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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2026 matches for " Nadia Abdala "
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Alcohol misuse, drinking contexts and intimate partner violence in St. Petersburg, Russia: results from a cross-sectional study
Weihai Zhan, Alla V Shaboltas, Roman V Skochilov, Andrei P Kozlov, Tatiana V Krasnoselskikh, Nadia Abdala
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-629
Abstract: A questionnaire was used to collect information on demographics, health status, alcohol use, and violence involving sexual partners among 440 participants who were recruited from an STI (sexually transmitted infection) clinic center in St. Petersburg, Russia for a cross-sectional study from 2008 to 2009. Multivariate logistic regression was used for analysis.Overall, 47.0% participants were classified as misusing alcohol and 7.2% participants perpetrated IPV in the past three months. Participants with alcohol misuse were 3.28 times (OR: 3.28; 95% CI: 1.34-8.04) as likely as those without alcohol misuse to perpetrate IPV. Among participants who had consumed alcohol in the past three months, those who usually drank on the streets or in parks (OR: 5.62; 95% CI: 1.67-18.90) were more likely to perpetrate IPV.Both alcohol misuse and certain drinking contexts (e.g., drinking on the streets or at parks) were associated with IPV. The association between drinking contexts and IPV needs further investigation, as do the underlying mechanisms for this association. IPV prevention initiatives might benefit from reducing alcohol misuse. Drinking contexts such as drinking on the streets or at parks as well as the factors related to the use of alcohol in these contexts may also need to be addressed.Alcohol consumption, particularly at hazardous drinking levels, is highly prevalent in Russia. The estimates based on 2001-2003 data revealed that, on average, each Russian aged 15 years and older consumed 15.2 L of pure ethanol alcohol per year, among the highest rates in the world [1]. Another study conducted in a western city of Russia between 1999-2000 showed that 75% of male and 47% of female workers were classified as misusing alcohol according to the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) criteria [2]. Alcohol misuse causes serious public health problems in Russia. It has been reported that more than half of all deaths at ages 15-54 years in Russia were alcohol related, d
Correlates of abortions and condom use among high risk women attending an std clinic in st Petersburg, Russia
Nadia Abdala, Weihai Zhan, Alla V Shaboltas, Roman V Skochilov, Andrei P Kozlov, Tatiana V Krasnoselskikh
Reproductive Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-8-28
Abstract: Cross-sectional analysis of data collected between 2009 and 2010 from women who had casual or multiple sexual partners in the previous three months was analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression assessed the independent correlates of abortion(s) and no condom use in the prior three months. Independent variables included socio-demographics, at risk drinking per alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT-C) criteria, having sex after drinking alcohol, having a sexual partner who injects illicit drugs, and parity.Of 87 participants, 45% had an abortion in their lifetime and 26% did not use condoms in the prior three months. Abortion was independently associated with low income (OR, 3.33, 95%CI, 1.13-9.78) and at risk drinking (OR, 3.52, 95%CI, 1.24-10.05). Lack of condom use was independently associated with being more likely to have sex after drinking (OR, 3.37, 95%CI, 1.10-10.28) and parity (OR, 3.69, 95%CI, 1.25-10.89).Programs to increase contraceptive use including condom use among women at high risk for STD/HIV in Russia are needed. Programs to reduce sexual HIV risk and abortion rates must address alcohol misuse and target women with limited income.Abortions were the primary means of birth control in the Soviet Union [1,2], and abortion rates in Russia are among the highest in the world today. Data from the United Nations Statistics Division from 2003 to 2004, show an abortion rate in Russia of 54% per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44, which is more than twice the rate in the United States (21% per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44) and the highest of the Eastern and Western European countries [3]. Studies in Russia show that abortion prevalence as reported by women can range from 50% to 75% in different cities [4,5]. Although efforts to decrease unwanted pregnancy and abortion rates in the mid-1990s [6-9] have led to a reduction of abortions and better attitudes toward contraceptive methods in Russia [9], recent studies show that some Russian women still prefer not to us
History of Childhood Abuse, Sensation Seeking, and Intimate Partner Violence under/Not under the Influence of a Substance: A Cross-Sectional Study in Russia
Weihai Zhan, Alla V. Shaboltas, Roman V. Skochilov, Tatiana V. Krasnoselskikh, Nadia Abdala
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0068027
Abstract: Objectives To examine correlates of perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence (IPV) under and not under the influence of a substance, we conducted a study among women in Russia. Methods In 2011, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among patients receiving services at a clinic for sexually transmitted infections in St. Petersburg, Russia. Multinomial logistic regression was used for analysis. Results Of 299 women, 104 (34.8%) and 113 (37.8%) reported a history of IPV perpetration and victimization, respectively. Nearly half (47.1%) of perpetrators and 61.1% of victims reported that the latest IPV event (perpetration and victimization, respectively) was experienced under the influence of a substance. Factors independently associated with IPV victimization under the influence of a substance were alcohol misuse and a higher number of lifetime sex partners, whereas only experience of childhood abuse (emotional and physical abuse) was independently associated with IPV victimization that did not occur under the influence of a substance. Childhood physical abuse, lower age of first sex, sensation seeking, and alcohol misuse were independently associated with IPV perpetration under the influence of a substance, while only childhood abuse (emotional and physical abuse) was independently associated with IPV perpetration that did not occur under the influence of a substance. Conclusions IPV under and not under the influence of a substance had different correlates (e.g., alcohol misuse and sensation seeking). Despite the strong association between substance use and IPV, experience of childhood abuse is an important predictor of IPV perpetration and victimization in Russia, above and beyond substance use.
Comparing sexual risks and patterns of alcohol and drug use between injection drug users (IDUs) and non-IDUs who report sexual partnerships with IDUs in St. Petersburg, Russia
Nadia Abdala, Edward White, Olga V Toussova, Tatiana V Krasnoselskikh, Sergei Verevochkin, Andrei P Kozlov, Robert Heimer
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-676
Abstract: Cross-sectional survey data and biological test results from 331 IDUs and 65 non-IDUs who have IDU sex partners were analyzed. Multivariate regression was employed to calculate measures of associations.IDUs were less likely than non-IDUs to report multiple sexual partners and unprotected sex with casual partners. The quantity, frequency and intensity of alcohol use did not differ between IDUs and non-IDUs, but non-IDUs were more likely to engage in alcohol use categorized as risky per the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT-C). Risky sexual practices were independently associated with monthly methamphetamine injection among IDUs and with risky alcohol use among non-IDUs. Having sex when high on alcohol or drugs was associated with unprotected sex only among IDUs.Greater prevalence of sexual risk among non-IDUs who have IDU sex partners compared to IDUs suggests the potential for sexual transmission of HIV from the high-prevalence IDU population into the general population. HIV prevention programs among IDUs in St. Petersburg owe special attention to risky alcohol use among non-IDUs who have IDU sex partners and the propensity of IDUs to have sex when high on alcohol or drugs and forgo condoms.To date the great majority of Russian HIV infections and AIDS cases have been diagnosed among injection drug users (IDUs) {Population Reference Bureau, 2007 #574; Shaboltas, 2006 #384; Kozlov, 2006 #385} and previous research indicates that drug injection is markedly more prevalent than a decade ago [4]. In Russia and elsewhere in the former Soviet states, the drugs most commonly injected are heroin and ephedrine derivates, including methamphetamine [5-7]. Both categories of drugs have been independently associated with sexual practices that risk HIV transmission or acquisition [6,8,9]. In addition, alcohol consumption in Russia has substantially increased in the turbulent years following the collapse of the Soviet Union [10,11] and is reportedly among the highest
Dolor pélvico crónico e infertilidad como factores diagnósticos de endometriosis
Karame,Abdala;
Revista de Obstetricia y Ginecología de Venezuela , 2008,
Abstract: objective: to determine if the symptoms of chronic pelvic pain and infertility, are important in the early diagnostic of endometriosis. method: retrospective analysis of 100 patients with laparoscopic diagnostic of endometriosis, divided into 2 groups: group 1 with 40 patients with chronic pelvic pain and group 2 with 60 patients with pelvic pain and infertility, in the period between january 2002 and january 2005. setting: hospital coromoto, maracaibo, estado zulia, venezuela. results: mean age at first consultation was 26.5 and 34.6 years old for groups 1 and 2 respectively. there was a 74 % of deep dyspareunia in both groups. gastrointestinal symptoms were detected in 28 % of patients from group 1 and 38 % in group 2, in various degrees. the premenstrual syndrome and emotional distress, were present in 80 % of patients and the pattern vas moderate to severe. the stage of the disease assessed by laparoscopy, demonstrated that the chronic pelvic pain level was no related with the stage of the disease, but it was related to the anatomical localization, been more painful the uterosacral ligaments and de cul de sac. in patients from group 1 there was a higher frequency of stage iv (12 %), followed by grade ii (11 %). in patients from group 2 the more frequent degrees were ii (22 %) and i (18 %). in 50 % of patients histopathological study was not performed. conclusions: chronic pelvic pain is more frequent in young women with endometriosis, while infertility is more frequent in middle-aged patients. when age increase, there is a higher probability to find infertility and pelvic pain.
La evaluación de los programas de capacitación laboral para jóvenes en Sudamérica
Ernesto ABDALA
Papeles de población , 2009,
Abstract: El presente artículo tiene como objetivo ofrecer un panorama de los programas en capacitación y empleo dirigidos a las juventudes: cómo se han evaluado y para qué sirvieron las evaluaciones. Se observaron los aspectos técnicos y críticos, que se consideran claves y esenciales para entender la importancia que tiene el proceso de evaluación de impacto de estos programas. El análisis se llevó a cabo sobre una muestra no aleatoria de programas de capacitación y empleo de jóvenes que estuvieron en ejecución dentro del periodo de 1990 a 2004 en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Perú y Uruguay.
Experiencias de capacitación laboral de jóvenes en América Latina
Ernesto Abdala
Ultima Década , 2001,
Abstract:
Dolor pélvico crónico e infertilidad como factores diagnósticos de endometriosis
Abdala Karame
Revista de Obstetricia y Ginecología de Venezuela , 2008,
Abstract: Objetivo: Determinar si los síntomas de dolor pélvico crónico y/o la infertilidad, son importantes en el diagnóstico precoz de endometriosis. Método: Análisis retrospectivo de 100 pacientes con diagnóstico por laparoscopia de endometriosis, divididas en dos grupos: Grupo 1 constituido por 40 pacientes con dolor pélvico crónico y el Gupo 2 con 60 pacientes con dolor pélvico e infertilidad, en el período enero 2002 a enero 2005. Ambiente: Hospital Coromoto, Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Resultados: El promedio de edad en la primera consulta fue de 26,5 y 34,6 a os para los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. Se encontró un 74 % de dispareunia profunda en ambos grupos. La sintomatología gastrointestinal en las pacientes del Grupo 1 se detectó en 28 % y en las del Grupo 2 en el 38 %, en distintos grados. El síndrome premenstrual y/o alteraciones emocionales, se presentaron en el 80 % de las pacientes y el patrón también fue de moderado a severo. El estadio de la enfermedad valorado por laparoscopia, demostró que el nivel del dolor pélvico crónico no está relacionado con el de la enfermedad, pero sí con su ubicación anatómica, y la más dolorosa fue cuando se ubica en los ligamentos uterosacrales, y en el fondo de saco posterior. En las pacientes del Grupo 1 se presentó con mayor frecuencia el grado IV (12 %), seguido del grado II (11 %). En las pacientes del Grupo 2 los grados más frecuentes fueron el II (22 %) y el I (18 %). En el 50 % de las pacientes no se realizó estudio histopatológico. Conclusiones: El dolor pélvico crónico es más frecuente en mujeres jóvenes que presentan endometriosis, mientras que la infertilidad se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el grupo de pacientes de mediana edad. A medida que se avanza en edad, la probabilidad de encontrar infertilidad y dolor pélvico aumenta. Objective: To determine if the symptoms of chronic pelvic pain and infertility, are important in the early diagnostic of endometriosis. Method: Retrospective analysis of 100 patients with laparoscopic diagnostic of endometriosis, divided into 2 groups: Group 1 with 40 patients with chronic pelvic pain and Group 2 with 60 patients with pelvic pain and infertility, in the period between January 2002 and January 2005. Setting: Hospital Coromoto, Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Results: Mean age at first consultation was 26.5 and 34.6 years old for Groups 1 and 2 respectively. There was a 74 % of deep dyspareunia in both groups. Gastrointestinal symptoms were detected in 28 % of patients from Group 1 and 38 % in Group 2, in various degrees. The premenstrual syndrome and
La anatomía comparada: su vigencia como programa de investigación
Abdala, Virginia
Cuadernos de Herpetología , 2006,
Abstract: En los círculos científicos actuales predomina la idea de que la anatomía es casi un anacronismo victoriano, salvo en el contexto de proveedora de caracteres para análisis filogenéticos. Esta estimación del rol de la anatomía como una actividad subordinada lleva implícita la idea de que no se trata más de una disciplina científica. Que probablemente lo haya sido, pero que no merece más ese status.
Nuevo Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) perteneciente al grupo boulengeri de la provincia de Neuquén, Argentina
Abdala, Cristian
Cuadernos de Herpetología , 2002,
Abstract: Se describe una nueva especie del género Liolaemus, grupo boulengeri colectada en tres localidades del centro norte de la provincia de Neuquén, entre 500 y 650 msnm. Tanto machos como hembras se caracterizan por presentar 4 - 6 escamas en contacto con la mental y una fila de escamas loreolabiales, esta combinación de caracteres la comparte únicamente con L. cuyanus. La especie que aquí se describe presenta un patrón de coloración dorsal único, caracterizado por la presencia de manchas pre- y postescapulares bien marcadas, un arco antehumeral negro bien marcado y 2 - 4 series longitudinales de tenues manchas oscuras sobre un color de fondo llamativo, en donde se destacan el verde y celeste. Ventralmente se acentúa el color melánico en la región gular. Este patrón de coloración y caracteres de lepidosis lo diferencia principalmente de L. cuyanus y del resto de las especies del grupo boulengeri. A new species of the genus Liolaemus belonging to the boulengeri group is described. The new species is known from three localities in north central Province of Neuquén, between 500-650 m elev. Both males and females are characterized by having 4 - 6 scales in contact with the mental and a row of lorilabial scales, a combination of characters only shared with L. cuyanus among members of the boulengeri group. The species here described also has a unique pattern of dorsal coloration, characterized by conspicuous pre - postscapulars spots, a prehumeral arch, and 2 - 4 longitudinal rows of lighter spots over a background of predominantly green and light blue. Ventrally, melanism is accentuated in the throat region. This pattern of coloration and characters of lepidosis differ from L. cuyanus and the other members of the boulengeri group.
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