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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 34 matches for " Mulewu Ngandu Hippolyte "
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Mutual Health Insurance and Access to Care in the Health Zone of Kabinda, Kasai-Oriental, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)  [PDF]
Cibangu Kazadi Richard, Bilonda Mpiana Alphonsine, Kabengele Mpinga Emmanuel, Mulewu Ngandu Hippolyte, Ciamala Mukendi Paul, Kanyiki Katala Moise, Kapitena Mangola Dominique, Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103568
Abstract:
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, a large part of the population now lives in a context of extreme poverty and suffers from serious health problems. Deprived of social protection, these people see themselves therefore in the financial inability to access quality health care. This study aims to analyze the different characteristics of members of the mutual health insurance and compare with non-members. The following observations were made: Of those surveyed, 97.7% and 91.4% of members were not members resorted average 4 times to health services during the last 6 months prior to the survey, a statistically significant difference was observed (p = 0.027). The survey data showed that a significant proportion of members and non-members (62.5% vs 66.4%; p = 0.36) had resorted to self-medication. For non-members, the rate of self-medication and traditional therapy were higher. Lack of money is mentioned by members and non-members as a problem limiting access to health care (38.3% vs 69.5%; p < 0.0001).
Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight in Mbujimayi City, Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Kanyiki Katala Moise, Banza Ndala Deca Blood, Mukendi Mukendi Jean René, Ciamala Mukendi Paul, Mukendi Ntumba Kennedy, Kaya Tompa Brigitte, Ilunga Bimpa Cedric, Kolela Kolela Alain, Mulewu Ngandu Hypolitte, Kabamba Nzaji Michel
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103501
Abstract:
The objective of this study was to identify and explain the factors influencing the birth of underweight children in the city of Mbuji-Mayi. Methods: This is not a paired case-control study of births registered from 1 to June 30, 2015 in maternity hospitals in three health zones selected for this study, cases are all children born with low weight and witnesses are all children born with a normal weight is 2500 g and more. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: The proportion of LBW was 14.5%. The risk factors identified in this study are: Unmarried women [ORa = 2.92 (1.41 to 5.61)], not Luba Tribal origin [ORa = 1.71 (1.02 to 2.872)], anemia of pregnancy [ORa = 2.92 (1.79 to 4.75)], the non-attendance of the CPN [ORa = 1.92 (1.16 to 3.17)], preterm labor [ORa = 3, 11 (1.79 to 5.41)], diabetic mothers [ORa = 3.44 (1.91 to 6.21)], the history of malaria [ORa = 2 (1.23 to 3.26) ], multiparity [ORa = 2 (1.23 to 3.26)] and threatened abortion histories [ORa = 6.17 (2.82 to 13.52)] had statistical significantly associated with links é FPN.
Bulk matter physics and its future at the Large Hadron Collider
B. Hippolyte
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-009-0910-9
Abstract: Measurements at low transverse momentum will be performed at the LHC for studying particle production mechanisms in $pp$ and heavy-ion collisions. Some of the experimental capabilities for bulk matter physics are presented, focusing on tracking elements and particle identification. In order to anticipate the study of baryon production for both colliding systems at multi-TeV energies, measurements for identified species and recent model extrapolations are discussed. Several mechanisms are expected to compete for hadro-production in the low momentum region. For this reason, experimental observables that could be used for investigating multi-parton interactions and help understanding the "underlying event" content in the first $pp$ collisions at the LHC are also mentioned.
Strange prospects for LHC energies
B. Hippolyte
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-006-0120-7
Abstract: Strange quark and hadron production will be studied at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) energies in order to explore the properties of both pp and heavy-ion collisions. The ALICE experiment will be specifically efficient in the strange sector with the identification of baryons and mesons over a wide range of transverse momentum. Dedicated measurements are proposed for investigating chemical equilibration and bulk properties. Strange particles can also help to probe kinematical regions where hard processes and pQCD dominate. We try to anticipate here several ALICE analyses to be performed as the first Pb--Pb and pp data will be available.
Global variables and correlations: Summary of the results presented at the Quark Matter 2012 conference
Boris Hippolyte,Dirk Rischke
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.01.078
Abstract: In these proceedings, we highlight recent developments from both theory and experiment related to the global description of matter produced in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions as presented during the Quark Matter 2012 conference.
Strange and multi-strange particle production at the LHC energies with ALICE
Boris Hippolyte,for the ALICE Collaboration
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: Strange quark and particle production is studied at the LHC with unprecedented high beam energies in both heavy-ion and proton-proton collisions: on the one hand, strangeness is used for investigating chemical equilibration and bulk properties; on the other hand, strange particles contribute to probe different kinematical domains, from the one where collective phenomena are at play up to the region dominated by pQCD-calculable processes. We highlight the suitability of the ALICE experiment for this topic, presenting our latest measurements and comparing them to models.
Strange Content of Baryons at RHIC
B. Hippolyte,for the STAR Collaboration
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: Via the study of strange particle production within the STAR experiment, we try to address the surprising amount of baryon transport at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). We report here preliminary results showing that, at mid-rapidity and for the top energy of RHIC, the number of created baryons exceeds the number transported from the colliding nuclei. However, thanks to the large acceptance of the experimental setup, one could expect to observe the transition between the ``soft'' regime (low transverse momentum -$\pt$- region corresponding to a bulk of hot and dense matter hadronizing) and the perturbative one (higher $\pt$ region) where the fragmentation of incoming partons is supposed to dominate hadron production.}
Evidence of HIV-1 adaptation to host HLA alleles following chimp-to-human transmission
Nobubelo K Ngandu, Cathal Seoighe, Konrad Scheffler
Virology Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1743-422x-6-164
Abstract: Here, we set out to determine the extent of adaptation of HIV-1 to three well-characterized HLA alleles during the initial exposure of the virus to the human cytotoxic immune responses following transmission from chimpanzee. We generated a chimpanzee consensus sequence to approximate the virus sequence that was initially transmitted to the human host and used a method based on peptide binding affinity to HLA crystal structures to predict peptides that were potentially targeted by the HLA alleles on this sequence. Next, we used codon-based phylogenetic models to quantify the average selective pressure that acted on these regions during the period immediately following the zoonosis event, corresponding to the branch of the phylogenetic tree leading to the common ancestor of all of the HIV-1 sequences. Evidence for adaptive evolution during this period was observed at regions recognised by HLA A*6801 and A*0201, both of which are common in African populations. No evidence of adaptive evolution was observed at sites targeted by HLA-B*2705, which is a rare allele in African populations.Our results suggest that the ancestral HIV-1 virus experienced a period of positive selective pressure due to immune responses associated with HLA alleles that were common in the infected human population. We propose that this resulted in permanent escape from immune responses targeting unconstrained regions of the virus.Phylogenetic analysis indicates that the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) originated from simian immunodeficiency virus infecting chimpanzees (SIVcpz) through a chimpanzee-to-human zoonotic transmission [1-4]. Until recently [5], the natural hosts of the virus, the chimpanzee, have been thought to remain asymptomatic throughout infection despite high viral loads [6-8] In humans, however, an increase in viral load is usually associated with progression to the acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and subsequently death [9-13]. The causes of the difference in
Tensile effective stresses in hydrocarbon storage caverns
Hippolyte Djizanne,Pierre Berest,Beno?t Brouard
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The "no-tensile effective stress" criterion is discussed. It is proven that effective tensile stresses can be generated at a cavern wall after a rapid increase or decrease in pressure. The Etzel K-102 test, performed in Germany more than 20 years ago, is revisited using the notion of effective tensile stresses.
High Blood Pressure and Its Correlates among Assistant Physical Education Teachers in Republic of Benin (West Africa)  [PDF]
Polycarpe Gouthon, Barnabe Akplogan, Jean-Marie Falola, Houndjovi Pierre Dansou, Hippolyte Agboton, Solange Adegnika, Issiako Bio Nigan
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2012.22011
Abstract: Objective: This cross-sectional study carried out in Republic of Benin, aimed at assessing the relation between high blood pressure (HBP) and its correlates in an exhaustive sample of 123 Assistant physical education teachers (APE teachers), enrolled in a two-year in-service training. Methods: These teachers have been interviewed and clinically tested. The lifestyle, blood pressure, three indexes of adiposity, blood lipids, white blood cells and neutrophils counts and plasma C-reactive protein were the main study variables. Results: HBP was present in 34.1% of the teachers. The three main factors associated to HBP, that had the higher rates were neck circumference (78.3%), the biological index of atherogenicity (72.2%), and waist circumference (44.2%). Neck circumference was the most relevant modifiable variable to explaining HBP in this group (OR = 3.14; 95% IC: 1.09 - 9.00; p = 0.033). Conclusions: The teachers studied must keep on exercising as early as their primary training comes to an end. Doing so, they could avoid overweight and reduce the risk of hypertension.
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