorial entirety of brazil. this article is based on bibliographical research and it aims to discuss the amazonian region (consequently the environmental policy) and its connection to the national defense policy. since the problems of this area involves aspects which are concerned to the environmental policy and to the defense policy, this article aims to analyze the need to adopt a pattern for the preservation of the amazonian ecosystem supported by the armed forces. in the 1990s, the national defense policy was reformed and since then the brazilian government have tried to fit it to a cost-cutting program without compromising its performance. such policy is also based on a defense strategy which has been maintained even in the peace time (particularly concerning to the guarantee of national sovereignty) and it's related to the security of the brazilian territory and its natural resources. this article analyzes the relation between environmental policy and national defense policy. from this point of view this article aims to focus environmental protection in brazil as a way to guard the national sovereignty.
O estado e a formula??o de uma política nacional de esporte no Brasil
Alves, José Ant?nio Barros;Pieranti, Octavio Penna;
RAE eletr?nica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-56482007000100002
Abstract: the meaning of the concept of sports has suffered modifications in the whole world in recent years, pointing out not only the importance of this sector as an activity of leisure or competition, but also as an economic activity, important in the process of social inclusion and in the reduction of problems related to health and education. this new meaning of the concept requires permanent participation of the state. this article has the objective to contribute to the formulation of a national sports policy in brazil, based on a documentary research of academic works and laws on the subject. the fragility of the brazilian sports policy became clear and also how it failed to become embedded in the state administrative structure. however it was observed that hopefully some political actors show increasing articulation propitiating advances in the process of a sports policy formulation.
Políticas públicas para as comunica es no Brasil: adequa o tecnológica e liberdade de express o Communications public policies in Brazil: technological adjustment and free speech
Octavio Penna Pieranti,Paulo Emílio Matos Martins
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122008000200005
Abstract: Pouco se tem debatido, no campo da pesquisa acadêmica em administra o, as políticas públicas para as comunica es no Brasil. Este artigo analisa essas políticas de acordo com uma perspectiva histórica a partir de 1964 até o presente, utilizando como fonte trabalhos acadêmicos, n o-acadêmicos e o manancial legal existente. Tem como focos, dentro do ambito das comunica es, a radiodifus o e a mídia impressa. A análise foi feita com base em princípios e postulados tidos como essenciais: ao funcionamento do setor, como a independência da imprensa em rela o ao Estado; a interesses privados e a participa o que esse ator tem na forma o da infra-estrutura necessária às comunica es. Assim, o debate se divide em duas dimens es originais: a tecnológica, referente à montagem da infra-estrutura existente; e a informacional, dependente da regula o da liberdade de express o pelo Estado. As considera es finais apontam para o caráter questionável da independência da mídia brasileira; a vincula o entre atores e interesses públicos e privados; e a confus o proposital entre liberdade de imprensa e de empresa. Brazilian researchers in the administration field seldom debate communications policies. This article analyzes these policies in a historical perspective from 1964 to our days, using as sources academic and non-academic literature and the existing legislation. It focuses the broadcasting system and the press, based on principles and postulates considered essential to this sector, such as the independence of the press in relation to the state and its interests and participation in the construction of the communications infrastructure. This debate is divided in two original dimensions: technological, referring to the existing infrastructure, and informational, dependent on State regulation of free speech. The article concludes by calling attention to: the questionable character of the Brazilian media's independence; the ties between public and private actors and interests; and the intentional confusion between free press and free corporations.
Relatório final de atividades do Fórum de Discuss o Permanente de Políticas de Esporte
Deborah Moraes Zouain,José Ant?nio Barros Alves,Octavio Penna Pieranti
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122006000400011
Abstract:
Reflex es acerca da política de seguran a nacional: alternativas em face das mudan as no Estado Reflecting on national security policies: alternatives considering State changes
Octavio Penna Pieranti,Fabio dos Santos Cardoso,Luiz Henrique Rodrigues da Silva
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122007000100003
Abstract: As transforma es sofridas pelo Estado brasileiro têm sido parte integrante do debate político e acadêmico do país desde o período da redemocratiza o na década de 1980. Este debate, porém, n o leva freqüentemente em conta uma atribui o fundamental do Estado - a seguran a nacional. O papel de promover e garantir a seguran a nacional é monopólio do Estadona o desde sua origem no século XVII. Apesar dessa relevancia, a quest o da seguran a nacional ocupa posi o secundária nas agendas dos meios políticos brasileiros. Este artigo discute, por meio de uma pesquisa documental, o desempenho do Estado brasileiro na elabora o de uma política de seguran a nacional, considerando seu contexto histórico. Findo o regime militar, constata-se a inexistência de uma política de seguran a nacional clara, seja por uma inoperancia dos atores ligados à política partidária, seja por um lócus aberto e ainda n o preenchido no processo de redefini o do papel das For as Armadas. Since the mid-1980s politicians and academicians have been debating the transformations in the Brazilian state. This discussion, however, frequently does not take into account a basic attribution of the state: national security. The role of promoting and guaranteeing national security is a monopoly of the nation-state since its origin in the 17th century. Despite their relevance, national security issues have a secondary role in the Brazilian political agenda. This article discusses, based on a documental research, the performance of the Brazilian state in the elaboration of a national security policy, considering the historical context of this country. Since the end of the military regime the absence of a national security policy has been evident, due either to inefficient political actors or to an undefined role of the Armed Forces.
Supporting Information Extraction from Visual Documents  [PDF]
Giuseppe Della Penna, Sergio Orefice
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2016.46004
Abstract: Visual Information Extraction (VIE) is a technique that enables users to perform information extraction from visual documents driven by the visual appearance and the spatial relations occurring among the elements in the document. In particular, the extractions are expressed through a query language similar to the well known SQL. To further reduce the human effort in the extraction task, in this paper we present a fully formalized assistance mechanism that helps users in the interactive formulation of the queries.
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