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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 196 matches for " Mycenaean pottery "
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Cambio de rumbo. Interacción comercial entre el Bronce Final atlántico ibérico y micénico en el Mediterráneo Central (1425-1050 a.C.)
Mederos Martín, Alfredo
Trabajos de Prehistoria , 1997,
Abstract: The aim of this work is to present a new interpretation on the commercial exchanges during the Late Bronze Age IC-IIC, c. 1425-I050 BC, between the Western and Central Mediterranean, starting from a review of two types of metallic artefact, axes and swords, originating from the Iberian Peninsula, and present in Sardinia, Sicily and Lazio in the Italian Peninsula. We start from three premises: the calibrated chronology of the Late Bronze Age in the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia and Sicily-Eolian. Secondly, a more accurate chronology of the Iberian artefacts present in Italian settlements and deposits. And finally, the analysis of the confluence between the Atlantic and Mycenaean trade in the Central Mediterranean, particularly during the Late Bronze Age IC-IIA/Late Helladic IIIA-IIIB, c. 1425-1225 BC, to reveal that the mycenaean pottery presence in Andalusia can not be tried as an isolated phenomenon, but is integrated within the commercial interrelationship that existed between the Western and Eastern Mediterranean around the islands of Sardinia and Sicily in the Central Mediterranean. El objetivo de este trabajo es ofrecer una nueva interpretación sobre los intercambios comerciales durante el Bronce Final IC-IIC, ca. 1425-1050 AC, entre el Mediterráneo Occidental y Central, a partir de una revisión de dos tipos de artefactos metálicos, hachas y espadas, procedentes de la Península Ibérica, y presentes en Cerde a, Sicilia y el Lazio en la Península Italiana. Se parte de tres premisas; la primera, la cronología calibrada del Bronce Final en la Península Ibérica, Cerde a y Sicilia-Eolias. En segundo lugar, un encuadre temporal más preciso de los artefactos ibéricos presentes en los yacimientos y depósitos italianos. Y finalmente, el análisis de la confluencia del comercio atlántico y micénico en el Mediterráneo Central, particularmente durante el Bronce Final IC-IIA/ Heládico Final IIIA-IIIB, ca. 1425-1225 AC, para poner en evidencia que la presencia de cerámicas micénicas en Andalucía no puede tratarse de un fenómeno aislado, sino que se integra dentro de la interrelación comercial que existió entre el Mediterráneo Occidental y Oriental alrededor de las islas de Cerde a y Sicilia del Mediterráneo Central.
A Geospatial Analysis of Mycenaean Habitation Sites Using a Geocumulative versus Habitation Approach  [PDF]
George Malaperdas, Nikolaos Zacharias
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.61008
Abstract: In this study GIS and spatial analysis were applied in order to thoroughly examine possible relationships between the location of Mycenaean (16th - 11th c. BC) settlements in Messenia and the geomorphological characteristics of the area of their establishment. The idea lying behind this attempt is that the Mycenaeans would not have established their habitation sites randomly but according to decisive criteria, among which geomorphological characteristics played an important role. Such criteria include land aspect, terrain slopes, the hydrographic network and the geology of the area, all significant factors which need to be taken into consideration in order to evaluate the choice of settlement establishment. The combination of all available geological and environmental data with archaeological records provides a better view of the way local environments were built up in the past in association with the human site exploration and habitation; this view, hereafter defined as the Geocumulative versus Habitation (GCH) approach, constitutes the axis of the present study. The results of the study show a clear tendency in choosing settlement locations according to GCH criteria, resulting in a preference for flat to low-lying ground, in an environmentally friendly orientation (with environmental conditions such as protection from the north wind and at the same time profit by the sunlight), facilitating exploitation of local geological resources and of the hydrographic network.
Spot Reading of the Absolute Paleointensity of the Geomagnetic Field Obtained from Potsherds (Age Ca. 500-430 AD) in Teotihuacan, Mexico  [PDF]
Emilio Herrero-Bervera
Archaeological Discovery (AD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ad.2015.32008
Abstract: Archaeointensity data have been obtained successfully using the Thellier-Coe protocol from twelve potsherds recovered from the vicinity of the “Piramide del Sol”, Teotihuacan, Mexico. In order to understand the magnetic behavior of the samples, we have conducted low-field versus temperature (k-T) experiments to determine the magnetic carriers of the pre-Columbian artefacts, as well as Saturation Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (SIRM), hysteresis loops and back-fields TESTS. The Curie temperatures indicate the presence of at least three magnetic mineral phases (238°C - 276°C, 569°C - 592°C, and 609°C - 624°C). The predominant Curie temperatures for these samples are typical of Ti-poor magnetite. The results of the magnetic grain size analyses indicate that if the magnetic mineral in a sample is only magnetite, the distribution on the modified Day et al. (1977) diagram yields specimens in the Single (SD), Pseudo (PSD) and Superparamagnetic (SP) domain ranges. The successfully absolute paleointensity determinations in this study using the Thellier-Coe protocol have yielded an average paleointensity of 38.871 +/- 1.833 m-Teslas (N = 12), and a virtual geomagnetic dipole moment of 8.682 +/- 0.402 × 1022 A/m2 which is slightly lower than the present field strength and which corresponds to an age interval between 500 and 430 AD. Thus, our results correlate well with the recently published CALS3K.4 curve and the incipient archaeointensity reference curve for the Mesoamerican paleo-field results. Therefore, the age of the artefacts would correlate well with absolute the early classic Teotihuacan cultural period.
Techniques for the Extraction of Vibrational Signature: A New Method of Pottery Shard Identification  [PDF]
Baxton R. Chen
Archaeological Discovery (AD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ad.2018.63013
Abstract: Pottery shards are conventionally classified based on their color, surface texture, density, thickness, curvature, material, and shape. We previously reported a method of identifying pottery shards based on their vibrational characteristics with ultrasound stimulation. We now detail the experimental procedure necessary for the extraction of such signatures. With the method of rapid and inexpensive vibrational signature extraction and comparison to a known database library, the technique provides a potential method of onsite shard identification.
Pots, Pans, and People: Ceramic Ecology in West Mexico
Eduardo Williams
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 1992, DOI: 10.5334/pia.32
Abstract: Little is known about the interrelationship of environment and ceramic specialization, and many questions still remain to be answered, for example: What factors favor or limit the development of ceramic specialization? Why did pottery apparently arise in some places and not in others? One way to answer these questions is to explore the environmental interrelationships of a modern pottery-making community and apply the results to the prehistory of that region
Review of "Second International Conference on Late Roman Coarse Wares, Cooking Wares and Amphorae in the Mediterranean: Archaeology and Archaeometry", Aix-en- Provence, France, 13th-16th April 2005
Elisabeth Pamberg
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 2005, DOI: 10.5334/pia.237
Uribe Rodríguez,Mauricio; Ayala Rocabado,Patricia;
Chungará (Arica) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562004000400006
Abstract: preliminary research results in the oasis of quillagua in northern chile show that this place was occupied by different cultural entities along the formative period. mortuary pottery collections from quillagua and the region of valles occidentales to the north and the sub area circumpune?a to the south, were analyzed and compared to determine who were those groups that occupied the intermetiate geographic region of quillagua. we introduce our first conclusions about the pottery traditions of the formative period, and their nucleous of production and their distribution
Uribe Rodríguez,Mauricio; Agüero Piwonka,Carolina;
Chungará (Arica) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562004000400041
Abstract: in this paper we explore the iconography of tiwanaku and its role to integrate the frontiers zones of south central andean area like the azapa valley and san pedro de atacama oasis in northern chile. we think that in the tiwanaku expansive process the sanctions to help central hierarchy and the strategies employed to integrate peripherical zones had an ideological and political nature. the material expression of this was the iconography of lithic sculpture of site in titicaca altiplano that it was displayed on portable objects, creating the interaction and influence sphere of tiwanaku. based on this idea we studied several archaeological collections from southern perú, central and south bolivia and northern chile. particularly, we focus on textile and pottery study of azapa valley and san pedro de atacama oasis, to determine the center periphery integration grade -territorial or hegemonic- during the middle period
The spatial organization of pottery production in Huancito, Michoacan, Mexico
Eduardo Williams
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 1995, DOI: 10.5334/pia.78
Abstract: This paper contributes to the study of the organization of space in pottery-producing households from the ethnoarchaeological perspective. The ethnoarchaeological approach is based on observation of contemporary cultural patterns to provide data and inferences to help in the interpretation of the archaeological record.
Spanish Samian ware: fundamentals and references
Maria J. Fernandez Fonseca
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 1995, DOI: 10.5334/pia.77
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