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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4101 matches for " Mutombo Mutombo Albert "
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Clinical Aspects and Management of Children in Otorhinolaryngological Consultation: Case of University Clinics of Lubumbashi (DR Congo)  [PDF]
Yowa Muya Sandra, Kanteng Gray, Nyembo Luty Albert, Mutombo Mulangu Augustin, Luboya Numbi Oscar
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105729
Abstract:
Introduction: Otorhinolaryngological pathologies in children are a problem in sub-Saharan Africa because they are frequent and complex, yet poorly described, and their management poses a real challenge. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and therapeutic characteristics, as well as to establish a diagnostic and topographic grouping of the main ENT diseases in children attending the ENT department of the University Clinics of Lubumbashi (DR Congo). Methods: A cross-sectional and retrospective study was conducted over a period of 2 years, from January 2014 to December 2015, 309 cases of children under 19 years of age were recorded. Results: An overall consultation frequency of 19.05% was noted. The mean age was 7.08 ± 5.37 years and 48.8% of cases were less than 5 years old. 1.9% of cases were referred; 58.3% of cases received initial self-medication before consulting. In the hospital, antibiotic treatment was prescribed in 67.2% of cases, anti-inflammatory in 62.8% of cases and surgery was nec-essary for 2% of cases. Otitis was the most common (37.7%), followed by tonsillitis (20.7%) and cerumen impaction (20.7%). Otologic complaints dominated with 67.7%; Otalgia and otorrhea were the most common com-plaints. In the field of rhinology, rhinorrhea and nasal encryption were pre-dominant, while odynophagia and cough dominated complaints in laryn-gopharyngology and appendices. Conclusion: ENT pathologies in children are frequent and dominated by infectious pathology. Their management is often simple and their evolution generally favorable.
Seroprevalence of Infectious Markers in Blood Donors in Mbujimayi “Case of Kansele General Hospital” (Democratic Republic of Congo)  [PDF]
Kabambi Bukasa Valentin, Kanyiki Katala Moise, Kaseka Cisuaka Jeanne, Kayembe Menji Jean-Pierre, Tshibanda Tshibanda Etienne, Mutombo Mutombo Albert, Katuku Ciala Charles, Ciamala Mukendi Paul, Ntumba Muamba Alidor
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105901
Abstract:
Blood transfusion is a life-saving act because in some cases, it is the last resort to save an individual’s life. However, the seroprevalence of infectious markers in blood donors is a major public health problem, both in developed and developing countries, in its magnitude. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of infectious markers in blood donors. This is a descriptive study conducted in the city of Mbujimayi at kansele Hospital among registered blood donors (family volunteers and paid) from the period 12/01/2017 to 13/01/2018. The data were collected in a cross-sectional manner. The following observations were made: in the study period, 522 blood donors were registered. After analyzing the data, the seroprevalence of HIV/AIDS in blood donors is 4.4%, 2.1% of cases have an HCV serological status and 5.9% a HBS positive serological status, and 2.1% a positive RPR HIV status, the male sex predominated with 85.4% was male.
Tuberculose pulmonaire révélée par un purpura thrombopénique chez l’enfant - à propos d’un cas clinique observé au service de pédiatrie des Cliniques Universitaires de Lubumbashi
TK Lubala, AM Mutombo, AN Munkana, MM Manika
Pan African Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Nous rapportons le cas d’un enfant de 7 ans, de sexe masculin ayant présenté un purpura thrombopénique avec épistaxis, hématémèse, otorragies et pétéchies généralisées. Durant la même hospitalisation, nous avons mis en évidence une tuberculose pulmonaire documentée par la présence de bacilles acido-alcoolo résistants à l’examen des crachats. Nous avons observé une majoration du taux de plaquettes en une semaine de corticothérapie intraveineuse à haute dose, avant l’instauration d’une poly chimiothérapie antituberculeuse. Nous rappelons également la controverse que suscite la prise en charge de cette association rarement rapportée.
Cholera Epidemics, War and Disasters around Goma and Lake Kivu: An Eight-Year Survey
Didier Bompangue,Patrick Giraudoux,Martine Piarroux,Guy Mutombo,Rick Shamavu,Bertrand Sudre,Annie Mutombo,Vital Mondonge,Renaud Piarroux
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000436
Abstract: Background During the last eight years, North and South Kivu, located in a lake area in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, have been the site of a major volcano eruption and of numerous complex emergencies with population displacements. These conditions have been suspected to favour emergence and spread of cholera epidemics. Methodology/Principal Findings In order to assess the influence of these conditions on outbreaks, reports of cholera cases were collected weekly from each health district of North Kivu (4,667,699 inhabitants) and South Kivu (4,670,121 inhabitants) from 2000 through 2007. A geographic information system was established, and in each health district, the relationships between environmental variables and the number of cholera cases were assessed using regression techniques and time series analysis. We further checked for a link between complex emergencies and cholera outbreaks. Finally, we analysed data collected during an epidemiological survey that was implemented in Goma after Nyiragongo eruption. A total of 73,605 cases and 1,612 deaths of cholera were reported. Time series decomposition showed a greater number of cases during the rainy season in South Kivu but not in North Kivu. Spatial distribution of cholera cases exhibited a higher number of cases in health districts bordering lakes (Odds Ratio 7.0, Confidence Interval range 3.8–12.9). Four epidemic reactivations were observed in the 12-week periods following war events, but simulations indicate that the number of reactivations was not larger than that expected during any random selection of period with no war. Nyiragongo volcanic eruption was followed by a marked decrease of cholera incidence. Conclusion/Significance Our study points out the crucial role of some towns located in lakeside areas in the persistence of cholera in Kivu. Even if complex emergencies were not systematically followed by cholera epidemics, some of them enabled cholera spreading.
Electromagnetic Waves Propagation Modes of Hot Plasma Located in Rotating Electromagnetic Field  [PDF]
Richard Mwamba Mutombo, Abert Kazadi Mukenga Bantu, Edmond Phuku Phuati, Alain Lubo Musongela
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103416
Abstract:
In this work it was established different electromagnetic wave propagation modes of hot plasma located in rotating electromagnetic field when the temperature is finite and when the temperature is considered as infinite. It is noticed that the plasma is completely transparent and isotropic with refractive index equal to unity when the temperature is infinite.
Language Use and Management in Mining Companies in the DRC  [PDF]
Mambo Kalume, Katsuva Ngoloma, Mulamba Nshindi, Phillipe Hambye, Kyungu Kibamba, Mukunda Mutombo
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104748
Abstract:
This paper aims at highlighting how English is gaining momentum on tiptoe in the Democratic Republic of Congo through mining companies as its gateways, although the country traditionally belongs to Kachru’s Expanding Circle, and to which extent these mining companies, which to a large extent are branches of multinational companies, cope with language use and management within multilingual workplaces. The insights gained from various companies demonstrate that the adoption of English alone as a corporate language is not enough and that multilingual communication would be the best practice to overcome language barriers within these workplaces.
Effect of the Form and Nature of Nitrogen on Growth and Nodulation of Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) on Sandy Soil of Mont-Amba, in Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Georges Mupala Muyayabantu, Nicolas Mutamba Mulaja Kabwe, Jean Michel Tshibamba Mutombo, Kadiata Bakach Dikand
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2019.108103
Abstract: The study was carried out on the impact assessment of the form and nature of the different nitrogen sources used in culture on growth and nodulation of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) during 3 months of observation on sandy soil of Mount Amba (at the University of Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo). Height and collar diameter growth, underground and total biomass dry weight, number and dry pea nodules and nodulation index have been evaluated at 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks of growth to assess the response of the legume to mineral nitrogen and organic nitrogen from chickens manure and pig feces. After observations, it appears that all the treatments soil showed different effects on growth and nodulation of pigeon pea. Therefore, only the soil received 1 kg of pig feces stimulated (p 0.05) the development of pigeon pea which resulted in good growth (nodulation 116.8 nodules and nodulation index of 5.0) and biomass production (25.3 gr per plant) while the addition of chicken manure, whatever the dose, reduced them.
Comorbidity of Cerebral Palsy, the Cyst of the Corpus Callosum, Parenchymal Cyst, Epilepsy and Cardiac Disease: About an Observation  [PDF]
Patrice Ntenga, K. Kabulo, Patrick Mutombo, A. Mulumba, E. Lowakondjo, Dirk Teuwen, Marième Soda Diop-Sène, A. A. Nahantchi, N. S. Diagne, K. Touré, M. Ndiaye, A. Gallo Diop
Yangtze Medicine (YM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ym.2018.21004
Abstract: Motor impairment of cerebral origin is a syndrome that induces a reduction in activity, the origin of which is brain injury or a non-progressive and definitive abnormality occurring in a developing immature brain. Motor disability, spastic, dyskinetic or ataxic, is often associated with sensory, cognitive, sensory and behavioral disorders with or without epileptic disease. View of accidental discoveries of corpus callosum abnormalities, most often asymptomatic or associated with psychomotor retardation, epilepsy, neurological disorders or cardiomyopathy, a high technical platform must be available for its diagnosis. We report in this article the case of a 7-year-old boy followed at the neuropsychiatric center Joseph Guislain of the Brothers of Charity of Lubumbashi in Congo (DRC) since 2016 for generalized tonic-clonic seizures, in whom the diagnosis of cerebral palsy on cyst of corpus callosum and in the right parietal lobe, as well as cardiopathy was posed during its consultation in September 2017. This case was published with parental consent.
Immunological, Virological, Parasitic and Biological Profile of Malaria/HIV Co-Infection in 18 Years Old and Above Patients in Lubumbashi (DR Congo)  [PDF]
Christian Kakisingi, Olivier Mukuku, Michel Manika, Augustin Mutombo, Eric Kasamba, Beya Tshikuluila, Paul Mawaw, Claude Mwamba, Oscar Luboya
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102647
Abstract: Introduction: Malaria infection and HIV infection are major public health issues in several parts of the world. Together they have caused more than a million deaths per year. Africa, and Sub-Saharan in particular are the most affected. Our study objective is to determine the prevalence of Malaria/HIV co-infection and describe its immunological, virological, parasitic and biological characteristics. Methodology: This is a descriptive, transversal and multi centric study done on 18 years old and above HIV positive patients, for a period extending from December 2008 to October 2009 in 5 different HIV treatment centres. Parameters studied were gender, age, CD4 count, viral load, parasite density and haemoglobin level. The HIV diagnosis was made according to the AIDS National Program and malaria according to the Malaria National Program. Statistic analyses were done using Epi Info 7 software and the Yates corrected Chi Square test or the Fischer Exact test (when recommended) was used to check any link between different parameters studied. Statistical significance was fixed at <0.05. Results: 405 HIV seropositive patients were compiled. The malaria prevalence in these patients was 6.9%. Majority of co-infected patients were aged between 26 and 49 years (67.9%), and had a CD4 count <200 μl (67.9%), a parasitic density <10,000 trophozoites/μl (75%) and an Hb level <11 g/dl. With regards to correlations between co-infected patients parasitic density and the CD4 count, viral load and Hb level, none of the studied parameters showed any statistic significance difference. Conclusion: A prevalence of 6.9% among HIV/malaria co-infected patients and 67.7% of these patients had a CD4 count less than 200 cells/μl. Thus, both national programs must promote an early testing for HIV infected patients and reinforce preventive measures in the management of malaria.
Caesarean in Rural Environment of Eastern Kasai (Dr Congo): Evolution of Caesarean Section Rates in Kasansa and Tshilenge  [PDF]
André Guillaume Kabongo, Dady Kalala, Jean Christophe Bukasa, Deca Blood Banza, Christine Kankologo, André Mutombo, Stany Wembonyama
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104564
Abstract:
Objective: To analyze the evolution monthly of the disastrous Caesarean and to their influence one maternal mortality and infantile in the General hospitals of reference of Kasansa and Tshilenge. Methods: Descriptive retrospective study Bi-centric related to 434 Caesareans carried out to the maternity of the general hospital of reference of Kasansa and that of Tshilenge during years 2015 and 2016. Our dated were collected in the obstetric files, registers of the maternity and the operating room. Public garden Ki square is used to compare it with the percentages and T of Student for the comparison of the averages in two maternities, and the percentage of increase gold reduction was calculated with the formulated of growth used also in economy. Results: Two maternities received respectively in 2015, 549 and 227 childbirth, among which 136 Caesareans carried out with Kasansa and 72 in Tshilenge. During the Disastrous months (from January to December), Caesareans dropped by 68.2%, (10.7% to 3.4%) in Kasansa and of 71.1% with Tshilenge (from 19.7% to 2.8%). In 2016, 702 childbirth and 109 Caesareans with Kasansa and 376 childbirth and 117 Caesareans with Tshilenge. Disastrous Caesarean dropped by 7% (from 12.8% to 11.9%) with Kasansa and raised of 143.3% with Tshilenge (from 6% to 14.6%). Perinatal mortality dropped by 69.5% in 2015 and 51.8% in 2016 and maternal mortality dropped respectively by 100% in 2015 and in 2016 of 35.9%. Conclusion: During 24 months concerned with the study (of January 2015 with December 2016), the practice of the Caesarean Knew has fell into the two structures except for maternity of Tshilenge 2016. Thus, the improvement of the maternal forecast master keys rather by year improvement of the quality of the obstetric assumption of responsibility but not by the increase amongst operational childbirth. Thesis results encourage custom to analyze the participation of the various disastrous indications in the variation of the Caesarean in this medium.
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