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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1493 matches for " Naoki Hijiya "
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Genomic Profiling of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma by Array-Based Comparative Genomic Hybridization
Shunichi Yoshioka, Yoshiyuki Tsukamoto, Naoki Hijiya, Chisato Nakada, Tomohisa Uchida, Keiko Matsuura, Ichiro Takeuchi, Masao Seto, Kenji Kawano, Masatsugu Moriyama
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056165
Abstract: We designed a study to investigate genetic relationships between primary tumors of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and their lymph node metastases, and to identify genomic copy number aberrations (CNAs) related to lymph node metastasis. For this purpose, we collected a total of 42 tumor samples from 25 patients and analyzed their genomic profiles by array-based comparative genomic hybridization. We then compared the genetic profiles of metastatic primary tumors (MPTs) with their paired lymph node metastases (LNMs), and also those of LNMs with non-metastatic primary tumors (NMPTs). Firstly, we found that although there were some distinctive differences in the patterns of genomic profiles between MPTs and their paired LNMs, the paired samples shared similar genomic aberration patterns in each case. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis grouped together 12 of the 15 MPT-LNM pairs. Furthermore, similarity scores between paired samples were significantly higher than those between non-paired samples. These results suggested that MPTs and their paired LNMs are composed predominantly of genetically clonal tumor cells, while minor populations with different CNAs may also exist in metastatic OSCCs. Secondly, to identify CNAs related to lymph node metastasis, we compared CNAs between grouped samples of MPTs and LNMs, but were unable to find any CNAs that were more common in LNMs. Finally, we hypothesized that subpopulations carrying metastasis-related CNAs might be present in both the MPT and LNM. Accordingly, we compared CNAs between NMPTs and LNMs, and found that gains of 7p, 8q and 17q were more common in the latter than in the former, suggesting that these CNAs may be involved in lymph node metastasis of OSCC. In conclusion, our data suggest that in OSCCs showing metastasis, the primary and metastatic tumors share similar genomic profiles, and that cells in the primary tumor may tend to metastasize after acquiring metastasis-associated CNAs.
Downregulation of SAV1 plays a role in pathogenesis of high-grade clear cell renal cell carcinoma
Keiko Matsuura, Chisato Nakada, Mizuho Mashio, Takahiro Narimatsu, Taichiro Yoshimoto, Masato Tanigawa, Yoshiyuki Tsukamoto, Naoki Hijiya, Ichiro Takeuchi, Takeo Nomura, Fuminori Sato, Hiromitsu Mimata, Masao Seto, Masatsugu Moriyama
BMC Cancer , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-11-523
Abstract: We performed array CGH and gene expression analysis of 8 RCC cell lines (786-O, 769-P, KMRC-1, KMRC-2, KMRC-3, KMRC-20, TUHR4TKB, and Caki-2), and expression level of mRNA was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis. We next re-expressed SAV1 in 786-O cells, and analyzed its colony-forming activity. Then, we transfected siRNAs of SAV1 into the kidney epithelial cell line HK2 and renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (RPTECs), and analyzed their proliferation and apoptosis. Furthermore, the activity of YAP1, which is a downstream molecule of SAV1, was evaluated by western blot analysis, reporter assay and immunohistochemical analysis.We found that SAV1, a component of the Hippo pathway, is frequently downregulated in high-grade ccRCC. SAV1 is located on chromosome 14q22.1, where copy number loss had been observed in 7 of 12 high-grade ccRCCs in our previous study, suggesting that gene copy number loss is responsible for the downregulation of SAV1. Colony-forming activity by 786-O cells, which show homozygous loss of SAV1, was significantly reduced when SAV1 was re-introduced exogenously. Knockdown of SAV1 promoted proliferation of HK2 and RPTEC. Although the phosphorylation level of YAP1 was low in 786-O cells, it was elevated in SAV1-transduced 786-O cells. Furthermore, the transcriptional activity of the YAP1 and TEAD3 complex was inhibited in SAV1-transduced 786-O cells. Immunohistochemistry frequently demonstrated nuclear localization of YAP1 in ccRCC cases with SAV1 downregulation, and it was preferentially detected in high-grade ccRCC.Taken together, downregulation of SAV1 and the consequent YAP1 activation are involved in the pathogenesis of high-grade ccRCC. It is an attractive hypothesis that Hippo signaling could be candidates for new therapeutic target.Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is histopathologically subdivided into various categories, of which clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common subtype, accounting for 70-80% of all RC
Genomic Profiling of Submucosal-Invasive Gastric Cancer by Array-Based Comparative Genomic Hybridization
Akiko Kuroda,Yoshiyuki Tsukamoto,Lam Tung Nguyen,Tsuyoshi Noguchi,Ichiro Takeuchi,Masahiro Uchida,Tomohisa Uchida,Naoki Hijiya,Chisato Nakada,Tadayoshi Okimoto,Masaaki Kodama,Kazunari Murakami,Keiko Matsuura,Masao Seto,Hisao Ito,Toshio Fujioka,Masatsugu Moriyama
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022313
Abstract: Genomic copy number aberrations (CNAs) in gastric cancer have already been extensively characterized by array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) analysis. However, involvement of genomic CNAs in the process of submucosal invasion and lymph node metastasis in early gastric cancer is still poorly understood. In this study, to address this issue, we collected a total of 59 tumor samples from 27 patients with submucosal-invasive gastric cancers (SMGC), analyzed their genomic profiles by array CGH, and compared them between paired samples of mucosal (MU) and submucosal (SM) invasion (23 pairs), and SM invasion and lymph node (LN) metastasis (9 pairs). Initially, we hypothesized that acquisition of specific CNA(s) is important for these processes. However, we observed no significant difference in the number of genomic CNAs between paired MU and SM, and between paired SM and LN. Furthermore, we were unable to find any CNAs specifically associated with SM invasion or LN metastasis. Among the 23 cases analyzed, 15 had some similar pattern of genomic profiling between SM and MU. Interestingly, 13 of the 15 cases also showed some differences in genomic profiles. These results suggest that the majority of SMGCs are composed of heterogeneous subpopulations derived from the same clonal origin. Comparison of genomic CNAs between SMGCs with and without LN metastasis revealed that gain of 11q13, 11q14, 11q22, 14q32 and amplification of 17q21 were more frequent in metastatic SMGCs, suggesting that these CNAs are related to LN metastasis of early gastric cancer. In conclusion, our data suggest that generation of genetically distinct subclones, rather than acquisition of specific CNA at MU, is integral to the process of submucosal invasion, and that subclones that acquire gain of 11q13, 11q14, 11q22, 14q32 or amplification of 17q21 are likely to become metastatic.
Non-invasive assessment of hepatic fibrosis by tissue strain imaging in chronic hepatitis C patients  [PDF]
Naoki Hotta
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2013.68A2003
Abstract: The development of fibrosis in hepatitis C patients is associated with increased rates of liver cancer. Assessing hepatic fibrosis during interferon treatment for chronic hepatitis C is thus an important factor in treatment planning. Complications such as bleeding may occur in association with liver biopsy and there are also some reports of sampling error [1,2]. In recent years, however, a number of studies looking at noninvasive means of assessing hepatic fibrosis have appeared in the literature [3-5]. The present study was conducted to determine whether it would be possible to apply an easily performed technique of myocardial examination to hepatic fibrosis. We have already documented our findings for strain rate imaging used to differentiate the normal condition, chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver identified by diagnostic imaging and haematology data [6]. In this study, patients identified by liver biopsy were investigated, and a comparative investigation with several fibrosis markers was carried out.
Carnitine Deficiency and Improvement of Muscle Cramp by Administration of Carnitine in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis  [PDF]
Naoki Hotta
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2014.45036
Abstract:

Aim: We measured carnitine levels in patients with carnitine including dialysis patients, and examined whether administration of L-carnitine improved muscle symptoms. Methods: We measured carnitine levels in 27 patients with liver cirrhosis who were receiving treatment in our hospital, and administered L-carnitine (600 mg - 1800 mg) to patients having muscle cramps for approximately one month and examined the presence/absence of the symptom. We measured carnitine concentration before and after dialysis, before dialysis after the administration to eight dialysis patients, before and after the administration to 19 nondialytic patients. Results: The total carnitine levels before the dialysis of dialysis patients were an average of 42.2 μmol/L and fell to 17.7 μmol/L after more dialysis, but it was increased to 155 μmol/L after the administration of L-carnitine. In the nondialytic patients, the total carnitine levels were significantly increased from 71.7 μmol/L to 101.7 μmol/L after the administration of L-carnitine (P = 0.038). For symptomatic patients, significant improvement of muscle clamps was observed in the L-carnitine administrated group when compared with the non-administrated group (P = 0.0002). Conclusions: Total carnitine levels were low even before dialysis in the dialysis patients with liver cirrhosis in particular and they further decreased after the dialysis. Administration of L-carnitine increased the total carnitine levels and improved the symptom. Based on these results, we conclude that L-carnitine is useful for carnitine deficiency in patients with liver cirrhosis.

 

Noninvasive Assessment of Liver Disease—Measurement of Hepatic Fibrosis Using Shear Wave Elastography (SWE)  [PDF]
Naoki Hotta
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2015.53014
Abstract: The evaluation of liver fibrosis is said to be one of the factors of the liver cancer development. The noninvasive testing is considered for abdominal echography, MRI, a blood marker in various ways. We announce the evaluation as an article by liver fibrosis using the probe for the heart before, too. This time is shear wave elastography using the echo probe for the abdomen (SWE). We used and examined it in normal, chronic hepatitis patients with cirrhosis. We tried it, but, in the patients with cirrhosis, there was no examination in the change in a value after ascites time and ascitic drainage. The future examination thinks about a comparison with the liver biopsy, the comparison with the liver fibrosis marker. Also, we think that a malignancy and the benign differentiation should be possible for a liver tumor.
The Use of Castor Oil for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy  [PDF]
Naoki Hotta
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2016.64010
Abstract: Colon capsule endoscopy was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in 2014. At our hospital, specialized mainly in renal, hepatic, and diabetic diseases, we have been performing colon capsule endoscopy since December 2014. Dialysis patients are potentially susceptible to bleeding because of the fragile intestine, impaired platelet function, or oral administration of nonsteroidalanti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or anticoagulants. For this reason, detailed examination by capsule endoscopy appears to be useful. However, the capsule excretion rate after recommended bowel preparation reportedly ranges from 70% to 90%, and administration of boosters is also necessary. For dialysis patients, liquid loading is a problem. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of bowel preparation with castor oil for improving the capsule excretion rate. In all 20 patients (including four dialysis patients), both capsule transit time and duration of capsule endoscopy were shortened. The results are presented and briefly discussed in this report.
Implementability by a Canonical Indirect Mechanism of an Optimal Two-Dimensional Direct Mechanism  [PDF]
Naoki Kojima
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.72016
Abstract: The present paper investigates the multi-dimensional mechanism design in which buyers have taste and budget as their private information. The paper shows an easy proof of a two-dimensional optimal direct mechanism by a one-dimensional indirect mechanism: A canonical mechanism in the traditional one-dimensional setting, i.e., function of one variable, the buyers taste. It also sheds light on where the difficulty lies implementability of a general direct mechanism—not optimal—by a canonical mechanism.
Two-Dimensional Mechanism Design and Implementability by an Indirect Mechanism  [PDF]
Naoki Kojima
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.76107
Abstract: This paper studies the problem on two-dimensional mechanism design where the buyer’s taste and budget are his private information. The paper investigates the problem by the method of dimension-reduction, i.e., by focusing only on the buyer’s budget and constructing an indirect mechanism: function of one variable, the buyer’s budget. It is an approach quite antipodal to that by Kojima [1] where he focused on the buyer’s taste instead of his budget. It is shown that the seller does not lose any money by adopting the indirect mechanism of this paper. In other words, the seller’s revenue-maximizing direct mechanism is implemented by such an indirect mechanism
Usefulness of Castor Oil for Bowel Preparation for Colon Capsule Endoscopy in the Patients on Dialysis  [PDF]
Naoki Hotta
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2017.74024
Abstract: Since Colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) was approved for reimbursement under the national health insurance system of Japan in January 2014. Dialysis patients are potentially susceptible to bleeding because of the fragile intestine, impaired platelet function, or oral administration of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or anticoagulants. Increasing experience with CCE different bowel preparation regimens have been used with variable results. The patient on dialysis has moisture restrictions. We experienced the case of the half a dose of the previous protocol by a method using the castor oil. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of bowel preparation with castor oil for improving the capsule excretion rate. In 23 of 24 (95.8%) patients capsule transit time and duration of capsule endoscopy were shortened. The results are presented and briefly discussed in this report.
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