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La cardiothyréose au centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
AA Yaméogo, NV Yaméogo, YD Compaoré, TL Ouédraogo, P Zabsonré
Pan African Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: La cardiothyréose est une affection fréquente et grave à l’ouest du Burkina Faso. Notre objectif était d’étudier les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutives des cardiothyréoses au centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso. Méthodes: Etude prospective de 12 mois pourtant sur des cas de cardiothyréose colligés dans les services de cardiologie et de médecine interne. Résultats: Quatorze (14) cas de cardiothyréose ont été colligés soit 33,3% des patients hospitalisés pour hyperthyro dies. L’age moyen des patients était de 53,57 ans ± 9,97. Les femmes au foyer (71,40%) aux conditions socio-économiques défavorables étaient les plus touchées. Parmi nos cas 21,42% des patients avaient déjà un antécédent d’hyperthyro die et l’HTA était le facteur de risque cardiovasculaire majeur (64,28%). Tous les patients présentaient une insuffisance cardiaque associée à un trouble du rythme (57,14%), essentiellement à type de fibrillation auriculaire (42,9%), une insuffisance coronarienne (7,14%) et un trouble de la conduction (7,14%). Le goitre multi-nodulaire a été l’entité étiopathogénique la plus fréquente (57,10%). Les antithyro diens de synthèse, les mesures hygiéno-diététiques et un traitement spécifique de l’insuffisance cardiaque ont été constamment utilisés pendant une durée d’hospitalisation moyenne de 23,57 jours ± 7,54. Si l’évolution immédiate peut être satisfaisante avec une euthyro die à 28,5% à moyen terme, les ruptures thérapeutiques peuvent être mortelles (un patient soit 7,14%) chez des patients généralement agés majoritairement de sexe féminin avec un niveau socio-économique bas. Conclusion: Le traitement de la cardiothyréose est efficace d’où l’intérêt d’une politique sanitaire pour une prise en charge adéquate.
Faible taux de succès du sevrage tabagique à court et moyen termes au décours d’un infarctus aigu du myocarde dans un service de cardiologie de Dakar au Sénégal
A Mbaye, AM Diop, M Dioum, M Bodian, MB Ndiaye, A Kane, NV Yaméogo, M Diao, O Ba, A Kane
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction:Le tabagisme est un puissant facteur de risque cardio-vasculaire. Son sevrage semble moins bien pris en compte chez les coronariens. Les objectifs de ce travail étaient d’évaluer la prévalence du tabagisme et le sevrage tabagique au décours d’un infarctus du myocarde dans un service de cardiologie au Sénégal. Méthodes: Il s’agit d’une étude transversale et descriptive réalisée entre janvier 2008 et juin 2010. Nous avons recruté les patients hospitalisés pour infarctus du myocarde puis les fumeurs actifs ont été inclus dans notre enquête. Les malades étaient sensibilisés pour l’arrêt du tabac puis suivis à 3 mois, 6 mois et 12 mois pour évaluer le sevrage tabagique. Résultats: Nous avons recensé 82 patients hospitalisés pour un infarctus du myocarde, parmi eux 26 sujets (25 hommes) étaient fumeurs (31,7%). L’age moyen des sujets fumeurs était de 56 ± 11,5 ans. La consommation moyenne de tabac était de 32 ± 14 paquets-année et le score moyen de Fagerstr m de 8. Tous les patients ont arrêté le tabac pendant l’hospitalisation. Après un suivi de 3 mois, 45% des patients ont repris le tabac, 65% à 6 mois et 85% à 12 mois. Conclusion: Le tabagisme est assez fréquent chez les patients sénégalais présentant un infarctus du myocarde. Le taux de sevrage tabagique à court et moyen termes est faible. Le sevrage tabagique devrait alors constituer un objectif privilégié dans la prévention des maladies cardio-vasculaires.
Ethnomédecine vétérinaire et pharmacopée traditionnelle dans le plateau central du Burkina Faso : cas de la province du Passoré
Tamboura H.,Kaboré H.,Yaméogo SM.
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement , 1998,
Abstract: Ethnoveterinary medicine and indigenous pharmacopeia in central region of Burkina Faso: case of Passoré province.In Passoré province of Burkina Faso, a study on traditional animal health care practices has been carried out with 62traditional practitioners. 114 questionnaires were completed and the results analysed and synthesized. Analysis of collecteddata led to the characterization of 24 diseases, together with their local names, causes of their appearance, and theepizootiological evolution. The medicinal recipes were documented; about 95% were on a vegetable basis. Analysis of therecipes centered on their therapeutic itinerary for treating diseases, i.e. composition, preparation and different mixtures,process of administration, dosage. Finally, a socio-economic perspective of traditional animal health care structure led to abetter understanding of this system.
Epidemiological and Clinical Profile of Male Hypofertility in Consultation at the Urology-Andrology of Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Brahima Kirakoya, Zango Barnabé, Paré Abdoul Karim, Kaboré Fasnéwendé Aristide, Yaméogo Clotaire, Nikièma Amélie
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2015.51001
Abstract: Objective: To determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of male hypofertility attending at urology for paternity desire. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study conducted from January 1st to December 31 2012 at urology department of teaching hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo. We collated men attending for hypofertility. Only subjects living regularly with their partner were retained. Results: The study concerned 95 men. The average age was 36.9 years (range: 23 years and 53 years) and 28.6 years for their wives (range: 19 years and 40 years). Patients resided in urban areas in 90.5% of cases. Gynecologists and general physicians sent respectively 77.9% (N = 74) and 17.9% (N = 17) of cases. The average consultation delay time was 3 years. The average duration of infertility was 5.8 years (Extreme: 1 year and 20 years). Infertility was primary in 68.4% of cases and secondary in 31.6% of cases. 24.2% of patients admitted for history of genitourinary infection. Varicocele was found in 22.1% of cases. The semen analysis showed that 42 men had azoospermia. The semen culture isolated a germ in 19.1% of cases. Serum FSH was high in 47.3% of cases. Conclusion: Male hypofertility affected men of all age. Urologists are the last resort of the male hypo fertile, gynecologists constituting the first contact. Azoospermia is a problem commonly encountered in urological consultation.
Urachus Fistula about Two Cases in Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso)  [PDF]
C. A. M. K. Yaméogo, M. Zida, A. Ouattara, R. Doamba, B. Ky, K. D. Zongo, F. A. Kaboré
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2018.86021
Abstract: The purpose of these serial cases was to report the diagnostic and therapeutic features of urachal fistulas at Yalgado Ouedraogo teaching Hospital. We have reported retrospectively two cases of urachus fistula at the Surgery Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou. The parameters studied were sex, age, reason for consultation, clinical and paraclinical signs, treatment, length of hospital stay, delay of urinary catheterisation and evolution. Two serial cases of urachal fistula were reported, one 14 years old female patient and a 32 years old male patient. Clinical signs were marked by urine flow through the umbilicus. The diagnosis was made by fistulography in one case and during surgery for the second case. The treatment was surgical and consisted of laparotomy followed by removal of the urachal fistula from bladder. The urinary catheter was removed after 10 days. The postoperative course for the two patients was uneventful.
Les péricardites tuberculeuses au centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Aimé Arsène Yaméogo, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Zakari Nikiéma, Emile Birba, Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Patrice Zabsonré
Pan African Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: La tuberculose constitue toujours un problème de santé publique. Sa localisation péricardique reste fréquente. L’objectif de cette étude rétrospective descriptive était de décrire les caractéristiques cliniques et évolutives des cas de péricardites tuberculeuses dans le service de cardiologie du centre hospitalier universitaire de Bobo-Dioulasso. Méthodes: Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective descriptive des cas de péricardite tuberculeuse colligés en deux ans à partir des dossiers et registres dans le service de cardiologie du CHU de Bobo-Dioulasso de janvier 2009 à décembre 2010. Résultats: De janvier 2009 à décembre 2010, parmi 945 hospitalisations dans le service de cardiologie, une péricardite tuberculeuse a été diagnostiquée chez dix patients agés de 18 à 82 ans. L’age moyen était de 46,8±25 ans avec un sexe ratio de un. Soixante pour cent des patients avaient moins de 40 ans. Tous les patients avaient un niveau socio-économique bas. Une notion de contage tuberculeux a été retrouvée chez six patients. Trois patients présentaient une tuberculose pulmonaire à microscopie positive. L’insuffisance cardiaque était constante chez tous les patients avec deux cas de tamponnade à l’admission ayant nécessité une ponction péricardique d’urgence. Tous les patients avaient une sérologie VIH négative. L’échocardiographie a été importante pour le diagnostic positif et dans la prise en charge. L’évolution sous traitement antituberculeux et de l’IC a été bonne chez neuf patients à la fin de la première phase du traitement antituberculeux. Un cas de décès a cependant été enregistré chez un patient avec une HTA déjà compliquée d’accident vasculaire cérébrale ischémique. Conclusion: Les péricardiques tuberculeuses sont fréquentes au Burkina Faso. Elles touchent surtout les sujets jeunes et un intérêt particulier devrait être accordé au dépistage et au traitement précoce des cas. Pan African Medical Journal 2012; 12:16
Prostate Cancer Disease Characteristics at the Time of Diagnosis and Initial Treatment Offered in a Tertiary Hospital at Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Fasnéwindé Aristide Kaboré, Barnabé Zango, Timothé Kambou, Aimé Sosthène Ouédraogo, Aboubacar Bambara, Clotaire Yaméogo, Brahima Kirakoya, Olga Lompo
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2014.41002
Abstract:

Objectives: to describe the characteristics of newly diagnosed prostate cancer (PCa) and the initial treatments offered to patients in the most important urological center of Burkina Faso. Methods: We analyzed the data of a cohort of 168 consecutive patients with no prior history of PCa between January 2009 and December 2012. Diagnosis of PCa was based on histological analysis of transrectal prostate biopsies. Patient and disease characteristics and the initial treatment offered were taken in account. Results: The mean age at presentation was 68.59 ± 9.41 years (range 30 to 95 years). There was a 3.6-fold increase in the incidence of PCa through the four years of the study. The mean duration of symptoms prior to presentation was 11.6 ± 10.9 months. The majority of cases (86.9%) were presented as locally advanced or metastatic disease. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was the first therapeutic option for 121 patients (72%) and 73 patients (43.4%) underwent ADT through bilateral orchiectomy. Only 3 patients (1.78%) underwent radical prostatectomy. Conclusion: An increase in the diagnosis of PCa in our country was observed in this study. The diagnosis of prostate cancer was usually tardive in Burkina Faso. Treatment often involves surgical ADT for socioeconomic reasons.

Uses and commercialization of Borassus akeassii Bayton, Ouédraogo, Guinko non-wood timber products in South-Western Burkina Faso, West Africa
Yaméogo J.,Belem/Ouédraogo M.,Bayala J.,Bertin Ouédraogo M.
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement , 2008,
Abstract: Borassus akeassii called" r nier " in French marks the South-Western landscape of Burkina Faso and plays an important role in local people livelihood. The present article is about this species uses and its socio-economic roles. Investigations have been made in three villages and in Banfora markets. The interviewed people were the villagers, extractors and retailers of sap, the outfitters and retailers of handicraft products. Some quantifications of sap and handicraft objects produced and sold have been conducted with the actors of the sector. Financial fallout has been also studied taking into account the high and low production periods. The results revealed that five parts of the tree were used as food, six as medicine and three in handicraft. Product prices varied with the period of production, the category of the seller and the object dimension. In dry cold period, from November to February, sap trading yielded net incomes of 277347 ± 94 653 FCFA for the extractors whereas the incomes amounted to 319 368 ± 163 969 FCFA from March to October. A craftsman could get a net income of 277 933 ± 2 787 FCFA during the high production period and 110 383 ± 25 371 FCFA during the low production period. Due to such an importance, there is a need for research program on the resource base, the improvement and management of the species. A better organization of the actors of the sector will improve their access to market information, to know the requirements of the market and to be aware of the impacts of product quality on the profit of the actors of the sector.
Too Sweet/Too Fatty Food Consumption: Determinants among Secondary School Pupils in the City of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Mireille Marie Déborah Tapsoba, Aimée Senkaye-Lagom Kissou, Bazoumana Coulibali, Issiaka Sombié, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Alassane Ilboudo, Omar Guira, Djingri Lankoandé, Abraham Bagbila, Marina Birba, Macaire Sampawindé Ouédraogo, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.82015
Abstract: Introduction: Nutrition, particularly when too sweet or too fatty, is a major determinant of chronic diseases. This study aims to determine the frequency and associate factors of the excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried food among secondary school pupils. Methods: It is cross-sectional study which was conducted from March to April 2016 among 1st, 4th and 7th form pupils of public and private schools in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. Nutritional investigation methods consisted in a reminder of the last 24 hours associated with a questionnaire on food consumption frequency. Excessive consumption of sweet drinks was defined as a consumption of more than 3 sweet drinks (soda) or sugary juice per day (~33 cl × 3); and excessive consumption of fried food as a consumption of more than 1 intake of fried food per day. Results: In total, 1993 pupils were interviewed. The mean age was 17.5 ± 3.6 years and sex-ratio 0.7. Excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried food was recorded in 12.7% (n = 253) and 28.2% (n = 561) of pupils, respectively. The factors associated with excessive consumption of sweet drinks were: sex/female, sedentarily, desire to gain weight, lean or normal corpulence of the mother and breakfast intake; those associated with excessive consumption of fried food were: sex/female, being in 1st or 4th form, physical exercise practice and breakfast intake. But the fact to attend a private secondary school, to have a mother of normal corpulence and a concordance between self-image and actual weight status, were protective against excessive consumption of fried foods. Conclusion: This study has displayed prominently the fact that eating too sweet and too fatty concerned respectively 1/10 and 3/10 of pupils in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. The main modifiable factors of these eating habits included the level of education, the composition of breakfast and the influence of mothers. An intervention program in the form of a Communication for Continuous Behavioral Change intended for pupils and their mothers could help to improve this situation.
Food Behavior of Pupils in the City of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Bazoumana Coulibali, Aimée Senkaye-Lagom Kissou, Issiaka Sombié, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Mireille Marie D. Tapsoba, Alassane Ilboudo, Omar Guira, Djingri Lankoandé, Abraham Bagbila, Marina Birba, Macaire Sampawindé Ouédraogo, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.82016
Abstract: Introduction: Diet is a determinant of chronic non transmissible diseases. The aim of this study was to describe pupils’ diet in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that took place from March to April 2016, among 1st, 4th and 7th form pupils of public and private schools in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso. Diet survey methods were a reminder of the last 24 hours and the questionnaire of consumption frequency. Results: A total of 1993 pupils were surveyed. The mean age was 17.5 ± 3.6 years and the sex ratio 0.7. The majority of pupils (90.5%) reported eating at least 3 meals a day. Dietary recommendations were different according to food groups. For example, vegetables (90.0%), fruits (75.4%) and dairy products (79.3%) were the least well consumed foods compared to recommendations. Protein and starch intake were inadequate among these pupils with 39.7% and 58.2% respectively. Almost 1/4 had a regular weekly alcohol consumption (23.4%) while an excessive consumption of sweet drinks and fried foods was noted in 12.7% and 28.2% of them, respectively. Conclusion: This study has revealed a general insufficiency in the recommended dietary intakes of fruit, vegetables, proteins, starchy foods and dairy products among pupils, and on the other hand, a regular consumption of fatty, sugary and alcoholic foods for about a fifth of them. An intervention program such as “Communication for Continuous Behavior Change” would help improve these habits.
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