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Technicality of Managing Cut Throat Injury  [PDF]
Shreyas S. Joshi, Mohan Jagade, Sunil Nichalani, Sunita Bage, Saurabh Agarwal, Neha Pangam
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2013.21004
Abstract: Cervical tracheal injuries are relatively uncommon and are frequently associated with esophageal, vascular or spinal injuries. We hereby report a case of cut throat injury with complete transection of trachea and its management.
Fault Tolerant Heterogeneous Limited Duplication Scheduling algorithm for Decentralized Grid
DR. NITIN,Neha Agarwal,Piyush Chauhan
International Journal of Computers & Technology , 2013,
Abstract: Fault tolerance is one of the most desirable property in decentralized grid computing systems, where computational resources are geographically distributed. These resources collaborate in order to execute workflow applications as fast as possible. In workflow applications, tasks are dependent on each other, so it becomes extremely vital that scheduling techniques should also have some decentralized fault tolerant mechanism. In this paper, we have proposed a decentralized fault tolerant mechanism which utilize the checkpoint concept; for Heterogeneous Limited Duplication (HLD) algorithm. HLD is based on task duplication scheduling in heterogeneous environment. There are two fold benefits firstly; if node failure occurs then rest of grid nodes sustain the execution of application. Secondly, less makespan of application is obtained using checkpoint concept. Therefore, application scheduled over decentralized grid systems (which are known for their unreliable behavior) will yield results fast utilizing algorithm proposed in this paper.
RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF SUGAR MANUFACTURING PLANT USING BOOLEAN FUNCTION TECHNIQUE
S.C. Agarwal, Deepika & Neha Sharma
International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract:
Greener Approach towards Corrosion Inhibition
Neha Patni,Shruti Agarwal,Pallav Shah
Chinese Journal of Engineering , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/784186
Abstract: Corrosion control of metals is technically, economically, environmentally, and aesthetically important. The best option is to use inhibitors for protecting metals and alloys against corrosion. As organic corrosion inhibitors are toxic in nature, so green inhibitors which are biodegradable, without any heavy metals and other toxic compounds, are promoted. Also plant products are inexpensive, renewable, and readily available. Tannins, organic amino acids, alkaloids, and organic dyes of plant origin have good corrosion-inhibiting abilities. Plant extracts contain many organic compounds, having polar atoms such as O, P, S, and N. These are adsorbed on the metal surface by these polar atoms, and protective films are formed, and various adsorption isotherms are obeyed. Various types of green inhibitors and their effect on different metals are mentioned in the paper. 1. Introduction Corrosion is the deterioration of materials by chemical interaction with their environment. The term corrosion is sometimes also applied to the degradation of plastics, concrete, and wood, but generally refers to metals. The most widely used metal is iron (usually as steel). Corrosion can cause disastrous damage to metal and alloy structures causing economic consequences in terms of repair, replacement, product losses, safety, and environmental pollution. Due to these harmful effects, corrosion is an undesirable phenomenon that ought to be prevented [1]. There are several ways of preventing corrosion and the rates at which it can propagate with a view of improving the lifetime of metallic and alloy materials. The use of inhibitors for the control of corrosion of metals and alloys which are in contact with aggressive environment is one among the acceptable practices used to reduce and/or prevent corrosion. A corrosion inhibitor is a substance which, when added in small concentration to an environment, effectively reduces the corrosion rate of a metal exposed to that environment. Corrosion inhibitors can be divided into two broad categories, namely, those that enhance the formation of a protective oxide film through an oxidizing effect and those that inhibit corrosion by selectively adsorbing on the metal surface and creating a barrier that prevents access of corrosive agents to the metal surface [1]. Almost all organic molecules containing heteroatoms such as nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorous, and oxygen show significant inhibition efficiency. Despite these promising findings about possible corrosion inhibitors, most of these substances are not only expensive but also toxic
Comparative evaluation of the efficacy and safety of ormeloxifene and norethisterone in dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Neha Agarwal,Saroj Singh,Shikha Singh,Mohita Agarwal
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20130617
Abstract: Background: Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB) is the most common cause of abnormal uterine bleeding and is a major indication for referral to gynecological clinics. There are very few studies comparing the effect of ormeloxifene and progesterone in DUB. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of Ormeloxifene in DUB and compare it with Norethisterone. Methods: Hundred women presenting with DUB were randomly allocated to 2 equal groups, Group-A, which received 60mg ormeloxifene twice a week for 12 weeks followed by 60mg once a week for next 12 weeks and Group-B, which received 5mg norethisterone twice daily for 21 days for 6 cycles. The primary outcomes were reduction in menstrual blood loss [measured by fall in PBAC (Pictorial Blood loss Assessment Chart) score and subjective assessment], rise in hemoglobin level and decrease in endometrial thickness. Results: The reduction in mean PBAC score with ormeloxifene (216 to 88) was significantly more than with norethisterone (262 to 162) at 3 months (p<0.01). The rise in hemoglobin concentration and fall in endometrial thickness were also significantly more with ormeloxifene than norethisterone (7.52g% to 9.2g% vs. 7.48g% to 8.4g%, p<0.05, and 12.12mm to 9.46mm vs. 12.05mm to 10.7mm, p<0.05, respectively). Further improvement at 6 months was much more with ormeloxifene. No major side effects were reported in any group. Conclusions: Both drugs are effective in treating DUB, but ormeloxifene is superior to norethisterone in reducing menstrual blood loss. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(2.000): 194-198]
Pyocolpos in a 4 year old: a rare scenario
Neha Agarwal,Saroj Singh,Rajeshwar Dayal,Anu Pathak
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20130956
Abstract: Pyocolpos is cystic dilatation of vagina due to accumulation of pus resulting from genital tract obstruction. Hydrocolpos or pyocolpos are usually encountered either in the neonatal period due to stimulation from maternal hormones or at menarche. Their occurrence beyond infancy and before puberty is rare. We report this rare case of pyocolpos in a 4 year old child. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000): 488-490]
Alternate Strategies for Conversion of Waste Plastic to Fuels
Neha Patni,Pallav Shah,Shruti Agarwal,Piyush Singhal
ISRN Renewable Energy , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/902053
Abstract: The present rate of economic growth is unsustainable without saving of fossil energy like crude oil, natural gas, or coal. There are many alternatives to fossil energy such as biomass, hydropower, and wind energy. Also, suitable waste management strategy is another important aspect. Development and modernization have brought about a huge increase in the production of all kinds of commodities, which indirectly generate waste. Plastics have been one of the materials because of their wide range of applications due to versatility and relatively low cost. The paper presents the current scenario of the plastic consumption. The aim is to provide the reader with an in depth analysis regarding the recycling techniques of plastic solid waste (PSW). Recycling can be divided into four categories: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. As calorific value of the plastics is comparable to that of fuel, so production of fuel would be a better alternative. So the methods of converting plastic into fuel, specially pyrolysis and catalytic degradation, are discussed in detail and a brief idea about the gasification is also included. Thus, we attempt to address the problem of plastic waste disposal and shortage of conventional fuel and thereby help in promotion of sustainable environment. 1. Introduction The increase in use of plastic products caused by sudden growth in living standards had a remarkable impact on the environment. Plastics have now become indispensable materials, and the demand is continually increasing due to their diverse and attractive applications in household and industries. Mostly, thermoplastics polymers make up a high proportion of waste, and this amount is continuously increasing around the globe. Hence, waste plastics pose a very serious environmental challenge because of their huge quantity and disposal problem as thermoplastics do not biodegrade for a very long time. The consumption of plastic materials is vast and has been growing steadily in view of the advantages derived from their versatility, relatively low cost, and durability (due to their high chemical stability and low degradability). Some of the most used plastics are polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene, which have a massive production and consumption in many applications such as packaging, building, electricity and electronics, agriculture, and health care [1]. In turn, the property of high durability makes the disposal of waste plastics a very serious environmental problem, land filling being the most used disposal route. Plastic wastes can be classified as
In-Silico Drug Design: A revolutionary approach to change the concept of current Drug Discovery Process
Lakhyajit Boruah, Aparoop Das, Lalit Mohan Nainwal, Neha Agarwal*, Brajesh Shankar
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research , 2013,
Abstract: Computational methods play a central role in modern drug discovery process. It includes the design andmanagement of small molecule libraries, initial hit identification through virtual screening, optimization ofthe affinity as well as selectivity of hits and improving the physicochemical properties of the leadcompounds. In this review article, computational drug designing approaches have been elucidated anddiscussed. The key considerations and guidelines for virtual chemical library design and whole drugdiscovery process. Traditional approach for discovery of a new drug is a costly and time consuming affairbesides not being so productive. A number of potential reasons witness choosing the In-silico method ofdrug design to be a more wise and productive approach. There is a general perception that applied sciencehas not kept pace with the advances of basic science. Therefore, there is a need for the use of alternativetools to get answers on efficacy and safety faster, with more certainty and at lower cost. In-silico drugdesign can play a significant role in all stages of drug development from the initial lead designing to finalstage clinical development.
Exploring the Factors that Affect the Choice of Destination for Medical Tourism  [PDF]
Neha Singh, Harsimran Gill
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2011.43037
Abstract: Medical Tourism has become one of the latest trends in the tourism industry which has been and has the potential to continue growing exponentially every year. More travelers than ever before are now travelling abroad to get high quality medical treatments for less cost. The purpose of my study is to explore the interest in US travelers in medical tourism. Results from the survey indicated that “competent doctors”, “high quality medical treatment facility”, and “prompt medical treatment when needed” where the top three factors before deciding whether or not to take a trip abroad. The results will be useful to businesses that are either directly or indirectly involved with this industry, such as insurance companies, credit card companies, travel agencies, hotels, food and beverage companies, medical facilities and services, and spas.
Energy Saving in WSN with Directed Connectivity  [PDF]
Neha Deshpande, Arvind Shaligram
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2013.56015
Abstract:

Wireless Sensor Networks have been implemented in many indoor applications such as offices, hospitals, laboratories for monitoring the parameters such as temperature, humidity etc. Most of the applications have used omnidirectional antennas. In randomly deployed ad hoc wireless sensor networks, this may be useful to achieve coverage and connectivity with unknown neighbors. In case of deterministic deployments such as in case of food grain storages where locations of the sensor nodes are mostly fixed, the main challenges are unstable and vacillating conditions in the godowns during loading and unloading of sacs as well as unpredictable changes in climate. Most of the commercial motes generally use omnidirectional antennas. Energy overheads increase considerably with omnidirectional antennas. Directivity increases energy saving but may be at the cost of redundancy. This paper is mainly focused on the energy advantage in ad hoc wireless sensor networks deployed in large food grain storages and energy overheads required for obtaining certain level of redundancy using directional antennas. Finally, we conclude that energy advantage can be achieved even if we overcome redundancy to certain extent.

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