Abstract:
We obtain some topological results of the sequence spaces Δm(X), where Δm(X)={x=(xk):(Δmxk)∈X}, (m∈ℕ), and X is any sequence space. We compute the pα-, pβ-, and pγ-duals of l∞,c, and c0 and we investigate the N-(or null) dual of the sequence spaces Δm(l∞), Δm(c), and Δm(c0). Also we show that any matrix map from Δm(l∞) into a BK-space which does not contain any subspace isomorphic to Δm(l∞) is compact.

Abstract:
The difference sequence space m( ,p, ”(r)), which is a generalization of the space m( ) introduced and studied by Sargent (1960), was defined by olak and Et (2005). In this paper we establish some geometric inequalities for this space.

Abstract:
The difference sequence space , which is a generalization of the space introduced and studied by Sargent (1960), was defined by olak and Et (2005). In this paper we establish some geometric inequalities for this space.

Abstract:
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the bone turnover markers in preterm infants, and analyze their relationship with growth, urinary calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P).Subjects and Method: Thirty-nine premature infants with enteral feeding started before the 5th day of life, and 20 full-term infants, as control group, were enrolled for the study. The weight and length of all premature infants were measured at birth and repeated at 4 weeks of age. Blood samples and urine were obtained for bone turnover markers at the second measurement.Results: Serum -CrossLaps and urinary deoxypyridinoline, calcium, tubular phosphate reabsorption (TPR) and TPR/GFR were significantly higher in preterm infants (P<0.05 for all parameters). There was significant correlation of osteocalcin with birth weight (r=0.306, P=0.05) and weight at 4 weeks (r=0.307, P=0.047); and negative correlation of urinary deoxypyridinoline with birth weight (r=-0.310, P=0.05), weight gain (r=-0.625, P=0.001) and weight at 4 weeks (r=-0.387, P=0.015).Conclusion : A significant correlation was found between urinary deoxypyridinoline and TPR (r=0.314, P=0.05). Preterm infants with low birth weight and low weight gain have risk for the osteopenia. Measurement of TPR and calcium excretion may be a good marker of preterm osteopenia.

Abstract:
Turkey experiencing three major economic crises since 1990s has not reached to a desired economic and human development level. The economic crises affected human development negatively. Turkey appears as a country of serious regional imbalances in human development. The regions of Marmara, Aegean, Central Anatolia, Mediterranean and Black Sea are more improved from the perspective of human development than the regions of East Anatolia and South East Anatolia. Kocaeli, Yalova and Istanbul have the most improved levels of human development while rnak, A r and Mu are the least developed ones.

Abstract:
Belief in traditional economic development practices has started to be breached as a result of the accelaration of globalization tendency since 1980s, thus making local economic development approach subject matter. In this study, after having this approach been dealt with, local economic development experiences carried out by such international organizations as the International Labor Office, the European Union and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development are comparatively examined. The common features of these practices are their appreciation of local initiatives, participation and cooperation, and having an integrated, decentralized and innovative structure.

Abstract:
Like in many developing countries, the capital accompanied by the change of sectoral structure in Turkey is the main element which determines economical growth. Because, it is the capital being scarce in these economies. The insufficiency of capital element may seen in both sum and quality of capital. The insufficieny of capital quality may be appeared especially in form of knowledge and experience accumalation. This insufficieny can be called briefly “ level of capital productivity”. The capital insufficeny in developing countries generally come out similar to this way of uzmanla m capital insufficiency; and it can only be prevented by froeing capital.The determination function and effect of efficient capital over economical growth gets importance in the structural distrubution of capital. The productivity of froeign capital can only be productive under this condition and also it leads to marinal productive of capital. This reality is especially important for our country. Because, the sturctural change is adopted as important target in planning model having been applied from 1960 to nowadays. According to this, froeign capital is formed and directed inevidently in terms of sectoral change. In conclusion, this kind of social distribution is decided to be main subjec; the level of adoptation of capital to sectoral change is tried to analsis and it is aimed at obtaining solutions of problems about this subject.

Abstract:
We introduce the concept of statistical convergence of order of difference sequences, and we give some relations between the set of statistical convergence of order of difference sequences and strong -summability of order . Furthermore some relations between the spaces and are examined. 1. Introduction The idea of statistical convergence was given by Zygmund [1] in the first edition of his monograph published in Warsaw in 1935. The concept of statistical convergence was introduced by Steinhaus [2] and Fast [3] and later reintroduced by Schoenberg [4] independently. Over the years and under different names statistical convergence has been discussed in the theory of Fourier analysis, ergodic theory, number theory, measure theory, trigonometric series, turnpike theory, and Banach spaces. Later on it was further investigated from the sequence space point of view and linked with summability theory by Connor [5], Fridy [6], Khan and Orhan [7], Miller and Orhan [8], Mursaleen [9], Rath and Tripathy [10], ？alát [11], Sava？ [12], and many others. In recent years, generalizations of statistical convergence have appeared in the study of strong integral summability and the structure of ideals of bounded continuous functions on locally compact spaces. Statistical convergence and its generalizations are also connected with subsets of the Stone-？ech compactification of the natural numbers. Moreover, statistical convergence is closely related to the concept of convergence in probability. Let be the set of all sequences of real or complex numbers, and let , , and be, respectively, the Banach spaces of bounded, convergent, and null sequences with the usual norm , where , the set of positive integers. Also by , , , and , we denote the spaces of all bounded, convergent, absolutely, and -absolutely convergent series, respectively. Let be a nondecreasing sequence of positive numbers tending to such that , . The generalized de la Vallée-Poussin mean is defined by , where for . A sequence is said to be -summable to a number if as [13]. If , then -summability is reduced to the Cesàro summability. The notion of difference sequence spaces was introduced by K？zmaz [14], and it was generalized by Et and ？olak [15] such as for , , or , where , , , and so . The sequence spaces are the Banach spaces normed by for , or . Recently the difference sequence spaces have been studied in [16–21]. The order of statistical convergence of a sequence of numbers was given by Gadjiev and Orhan [22] and after that statistical convergence of order and strongly -Cesàro summability of order were