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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 200251 matches for " Néia; "
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Investiga??o sobre ocorrência de aborto em pacientes de hospital de centro urbano do Estado de S?o Paulo, Brasil
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101990000200010
Abstract: certain characteristics - biological, demographical, social and institutional - based on data collected from the recorded case histories of 2,588 women suffering complications after abortion, attended in a hospital of santo andre, an industrial urban area of greater s. paulo, state of s. paulo, brazil, in the period from january 1978 to december 1982, are identified data show a two-fold increase in the number of women with complications after abortion over the period studied, rising progressively from 302 in 1978, to 672 in 1982. however, the number of births attended at the same hospital underwent an increase of only 14% in the same period, resulting in an average abortion/birth ratio of 1:3.6 and 1:1.8 in 1978 and 1982, respectively. the majority of the population under study (60%) professed nonskilled occupations. age presented a statistically significant relationship with marital status, colour, profession and gestational results. a significant relationship was also observed between age at first menstruation, age at first sexual relationship and age at first pregnancy among those women belonging to the primigesta group.
Evaluating two systems of poultry production: conventional and free-range
Lima, AMC;N??s, IA;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2005000400004
Abstract: the improvement in production technology was the major factor that lead brazil to become the third largest poultry producer. the improvement was world′s based on the careful control of several aspects, including which nutrition and management (environment, health and rearing systems). nowadays, the search for good welfare conditions is a global tendency in animal production. concomitantly, an extensive production system of free-range broilers has been increasing in brazil. this study evaluated in situ production indexes of two different commercial broiler productions, an intensive and conventional (farm a) and a semi-extensive free-range production (farm b), in order to assess the relationship between productivity and management. it was observed that the physical environment in farm a presented higher temperatures and relative humidity. based on the results, the production index was better in farm a than in farm b. it was not clear that the production index was related to inadequate welfare of broilers under the conventional rearing system.
A jovem m e e o mercado de trabalho The young mother and the labor market
Rosalina Ogido,Néia Schor
Saúde e Sociedade , 2012,
Abstract: INTRODU O: O Centro de Orienta o ao Adolescente de Campinas mantém um programa para capacitar adolescentes de 15 a 18 anos, desfavorecidos economicamente, estudantes, para a entrada no mercado de trabalho. OBJETIVO: Compreender projetos de vida de adolescentes, que se tornaram m es, enquanto participavam do programa, no período de 2003 a 2008, buscando desvelar o lugar da vida profissional na trajetória de vida, antes e depois da maternidade. MéTODO: Oito jovens m es foram entrevistadas, sendo aplicada metodologia qualitativa para a análise das entrevistas. RESULTADOS: As trajetórias de estudo e trabalho foram descontinuadas, ou sofreram adapta es, com a maternidade. Quatro jovens finalizaram o segundo grau e nenhuma havia ingressado na faculdade. Três n o voltaram a trabalhar e as demais tiveram experiências diversificadas de trabalho. As dificuldades relatadas para a inser o no mercado de trabalho foram: insuficiência de instrumentos de apoio no cuidado das crian as, baixo ganho salarial, falta de experiência de trabalho, filhos pequenos e pouca forma o educacional. CONSIDERA ES FINAIS: A maternidade na adolescência n o indicou a exclus o dos projetos de forma o educacional ou de trabalho, mas adapta es e necessidade de uma rede de apoio familiar e social. Constatou-se a necessidade de políticas públicas para a inser o do jovem no mercado de trabalho e para servi os de apoio, como creches. Demonstra-se a necessidade de uma mudan a nas rela es de gênero, com maior igualdade de direitos, como pré-condi o à inser o da mulher no mercado de trabalho, em especial, daquelas que s o m es. INTRODUCTION: The Centro de Orienta o ao Adolescente of Campinas (Southeastern Brazil) maintains a program to qualify economically disadvantaged adolescent students aged 15 to 18 years to enter the labor market. OBJECTIVE: To understand life projects of teenagers who became mothers while participating in the program, in the period from 2003 to 2008, aiming to find the place of professional life in their life trajectory before and after motherhood. METHOD: Eight young mothers were interviewed, and a qualitative methodology was applied to the analysis of the interviews. RESULTS: The trajectories of study and work were discontinued or adapted due to motherhood. Four young mothers completed high school and none had entered university. Three did not return to work and the rest had diverse work experiences. The reported difficulties to enter the labor market were: inadequate instruments to support the children's care, low income, lack of work experience, presence of s
Início da vida sexual na adolescência e rela??es de gênero: um estudo transversal em S?o Paulo, Brasil, 2002
Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela;Schor, Néia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000200016
Abstract: this cross-sectional study aimed to assess gender differences in adolescents in relation to onset of sexual activity. a total of 406 15-19-year-old adolescents from a family health unit in the city of s?o paulo, brazil, were interviewed from may to december 2002. nearly half had already had their first sexual intercourse, at a mean age of 15, independently of gender. sexual debut was usually unplanned (72.7%) and inside the home (86.1%). an equal proportion (61.0%) of males and females used some contraceptive method in their first sexual intercourse; however, more males had used a contraceptive method in their most recent intercourse. having initiated their sexual activity in stable, affective relationships, females proved to be more vulnerable to std/ aids, since they switched from condoms to the pill in their subsequent sexual activity. male adolescents continued to use mostly condoms, probably because they were involved mainly in non-stable relationships.
Homens adolescentes e vida sexual: heterogeneidades nas motiva??es que cercam a inicia??o sexual
Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela;Schor, Néia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000100024
Abstract: this article describes male adolescents' affective history and reasons for initiating or postponing sexual activity, using interviews with 184 males ages 15 to 19 and residing in the city of s?o paulo, brazil, in 2002. factors for sexual debut included physical attraction, curiosity, and the desire to lose their virginity, suggesting a profile similar to the male social role. most of the virgin adolescent males justified their choice based on issues of a romantic order, such as not having found the right person or because they preferred to remain virgin until marrying. the results showed a dual social pattern, valuing the feeling of love and deliverance to the loved one, simultaneously with the pressing physical and instinctive desire for sex. traditional patterns of masculinity, like the dissociation between sex and love, appear to be transposed to sexual debut, revealing a diversity in the ways of experiencing sexuality during adolescence, related in turn to the sexual and reproductive health of men and their partners.
Identification of critical points of thermal environment in broiler production
Menezes, AG;N??s, IA;Baracho, MS;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2010000100003
Abstract: this paper describes an exploratory study carried out to determine critical control points and possible risks in hatcheries and broiler farms. the study was based in the identification of the potential hazards existing in broiler production, from the hatchery to the broiler farm, identifying critical control points and defining critical limits. the following rooms were analyzed in the hatchery: egg cold storage, pre-heating, incubator, and hatcher rooms. two broiler houses were studied in two different farms. the following data were collected in the hatchery and broiler houses: temperature (oc) and relative humidity (%), air velocity (m s-1), ammonia levels, and light intensity (lx). in the broiler house study, a questionnaire using information of the broiler production good practices (bpgp) manual was applied, and workers were interviewed. risk analysis matrices were build to determine critical control points (ccp). after data collection, statistical process control (spc) was applied through the analysis of the process capacity index, using the software program minitab15?. environmental temperature and relative humidity were the critical points identified in the hatchery and in both farms. the classes determined as critical control points in the broiler houses were poultry litter, feeding, drinking water, workers' hygiene and health, management and biosecurity, norms and legislation, facilities, and activity planning. it was concluded that ccp analysis, associated with spc control tools and guidelines of good production practices, may contribute to improve quality control in poultry production.
Field evaluation of broiler gait score using different sampling methods
Cordeiro, AFS;N??s, IA;Salgado, DD;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2009000300002
Abstract: brazil is today the world's largest broiler meat exporter; however, in order to keep this position, it must comply with welfare regulations while maintaining low production costs. locomotion problems restrain bird movements, limiting their access to drinking and feeding equipment, and therefore their survival and productivity. the objective of this study was to evaluate locomotion deficiency in broiler chickens reared under stressful temperature conditions using three different sampling methods of birds from three different ages. the experiment consisted in determining the gait score of 28, 35, 42 and 49-day-old broilers using three different known gait scoring methods: m1, birds were randomly selected, enclosed in a circle, and then stimulated to walk out of the circle; m2, ten birds were randomly selected and gait scored; and m3, birds were randomly selected, enclosed in a circle, and then observed while walking away from the circle without stimulus to walking. environmental temperature, relative humidity, and light intensity inside the poultry houses were recorded. no evidence of interaction between scoring method and age was found however, both method and age influenced gait score. gait score was found to be lower at 28 days of age. the evaluation using the ten randomly selected birds within the house was the method that presented the less reliable results. gait score results when birds were stimulated to walk were lower than when they were not simulated, independently of age. the gait scores obtained with the three tested methods and ages were higher than those considered acceptable. the highest frequency of normal gait score (0) represented 50% of the flock. these results may be related to heat stress during rearing. average gait score incresead with average ambient temperature, relative humidity, and light intensity. the evaluation of gait score to detect locomotion problems of broilers under rearing conditions seems subjective and difficult to be properly pe
Níveis de Ruídos na Produ??o de Matrizes Pesadas: Estudo de Caso
N??s, IA;Miragliotta, MY;Baracho, MS;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2001000200003
Abstract: the economical sector of broiler breeder production employs a large number of workers who stay around 44 hours per week within the buildings for both growing and production, as well as the areas surrounding the incubator chamber. this research evaluated the sound level in the broiler breeder production system , in the dark house and in the egg production housing, in the chickling vaccination room and inside the room where the fertile eggs are conditioned for both transportation or to go inside the incubator chamber. the trial took place during two consecutive days, during 8 hours while the workers where in side the buildings. the level of noise was registered using the sound level equipment lutron sl 4001. the results showed that inside the egg production housing, as well as the room where the vaccination of chickling takes place, there are levels of critical values where ear protection is needed in order to attend the current brazilian legislation.
Trajetórias afetivo-amorosas e perfil reprodutivo de mulheres adolescentes residentes no Município de S?o Paulo
Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela;Schor, Néia;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292005000200004
Abstract: objectives: to describe the love life and reproductive profile of female adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. methods: a cross-sectional study comprising 222 adolescents registered in a family health clinic in the east zone of the city of s?o paulo. home surveys were performed between june and december of 2002. results: among 45.5% adolescents who had already began their sexual life, the mean age of the first sexual intercourse was 15.3 years old. a considerable number (17.1%) had already experienced pregnancy and three cases of abortion were reported. nevertheless, at 19 years old, 2.9%, 14.3% and 34.3% of the adolescents had not kissed, had a boy friend or initiated a sexual life, respectively demonstrating that sexual habits in adolescence are diverse and heterogeneous. conclusions: adolescents reflected different reproductive profiles comprising adolescents who had never been involved in a love relationship or even sexual relationship and adolescents who had already experienced pregnancy or opted to abort. these aspects disclose the need to the design of public policies aimed at the reproductive and sexual health of brazilian female adolescents.
Adolescência e anticoncep??o: 1. Estudo de conhecimento e uso em puérperas internadas por parto ou aborto
Schor,Néia; Lopez A.,Fanny;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101990000600009
Abstract: a study of the knowledge and utilization of contraceptive methods by adolescent is presented. an analysis was carried out based on data collected from interviews with and recorded case histories of 78 puerperal adolescents (childbirth or abortion), assisted by an obstetric service in the county of cotia, sp, brazil, between may 1 and july 31, 1986. of all the adolescents studied, 61.5% had some knowledge of contraceptive methods; the findings showed that such knowledge was influenced by factors such as: age, school background, parity and marital status. the main sources of information on contraception were: friends, relatives and partners, in this order; those least sought for in this regard were health professionals. only one in each ten adolescents made use of some contraceptive measure, the most prevalent methods being the contraceptive pill, the ogino-knauss method, condoms and coitus interruptus. in al of the cases of the utilization of these methods the same had been "recommended" by persons belonging to the adolescents' social group, and had been acquired in shops, without any health control.
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