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AdS/CFT correspondence is adopted and fermion masses are modeled as analogues of Weyl curvature states, which occur by hypothesis when closed spin-2 strings sweep out closed world tubes. Admissible curvature states are established by gauge invariance and fundamental mass is attributed to admissible curvature. A consequent spectrum of masses forms an SU(3) symmetry that is invariant under appropriate realizations of the SUGRA GUT interaction. Finally the spin-h/2 nature of the masses that are attributed to curvature emerges as a necessary condition for the relevant SUGRA GUT realizations. Calibration of the proposed model reveals a spectrum of fermion masses that corresponds approximately to observation. Moreover, the proposed model predicts a new quark that is characterized by I3 = -1/2 and by a mass of about 30 GeV/c2.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that there is a stark contrast between the project management tools and techniques taught in schools and those actually used in industrial settings. This exploratory study provides evidence of those differences in the form of qualitative data collected from project managers in the information technology areas of major firms from the banking, cosmetics, and electronics manufacturing industries. Evidence suggests that there is a significant variation in which the formal project management processes taught in traditional project management curricula are used, if any. The study explores the reasons behind these differences and suggests possible approaches to ease the strain for new hires and current employees.
Index funds are those funds that seek to
track the returns of the market benchmarks, such as the Wilshire 5000 and S
& P 500 Index. Although many fund managers claim to outperform the market
through experience and forecasting, a combination of cost savings,
diversification and longevity had helped to keep index funds’ returns float to
the top rankings. By using simple quantitative evidence, this paper explained
in plain language how investing in index funds can help investors get ahead of
the majority of fund managers in terms of consistent returns. The paper equally
explained why index funds are likely to continue to outperform not only the
average mutual funds but also the conventional stocks and bonds, both in the
bull and bear markets.