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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 599 matches for " Nurses "
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Exploring Factors Influencing Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Lagos State, Nigeria within Year 2008 and 2012  [PDF]
Modupe O. Oyetunde, Olabisi O. Ayeni
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.48062
Abstract:

Objective: To explore the factors influencing recruitment and retention of nurses in Lagos State Hospitals. Background: Despite the perceived efforts made by Hospitals Management in Lagos State to recruit and retain nurses, there is still inadequate number of nurses to match the demand of care needed by patients in the hospitals. Methods: The descriptive study utilized mixed methods to gather data. It consisted of 330 consented and randomly selected nurses for the survey and 14 purposively selected nurse leaders and Director for the interview. The instruments were pretested questionnaire, semi-structured interview guide and existing records. Result: The study revealed that all health institutions in Lagos State were aware of the standard procedures of recruitment of nurses, but often engages in replacement rather than proper recruitment. Most of the Nursing leadership positions in Lagos State were vacant. More than half (68.2%) of the nurse respondents were not sure if they would still be working in their health institution in the next five years. It was revealed that the turnover rate of nurses in the State Health institutions was higher than the Federal health institutions in Nigeria. Conclusion: Increment in salary and allowances rated the best influence on recruitment and retention of nurses in Lagos State. Lack of nursing leadership; sense of job security and work environment were the major factors influencing recruitment and retention of nurses. There is need for adequate human resource planning; increased efforts and formulation of policies that will improve recruitment and retention of nurses in Lagos State of Nigeria.

Knowledge about occupational latex allergy amongst Thai nurses and student nurses  [PDF]
Chompunuch Supapvanich, Andrew Povey, Frank de Vocht
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.35054
Abstract: Glove usage, particularly powdered latex glove is a cause of latex allergy in hospital workers; therefore those workers must have latex allergy knowledge to protect themselves and patients from serious health problems. This study aimed to examine knowledge about latex allergy among nurses and compare their performance with student nurses in Thailand. A knowledge ques-tionnaire was administered to a random sample of 30 nurses and 30 student nurses who worked in hospitals where powdered latex gloves were used. Overall, nurses and student nurses gave correct responses to 27% and 28% of the questions, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in knowledge between nurses and student nurses. Both nurses and student nurses in Thailand have insufficient knowledge about latex allergy and its risk factors. Additional continuing education should be provided to reduce the probability of adverse reactions in sensitized staff and patients in Thai hospitals.
Chemotherapy-Knowledge and Handling Practice of Nurses Working in a Medical University of Nepal  [PDF]
Ramanand Chaudhary, Basant Kumar Karn
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2012.31014
Abstract: Background: Many antineoplastic agents are known to be teratogenic and mutagenic to humans. Nurses are the main groups that are exposed to these drugs in hospital setting. Generally, the occupational activities that pose to greatest risk of exposure are the preparation and administration of antineoplastic agents, cleaning of chemotherapy spills, and handling of patient excreta. Objective: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the knowledge of nurse regarding the way of exposure of Cytotoxic Drugs (CDs) and to determine the current patterns of use of personal protective equipments while handling antineoplastic chemotherapeutic agents. Methods: An analytic cross sectional study was carried out at BPKIHS Dharan. The study was carried out on 125 nurses. The random sampling technique was used to select the study subjects using structured and semi-structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result: More than 92% of participants reported usually wearing gloves during chemotherapy handling; 6% reported using laboratory coats as protective garments. Usual use of face and respiratory protection was less than 5%. Chemotherapy was reported to be prepared in nursing station where there are no laminar airflow hoods in 100% of work settings. None of the subjects have reportedly provided any type of medical monitoring. Conclusion: Use and availability of gloves have increased but personal protective equipment like protective garments, face and respiratory protective, when handling chemotherapy have decreased and medical monitoring of exposed employees still is neither widely practiced nor consistent with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines.
Hospice care compliance of nurses working at a hospice ward in Korea  [PDF]
Hyun Gu Lee, Heeok Park, Young Mi Chun
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.42009
Abstract:


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the hospice care compliance of nurses working at a hospice ward and provide meaningful data to improve the hospice care compliances. Methods: Participants included 104 nurses working at the hospice ward of the hospital located at P and D cities. Data was collected from February to March 2012. The level of hospice care compliance was measured using Bae (2000)’s questionnaires. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffè test using SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: The level of hospice care compliance in hospice nurses working at a hospice ward was high (3.25 out of 4). In hospice care compliance, the physical area was highest, followed by the emotional, spiritual, and social areas. Hospice care compliance was significantly different according to age, marital status, education, religion, importance of religion, job position, job satisfaction and life satisfaction. Hospice care compliance was also significantly different according to the nurses’ experience of death, having license or certification related to hospice care and experiences related to clients’ death. Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that the level of hospice care compliance was high and the hospice care compliance in South Korea was primarily focused on physical care. Considering that spiritual needs are important needs in hospice clients, hospice nurses need to focus on those aspects more. To improve the quality of hospice care compliance in the hospice nurses, programs to increase hospice nurses’ job and life satisfaction are needed.


Experience of Conducting Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation (OSCE) in Malawi  [PDF]
Tiwonge Ethel Mbeya Munkhondya, Gladys Msiska, Evelyn Chilemba, Maureen Daisy Majamanda
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.410075
Abstract: In Malawi various nursing educational institutions have increased the enrollment of nursing students in order to respond to the rampant nursing shortage prevalent in the Malawian clinical settings. With this increase in intake, nurse educators are met with so many questions as to whether the nurses being trained are competent and fit for practice. To ensure that these nurses have appropriate competences, Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation (OSCE) has been embraced as a key strategy to evaluate student’s competence. The paper describes the lessons learnt from conducting OSCE to undergraduate student nurses at Kamuzu College of Nursing in Malawi. The paper considers the background and context of the school, the preparation of students, the formulation of OSCE tasks, recruitment of examiner and simulated patients and the evaluation of the OSCE. The paper concludes that OSCE can be a worthwhile valid strategy of teaching and assessing nursing students as long as it is properly designed. Nonetheless, profound commitment of all stakeholders involved is very vital.
Orienting a new generation of nurses: Expectations of the millennial new graduate  [PDF]
Elaine M. Riegel
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.37062
Abstract:

Generational diversity provides a unique quandary for nursing leaders and educators to enlist, orient, and retain nurses. Millennials are the largest cohort since the Baby Boomers and the age group from which the nursing profession will build its future workforce. This study examined the experiences of the new graduate nurse of the millennial generation as they navigate orientation in an acute care setting. Using a Web-based survey to conduct the study allowed nurses from across the country to participate while providing easy access to the study questions. Analysis of the data through qualitative content analysis demonstrated a dominate theme of seeking structure while expecting an individualized orientation. The survey also revealed the importance of the preceptor and manager in the perceived success of this generation’s transition and a need to assimilate into the professional role of RN. Recognizing that there is a need to promote a more individualized orientation with improved mentoring for novice nurses and their preceptors is evident and challenges nursing leaders and educators to rethink current practices to retain new nurses. Established roles within the hospital and individual nursing units are changing and traditional strategies for recruitment and retention no longer apply. A structured orientation can facilitate the transition from new graduate to professional nurse and assist in the retention of qualified nurses and ultimately safe patient care.

Burnout among Lebanese nurses: Psychometric properties of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS)  [PDF]
Ibtissam Sabbah, Hala Sabbah, Sanaa Sabbah, Hussein Akoum, Nabil Droubi
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.49101
Abstract: Background: Burnout is a mental condition defined as a result of continuous and long-term stress exposure, particularly related to psychosocial factors at work. This paper aims to examine the psychometric properties of the Maslach Burnout Questionnaire (MBI-HSS) for validation of use in Lebanon, and to describe burnout and associated factors amongst nurses in Lebanon especially the gender and employment sector. Methods: The psychometric properties of the Arabic version of MBI-HSS were studied amongst a sample of 200 nurses. In this descriptive study, survey data were collected from private and public hospitals. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis. Results: The results indicated satisfactory reliability through internal consistency for all three scales of the MBI-HSS. The factor analysis was quite satisfactory. Most of staff had scores which indicated they were burnt out. Nearly three quarters (77.5%) reported emotional exhaustion, 36.0% reported depersonalization while almost one third (33.0%) experienced reduced personal accomplishment. Burnout increases for 30-39 years age groups. Married nurses had significantly higher emotional exhaustion. Depersonalization was highest among nurses in private sector, and personal accomplishment was highest among nurses in public sector. Depersonalization proved to be higher in night and rotating shift nurses. Depression, backache, and headache were predictors of burnout. Conclusion: Findings indicate that the main psychometric properties of reliability and validity of the Arabic version of MBI-HSS appear to be satisfactory. Burnout is particularly prominent and severe in the nurses working population. The implications of these findings for interventions that reduce burnout and promote nursing mental health are therefore in the interest of employers, governments and policy makers.
The impact of culture on AIDS nurses in Iran  [PDF]
Hoda Fotovvat, Mohammad Zahedi Asl
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.38A010
Abstract:

AIDS is one of the medical professional’s or young person ventures in third world countries like Iran. The growth of AIDS victims in the recent years has made a lot of global worries about cure process and other related issues to HIV problems in these countries. One of the effective groups in the study of AIDS patients is nurses who are in direct contact with patients. Our investigation led to study two variables “consciousness” and “vision” of nurses working in Imam Khomeini hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Based on the results we achieved that nurses have a low medium degree in the variables studied which is as a result of poor and low effective trainings. In addition to this as a consequence of wrong culture in Iran about AIDS patients or even people in contact with them, nurses have been in a great pressure as they might be in danger of disease transmission. This negative trend has caused a great anxiety about the real condition of AID patients in Iran and their cure process.

A Recognized Value System among Nurses Working in Poland  [PDF]
Beata Bajurna, Anna Gal?ba, Jerzy T. Marcinkowski
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.51008
Abstract: Aim of this work was to present a study indicating the recognized system of values of nursing units in healthcare entities in Poland. Professionally active nurses (249) employed in medicinal entities were subjects in the study. A random selection of individuals was applied in the study, and the participation in the research was declared by respondents consent to participate in it. A survey was used as the main form of measurement, and it was divided into direct and indirect survey. A standardized Rokeach’s scale of values [1] [2] consisting of two collections, each of which included 18 single values, was used. They were ranked by tested individuals according to the hierarchy of their values which allowed for recognizing which are the most important for them. Kruskal-Wallis’s test was applied in the study. Results: The social position is the most important value for nurses working in the district medical entities. For those working in the regional medical units, the most appreciated value is being ambitious, whereas in the clinical self-esteem. The socio-demographic data such as age, length of service, levels of education differentiate assessments of each recognized values in the group of nurses. The women between 31 and 40 consider being ambitious as the most important value, between 41 and 50 responsibility and between 20 and 30 self-esteem; responsibility is the most appreciated value for people with 21 - 25 years of experience because the older and more experienced the nurse is, the stronger her sense of responsibility becomes. A social position was appreciated the most by the nurses holding a nursing degree. Conclusions: There have been significant differences in terms of accepted values between nurses working in the district, provincial and clinical medical entities. Socio-demographic data such as age, length of service, education levels differentiate assessment of each recognized value in the group of nurses.
Barriers and Suggested Facilitators to the Implementation of Best Practice: An Integrative Review  [PDF]
Suhair H. Al Ghabeesh
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.51009
Abstract: It is well known that the incorporation of research findings into practice leads to less costs of health care, more personal productivity, longer and healthier lives for patients, and also will decrease pain and suffering of patients. Thus, the aim of this integrative review was to identify the barriers and facilitators of research utilization among the world and the best strategies used to overcome the barriers. A literature search was conducted by viewing relevant studies via computerized searching through EBSCO, Medline, Science Direct, Pub Med, Ovid, and Arabic Journals research databases. The number of reviewed studies was 192 and all of them in English, no studies in Arabic. Only 26 of them were selected based on inclusion criteria. Twenty six studies were included, with most using a cross-sectional survey design. The most identified barriers are lack of time, inadequate facilities and resources to implement new ideas, no enough authority to implement new ideas, lack of administrative support and others, while the most identified suggested that facilitators are improving the scientific knowledge of nurses and support from unit managers. The majority of these studies used Barriers scale which is not a standardized tool. However, there is a big gap between real situation and the identified evidences resulted from researches.
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