oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20 matches for " Octave Houannou "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /20
Display every page Item
Post-Stroke Cognitive Disorders and Associated Factors in French Speaking West Africa, Benin Case  [PDF]
Dieu Donné Gnonlonfoun, Paul Macaire Ossou-Nguiet, Lansana Laho Diallo, Constant Adjien, Isaac Avlessi, Gérard Goudjinou, Octave Houannou, Dismand Houinato, Gilbert Dossou Avode
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2014.51006
Abstract:

Introduction: Cognitive disorders frequency arising after a cardio-cerebral vascular disease (stroke) is currently on the rise due to the ageing population and the increase in the number of survivors after stroke occurrence. Objective: Determining post-stroke cognitive decline and identifying associated factors. Method: It consists in a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive and analytical study which was conducted from April 1 to August 31, 2013 in the Neurology Department of CNHU-HKM in Cotonou. The study involved 100 patients who have known stroke for at least the past 6 months and were all admitted and discharged later on. The disease survivors were re-contacted and examined again at home or at hospital. The cognitive decline (CD) was estimated by using a modified and adapted MMSE to suit our cultural era. Results: All patients were aged 58.9 years ± 13.6 years. Sex-ratio was 1.4. Cognitive decline frequency was 20%. Post-stroke cognitive decline frequency per sex was 11.6% and 8.4% respectively for females and males. Ischemia stroke patients had a higher cognitive decline (22.5%). 58.3% had severe CD. Moreover the CD frequency increased with time, from 16.7% in a year to 50% in 3 years. Total MMSE varied from 6 to 23 with 21 as median. From the unvaried analysis, the presence of sphincter disorders (1.26 [0.35-4.59], p = 0.004), consciousness disorders (15.67 [1.46-168], p

Stroke after Hospitalization: Assessment of Functional Prognosis through Disability and Dependency in CNHU-HKM, Cotonou, Benin  [PDF]
Dieu Donné Gnonlonfoun, Paul Macaire Ossou-Nguiet, Lansana Laho Diallo, Constant Adjien, Isaac Avlessi, Octave Houannou, Gérald Goudjinou, Jocelyn Acakpo, Dismand Houinato, Dossou Gilbert Avode
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2014.53017
Abstract:

Introduction: Stroke results in severe disability, with impacts that are sometimes socially, emotionally or professionally dramatic and also dramatic for the cost involved in care and treatment. Objective: Assessing the functional prognosis after hospitalization and identifying associated factors. Method: It consisted in a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive and analytical study that was conducted from April 1 to August 31, 2013 in the Neurology Department of CNHU-HKM in Cotonou. It involved 100 patients who have known stroke for at least 6 months and were all admitted and discharged later on. The disease survivors were re-contacted and examined again at home or at hospital. Disability and dependency were then measured respectively with the Rankin score and Barthel index. The STATA/IC11.0 statistical software was used as the basis for data analysis. Unvaried and multi-varied analyzes helped to identify associated factors. Results: The overall disability and dependency rates were respectively 69% and 57.7%. And the highest rate of disability (38.8%) was observed between 50 and 60 years old. However, dependency prevalence was higher in subjects above 70 years old (37.3%). Regarding gender, the prevalence of disability was 59.2% in men and rather 41.5% in women. Predictors of disability and dependency were paralysis on admission (IC95% = 0.26 [0.77 - 0.92]; p = 0.036), obesity (IC95% = 0.26 [0.77 - 0.92]; p = 0.012) and monthly income lower than 70$US (IC95% = 0.05 [0.01 - 0.56]; p = 0.015). Conclusion: This study enabled us to assess the functional outcome of patients once discharged. The significance of motor deficit on stroke occurrence, obesity and the low monthly income were factors of poor functional prognosis.

Prevalence of Dementia and Its Associated Factors in Cotonou Teaching Hospital, Benin  [PDF]
Dieu Donné Gnonlonfoun, Constant Adjien, Paul Macaire Ossou-Nguiet, Lansana Laho Diallo, Octave Houannou, Jocelyn Acakpo, Gérard Goudjinou, Dismand Houinato, Dossou Gilbert Avode
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease (AAD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aad.2014.32010
Abstract: Introduction: Dementia constitutes a public health hazard in developing countries. There is little data in the sub-Saharan region of African especially in Benin. Objective: Determining dementia hospitalization prevalence and identifying its associated factors in CNHU-HKM, Cotonou. Method: It was a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive and analytical research conducted from October 2012 to July 2013 in the neurology department; it involved 251 patients aged 50 and above. Dementia screening was conducted using a modified and adapted Mini Mental Scale Examination (MMSE). Dementia clinical and etiological diagnoses were respectively conducted based on DMS-IV and HACHINSKI criteria. Results: Patients were averagely aged 60.9 ± 8.1. Sex ratio (Male/Female) was 1.07. Dementia prevalence was 8.8%. This rate increased proportionally with age, from 5.3% with patients aged below 60 to 12.7% with patients aged above 60. Degenerative dementia was the most predominant type (50%). Following multi-varied analysis, smoking (RC = 6.05 [IC 95% = 1.26 - 29.38] p = 0.0001) and stroke past records (RC = 6.05 [IC 95% = 1.26 - 29.38] p = 0.001) revealed to be the factors associated with dementia. Conclusion: This research showed that dementia affects a significant part of the aging population in CNHU-HKM. It is imperative to combat its associated factors so as to defuse its prevalence.
Stroke: Medium and long-term mortality and associated factors in French-speaking West Africa, case of Benin  [PDF]
Dieu Donné Gnonlonfoun, Constant Adjien, Paul Macaire Ossou-Nguiet, Isaac Avlessi, Gérald Goudjinou, Octave Houannou, Jocelyn Acakpo, Dismand Houinato, Gilbert Dossou Avode
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2014.41008
Abstract:

Introduction: Stroke is the leading cause of mortality and physical disability in sub-Saharan Africa. Objective: Determining medium-term and long-term mortality for stroke and identifying associated factors. Method: It consists in a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive and analytical study that was conducted from April 1 to August 31, 2013 in the Neurology Department of CNHU-HKM in Cotonou. It involved patients who have known stroke for at least 6 months, and were all admitted and discharged later on. The disease survivors were re-contacted and examined again at home or at hospital. Then, the number of deceased was systematically recorded with precision of death time-limit. Results: The overall mortality rate was 29%. Mortality was higher with patients over 70 years with a frequency of 57.1%. The medium-term mortality rate was 25% against 4% for long-term. The average time-limit for death occurrence after the vascular incident was 7 months ± 6.4 months. Prognostic factors of mortality were: the age of the patient (IC95% = 7.73 [1.49 - 39.99], p = 0.015 ), marital status (IC95% = 0.27 [0.08 to 0.94], p = 0.039 ) and the presence of aphasia (IC95% = 5.52 [1.45 to 20.94 ], p = 0.012). Conclusion: Stroke mortality still remains significant, even after the patients have been discharged from hospital. A good psychological family support and efficient aphasia coverage are essential for its reduction.

The age of our universe
Levenspiel Octave
Hemijska Industrija , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/hemind0805313l
Abstract: If we assume that the observed Redshift of starlight is due to the Doppler effect we end up with models of the universe which contradict the basic laws of science. If we assume that the red shift may be due to a tiring of light, an assumption still to be tested, we end up with no contradiction with the laws of science. You the reader must choose.
Construction et composition des recueils fran ais du XVe siècle : apports de la codicologie quantitative
Octave Julien
Babel : Littératures Plurielles , 2012,
Abstract: L'analyse d'un échantillon de 37 recueils manuscrits du fond fran ais de la BnF, datés du XVe siècle et retenus pour la diversité de leur contenu, révèle la forte présence des manuscrits composites, composés de plusieurs livrets, c'est-à-dire de sous-parties d'origines distinctes ou potentiellement autonomes. Le rassemblement de ces livrets, qui ne contiennent souvent qu'un texte ou quelques uns, et qui présentent une homogénéité du contenu en termes de genre, est une modalité possible de constitution des recueils. Par ailleurs, l'étude de cet échantillon révèle une tendance à hiérarchiser les textes selon leur longueur, dans les livrets comme dans les recueils entiers. Les textes les plus courts ont souvent un r le clé en diversifiant le contenu d'un recueil, ou en y introduisant des uvres populaires sous forme d'extraits. The study of a sample of 37 manuscript miscellanies from the French collection of the BnF dated from the 15th century shows the importance of composite manuscripts made of booklets. Miscellanies could result from the reunion of such booklets, whose contents were often homogeneous and limited to one or a few texts. This study also reveals a tendency to order texts by length, in individual booklets as in whole collections. The shortest texts often have a key function because they can add diversity into a collection, or as extracts of popular works.
Systems of Sticky Particles Governed by Burgers' Equation
Octave Moutsinga
ISRN Mathematical Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/506863
Abstract:
Souvenir.
Octave Debary
EspacesTemps.net , 2007,
Abstract: Les vide-greniers sont des théatres d’objets que j’affectionne. Le dimanche, au c ur des villages, les gens se rassemblent sur ces marchés où les objets s’animent. Dès le milieu de la matinée, les participants reproduisent la posture des objets mélangés et serrés les uns contre les autres. Objets et personnes se bousculent à la recherche d’une occasion à saisir. J’y fais souvent la même rencontre. Sur de nombreux étals, je retrouve une bouteille, vide. Elle a beau ...
Atmospheric pressure at the time of dinosaurs
Octave Levenspiel
Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly , 2006,
Abstract: n/a
New classes of processes in stochastic calculus for signed measures
Fulgence Eyi Obiang,Youssef Ouknine,Octave Moutsinga
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Let us consider a signed measure $\Qv$ and a probability measure $\Pv$ such that $\Qv<<\Pv$. Let $D$ be the density of $\Qv$ with respect to $\Pv$. $H$ represents the set of zeros of $D$, $\bar{g}=0\vee\sup{H}$. In this paper, we shall consider two classes of nonnegative processes of the form $X_{t}=N_{t}+A_{t}$. The first one is the class of semimartingales where $ND$ is a cadlag local martingale and $A$ is a continuous and non-decreasing process such that $(dA_{t})$ is carried by $H\cup\{t: X_{t}=0\}$. The second one is the case where $N$ and $A$ are null on $H$ and $A_{.+\bar{g}}$ is a non-decreasing, continuous process such that $(dA_{t+\bar{g}})$ is carried by $\{t: X_{t+\bar{g}}=0\}$. We shall show that these classes are extensions of the class $(\sum)$ defined by A.Nikeghbali \cite{nik} in the framework of stochastic calculus for signed measures.
Page 1 /20
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.