oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 1 )

2018 ( 14 )

2017 ( 8 )

2016 ( 15 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3443 matches for " Natalia Frauca "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /3443
Display every page Item
Using the intervention mapping protocol to develop a community-based intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity in a multi-centre European project: the IDEFICS intervention
Vera Verbestel, Stefaan De Henauw, Lea Maes, Leen Haerens, Staffan M?rild, Gabriele Eiben, Lauren Lissner, Luis A Moreno, Natalia Frauca, Gianvincenzo Barba, éva Kovács, Kenn Konstabel, Michael Tornaritis, Katharina Gallois, Holger Hassel, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-82
Abstract: The intervention mapping protocol (IMP) was used to develop the community-based intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity in 3 to 10 years old children. It is a theory- and evidence-based tool for the structured planning and development of health promotion programs that requires the completion of six different steps. These steps were elaborated by two coordinating centers and discussed with the other participating centers until agreement was reached. Focus group research was performed in all participating centers to provide an informed basis for intervention development.The application of the IMP resulted in an overall intervention framework with ten intervention modules targeting environmental and personal factors through the family, the school and the community. The summary results of the focus group research were used to inform the development of the overall intervention. The cultural adaptation of the overall intervention was realised by using country specific focus group results. The need for cultural adaptation was considered during the entire process to improve program adoption and implementation. A plan was developed to evaluate program effectiveness and quality of implementation.The IDEFICS project developed a community-based intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity by using to the intervention mapping heuristic. The IDEFICS intervention consists of a general and standardized intervention framework that allows for cultural adaptation to make the intervention feasible and to enhance deliverability in all participating countries. The present manuscript demonstrates that the development of an intervention is a long process that needs to be done systematically. Time, human resources and finances need to be planned beforehand to make interventions evidence-based and culturally relevant.The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Europe has increased during the past decades [1,2] and is considered a significant public health problem [2]. Th
Intoxicación por alcoholes
Roldán,J.; Frauca,C.; Due?as,A.;
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra , 2003, DOI: 10.4321/S1137-66272003000200007
Abstract: alcohol intoxication is the principal drug addiction in many countries of the world. it affects all age groups, both sexes and almost all social groups. mortality associated with acute alcohol poisoning on its own is exceptional, but it can be an important factor if it coexists with recreational drugs. it is directly responsible for more than half of traffic accidents. diagnosis is easy by means of anamnesis and clinical examination, and can be confirmed by determining the level of ethanol in the bloodstream. supportive care is the best therapy in order to protect the patient from secondary complications. methanol, or alcohol fuel, is used as a solvent, and can also be found as an adulterant of alcoholic drinks. poisoning by oral means is the most frequent. oxidized in the liver through dehydrogenase enzyme alcohol, toxicity is due to its metabolites, formaldehyde and formic acid. the clinical picture basically consists of cephalea, nausea, vomiting, hypotension and depression of the central nervous system. the optic nerve is especially sensitive, with total and irreversible blindness as a possible result. ethylenglicol is used as a solvent and as an antifreeze; toxicity is due to an accumulation of its metabolites. the clinical picture includes symptoms that are held in common with methylalcohol intoxication. kidney failure due to tubular necrosis and the deposit of oxalate crystals can occur.
Intoxicación por alcoholes Alcohol intoxication
J. Roldán,C. Frauca,A. Due?as
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra , 2003,
Abstract: La intoxicación etílica es la primera toxicomanía en muchos países del mundo. Afecta a todos los tramos de edad, en los dos sexos y en casi todos los grupos sociales. La mortalidad asociada sólo a la intoxicación etílica aguda es excepcional, pero puede ser un importante factor si coexiste con ingesta de otras drogas de abuso. Es responsable directo de más de la mitad de los accidentes de tráfico. El diagnóstico es fácil por la anamnesis y la clínica y se puede confirmar determinando el nivel de etanol en sangre. El tratamiento es de sostén, intentando proteger al paciente de complicaciones secundarias. El metanol o alcohol de quemar se utiliza como disolvente, encontrándose también como adulterante de bebidas alcohólicas. La intoxicación vía oral es la más frecuente. Oxidado en el hígado a través de la enzima alcohol deshidrogenasa, la toxicidad se debe a sus metabolitos, formaldehído y ácido fórmico. La clínica consiste fundamentalmente en cefalea, náuseas, vómitos, hipotensión y depresión del SNC. El nervio óptico es especialmente sensible pudiendo producirse una ceguera total e irreversible. El etilenglicol se utiliza como disolvente y anticongelante; la toxicidad se debe a la acumulación de sus metabolitos. La clínica incluye síntomas comunes con la intoxicación metílica. Puede ocurrir fallo renal por necrosis tubular y depósito de cristales de oxalato. Alcohol intoxication is the principal drug addiction in many countries of the world. It affects all age groups, both sexes and almost all social groups. Mortality associated with acute alcohol poisoning on its own is exceptional, but it can be an important factor if it coexists with recreational drugs. It is directly responsible for more than half of traffic accidents. Diagnosis is easy by means of anamnesis and clinical examination, and can be confirmed by determining the level of ethanol in the bloodstream. Supportive care is the best therapy in order to protect the patient from secondary complications. Methanol, or alcohol fuel, is used as a solvent, and can also be found as an adulterant of alcoholic drinks. Poisoning by oral means is the most frequent. Oxidized in the liver through dehydrogenase enzyme alcohol, toxicity is due to its metabolites, formaldehyde and formic acid. The clinical picture basically consists of cephalea, nausea, vomiting, hypotension and depression of the central nervous system. The optic nerve is especially sensitive, with total and irreversible blindness as a possible result. Ethylenglicol is used as a solvent and as an antifreeze; toxicity is due to an accumulation of
Effect of Stacking Fault Energy on the Mechanism of Texture Formation during Alternating Bending of FCC Metals and Alloys  [PDF]
Natalia Shkatulyak
International Journal of Nonferrous Metallurgy (IJNM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijnm.2013.22005
Abstract:

Alternating bending shear stresses lead to the formation of twin orientations in the texture of FCC materials with middle and low stacking fault energy (SFE). Only in the stainless steel with a low SFE during alternating bending with different number of cycles components of shear texture {111}; {hkl}<110>; {001}<110> were formed. Copper (middle SFE), along with orientations of twinning and cubic texture formed orientation of deformation {135}<211>. During alternating bending of aluminum (high SFE), a dynamic recovery occurred. The share of initial cubic texture increases with the increase of number of cycles of alternating bending and reaches its maximum after three cycles. Share of component of texture Goss increased slightly. The most significant change of the microstructure and texture occurred during the first 3 - 5 cycles

Different behavior of protein B23/nucleophosmin and UBF in HeLa cells during apoptosis  [PDF]
Natalia M. Vladimirova, Natalia A. Potapenko
Journal of Biophysical Chemistry (JBPC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbpc.2011.24049
Abstract: The behavior of UBF (upstream binding factor) and nucleophosmin in HeLa and HeLa-Bcl-2 cells during apoptosis induced by TNF-α, emetine, and their mixture was investigated. A pronounced apoptosis was achieved only in HeLa cells treated with a mixture of the inducers. Immunoblotting analysis of UBF and nucleophosmin in samples containing different portions of cells with apoptotic nuclei was carried out. It showed that UBF was proteolytically cleaved giving a stable 76-kDa fragment. Increasing content of the fragment during apoptosis correlated with the level of cells containing apoptotic nuclei and with a decrease in the content of full-sized UBF. Determination of N- and C-terminal sequences of UBF and 76-kDa fragment allowed us not only to characterize UBF at the protein level, but also to describe the site of the apoptosis-specific proteolysis. Nucleophosmin did not undergo proteolytic cleavage during apoptosis and its content was unchanged even in a sample containing 100% of cells with apoptotic nuclei. However in cells reached terminal stages of apoptosis, the balance between mono- and oligomeric forms of nucleophosmin changed due to depletion of monomeric forms and appearance of two additional oligomeric forms with lower molecular weight.
?Tiene utilidad el tratamiento preoperatorio con ácido ursodeoxicólico en la reducción de las recidivas en la pancreatitis aguda biliar?
Borda,F.; Oqui?ena,S.; Borobio,E.; Vila,J.; Frauca,A.; Martínez,B.;
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra , 2003, DOI: 10.4321/S1137-66272003000300004
Abstract: in the present paper, we evaluate the possible reduction in the rate of relapses in acute biliary pancreatitis through treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (uca), between the episode of pancreatitis and the moment of cholecystectomy. we studied 72 consecutive first episodes of acute biliary pancreatitis, in patients who had not yet undergone colecistectomy, followed up until surgery. the cases were divided into group a (n=30), treated with ursodeoxycholic acid 10 mg/kg/day, until surgery, and group b or control (n=42). we evaluated the differences between both groups, regarding patient characteristics, pancreatitis severity, characteristics of the lithiasis and delay until surgery. we analysed pancreatitis relapses in both groups, with and without uca. in the uca group we compared the duration of treatment between patients with and without pancreatitis relapse. the two groups did not show significant differences regarding any of the studied parameters. we registered 7/30 (23.3%) relapses in uca group, versus 9/42 (21.4%) relapses in the control group (p = 0.85). in uca group, treatment duration was similar between relapsed cases: 4.9±4.5 months and those without relapse: 4.4±1.9 months (p = 0.78). in our experience, the use of uca until the moment of cholecystectomy does not reduce relapse incidence in patients following the first episode of acute biliary pancreatitis. uca treatment duration did not seem to be related with the occurrence of pancreatitis relapse.
The Digital Fingerprinting Method for Static Images Based on Weighted Hamming Metric and on Weighted Container Model  [PDF]
Sergey Bezzateev, Natalia Voloshina
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2014.29016
Abstract:

The algorithm of fingerprint constructing for still images based on weighted image structure model is proposed. The error correcting codes that are perfect in weighted Hamming metric are used as a base for fingerprint constructing.

Twin Reverse Arterial Perfusion (TRAP): Case Report  [PDF]
Natalia Adamou, Ibrahim Yakasai
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.416147
Abstract: The twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence is an anomaly unique to monochorionic multiple pregnancies. It is a rare complication. We present a case of acardius anephus, which was mistaken for a live anomalous singleton fetus. A 21-year-old unbooked Primigravida was seen in labour ward with a ten hours history of labour pains. Urgent transabdominal ultrasound revealed a singleton live fetus at 30 weeks gestation with gross cystic mass lesion at the level of the abdomen and polyhydramnious. Caesarean section confirms a twin gestation with monoamniotic monochorionic single placenta. The umbilical cord of the acardiac twin was short—First twin was a live female baby, weighing 1000 g. TRAP is a rare event an early referral to feto maternal unit will improve perinatal outcome.
Efficient Density Estimation and Value at Risk Using Fejér-Type Kernel Functions  [PDF]
Olga Kosta, Natalia Stepanova
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2015.55040
Abstract:

This paper presents a nonparametric method for computing the Value at Risk (VaR) based on efficient density estimators with Fejér-type kernel functions and empirical bandwidths obtained from Fourier analysis techniques. The kernel-type estimator with a Fejér-type kernel was recently found to dominate all other known density estimators under the \"\"-risk, \"\". This theoretical finding is supported via simulations by comparing the quality of the density estimator in question with other fixed kernel estimators using the common \"\"-risk. Two data-driven bandwidth selection methods, cross-validation and the one based on the Fourier analysis of a kernel density estimator, are used and compared to the theoretical bandwidth. The proposed nonparametric method for computing the VaR is applied to two fictitious portfolios. The performance of the new VaR computation method is compared to the commonly used Gaussian and historical simulation methods using a standard back-test procedure. The obtained results show that the proposed VaR model provides more reliable estimates than the standard VaR models.

Physiological Foundations of Sustainability Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze and Corylus pontica C. Koch. in the Conditions of Humid Subtropics of Russia  [PDF]
Oksana Belous, Natalia Platonova
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.99129
Abstract: The study of the water status and activity of catalase in Chinese tea plants (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) and hazelnut (Corylus pontica C. Koch.). The indicators, which not only describe the physiological state of plants in the stressful period, but also allow it to identify more adaptive varieties within a given area was determined. Analysis of catalase activity data in Chinese tea and hazelnut revealed the presence of similar patterns: there is a change in enzymatic activity in response to hydrothermal factors. It is established that the stable varieties Camellia sinensis
Page 1 /3443
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.