Abstract:
This work investigates in-depth the effects of variation of the compositional ratio of the absorber layer in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin-film solar cells. Electrical simulations were carried out in order to propose the most suitable gallium double-grading profile for the high efficiency devices. To keep the model as close as possible to the real behavior of the thin film solar cell a trap model was implemented to describe the bulk defects in the absorber layer. The performance of a solar cell with a standard CIGS layer thickness (2 μm) exhibits a strong dependence on the front grading height (decreasing band gap toward the middle of the CIGS layer). An absolute gain in the efficiency (higher than 1%) is observed by a front grading height of 0.22. Moreover, simulation results show that the position of the plateau (the region characterized by the minimum band gap) should be accurately positioned at a compositional ratio of 20% Ga and 80% In, which corresponds to the region where a lower bulk defect density is expected. The developed model demonstrates that the length of the plateau is not playing a relevant role, causing just a slight change in the solar cell performances. Devices with different absorber layer thicknesses were simulated. The highest efficiency is obtained for a CIGS thin film with thicknesses between 0.8 and 1.1 μm.

Abstract:
By using generalized vertex algebras associated to rational lattices, we construct explicitly the admissible modules for the affine Lie algebra $A_1 ^{(1)}$ of level $-{4/3}$. As an application, we show that the W(2,5) algebra with central charge c=-7 investigated in math.QA/0207155 is a subalgebra of the simple affine vertex operator algebra $L(-{4/3}\Lambda_0)$.

Abstract:
We introduce the infinite-dimensional Lie superalgebra ${\mathcal A}$ and construct a family of mappings from certain category of ${\mathcal A}$-modules to the category of A_1^(1)-modules of critical level. Using this approach, we prove the irreducibility of a family of A_1^(1)-modules at the critical level. As a consequence, we present a new proof of irreducibility of certain Wakimoto modules. We also give a natural realizations of irreducible quotients of relaxed Verma modules and calculate characters of these representations.

Abstract:
We shall first present an explicit realization of the simple $N=4$ superconformal vertex algebra $L_{c} ^{N=4}$ with central charge $c=-9$. This vertex superalgebra is realized inside of the $ b c \beta \gamma $ system and contains a subalgebra isomorphic to the simple affine vertex algebra $L_{A_1} (- \tfrac{3}{2} \Lambda_0)$. Then we construct a functor from the category of $L_{c} ^{N=4}$--modules with $c=-9$ to the category of modules for the admissible affine vertex algebra $L_{A_{2} } (-\tfrac{3}{2} \Lambda_0)$. By using this construction we construct a family of weight and logarithmic modules for $L_{c} ^{N=4}$ and $L_{A_{2} } (-\tfrac{3}{2} \Lambda_0)$. We also show that a coset subalgebra of $L_{A_{2} } (-\tfrac{3}{2} \Lambda_0)$ is an logarithmic extension of the $W(2,3)$--algebra with $c=-10$. We discuss some generalizations of our construction based on the extension of affine vertex algebra $L_{A_1} (k \Lambda_0)$ such that $k+2 = 1/p$ and $p$ is a positive integer.

Abstract:
Let $L_c$ be simple vertex operator superalgebra(SVOA) associated to the vacuum representation of N=2 superconformal algebra with the central charge $c$. Let $c_m = {3m}/{m+2}$. We classify all irreducible modules for the SVOA $L_{c_m}$. When $m$ is an integer we prove that the set of all unitary representations of N=2 superconformal algebra with the central charge $c_m$ provides all irreducible $L_{c_m}$-modules. When $m \notin {\N} $ and $m$ is an admissible rational number we show that irreducible $L_{c_m}$-modules are parameterized with the union of one finite set and union of finitely many rational curves.

Abstract:
Let M(1) be the vertex algebra for a single free boson. We classify irreducible modules of certain vertex subalgebras of M(1) generated by two generators. These subalgebras correspond to the W(2, 2p-1)--algebras with central charge $1- 6 \frac{(p - 1) ^{2}}{p}$ where p is a positive integer, $p \ge 2$. We also determine the associated Zhu's algebras.

Abstract:
For every $m \in {\C} \setminus \{0, -2\}$ and every nonnegative integer $k$ we define the vertex operator (super)algebra $D_{m,k}$ having two generators and rank $ \frac{3 m}{m + 2}$. If $m$ is a positive integer then $D_{m,k}$ can be realized as a subalgebra of a lattice vertex algebra. In this case, we prove that $D_{m,k}$ is a regular vertex operator (super)algebra and find the number of inequivalent irreducible modules.

Abstract:
By using methods developed in arXiv:math/0602181 we study the irreducibility of certain Wakimoto modules for $\widehat{sl_2}$ at the critical level. We classify all $\chi \in {\Bbb C}((z))$ such that the corresponding Wakimoto module $W_{\chi}$ is irreducible. It turns out that zeros of Schur polynomials play important rule in the classification result.

Abstract:
Let $L((n-\tfrac 3 2)\Lambda_0)$, $n \in \Bbb N$, be a vertex operator algebra associated to the irreducible highest weight module $L((n-\tfrac 3 2)\Lambda_0)$ for a symplectic affine Lie algebra. We find a complete set of irreducible modules for $L((n-\tfrac 3 2)\Lambda_0)$ and show that every module for $L((n-\tfrac 3 2)\Lambda_0)$ from the category $\Cal O$ is completely reducible.

Abstract:
Let $N_{k} (\g)$ be a vertex operator algebra (VOA) associated to the generalized Verma module for affine Lie algebra of type $A_{\ell -1} ^{(1)}$ or $C_{\ell} ^{(1)}$. We construct a family of ideals $J_{m,n} (\g)$ in $N_{k} (\g)$, and a family $V_{m,n} (\g)$ of quotient VOAs. These families include VOAs associated to the integrable representations, and VOAs associated to admissible representations at half-integer levels investigated in q-alg/9502015. We also explicitly identify the Zhu's algebras $A(V_{m,n} (\g))$ and find a connection between these Zhu's algebras and Weyl algebras.