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Search Results: 1 - 3 of 3 matches for " Nicholi Vorsa "
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LC-MS-MS Analysis and the Antioxidant Activity of Flavonoids from Eggplant Skins Grown in Organic and Conventional Environments  [PDF]
Ajay P. Singh, Yifei Wang, Rachel M. Olson, Devanand Luthria, Gary S. Banuelos, Sajeemas Pasakdee, Nicholi Vorsa, Ted Wilson
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2017.89063
Abstract: Eggplant fruits are known to contain different classes of phenolic phytochemicals (flavonols, phenolic acids, and anthocyanins) that can exert beneficial effects on human health. This study developed methods for the qualitative and quantitative composition analysis of phenolic compounds in the skin of eggplant fruits harvested following conventional and certified organic farming conditions. Eggplant skin was extracted using aqueous methanol prior to phenolic profiling with UHPLC-ESI-MS-MS. Eggplant skin extracts yielded a profile of 16 phenolic acids, 4 anthocyanins, and 11 flavonols, the first report of quercetin-3-diglucoside, myricetin-3-neohesperidoside, myricetin-3-galactoside, kaempferol-3,7-diglucoside, kaempferol-diglucoside and quercetin-3-rhamnoside. Polyphenolic extracts from all sources potently delayed the cupric ion-mediated lag-time for LDL lipid oxidation and protected Apo-B100 proteins against oxidative modification. Organic growing environment positively influences eggplant skin extract phenolic profile but not antioxidant capacity. In conclusion, eggplant skin has a robust profile of phenolic phytochemicals with excellent antioxidant properties.
English and Black Walnut Phenolic Antioxidant Activity in Vitro and Following Human Nut Consumption  [PDF]
Jacki M Rorabaugh, Ajay P Singh, Isabel M Sherrell, Michelle R Freeman, Nicholi Vorsa, Peter Fitschen, Christopher Malone, Margaret A Maher, Ted Wilson
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.23026
Abstract: Background: Walnut consumption may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by providing antioxidant protection to low density lipoproteins (LDL). Aim: This study compared the phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of English ver- sus black walnuts. Methods: Nuts were extracted in methanol or acetone prior to analysis with HPLC/LC-MS-MS for phenolic identification and quantitation. The ability to prevent oxidation of LDL was examined in vitro using walnut extracts and ex vivo after walnut consumption for 28 days. Results: Flavonoids identified/quantified with HPLC/LC- MS-MS included the phenolic acids 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 3-caffeoylquinic acid (black walnut only), 4-caffeoylquinic acid, and the flavonol glycosides quercetin-3-rutinoside, quercetin-3-galactoside, quercetin-3-pentoside, quercetin-3- arabinoside, quercetin-3-rhamnoside, and the aglycone quercetin (English walnut only). Total phenolic yield of acetone extracts were 166.1 and 24.2 µg/g for English and black walnut respectively, and yield for methanol extracts were 147.6 and 4.1 µg/g for English and black walnut respectively. In vitro LDL oxidation by Cu++ with English walnut ex- tracts significantly extended oxidation lag-time (A234) in a dose dependent manner at 1.0 and 0.1 µg/ml and reduced TBARS formation (1.0 µg/ml). Black walnut extracts reduced TBARS significantly but had no effect on A234. Human consumption of English or black walnuts (30 g nuts/day) for 28 days resulted in no differences in LDL antioxidant ca- pacity (A234) between groups or within groups. Conclusion: This study suggests that the English walnuts have a pheno- lic profile and in vitro antioxidant capacity that is better than black walnuts, but that walnut consumption for 28 days does not improve LDL resistance to oxidation.
Insights into the Molecular Mechanisms of the Anti-Atherogenic Actions of Flavonoids in Normal and Obese Mice
Elena V. Shabrova, Olga Tarnopolsky, Ajay P. Singh, Jorge Plutzky, Nicholi Vorsa, Loredana Quadro
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024634
Abstract: Obesity is a major and independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and it is strongly associated with the development of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Flavonoids, a diverse group of polyphenol compounds of plant origin widely distributed in human diet, have been reported to have numerous health benefits, although the mechanisms underlying these effects have remained obscure. We analyzed the effects of chronic dietary supplementation with flavonoids extracted from cranberry (FLS) in normal and obese C57/BL6 mice compared to mice maintained on the same diets lacking FLS. Obese mice supplemented with flavonoids showed an amelioration of insulin resistance and plasma lipid profile, and a reduction of visceral fat mass. We provide evidence that the adiponectin-AMPK pathway is the main mediator of the improvement of these metabolic disorders. In contrast, the reduced plasma atherogenic cholesterol observed in normal mice under FLS seems to be due to a downregulation of the hepatic cholesterol synthesis pathway. Overall, we demonstrate for the first time that the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of flavonoids are determined by the metabolic state.
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