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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1213 matches for " Mumtaz-Din Wani "
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Laparoscopic Surgery for Meckel’s Diverticulum Presenting as Small Bowel Obstruction: A Case Report  [PDF]
Mushtaq Chalkoo, Mumtaz-Din Wani, Hilal Makhdoomi, Ankush Banotra, Yassar Arafat, Awhad Mueed, Syed Shakeeb
Surgical Science (SS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2016.711067
Abstract: Meckel’s diverticulum is not commonly encountered surgical entity and presents unique challenges for a pediatric surgeon, as it is prone to varied complications. A 14-year-old boy was admitted with us with a 48-hour history of lower abdominal pain and multiple episodes of vomiting. Radiological imaging studies revealed a high-grade partial small bowel obstruction. A fleeting conservative management was tried. The diagnostic laparoscopy revealed a small bowel obstruction secondary to a Meckel’s diverticulum. The diverticulum was resected using an endovascular GIA stapler. The patient was discharged on postoperative day four, tolerating a regular diet. Laparoscopy is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic means for a patient with a small bowel obstruction due to an uncertain etiology.
REE Characteristics and REE Mixing Modeling of the Proterozoic Quartzites and Sandstones  [PDF]
H. Wani
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2017.81002
Abstract: Rare earth elements (REE) in sedimentary rocks are most suitable for source rock characterization. Rare earth element data of the sandstones of the unmetamorphosed Meso-Neoproterozoic Chhattisgarh and Indravati basins and the metamorphosed Paleoproterozoic Sakoli and Saucer basins of the Bastar craton have been studied for source rock characterization. The quartzites have higher ∑R EE mean value (145 ppm) compared to the sandstones (34 ppm). The REE patterns of all the three formations of the Chandarpur Group of the Chhattisgarh basin and the Tiratgarh Formation of the Indravati basin are uniform and there are no systematic differences in REE patterns among different formations of the Chandarpur Group and the Tiratgarh Formation. The REE patterns of the quartzites are similar to the REE patterns of the sandstones. Chondrite-normalized REE patterns with LREE enrichment and a strong negative Eu anomaly of the sandstones and quartzites gives a broad hint about felsic source rocks. The source rocks are identified as Archean granite and gneiss of the Bastar craton. The REE mixing modeling of the sandstones and quartzites suggest that the exposed the Proterozoic upper crust of the Bastar craton during the sedimentation of the Paleoproterozoic Sakoli and saucerand the Meso-Neoproterozoic Chhattisgarh and Indravati basins of the Bastar craton was largely consisted of gneissic rocks (70%), with a little contribution (20%) from Late Archean (2.5 Ga) granites. The present study does not suggest any significant change in the upper crustal composition during Proterozoic in the Bastar craton.
Treasure and Tragedy of the Kashmir Himalaya
Parvaiz A. Wani,A.R. Dar,G.G. Mohi-ud-din,Khursheed A. Ganaie
International Journal of Botany , 2006,
Abstract: Biological interventions and sequential eco-edaphic changes have depleted the habitats of essential and commercially valuable medicinal plants, hence paved the way to invasive alien species, thereby infuriating the bio-resource diminution and deprivation. The present communication is an attempt to draw attention to the importance of some threatened medicinal plants of Kashmir Himalaya and the various threats they are forced upon. In total 12 species belonging to 11 families have been surveyed, assessed and analyzed for their importance and threat status. The study revealed that the already restricted populations of these threatened species are squeezed further by various natural and anthropogenic factors, above and beyond being subjected to over-exploitation. All these causative factors if not addressed without more ado, the day is not far away when this precious legacy will be lost for ever. It is indeed a grave situation for these species which calls for the recoup whatever is left. There is a buzz for the execution of global slogan and it is the need of hour to conserve these gems in today`s world of bioprospecting.
Gender and social geography: Impact on Lady Health Workers Mobility in Pakistan
Mumtaz Zubia
BMC Health Services Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-12-360
Abstract: Background In Pakistan, where gendered norms restrict women's mobility, female community health workers (CHWs) provide doorstep primary health services to home-bound women. The program has not achieved optimal functioning. One reason, I argue, may be that the CHWs are unable to make home visits because they have to operate within the same gender system that necessitated their appointment in the first place. Ethnographic research shows that women’s mobility in Pakistan is determined not so much by physical geography as by social geography (the analysis of social phenomena in space). Irrespective of physical location, the presence of biradaria members (extended family) creates a socially acceptable ‘inside space’ to which women are limited. The presence of a non-biradari person, especially a man, transforms any space into an ‘outside space’, forbidden space. This study aims to understand how these cultural norms affect CHWs’ home-visit rates and the quality of services delivered. Design Data will be collected in district Attock, Punjab. Twenty randomly selected CHWs will first be interviewed to explore their experiences of delivering doorstep services in the context of gendered norms that promote women's seclusion. Each CHW will be requested to draw a map of her catchment area using social mapping techniques. These maps will be used to survey women of reproductive age to assess variations in the CHW's home visitation rates and quality of family planning services provided. A sample size of 760 households (38 per CHW) is estimated to have the power to detect, with 95% confidence, households the CHWs do not visit. To explore the role of the larger community in shaping the CHWs mobility experiences, 25 community members will be interviewed and five CHWs observed as they conduct their home visits. The survey data will be merged with the maps to demonstrate if any disjunctures exist between CHWs’ social geography and physical geography. Furthermore, the impacts these geographies have on home visitation rates and quality of services delivered will be explored. Discussion The study will provide generic and theoretical insights into how the CHW program policies and operations can improve working conditions to facilitate the work of female staff in order to ultimately provide high-quality services.
PYELOPALSTY
MUMTAZ RASOOL
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the outcome of pyeloplasty for congenital pelviureteric junction obstructionand comparison of results between repair with stents and without stents. Data source: Patients admitted to thedepartment of Urology with congenital pelviureteric junction obstruction regardless of age were entered in this study.Design of study: Prospective. Setting: Department of Urology ,Quaid-I-Azam Medical College /Bahawal VictoriaHospital, Bahawalpur. Period: From April 1999 to December 2002. Material & Methods: A total of 30 patients weregrouped into A and B. Either dismembered or non-dismembered pyeloplasty were performed in either group, both withand without D.J. Stents. Results: The results in our study show that there is no gross difference of outcome inpyeloplasty whether done over D.J. Stent or without stents. Dismembered pyeloplasty resulted in better outcome.Conclusions: Open pyeloplasty is the “Gold Standard ” treatment option for congenital pelviureteric junctionobstruction. The use of D.J.Stents is not necessary in every repair.
LUMBER DISCITIS; PREVALENCE AND MANAGEMENT AFTER LUMBER DISC SURGERY
MUMTAZ AHMAD
The Professional Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: To study the occurrence of discitis after lumber disc surgery and its management. Study Design: Observationalstudy. Setting: Department of Neurosurgery QAMC/ BVH Bahawalpur. Period: April 2006 to May 2009. Patients and Methods: This studyincludes 400 patients who underwent standard laminectomy procedure for disc excision. Patients presenting with backache and leg pain werethoroughly investigated. For the confirmation of herniated disc MRI or lumber route myelography were performed. All patients underwent eitherfenestration, hemilaminectomy or complete laminectomy for disc excision. Patients were followed for two weeks to three years after surgery.The diagnosis of discitis was on clinical grounds but this condition was confirmed by heamatological examination i.e. ESR, complete bloodcount, C-reactive protein and radiological examination i.e. MRI, CT and plain X-rays. Results: Eighteen (4.5%) patients out of four hundredpatients developed disitis after surgery. Initially all patients were managed conservatively i-e. with complete bed rest and antibiotics .Fifteen(83.33%) patients responded well to this treatment but three (16.67%) patients did not improve and were subjected to surgery. Conclusions:Discitis after lumber disc surgery is rare. Discitis should be considered in any patient who develops severe backache,leg pain and musclesspasms after one to four weeks of lumber disc surgery especially accompanied with fever , raised ESR and elevated C-reactive proteins..Adefinitive diagnosis is essential for appropriate therapy of discitis.
VESICO-VAGINAL FISTULA REPAIR
MUMTAZ RASOOL
The Professional Medical Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate outcome of surgical repair of VVF with transabdominal and transvaginalapproaches. Design of study: Prospective study. Setting: Depart of Urology Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur.Period: Jan 1999 to Dec 2004. Materials & Methods: All consecutive patients with VVF irrespective of age andaetiology were included in this study. Patients with very large VVF and involvement of bladder neck were excluded.These patients were analysed for results of surgical repair by trans-abdominal and transvaginal approaches. ResultsThis study included 26 patients with age range between 20-48 years (mean age of 34 years). Etiology of VVF wasobserved to be transabdominal hysterectomy in 15 patients, transvaginal hysterectomy in one patient. While obstructedprolonged labour caused VVF in 10 patients. Transabdominal repair was done in 18 patients while 08 patients haveundergone transvaginal repair after investigations and evaluation. We achieved 94.45% success with transabdominalrepair of VVF while 100% success with transvaginal repair. Conclusions:The etiology of this disease is preventable.It is best to wait for at least 03 months after occurrence of VVF, so that inflammatory changes due to previous surgery/birth trauma may have settled completely before attempting at repair. Best resultrs are achieved at first attempt ofrepair. Both approaches of surgical repair of VVF have good results.
BREAST CANCER
MUMTAZ BEGUM
The Professional Medical Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Introduction: CA 15.3 is a useful parameter in the management of patients in different stages ofthe breast cancer. Objectives: (1) To evaluate the level of CA 15-3 in stage III carcinoma of breast. (2) To study therole of immunoglobulin G and cathepsin D. Patients & Methods: Serum CA 15-3 was assayed in a group of 25 femalebreast cancer patients with stage III. Method used for determination of CA 15-3 is IMMULITE Automated ImmunoassaySystem. Result: 25 patients were taken in the study. It was observed that the level of CA 15-3 and cathepsin D issignificantly increased in patients as compared to control subjects. Although the level of IgG was also increased butit shows no significant difference. Conclusion: It is concluded that CA 15-3 can be used as tumor marker especiallyin the 3 stage rd of breast cancer and also for monitoring the treatment. IgG shows the role of body defense mechanismsystem in breast cancer. Whereas protease like cathepsin D shows the extent of metastasis.
URINARY STONES AT BAHAWALPUR
Mumtaz Rasool
The Professional Medical Journal , 2000,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To study types, prevalence and age of occurrence of urinary stones at Bahawalpur.DESIGN OF STUDY: Prospective. SETTING: Department of Urology, Bahawal Victoria HospitalBahawalpur. PERIOD: January 1994 to May 1999. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 235 patients wereincluded in this study with urinary tract stones. Stones analysis and serum uric acid was sent to QAMCPathology Department Bahawalpur. RESULTS: Patients presented with urinary stones during the studyperiod were between 5 months to 70 years of age. 21.7% patients presented with obstructive uropathy andrequired normalization of renal function before surgery. On analyses calcium and oxalate (> 50% as acontent of stone) were found to be commonest constituent mixed with uric acid and phosphates. Uric acidwas found as a second major constituent. Calcium oxalate (>50% content) was found in 60% of patients withurinary stones on chemical analyses of stones but only five patients had hypercalcaemia. Uric acid (>50%as content) was found in 28% of analyzed stones and hyperuraecemia was found in 35 patients.CONCLUSIONS:The hyperuraecemia and hypercalcemia does not have basic ole in stone formation.
EXTRACAPSULAR CATARACT EXTRACTION
Mumtaz Hussain
The Professional Medical Journal , 1998,
Abstract: 1 xtracapsular cataract extraction under topical (0.5 % proparacaine) anaesthesia, there was no otherpathology in all these patients and Cataract surgery was the first surgery being performed. We excluded thehighly nervous patient as well as those who were non-cooperative and having hearing problems.OBJECTIVES: l.To find out the acceptability of topical anaesthesia for extracapsular cataract extraction.DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: Eye department Lahore General Hospital Lahore. PERIOD: (25 months)Jan 1996 to Feb 1998. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used topical drops for ten minutes at oneminute interval, preoperatively. We used 2 ml of 2% Xylocaine diluted with 3 ml of Ringer's lactate fortopical augmentation purpose during surgery if needed. 56 (67.2%) patients had simple cataract extractionwhile 27 (32.4%) had posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. RESULTS: Twenty eight 33.6%patients complained of severe pain during superior rectus bridle suture, 47 56.4% had moderate pain, 5(6%)had mild pain while 3 (3.6%) felt no pain. The analgesia during surgery was good for 26 (31.2%) patientsmoderate for 52 (62.4%) and 5 (6%) patients needed augmentation. Average duration of surgery was 20minutes. A total of 57 (68.4%) patients were happy with procedure as a whole, 17 (20.4%) were undecidedwhile 9 (10.8%) patients were unhappy. CONCLUSIONS: This technique is very good for selected patients(cooperative and with good hearing) and for experienced surgeons only.
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