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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5143 matches for " Mustapha Ibrahim "
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Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Psychoactive Substance Use among Commercial Motorcycle Operators in Kano, Nigeria  [PDF]
Mustapha Ibrahim Gudaji, Zahraddeen Garba Habib
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2016.61009
Abstract: Background: Psychoactive substance use was common among commercial motorcycle operators.Studies had shown that there were some socio-demographic factors which were commoner among commercial motorcycle operators who used psychoactive substances. However, this was not explored among commercial motorcycle operators in Kano, North Western Nigeria. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the socio-demographic factors associated with psychoactive substance use among motorcycle operators in Kano, Northwestern Nigeria. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. Instrument used for data collection included socio-demographic questionnaire and WorldHealth Organisation Student Drug Use Questionnaire. Data analysis was done using StatisticalPackage for Social Sciences (SPSS) 16th edition. Results: Commercial motorcycle operators who used substances were found to be of younger age group (X2= 10.9,P< 0.001), single (X2= 4.3,P
Assessment of the exchange parameters of Amberlite IR-45 (OH) resin from its elution with saturated Na2SO4
MB Ibrahim, A Mustapha
Biokemistri , 2011,
Abstract: Simple quantitative technique has been developed for assessing the exchange parameters of Amberlite IR – 45 (OH) using column chromatographic techniques from the displacement of exchangeable hydroxyl ions of the resin by sulphate ions. The results obtained showed retention time of 33min, retention volume of 56.5cm3, void volume of 18cm3, and exchange capacity of 41mmole/g and exchange site density of 2.4682 x 1022sites /g.
Data Mining in Electronic Commerce: Benefits and Challenges  [PDF]
Mustapha Ismail, Mohammed Mansur Ibrahim, Zayyan Mahmoud Sanusi, Muesser Nat
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2015.812045
Abstract: Huge volume of structured and unstructured data which is called big data, nowadays, provides opportunities for companies especially those that use electronic commerce (e-commerce). The data is collected from customer’s internal processes, vendors, markets and business environment. This paper presents a data mining (DM) process for e-commerce including the three common algorithms: association, clustering and prediction. It also highlights some of the benefits of DM to e-commerce companies in terms of merchandise planning, sale forecasting, basket analysis, customer relationship management and market segmentation which can be achieved with the three data mining algorithms. The main aim of this paper is to review the application of data mining in e-commerce by focusing on structured and unstructured data collected thorough various resources and cloud computing services in order to justify the importance of data mining. Moreover, this study evaluates certain challenges of data mining like spider identification, data transformations and making data model comprehensible to business users. Other challenges which are supporting the slow changing dimensions of data, making the data transformation and model building accessible to business users are also evaluated. A clear guide to e-commerce companies sitting on huge volume of data to easily manipulate the data for business improvement which in return will place them highly competitive among their competitors is also provided in this paper.
Epispadias in a Child with Intact Prepuce: A Rare Congenital Abnormality  [PDF]
Abubakar Maina Waziri, Babagana Mustapha Abubakar, Sani Adamu, Ibrahim Eneye Sulaiman, Mohammed Gashua
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2016.63004
Abstract: Epispadias is a rare genitourinary malformation, more so is epispadias with intact prepuce. Incidence of epispadias with intact prepuce is not known however, there are few case reports and a case series. We present a 5-year-old boy brought to our facility by his parent for circumcision. Further evaluation revealed a short penis with broad base and intact prepuce. The preputial slit was dorsally oriented. On retracting the prepuce, there was corona epispadias with wide and healthy urethral plate. No meatal stenosis or chordee noticed. Other findings were normal. He had epispadias repair. The postoperative period was uneventful. Three months after operation, the prepuce was easily retractable over the penis and the penis was cosmetically acceptable.
Apert Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of Literature  [PDF]
Simon Pius, Halima Abubakar Ibrahim, Mustapha Bello, Kefas Mbaya, Jose Pwavimbo Ambe
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2016.62026
Abstract: Apert syndrome, also known as acrocephalosyndactyly, is one of the causes of craniofacial syndrome or deformity. It is a rare congenital disorder characterized by premature fusion of cranial sutures (craniosynostosis), malformation of skull, hands, face and feet. This congenital deformity has incidence of 1/50,000 to 1/80,000 live births and is an autosomal dominant in inheritance. Apert syndrome, fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) and the missense substitution mutations occur at adjacent amino acids (i.e. Ser252Trp, Ser 252Phe, Pro253Arg) between the second and third extra cellular immunoglobulin domain of FGFR2, which maps to chromosome bands 10q26. Increased paternal age has been implicated in the development of Apert syndrome. The syndrome has to be thoroughly evaluated as early definitive diagnosis is important in order to distinguish Apert syndrome from other forms of craniosynostosis like Carpenter syndrome, Crouzon disease, Pfeiffer and Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. It is generally accepted that management of Apert syndrome is multidisciplinary in approach, which should compose of neonatologists, neurosurgeons, craniofacial surgeons, plastic surgeons, otolaryngologists, orthodontists, orthopaedic surgeons, ophthalmologists, radiologists, geneticists, clinical psychologists and speech and language pathologists for the effective management of this condition. Early diagnosis and treatment is important because Apert syndrome when treated early has good prognosis in adult life.
Journal of Applied Phytotechnology in Environmental Sanitation , 2012,
Abstract: Quality of water is a pre-requisite for the success of an irrigation project. With this view, an effort was made to assess the groundwater quality of a hydrological basin in Nafada. Common problems for poor quality parameter indices determined were precisely evaluated and interpreted. Water sample were collected randomly from eighteen tube wells in the peak dry season (January to April 2011). The analysis reveals that the compositions of the groundwater samples were within the permissible range of irrigation use. Standard water quality parameters in dices like pH (6.8-8.5) showed slightly acidic to alkaline; the TDS was rated as ‘fresh water’. ECw and SAR were ‘low’ and ‘medium salinity’ (C1 and C2) classes and ‘low alkali hazard’ (S1) class, combinedly expressed as C1S1 and C2S1. SSP was of ‘Good’ and ‘permissible’ categories. However, samples are free from RSC and belonged to suitable category for irrigation. Moreover, except minor discrepancies the groundwater of the study area was categorized as excellent to Good quality and seemed to be suitable for crop production.
Profile of Amputations in National Orthopaedic Hospital, Dala, Kano  [PDF]
Abdurrahman Alhaji Mamuda, Muhammad Nuhu Salihu, Muhammad Kabir Abubakar, Kabir Musa Adamu, Mustapha Ibrahim, Muhammad Ujudud Musa
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2014.48033
Abstract: Introduction: Amputation is the removal of a body part through a bone, while disarticulation is a removal of a part through a joint. This common procedure has different causes depending on the geographical locations and cultural practices. These ranges from dead body part to malignancy. Our study focused on the profile of the amputees including the biodata, causes and the financial consequences of the procedure. Material and Methods: The case notes of all patients who had amputation from 1998-2012 (15 years) were collected and the biodata, intra-operative diagnosis, parts amputated and duration of hospital stay were retrospectively analysed. Results: One hundred and ninety six patients had various types of amputations for the duration of our study. 159 (81.12%) were males while 37 (18.88%) were females. 68 (34.69%) patients had below knee amputation. 54 (27.55%) had above knee amputation. 27 (13.78%) had above elbow amputation. 18 (9.18%) patients had below elbow amputation, while 30 (15.30%) patients had other forms of amputations. The highest number of amputees (72 patients) was within the age range of 21 - 30 yr and the least number (5 patients) was within the age range of 51 - 60 yr. The highest number of amputation (71 patients) was due to complications from by traditional bone setters intervention. Conclusion: In our study, we found that most cases were males with a mean age of 35 years and majority (34.69%) had below knee amputation, and that most cases suffered vascular occlusion leading to gangrene.
Presentation, complications and management outcome of community acquired pneumonia in hospitalized children in Maiduguri, Nigeria
MG Mustapha, GM Ashir, MA Alhaji, AI Rabasa, BA Ibrahim, Z Mustapha
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2013,
Abstract: Background: Pneumonia remains a leading cause of U-5 morbidity and mortality in developing countries like Nigeria. This study was conducted to determine the clinical presentation, complications and factors contributing to mortality in the hospitalized children with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Methods: Children younger than 14 years admitted into the Emergency Paediatric Unit of the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), Maiduguri, in 2011 with the diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia were followed up until discharge or death. Chest radiographs were read by radiologists. Results: Eighty nine children aged two months to 14 years were studied. The commonest clinical features were fever, cough, tachypnoea and dyspnoea. Radiographic evidence of pneumonia was found in 84 (94.4%) of cases. Dehydration and congestive cardiac failure (CCF) were the commonest complications encountered. Eight (9.0%) children died, seven of whom had complications of pneumonia. The rate of occurrence of complications, radiographic pattern of pneumonia and outcome of treatment did not significantly differ statistically in the different age groups; p = 0.135, 0.622 and 0.167 respectively. Conclusion: While dehydration and CCF were found to be commonest complications, mortality was commoner among the male infants hospitalized for pneumonia.
Juvenile Dermatomyositis in a Nigerian Girl: a Case Report.
MG Mustapha, MG Ashir, AA Mayun, Y Machoco, AB Ibrahim
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2011,
Abstract: A case of Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) in a 10 year old Nigerian girl is herein reported to discuss some of the features of the disease and challenges in management of such a rare but crippling autoimmune vasculopathy of childhood. She was referred to the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH) with an eight-month history of recur rent fever, abdominal pain, and a four-month history of body rash and inability to walk or sit. Muscle biopsy and clinical findings consistent with JDM were found. Her condition improved with steroids, cytotoxic therapy and physiotherapy. Some invest igat ion and t reatment modalities could not be accessed for the benefit of the patient. Although, the outcome of patients with JDM has improved with the discovery of steroids, the disease is shown to have a variable course, with attendant social and financial implications especially to the immediate family.
Biometric Study of the Reproductive Organs of Three Breeds of Sheep in Nigeria Estudio Biométrico de los órganos Reproductivos de Tres Razas de Ovejas en Nigeria
Abdullahi Ali Ibrahim,Jibril Aliyu,Rabi Muhammad Ashiru,Mustapha Jamilu
International Journal of Morphology , 2012,
Abstract: A comparative study of testicular biometry was done in rams using three major breeds of sheep in Nigeria. Biometrical parameters observed were scrotal circumference (SC), testes weight (TW), testes length (TL), tunica albuginea weight (TAW), testes volume (TV), testes density (TD), epididymal weight (EW), epididymal length (EL), caput (CA), corpus (CO), cauda weight (CU), epididymal volume (EV) and epididymal density (ED). The results showed significant differences (p<0.05) between the Uda, Balami and Yankasa breed in the SC, TW, TV, EW, EL, CA, CO, CU, and EV. The Uda had significantly higher (p<0.05) values in most of the parameters examined than the two other breeds. A bilateral symmetry was observed for Uda and Balami in testes weight and testes volume. It was concluded that the testicular biometry of Uda and Balami observed are suggestive of high spermatozoa per unit mass of the testes and epididymis and subsequently higher fertility, and these biometry can be used by farmers in selecting good breeding animals for genetic improvement. Se realizó un estudio comparativo de la biometría testicular en carneros con las tres razas principales de ovejas de Nigeria. Los parámetros biométricos observados fueron la circunferencia escrotal (CE), peso testicular (PT), longitud testicular (LT), peso de la túnica albugínea (PTA), volumen testicular (VT), densidad testicular (DT), peso del epidídimo (PE), longitud del epidídimo (EL), peso de la cabeza (CA), cuerpo (CU) y cauda (CA), volumen del epidídimo (VE) y densidad del epidídimo (ED). Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas (p <0,05) entre la raza Uda, Balami y Yankasa para la CE, PT, VT, PE, LE, CA, CU, CA, y VE. La raza Uda tuvo valores significativamente mayores (p <0,05) en la mayoría de los parámetros analizados con las otras dos razas. Se observó una simetría bilateral en el peso de los testículos y el volumen de los testículos para las razas Uda y Balami. Se concluyó que la biometría testicular observada en las razas Uda y Balami son sugerentes de alta cantidad de espermatozoides por unidad de masa de los testículos y el epidídimo, y subsecuentemente una alta fertilidad. La biometría de éstos pueden ser utilizada por los agricultores en la selección de buenos animales para la mejora genética de las crías.
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