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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 111837 matches for " O Olawoye "
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Demographic and clinical profile of patients with juvenile onset open angle glaucoma in southwestern Nigeria
O Komolafe, O Olawoye, O Fafowora, A Ashaye, AM Baiyeroju
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Background: This was a non-comparative, retrospective review of patients diagnosed with juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) in the eye clinic of a tertiary hospital in southwestern Nigeria. Objective: To document the demographic characteristics, clinical features and treatment outcome of the patients diagnosed with JOAG. Materials and Methods: Data were extracted from the clinical record of patients diagnosed with JOAG in the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, between January 2001 and December 2005. Such data included the basic demographic data, the clinical characteristic of the patients and the outcome of their treatment. Results: Twenty-nine patients were reviewed, which represents 3.4% of all newly diagnosed glaucoma patients seen in the out-patient section of the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, over the period reviewed. Eight (27.6%) patients were aged 20 years and below. The mean age was 25.1 ± SD 6.0 years. Eighteen (62.1%) had visual acuity of 6/18 or worse in the better eye at the time of presentation. The mean intraocular pressure (IOP) of the patients at presentation was 32.3 ± SD 15.2 mmHg. Eight (27.6%) patients defaulted within 6 months of presentation. The mean IOP for the 21 patients who were followed up on treatment for a mean period of 9.6 months was 17.0 ± SD 6.0 mmHg. Conclusion: Most patients with JOAG in this review presented with advanced form of the disease. Early detection through parent-driven school eye health program and community-based case detection could help in reducing the scourge arising from JOAG among our population.
A Correlation Study Of Ulcer Status With Bacterial Colonization And Invasion
I.A. Adigun, O.M. Oluwatosin, J.O. Thomas, O.A. Olawoye
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology , 2002,
Abstract: Wound biopsy is a reliable way of diagnosing wound infection in patients with chronic ulcer of the limbs and in burn patients. The biopsy specimen is subjected to both histological and microbiological analysis. While wound swabs often cultured mixed contaminants, biopsy specimens usually reveal single organism growth. This is a prospective study of fifty patients with chronic leg ulcers attending surgical outpatient department over a period of 10 months. The ulcers were subjected to histopathology study. The clinical status of the ulcers were correlated with the histopathology result. There was both statistical and clinical significance between the ABDEFS' and HISTOPATHOLOGY scores. A clinician can therefore reasonably predict the degree of bacterial invasion of the ulcer based on the assessment of its clinical appearance and thus commence appropriate treatment before further complication sets in. (Af. J. of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology: 2002 3(1): 11-12)
The relationships between percent body fat and other anthropometric nutritional predictors among male and female children in Nigeria
B.M Olabinri, T.L Olawoye, M.L Olaleye, R.A Ajani, O.S Olorunnisola
African Journal of Biomedical Research , 2006,
Abstract: The relationships between the percent body fat and other nutritional predictors were assessed among forty male and forty female children aged 2 – 10 years. Both sexes were age – matched. There was no significant difference in age between the two groups (P >0.001). A weak significant positive correlation was observed between the percent body fat and height – armspan ratio in female children (r = 0.300;P = 0.05). Height showed a high positive correlation with body’s armspan in males (r = 0.916; P= 0.001) Body mass armspan (BMA) correlated positively and significantly with body mass index (BMI) in female (r = 0.922;P = 0.001). The corrected bone – free arm muscle area (AMA) gave positive values in females while two negative values of corrected AMA were observed in males. Mid – upper arm circumference (MUAC) appeared to be a more sensitive predictor of protein – energy malnutrition (PEM) in these children. The mean MUAC was 17.03cm in males and 17.0 cm in females, respectively. There was evidence of overweight and obesity in both children. The mid – arm muscle circumference (MAMC) gave mean value of 14.44 and 13.07 cm in males and females, respectively. The clinical significance of MUAC, MAMC and corrected AMA measurements are discussed (Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 9: 45 – 52, 2006)
Macrostomia Repair: Comparison of the Z- Plasty Repair with the Straight line Closure
OA Olawoye, OM Fatungashe, BA Ayoade, AO Tade
East and Central African Journal of Surgery , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Macrostomia, also called Tesssier 7 or lateral cleft is an uncommon congenital anomaly which results from the failure of fusion of the maxillary and mandibular processes of the first branchial arch. It could be syndromic or isolated, unilateral or bilateral. There is no consensus among surgeons about the single most acceptable method of repair and as such various methods of repair which attempt to restore normal anatomy have been proposed. This article presents the two cases managed at our hospital and compares the two most commonly performed procedures. Case Report: The two patients who presented to the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery unit of our Hospital, with bilateral macrostomia over a three year period from 1st April 2004 to 31st March 2007 form the basis for the report. One patient had a Z-plasty repair while the second patient had a straight line closure. The outcome of management of the two patients is presented Conclusion: The scar in the patient with the Z-plasty repair appeared more prominent. Both patients however had normal appearing commisures. The multiplicities of options available for the repair of macrostomia suggest that no single method has been found to be most acceptable. The fear of scar contracture in simple line closure appears to be exaggerated.
Visual outcome after cataract surgery at the University College Hospital, Ibadan
OO Olawoye, AO Ashaye, CO Bekibele, BGK Ajayi
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the visual outcome of patients who had cataract surgery in the University College Hospital Ibadan. Methodology: This is an observational descriptive, longitudinal study of consecutive patients undergoing cataract surgery at the University College Hospital conducted between May and October 2007. A total of 184 patients who presented to the hospital and met the inclusion criteria were recruited into the study. Patients were examined preoperatively, 1st day postoperatively and 8th week postoperatively. Results: The mean age was 66.5 years; and the male to female ratio was 1.2:1. Preoperatively, 137 patients (74.5%) were blind in the operated eye, while 39 patients (23.6%) were blind in both eyes at presentation. At 1st day postoperatively, 87 patients (47.3%) had pinhole visual acuity of 6/6-6/18. Best corrected vision after refraction eight weeks postoperatively showed that 127 patients out of 161 patients (78.8%) had good vision while 28 patients (17.4%) had borderline vision, and six patients (3.8%) had severe visual impairment after refraction. The number of bilaterally blind patients also reduced from 39 (23.6%) to one (0.6%). Uncorrected refractive error was the commonest cause of poor vision prior to refraction. Glaucoma was the commonest ocular co-morbidity accounting for poor vision in 9.1% of patients eight weeks after cataract surgery. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that good results can be obtained with cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation in the developing world. More attention should be directed towards ensuring that successful outcomes are indeed being realized by continued monitoring of postoperative visual outcomes and prompt refraction for all patients.
Acute appendicitis in Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital Sagamu, a three year review
BA Ayoade, OA Olawoye, BA Salami, AAF Banjo
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
Abstract: Background: Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital is located in Sagamu, a suburban town with a population of 50,000 (1992 census). The hospital is a tertiary care facility in competition with a large number of private hospitals with different levels of competence. Objective: The objective of the study is to review the outcome of the surgical management of acute appendicitis in our hospital. Method: A retrospective study of subjects who had appendectomy for the clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis between January 2002 and December 2004 was done. Result: 113 subjects consisting of 52 females (46%), and 61 males (54%) were studied. The mean age was 24.1 years, 71 subjects (62.9%) were in the 10-30 years range. 57.5% of the subjects were students and 71 subjects (62.8) resided in urban area. All the subjects, had generalized in 23.9%). The mean duration of symptoms was 3.53days with standard deviation of 3.69days. Only 3 subjects presented on the day of onset of symptoms. Only 15 subjects (13.3%) had surgery on the day of admission. 69subjects (61.1%) had uncomplicated inflamed appendix at surgery and 2subjects (1.8%) had clinically normal appendix. The mean duration of hospital stay was 10.6days with standard deviation of 7.4. The commonest postoperative complication was pyrexia in 16 subjects (14.2%), followed by wound infection in 12 subjects (10.6%). One subject died (0.9%). Conclusion: The outcome reflects the late presentation and delay in surgical treatment.
Bacterial cultures from sinus track and bone in Nigerians with chronic osteomyelitis
AA Olasinde, AO Olawoye, KS Oluwadiya, LM Oginni
Malawi Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Chronic osteomyelitis of the long bones is common in the tropics, despite advances in antimicrobial therapy and surgical treatment. Attempts to isolate the causative pathogen are often done by surface swabs from the discharging sinuses and findings may differ from bone sampling isolates. This study aimed to establish the correlation between sinus and bone culture. A 2-year prospective study was under taken at Federal Medical Centre Owo, Nigeria, from May 2002 to April 2004. Of 25 patients, bacteria were cultured from 11(44%) sinus tracks and 7(28%) bone samples with only 45% concordance between the cultures. The isolation of a single organism especially Staphylococcus aureus from the bone correlated well with that of sinus track culture. Malawi Medical Journal Vol. 17(2) 2005: 47-48
Acute appendicitis in Olabisi Onabajo University teaching Hospital Sagamu, A three year review
AB Ayoade, OA Olawoye, BA Salami, AAF Banjo
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
Abstract:
Visual recovery in a patient with total hyphema, neovascular glaucoma, long-standing retinal detachment and no light perception vision: a case report
Olusola Olawoye, Christopher C Teng, Uri Shabto, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Francis A L'Esperance, Robert Ritch
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-221
Abstract: A 63-year-old Caucasian man with a 55-year history of long-standing retinal detachment after trauma presented to our facility with pain and redness, a total hyphema, no light perception vision and an intraocular pressure of 60 mmHg (right eye). He had a history of diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease. Following anterior chamber washout, he was found to have neovascular glaucoma, for which intravitreal bevacizumab was administered. After washout and intraocular pressure control, his visual acuity improved to light perception. He subsequently underwent vitrectomy, membrane peeling, endolaser and silicone oil placement to reattach his retina, and then a second retinal reattachment procedure. Following these procedures, he had visual recovery to counting fingers vision in his right eye at five metres, complete regression of neovascularization, and intraocular pressure of 10 to 12 mmHg on one antiglaucoma medication.Functional vision can be regained despite long-standing retinal detachment.Long-standing retinal detachments (over one year) with poor visual acuity are typically associated with cystic degeneration of the macula and retina, loss of pigment from the underlying retinal pigment epithelium, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and poor visual outcome after retinal reattachment surgery [1].Chronic retinal detachment is a cause of rubeosis iridis and neovascularization of the anterior chamber angle with subsequent neovascular glaucoma (NVG). NVG represents one of the most severe forms of secondary glaucoma, caused by a number of ocular and systemic conditions. Retinal ischemia and hypoxia initiate the release of angiogenesis factors, with consequent development of new vessels.We report the case of a patient with total hyphema, NVG, long-standing retinal detachment and no light perception (NLP) vision, who regained counting fingers (CF) vision with complete regression of the neovascularization following anterior chamber (AC) washout, intravitreal bevacizumab,
Effect of Different Methods of Bone Preparation on the Skeleton of the African Giant Pouched Rat (Cricetomys gambianus)
Onwuama,Kenechukwu Tobechukwu; Salami,Sulaiman Olawoye; Ali,Magdaline; Nzalak,James Oliver;
International Journal of Morphology , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022012000200011
Abstract: this study was conducted using 12 adult african giant pouched rats of both sexes to compare and to see the effect of three different methods of bone preparation on the bones of the african giant rat (cricetomys gambianus). five rats were used for maceration method, three for burial method and four rats for chemical method (involving two rats each for 3% and 5% solution of sodium hydroxide). chemical preparation with sodium hydroxide was found to be the best method in terms of time required to complete the procedure, number of bones recovered, colour of the bones and odour of the preparation. however, the chemical method has the disadvantage of dissolving and cracking the bones if the concentration used is high and prompt attention is not given to the preparation.
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