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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 87165 matches for " Neusa Maria Costa; "
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Ergonomia e as atividades ocupacionais da equipe de enfermagem
Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62341998000100013
Abstract: this paper discusses some of the ergonomics conditions that contribute to the development of musculoskeletal disorders of the vertebral column and relates these conditions to the occupational activities of the nursing staff.
Aspectos ergon?micos relacionados com o ambiente e equipamentos hospitalares
Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11691998000400013
Abstract: ergonomics has been one of the most important strategies for reducing musculoskeletal injuries caused by working conditions. the present report discusses particular aspects of the working environment such as work space, working heights, as well as the limits of reach and of the equipment used, and attempts to relate these to the occupational activities in nursing.
Ergonomic and postural aspects and the health workers Aspectos ergon micos e posturais e o trabalhador da área de saúde
Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre
Semina : Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde , 2007,
Abstract: Musculoskeletal disorders are an important occupational health problem. Health workers are at high risk of developing musculoskeletal symptoms due to inadequate ergonomic conditions. The procedures that involve the moving and transportation of patients are considered the most dangerous ones for health workers. Therefore, training programs on handling patients are a compulsory part of prevention programs. The purpose of the study was to synthesize and describe basic strategies to prevent and control musculoskeletal symptoms in health workers by means of an ergonomic theoretical framework. A systematic review was used in order to integrate empiric evidence produced by the author’s scientific research. Themes related to postural orientations, specific ergonomic aspects and considerations about handling patients are presented. This study also describes the devices that should be used when moving and transferring patients, taking into consideration that they have to be urgently implemented in health practical activities. Os distúrbios osteomusculares representam um importante problema de saúde ocupacional. Os trabalhadores da área de saúde est o sujeitos a sintomas osteomusculares, atribuídos particularmente a condi es ergon micas inadequadas. Os procedimentos que envolvem a movimenta o e o transporte de pacientes s o considerados os mais penosos para esses trabalhadores, e a implementa o de treinamento é parte obrigatória de programas de preven o. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo sintetizar e descrever criticamente os pontos básicos das principais estratégias de preven o e controle dos sintomas osteomusculares, em trabalhadores da área de saúde, dentro de uma abordagem ergon mica. A metodologia empregada foi uma revis o sistemática, articulando evidências empíricas produzidas por trabalhos científicos da autora. Nele se discutem temas relativos às orienta es posturais, aspectos ergon micos específicos e considera es sobre os procedimentos de movimenta o e transporte de pacientes. Descreve também equipamentos que deveriam ser utilizados durante a movimenta o e o transporte de pacientes considerando que eles devem ser urgentemente implementados nas atividades práticas da área de saúde.
Movimenta??o e transferência de pacientes: aspectos posturais e ergon?micos
Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa;Rogante, Maria Marilene;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342000000200006
Abstract: the most dangerous and difficult tasks faced by health workers are those procedures involved with lifting and moving patients. therefore, training and recycling programs in lifting procedures are a compulsory part of programs for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders in schools and health institutions. the present study presents basic and innovative orientation with an ergonomic approach regarding these procedures, together with the use of devices.
Medical reports recommending work restrictions at a teaching hospital in Brazil
Gurgueira, Giovana Pimentel;Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692006000400007
Abstract: this non-experimental and cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to evaluate medical reports recommending work restrictions for workers at a teaching hospital in brazil. a form was used for data collection, characterizing the medical reports and work restrictions, with its content previously validated. a total of 176 medical reports was analyzed, containing 337 work restrictions, recommended from january 2001 to january 2004. the results demonstrated a high rate of work restrictions in the study hospital. the most restrictions frequent were ergonomic (78.6%), and the most often prescribed were: no weight lifting or carrying and no repetitive movements. there was an average of two restrictions per medical report, 79.5% of which were definitive and the mean restriction period was 13 months.
O que vem à sua mente ao ouvir “estar aberto”, “aten o plena”, “consciência plena”, “medita o”?
Marcio Sussumu Hirayama,Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade , 2012, DOI: 10.5712/rbmfc7(1)611
Abstract: Introdu o: Mindfulness foi traduzido da palavra Sati de textos budistas na língua palie pode significar o ato de lembrar-se de manter a consciência. Esta palavra é pouco familiar para a cultura ocidental. Para uma adequada e efetiva comunica o e aplica o da prática de mindfulness na sociedade, s o necessárias investiga es sobre o uso e ideias que se tem a respeito de conceitos relacionados. Investigamos o que pensa o brasileiro ao ouvir algumas express es em português re. Apresentamos aqui resultados parciais de uma das fases do processo de adapta o cultural do Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI), um instrumento que busca avaliar mindfulness na popula o clínica e n o clínica. Método: Entrevistamos uma amostra selecionada por conveniência constituída de 41 pessoas. Realizamos algumas perguntas abertas, ex.: a) Em que você pensou quando leu “estou aberto para viver a experiência do momento presente”? b) O que vem à sua mente quando você ouve “aten o plena”? c) E “consciência plena”? d) Na sua opini o, o que é medita o? e) O que te motiva ou te impede de praticar medita o? Analisamos o conteúdo das respostas obtidas e o sintetizamos em ideias mais presentes. Amostra avaliada: 18 homens, 23 mulheres; idade média de 38 anos (18 a 76 anos); renda familiar de menos de 2 a acima de 6 salários mínimos; 15 pessoas apresentavam doen a, católicos (44%), evangélicos(10%), nenhuma religi o (12%) e 14 pessoas eram meditadores. Resultados: Algumas respostas: a) aceitar mudan as, certeza, vontade pelo novo, n o entendi; b) concentra o, sentidos alerta, o que quer dizer plena?; c) clareza, entendimento total, igual aten o plena, mais relaxado, transcendência; d) pensar em nada, organizar a mente, nunca parei pra pensar; e) ambiente mais tranquilo, uma rotina, grupo, nada, n o gosto disso, falta de interesse. Conclus o: Existe uma ampla diversidade de ideias relacionadas às express es ligadas à comunica o do conceito de mindfulness. Cuidados e esclarecimentos se mostram necessários para a implementa o de práticas e palavras n o familiares para a popula o brasileira em geral.
Job and housework during radiotherapy: Comparisons between leaving out activities and disease treatment  [PDF]
Cristiane Helena Gallasch, Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre, Sergio Carlos Barros Esteves
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.56142
Abstract:

Background: Researches about work limitations related to cancer treatment and survival are recent. This study describes the characteristics of patients who keep their work and house work activities during radiotherapy, and comparison between some disease data and leaving out those activities. Methods: Data were collected from medical records of patients admitted in a Brazilian Radiotherapy Private Health Service. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed, as hypotheses texts, Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test. Results: Data of 111 individuals were presented; being 65.77% of workers of paid activities and 34.34% of careers of home. Between employees, 50.7% kept their job activities, and 92.1% between house workers. The association between absence from work activities and tumor type (primary or metastasis) and between absence and KPS (p < 0.05) were observed. Discussion: It is observed that breast, brain and lung tumors significantly affect employees’ performance, causing the withdrawal of workers from their activities. Data from the literature review clearly demonstrated the importance of work activities in social support of the worker, but his overall performance may be impaired. Implications for cancer survivors: The study indicates the need for assessment of the individual, work or activity environment and required as well as the continuity research aiming at the development and validation of evaluation tools such as questionnaires or scales.

Avalia??o de uma cadeira de banho utilizada em ambiente hospitalar: uma abordagem ergon?mica
Comélio, Maria Estevam;Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672005000400005
Abstract: a high rate of musculoskeletal disorders in members of the nursing team is observed in the literature. the use of special devices such as the bath chair has reduced the risk of back injuries in these workers and has also provided the patient with greater safety as well as comfort. the aim of the present study was to assess the ergonomic characteristics of a bath chair utilized in a hospital. separate questionnaires were applied for the nurses and the patients. the bath chair accessories presented several ergonomic problems. the perceived physical exertion according to the borg-cr10 scale indicated that a high level of exertion was required to manipulate the equipment (8.33).
Doen?as músculo-esqueléticas, trabalho-esqueléticas, trabalho e estilo de vida entre trabalhadores de estilo de uma institui??o pública de saúde
Monteiro, Maria Silvia;Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa;Rodrigues, Cinthia Mendes;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342006000100003
Abstract: this is a cross-sectional study developed with 651 workers of various occupations. they answered a questionnaire covering general, labor and lifestyle data, in addition to the work ability index, which has been developed by researchers from finland. in terms of sociodemographics, the analysis of the factors associated with the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder revealed them to be female, older, and with low level of schooling. as for labor characteristics, the disease was associated with those individuals with physically demanding work, longer working hours on a second job and longer working hours at the institution itself. regarding lifestyle, the characteristics associated with the occurrence of the disease were obesity, long housework hours and absence of leisure activities.
Acidentes de trabalho afetando a coluna vertebral: um estudo realizado com trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital universitário
Alexandre, Neusa Maria Costa;Benatti, Maria Cecília Cardoso;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11691998000200010
Abstract: in order to evaluate certain characteristics of the occurrence of occupational back injury among nursing staff, all workers affected during a period of six months were interviewed. these individuals were 43,2 years old on average and were basically female. there was no statistical significative difference showing a predominance among working turns and among the different nursing ranks involved in the accident. most of the accidents happened within the hospital unit while they were moving or transporting patients and equipment, because of falls due to slipping floor. the most affected regions of the spinal column were the lumbar and cervical portions. the majority of the subjects affirmed that they had some type of back problem.
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