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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52998 matches for " Nkouathio David Guimolaire "
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Study of Multi-Origin Hazards and Assessment of Associated Risks in the Lefo Caldera (Bamenda Volcano, Cameroon Line)  [PDF]
Zangmo Tefogoum Ghislain, Nkouathio David Guimolaire, Kagou Dongmo Armand, Gountie Dedzo Merlin, Kamgang Pierre
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.511107
Abstract: The Bamenda Volcano (BV) (2621 m) is a stratovolcano situated in the Cameroon Line (CL). BV includes Mount Lefo (2534 m) which is situated on its southern slopes and contains one elliptical caldera (3 × 4 km). This caldera is propitious to farming and breeding activity. Despite these profitable assets, Lefo caldera (LC) is an amphitheater of the occurrence of multi-origin hazards that have direct or indirect impacts on the biodiversity and human patrimony. The most present hazards are those of meteorological origin. Numerous combined factors (steepest slopes, heavy rainfalls, weathered state of volcanic products…) rule these hazards. These factors gave rise to the occurrence of landslides, gullies erosion and rock falls which occur precisely on caldera northern and eastern rims. Hazards of anthropogenic origin are based on the destruction of the vegetation cover by the population for dealing, firewood and building issues. Moreover, during the breeding activity, the cattle covers the caldera throughout the day; this unevens the topography and destroys the meadow. Hazards of volcanological origin are not yet occurring in LC; but the recent Lake Monoun (1984) and Nyos (1986) CO2 eruptions, mount Cameroon eruptions (1999 and 2000) and mount Oku Lake event (2011) which are close to the BV and, the age of 0 Myr of basalt, constitutes a subject of controversy toward the reactivation of the Cameroonian hotspot faults. The assessment of risks in LC was based on the average income of breeding activity and house investment. The economy of LC is valued at about US$527472.527. The level of such risk will be important in case of loss of human beings and the destruction of geomorphosites’ values. In order to reduce the level of looses in this zone, hazard and risks maps are provided in this paper as well as some recommendations.
The Twin Bambili Maars (Bamenda Mountains, Cameroon Volcanic Line): Simulative Model of Formation  [PDF]
Wotchoko Pierre, Takojio Nguemo Rose Eugenie, Kouankap Nono Gus Djibril, Guedjeo Christian Suh, Nkouathio David Guimollaire, Bobga Stanley Babila, Chenyi Marie-Louise Vohnyui, Tchokona Seuwi dieudonne, Suh Emmanuel Cheo
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2017.74030
Abstract: The Bambili maars are twin contemporaneous maars embedded in trachytic rocks. The two maars are separated by a low lying inter-Maar dome whose inner walls dip towards the Southern Maar. The Bambili Northern Maar (BNM) contains water and its floor is found at an altitude lower than the Bambili Southern Maar (BSM) (50 m) which is swampy and drains into the BNM. Both maars have very steep vertical walls. Three different units are identified in the area. Unit 1 is 1 m thick sequence, characterize by the presence of matrix supported fine-grained fallouts (ash and lapilli size) with stratified diffused bedding planes. This unit is further subdivided into three different layers: L1, L2 and L3 from bottom to top with increasing sizes of particles respectively. This layer shows reverser grading and its grain sizes rarely exceed 2 cm and this unit shows no depositional structures. Unit 2 is an unstratified unit predominantly made up of tephra deposits. Within these deposits are found blocks of sizes ranging between 2 and 10 cm of different petrographic types. They include scoria, basalts, trachyte, and granite cognate. The last unit, Unit 3 is distinctly stratified characterized by well sorted, heterolithologic, graded bedding layers which are matrix supported. Base on the composition and grain sizes, this unit was subdivided into 7 horizons: h1 - h7. Within this unit, two sequences of deposits are distinguished: U1 and U2. Both sequences are characterized by alternation of lapilli and tuff beds. The clast comprises of juvenile materials, mudstone which are highly vesicular and altered rock fragments. Other products identified within the area are ferolithic volcanic bombs (5 - 20 cm), xenocrystals (2 - 4 cm) within finer deposits. They are elongated and show visible twinned planes. Explosion breccias are equally identified occurring as bolders. Along the inner walls of the maars are also found large basaltic and trachytic blocks which are remnants of pre-maar unit within maar deposits. The model proposed indicates the maars were emplaced simultaneously from adjacent vents followed by a succession of lava flows and pyroclastic ejections.
The influence of the different elements of an organic molecule structure on the main kinetic parameters of its unimolecular reaction in the high-pressure region  [PDF]
David Krinkin
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.38090
Abstract: The most general dynamic tendencies of the energy redistribution in the high-pressure region are considered. Their influence on the possible deviations from the kinetic conceptions, which is now generally accepted, is examined. In this way, the structural elements of an organic molecule that promote internal energy mobilization in the high-pressure region and, conversely, hamper it, are defined. The first of these elements reduces both the Arrhenius parameters of the unimolecular reactions while the second leads to the opposite results. Some well-known exceptions to existing kinetic theories, which find an explanation in the framework of these proposed concepts, is considered. The proposed concept is very general as distinct from the existing dynamic studies, which investigate more particular details of the separate bond behaviors. The proposed general concept can broaden the study of chemical kinetics.
Raising Engagement and Enhancing Learning: School Community Partnerships That Work for Students at Promise  [PDF]
David Zyngier
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.24053
Abstract: This paper reports on a pilot study that investigates the widely reported issue of underachievement of students from Culturally Linguistically and Economically Diverse (CLED) backgrounds. It involves 15 university education faculty student volunteers and over 40 students and their families in primary (elementary) schools situated in disadvantaged communities of Victoria whose students come from 40 different nationalities, speaking 36 languages and with 75 per cent of its student cohort coming from Non English Speaking Backgrounds. A partnership was formed to focus on the problem of CLED children’s disengagement from their academic learning. We focus on how a productive partnership between schools and a university impact on inclusive teaching and learning practices both at the school and the university level. We investigate whether such an intervention can have an impact on engagement levels and the learning and social outcomes of students from refugee, migrant and working class families. Privileging participant voice we analyze data from interviews, surveys and focus groups with students, teachers and parents to argue that such a program has the capacity to re-engage underachieving students at a minimal cost to the community as an alternative model to other expensive and unsuccessful intervention programs. We conclude that at the core of this successful program is the need for both participants to feel they are empowered in the process. We know that student outcomes can be enhanced when the students feel connected to and involved in their community. Through this project, the students have the opportunity to experience greater community engagement leading to improved school attendance and retention, as well as better academic outcomes.
A Simple Proof That the Curl Defined as Circulation Density Is a Vector-Valued Function, and an Alternative Approach to Proving Stoke’s Theorem  [PDF]
David McKay
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2012.21007
Abstract: This article offers a simple but rigorous proof that the curl defined as a limit of circulation density is a vector-valued function with the standard Cartesian expression.
“Your Guide to Paediactric Anesthesia” by Sims and Johnson: A Book Review  [PDF]
David Faraoni
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2012.21003
Abstract: “Your Guide to Paediatric Anaesthesia”by Sims and Johnson is the first edition of a book written for fellow or non-pediatric anesthetists. The authors give a practical approach for daily practice in pediatric anesthesia. This \"book review\" describes a general presentation and an objective evaluation of this recently published book.
On Choosing Fourier Transforms for Practical Geoscience Applications  [PDF]
David Boteler
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.325096
Abstract: The variety of definitions of Fourier transforms can create confusion for practical applications. This paper examines the choice of formulas for Fourier transforms and determines the appropriate choices for geoscience applications. One set of Discrete Fourier Transforms can be defined that approximate Fourier integrals and provide transforms between sampled continuous functions in both domains. For applications involving transforms between a continuous function and a discrete function a second set of Discrete Fourier Transforms is needed with different scaling factors. Two classes of application are presented: those where either form of transforms can be used and those where it is necessary to use a particular transform to obtain the correct results.
Investment Incentives under Price-Cap Regulation  [PDF]
David Bartolini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.25105
Abstract: In the literature on price regulation, the price-cap mechanism is seen as a very powerful incentive mechanism towards efficiency improvements. What about quality investments? The empirical literature is not univocal: Some studies suggest a deterioration of quality, while others do not find any statistically significant impact. We analyze the incentive provided by price-cap regulation in a setting in which the investment decisions of the regulated firm suffer from hold-up, and contacts are incomplete. We show that the incentives to invest in cost-saving innovations can be fostered by a price-cap contract with a “sufficient” regulatory lag, while for other types of investments, such as quality enhancement, the same contract does not help. Furthermore, we show that if the firm faces a binding resource constraint the price-cap contract generates a crowding-out effect between the two types of investment. This might explain the non univocal empirical evidence.


IMPEX: An Approach to Analyze Source Code Changes on Software Run Behavior  [PDF]
David Nemer
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.64020
Abstract:

The development of software nowadays is getting more complex due to the need to use software programs to accomplish more elaborated tasks. Developers may have a hard time knowing what could happen to the software when making changes. To support the developer in reducing the uncertainty of the impact on the software run behavior due to changes in the source code, this paper presents a tool called IMPEX which analyzes the differences in the source code and differences on the run behavior of two subsequent software versions, in the entire repository, demonstrating to the developer the impact that a change in the source code has had on the software run, over the whole software history. This impact helps the developers in knowing what is affected during execution due to their changes in the source code. This study verifies that the software runs that are most impacted by a given change in the source code, have higher chances in being impacted in the future whenever this part of the code is changed again. The approach taken in this paper was able to precisely predict what would be impacted on the software execution when a change in the source code was made in 70% of the cases.

Raymond Carver and the Ethos of Drinking  [PDF]
David McCracken
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/als.2013.12004
Abstract: In Raymond Carver’s “Careful”, “Gazebo”, and “Chef’s House”, characters depend on the process of drinking as a paradigm to understand their lives. In these three stories, the characters rely upon alcohol as a solution to problems paradoxically caused by their addiction to alcohol.
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